19 MAY 1900

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Since we last wrote Lord Roberts has made another great

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stride in his advance. On Sunday the Government published a telegram from him announcing that he had occupied Kroonstad, that the Boers had fled from their strongly entrenched...

There are the usual signs of unrest in the Balkan

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Peninsula, and in Bulgaria in particular something is going on—a sort of peasant war apparently—about which the Government enforces silence, but there should be no serious...

The second ballots for the municipality of Paris were taken

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on Sunday, and resulted in a complete victory for the Nationalists, who have now a majority of three in the Hotel de Ville. They threaten great things when the Exhibition...

Meantime, General Hunter has executed an important move- ment in

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the West. Ile has moved op the north bank of the Vaal to Christiana, and has thus been the first of our generals to hoist the British flag in Transvaal territory. Methuen at the...

The municipal elections in Paris have been marked by a

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bizarre incident. The Comtesse de Martel, a lady of fifty who for the last thirty years ha e been a popular novelist under the name of "Gyp," declares that on the night of...


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W E trust that before these pages are in our readers' hands the national anxiety in regard to Mafeking will be over. As we write, however, the one thing in men's minds is the...

*** The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, its any

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In the Commons on Monday Mr. Chamberlain introduced the Australian

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Commonwealth Bill in a speech so lucid and so well constructed that it may be said without exaggeration to be the clearest and most effective presenta- tion of a Bill made to...

We regret to say that Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman met Mr.

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Chamberlain's proposal in a somewhat captious spirit. He was, of course, perfectly within his rights in arguing that the best plan would be to assent to the Bill just as it...

Mr. Birrell in the course of the debate talked excellent

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good sense when he declared that nothing that the House could do would prevent people liking objectionable plays. The only effective plan was for people to determine that when...

Mr. Chamberlain was, however, not content with a mere non

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possums. The Government propose, pending the formation of an Imperial Court of Appeal which shall em- brace the jurisdiction of both the House of Lords and the Judicial...

The Chancellor of the Exchequer, speaking to his con. stituents

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on Wednesday night, repudiated with indignation the monstrous allegations that he had impeded our military operations by refusals to supply the requisite funds. All...

On Tuesday Mr. Samuel Smith called attention to "the low

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class of plays now exhibited in some of the theatres," and moved that a stricter supervision was needed "alike in the interest of the public and the theatrical profession." Mr....

The news from Coomassie is gloomy, though not quite intelligible.

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The Governor of the Gold Coast is still shut up there, all the tribes apparently having risen, and is in such straits that he is credited by the latest accounts with a plan for...

The " piety " of President Kruger, though probably genuine,

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is not, it appears, of the kind which kills out super- stition. He trusts in the Lord, but nevertheless consults soothsayers. One of them, a lad, whose prediction, it is said,...

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At the end of his speech, the Chancellor of the

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Exchequer dealt with the question of old-age pensions and the difficulties surrounding it. We wish he would consider this point. Why should not, every man who has served his...

The Extremists in the Italian Chamber appear determined to make

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Parliamentary government impossible. The new rules of procedure invest the President with ample powers to prevent obstruction of the ordinary kind, but the Socialists and...

The reports of the Indian Famine grow ever worse. The

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number now being relieved by the State has risen to five million seven hundred thousand, a total beyond all prece- dents, and the long endurance of want is telling on the...

The Liberal Union Club gave on Wednesday night a dinner

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to Mr. Balfour. Mr. Chamberlain, who was in the chair, spoke of Mr. Balfour in words which were evidently heartfelt, and which were, in our opinion, in no way exaggerated. When...

Mr. Julian Ralph, the American war correspondent, contri- butes an

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interesting analysis of British valour to Monday's Daily Mail. He admits its terrible costliness, but in view of its proved efficiency as a substitute for defective strategy and...

We recommend all who are interested in the formation of

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rifle clubs or the opening of village ranges to procure the leaflets relating to the proposed " Victoria League" reprinted from the East Anglian Daily News of February 17th,...

The bulletins of the week from America are full of

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references to the Boer mission, none of them of any particular value, ex- cept, perhaps, the admission of the New York Sun, their especial friend, that "intervention is a...

Bank Rate, 4 per cent.

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New Consols (2i) were on Friday 1011.

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THE DURATION OF THE WAR. A S we write, with the fate of Mafeking still trembling in the balance, the chief thought in every man's mind is, Will they be able to hold out,—shall...


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W E do not believe that Paris, just at present at all events, rules France. As we tried to explain last week, the conditions which gave the capital its ascend- ency have in...

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speech in the House of Commons on the Commonwealth Bill was excellent in tone and temper, and struck exactly the right note in its general declarations as to the right of...

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AMERICA AND THE CONTINENT. A MERICANS should read with careful attention

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the article from the Listok, of Odessa, translated in the Times of Monday, May 14th. They do not usually count Russia among their foes, but that article, which is evidently...


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S UPPLY has its subordinate as well as its principal uses, and one of the chief of these is to lighten up the wearisome process of voting money by the introduction of personal...

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A FAILURE OF PITY. H ARDLY any quality in the human

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mind is so aberrant or so perplexing as that of pity. It is probably uni- versal, a true constituent of thought, yet there are entire races among whom it can scarcely be said to...

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Q UITE recently it was suggested by the writer of an article in the Spectator that Shakespeare was now but little read,—that while his works were quoted from as much as ever,...

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T HE cold east wind has for weeks blown over our green fields, waiting to grow golden, and held spring fettered. Yet when released by warmth and sunshine how swift her step, and...


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FROM ALL THE SEVEN SEAS. [TO THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR."] Sra,—Above is the cloudless sky, below the dust whirling in blinding drifts down Adderley Street, at the impulse...

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[TO THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR.") Sin,—Delight is a word perhaps rather out of place in so serious a connection, but the satisfaction I feel at seeing the letter under the...

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was very pleased to note in your article, "Lord Salis- bury and Rifle Clubs," your proposition "that the Govern- ment should pass an Act allowing Parish Councils to acquire a...


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(To THE EDITOR OP TIIE "SPECTATOR.") SIB;4 have read your article on Lord Salisbury's speech with the greatest interest and sympathy. Anything that will at this moment tend to...


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Stn,—As a Volunteer of 1859 and one of those who in the "sixties" attempted something towards making target practice (especially in military formation) popular, I ask to be...

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[TO THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR.") SIR, —The Spectator of May 5th contains an article on Tire Millennium," which I have read with deepest interest. There is only one sentence...


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[To THE EDITOR OF TIIE "SPECTATOR.") Sin, — May I call attention once more to the absurd conserva- tism of the Academy in permitting all artists to send in eight works? We are...


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SM-1.11 your interesting article, "Lord Salisbury and Rifle Clubs," in the Spectator of May 12th, you underestimate the difficulty of obtaining rifle ranges in country...


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Sin, — A propos of the encouragement of rifle shooting, might not a large part of our population be provided at very small cost with long and short distance ranges, by having...

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THE SWALLOWS. IN ancient days when, under cloudless skies, Spring's earliest swallows touched the Italian shore, Sad-hearted mothers gazed with yearning eyes, And cried, "Our...

M U S I C.

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THE COST OF A PRIVATE ORCHESTRA. A FEW years ago Lord Meath contributed to the Times a letter in which he set down a list of practical hints for benevolent...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOIL1 SrE,—I had intended to have written to you on this subject, which is of the gravest importance to all literary men, present and future; but...


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(To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR-1 Sur,—In your interesting notice of Mrs. Delany in the Spectator of April 28th you quote her words written in 1776, Nightgowns are worn...

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THE FIRST PREMIER OF CAPE COLONY.* Mn. MOLTENdS elaborate Life of his father introduces the English reader to South Africa before the age of gold, for Sir John Molteno's...

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AN UNCROWNED QUEEN.* MR. W. H. WristrNs has chosen a

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fascinating subject of biography, but he has by no means made the best of it. The unhappy career of Sophie Dorothea might have been un- folded pathetically, even tragically, in...

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THE OXFORD MISSION TO CALCUTTA.* Tins book is a sketch

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of the history of one of the most remarkable and interesting missions that have ever been undertaken by Engli ; and if any of our readers feel that their interest in missionary...

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THE volume of Kentucky tales collected under the title of Flute and Violin, though issued a few years ago in America, is practically a new book so far as English readers are...

by English-speaking scholars, though, as the excellent biblio- graphy prefixed

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to Professor Justin Smith's book proves, it is in no danger of neglect. It has not escaped the Germans, and the French, who begin to outdo their neighbours in thorough- ness,...

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BOOKS OF SPORT. Sharpshooting for Sport and War. By W. W. Greener. (R. A. Everett and Co. ls.)—Mr. Greener devotes this excellent little book entirely to the rifle and its use....

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Scotland's Ruined Abbeys. By Howard Crosby Butler, A.M. (Macmillan and Co. 12s.)—Whether Mr. Butler be a Scotsman by birth or not we do not know, and there is nothing in the...

Experts on Guns and Shooting. (Sampson Low, Marston, and Co.

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14s. net.)—Mr. G. T. Teesdale Buckell, for many years editor of Land and Water, has embodied in this book a number of chapters on the art and craft of various celebrated...

The Art and Practice of Hawking. By E. B. Michell.

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(Methuen and Co. 10s. 6d.)—This is a prettily bound and well-printed hook, light to handle, illustrated by a few excellent drawings by Hr. G. E. Lodge, and some photographs of...

Among Horses in South Africa. By Captain Hayes, F.R.C.V.S late

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of the Buffs. (R. A. Everett and Co. 5s.)—The author of this readable story of a short visit to South Africa has borrowed its title from a more truly " horsey " book, in which...


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A History of Spain, from the Earliest Times to the Death of Ferdinand the Catholic. By Ulick R. Burke. Second Edition, with Notes and an Introduction by Martin A. S. Hume. 2...

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The Life of Cesare, Cardinal Baronius, of the Roman Oratory. By Lady Amabel Kerr. (London and Leamington Art and Book Company.)—This is a Life of Cesare Baronius, the great...


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[Under this heading we notice such Books of the week as have not been reserved for review in other forms.] Charterhouse. By A. H. Tod, M.A. (G. Bell and Sons. 3s. Cd. net.)—This...

BIOGRAPHY.••." The Beacon Biographies," edited by M. A

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De Wolfe Howe (Kegan Paul, Trench, and Co., 2s. 6d. per vol.), are intended to be "a series of brief, readable, and authoritative accounts of the lives of those Americans who...

WAIL Boos.—We have to notice this week two books about

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Ladysmith. One of these is Four Months Besieged, by H. H. S. Pearse (Macmillan and Co., Cs.) Mr. Pearse was in Natal when the war broke out, and in Ladysmith during the whole of...

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THE TEMPLE PRIMERB.—The Civilisation of India. By Romesh C. Dutt.

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(J. M. Dent and Co. 1s. 6d. net.)—This is one of the "Temple Primers," and is in some respects worthy of belonging to what promises to be an excellent aeries. The author is well...

THEOLOGY.—The Epistles of the New Testament in Current and Popular

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Idiom. By Henry Hayman, D.D. (A. and C. Black. 3s. 61) —Dr. Hayman prints the Authorised Version of the Epistles on one page and a paraphrase in the ordinary language of the day...

hitscuttsmtous. — The Parish and Church of Godalming. By S. Welman. (Elliot

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Stock. 10s. 6d.)—The writer brings his professional knowledge as an architect to bear on the history of Godalming Church, and has given us a very complete account of the...

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New En rrroNs.—In "The Library of English Classics," edited by

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A. W. Pollard (Macmillan and Co., 3s. 6d. net per vol.), we have Carlyle's French Revolution, 2 vols. Carlyle's knowledge of facts was not, perhaps, quite as extensive and...