1 MAY 1909

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The reason for this estimated deficit of over £16,000,000 is

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easily set forth. The Chancellor of the Exchequer does not venture to estimate the revenue that will be derived from the existing taxes higher than 2148,390,000. He cannot put...

We cannot find space to summarise Mr. Lloyd George's speech,

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but must note two points of special importance, though they are very different in character. The first is that we never remember so conjectural a Budget. It is necessarily very...


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O N Thursday Mr. Lloyd George opened his first Budget. The main fact, a fact the sinister significance of which cannot be exaggerated, is that he has, even on his own optimistic...

* * The ifalitors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in

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any case.

From the revenue thus derived must be deducted, however, 2600,000,

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which is to be spent on improved roads ; 2200,000, which is to go in agricultural development ; 2100,000, which will be required for labour exchanges ; and £60,000 for...

Owing to the very great length of the Chancellor of

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the Exchequer's speech, the immediate discussion, on the Budget was even more perfunctory than usual. Mr. Austen Chamber- lain, who followed the Chancellor of the Exchequer,...

We have discussed elsewhere in detail the new taxes by

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means of which Mr. Lloyd George proposes to meet his estimated deficit. Here we will only say that he hopes to obtain the money he requires in the following ways:— Taken from...

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As Free-traders we approve of the general principle of the

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Budget, which is to have recourse to direct rather than indirect taxation. Again, we approve of the fact that the new taxes, though they will only raise some thirteen extra...

We wish we could quote the whole of this remarkable

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story, and tell how the Sultan poured out his supplications, supplica- tions which in the Daily Telegraph report are punctuated with such remarks as : " Arif does not reply,"...

In a Budget of disagreeables one of the few consoling

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features is the splendid result obtained by the Income-tax in the past year. The tax was act:m.11y levied on Z1,040,000,000 of income, and, in spite of the recent rebate given...

Finally, the Sultan yielded to their summons, Surrounded by twenty

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black eunuchs, and followed by a few soldiers, they entered a vast salon. " The windows are shuttered. Only one is half open, and through its panes we see the sun-bathed gardens...

We must conclude our notice of the Budget by mentioning

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the way in which it has been received in the country. If we are to judge by the Unionist Press, it i being received with something like consternation by the various interests...

Though all resistance was ended by midday on Sunday, and

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the mutinous garrison had been removed from the barracks round Yildiz, the palace and its grounds were not occupied till Tuesday, the delay being due to the determination to...

A deputation of four Deputies named by the National, Assembly

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at once proceeded to Yildiz Kiosk to inform the deposed Sultan of his fate. The special correspondent of the Daily Telegraph had the good fortune to obtain from Carasso Effendi,...

"The wheel has come full circle." Abd-ul-Hamid has been deposed,

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and his half-brother Reshad. Effendi has been made Sultan in his stead. The events must be described in chrono- logical order. Last Saturday the Salonika army tightened its...

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It is invidious to criticise harshly a fallen man, and

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nothing but harsh criticism would serve in this case. The only thing that can be said for Abd-ul-Hamid is that, like many of the worst criminals of the French Revolution, he...

The welcome news was received on Friday that Queen Wilhehnina

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of Holland had given birth to a daughter early that morning. The happy event, expectations of which had been disappointed on more than one previous occasion, has been greeted...

The conditions under which the present Sultan lived during the

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tyranny of his half-brother were once brought home to the present writer in a very pointed manner. While riding on the outskirts of Constantinople he saw a cavalry escort...

Dank Rate, 21 per cent., changed from 3 per eent.

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April 1st. Coueuls (21) were on Friday 851.—Friday week 85i.

The debate on the reinserted third clause—that empowering the Viceroy

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in Council to create provincial Executive Councils— led to an important intimation by the Government that, acting on a suggestion thrown out by Lord Percy, they would be...

It is impossible to record the events of the past

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week 'without expressing a very strong sense of admiration at the way in which Mahmud Shevket Pasha, who has been in supreme military command, has acted. Ho has shown himself...

In the Report, stage of the Indian Councils Bill in

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the House of Commons on Monday Lord Ronaldshay moved an amendment to the effect that the relative proportion of Mohammedan to Hindu representation on. all representative bodies...

The debate in the Commons on Monday on the second

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reading of the Board of Trade Bill, which forms part of the scheme for raising the status of that Department and of the Local Government Board, led to some vigorous protests...

Very little is known of the new Sultan, Reshad Effendi,

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who has been called to the throne after thirty-three years' captivity in the Palace of Dolma Baghche, but that little is all to his credit. Mohammed V., to call him by his new...

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THE BUDGET. T HOUGH it has some good points, Mr. Lloyd George's Budget is on the whole a bad Budget. In one sense, no doubt, it was bound to be that, because it is impossible to...

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C OUNTER-REVOL17TIONS are like treason. They either succeed, in which case they bear another name, or else they are the most hopeless and tragic of failures. The...

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He has had the courage and. wisdom to do a very difficult thing,—to decide for himself upon the relative urgency of political questions, and to reject party loyalty in favour of...

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A MINIMUM WAGE. T HE House of Commons is always dangerous

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- when it is unanimous, and it was as nearly as possible unanimous on Wednesday in dealing with the Trade Boards Bill. The object of this measure is to establish Trade Boards in...

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M R. WILLIAM WATSON has written in the Times of Monday a sincere and eloquent monody over the sad fate of Mr. John DavidsOn. He is justly wrathful at the indifference Of the...

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S TEVENSON knew the fascination of watching country scenery from the train. He has written of it in " A Child's Garden of Verses." The train stands still; the country rushes...

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el W HAT ' S it all about, then, this here Poor Law buzz F" Dave Perring asked ; "1 an't heard nort o' it till now. What do 'em want to do avf u F" That is the point : What do...

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WANTED FOR ENGLAND,—A CRUSADE. [To TIM EDITOR Our TIM "SNCOTATOR.1 SIR., — The importance of the question raised in this corre- spondence is seldom realised. The false idea...

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[TO vils EDITOR or TUE "HriMATote." . 1 SIR,—It may be of interest to recall briefly the danger to which an English community was for long exposed owing to many of its members...


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the ambiguity of the word "peace" a stumbling- block in the discussion which is going on in your columns as to Christ's teaching about war ? It may mean (1) something merely...

rro TEE EDITOR OF THE “sem0rkron."3

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Sin,—" They that take the sword shall perish with the sword." Surely this is for, not against, self-defence. Unless the aggressors who take the sword commit suicide with it, the...


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[TO TEE EDITOR Or TI12 " $PECTATOR.1 SIR,—Altbougla "Old Liberal" has not written seriously,I must claim space for a reply as his letters have been published, and the last is...

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LTO TOR EDITOR or TRI "SPROTATOR.1 SIH, — Your ideal of the English National Church is a beautiful one (Spectator, April 24th). Would that it were realisable. But, alas! under...


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[To Tax EDITOR Op THE SPECTATOR."] Sin.,—Mr. Spenser Wilkinson addressed to you a letter (Spectator, April 17th) relating to a communication which he had made to the Army and...

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[To TR) EDITOR Or TIM "liPROTATOR.1 SIE, — May / venture to draw the attention of your readers to Signor Ferrero's appreciation of the character of Julius Caesar at the end of...


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Tits " SrIgOTATOR."3 Sin, — In the excellent review of Mr. Lea's new work, "The Romance of Bird Life," published in the literary supplement to the Spectator of Noveoaber 7th,...


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[To THE EDITOR ON VIII "SPECTATOR."] Sin,—You will, I am sure, allow one who can speak with first-band knowledge strongly to protest against Professor Goldwin Smith's version...

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[TO TEE EDITOR or TIDO " SPECTATOR."] feel sure that the following letter which I have received from a member of the Spectator Experimental Com- pany will interest your...


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[To THE EDITOR Or TIM "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—Tbe graphic description of a weasel bunt in the South Of Ireland given in your issue of April 24th will be read with interest by aU who...


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(To TEE EDITOR OF TEE " SPICTATOR."J Sin,—In thirty years I have never known the Spoctator fall into such a blunder as it perpetrated last week in writing of Joan of Are as...


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" SPECTATOR."] Sin,—Your article of April 17th on "A Book of the Road" touches incidentally upon the Cornish chough and its reputa- tion as au "incendiary." This scrap of...

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DEAD-MAID'S-LAND. AND have you seen that mystic clime, With poppies pale bestrewn, Where lavender and musk and thyme Breathe soft below the moon P For always it is moonlight...

NOTIOE.—When Articles or "Correspondence" are signed with the writer's name

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or initials, or with a pseudonym, or are marked "Communicated," the Editor must not necessarily be held to be in agreement with the views therein expressed or with the mode of...

Army and Navy Stores.

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Cadbury Brothers. A. J. Caloy and. Son. Carr and Co. Chocolat-Monier. Co-operative Wholesale Society. Crosse and Blackwell. Epps and Co. Fry and Sons. Fuller and Co....


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THE ACA DE MY.—I. AT the risk of being wearisome, it is necessary to say over again what has often been said before as to one tendency of the Academy and its effect upon...

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LORD CURZON'S MEMORANDUM ON UNIVERSITY REFORM, " AT no time," says Lord Curzon, "can there be any pause in the task of University Reform." The Commissions of 1850, 1872, and...

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COLONEL Disinson - has for , many years taken an active part in the struggle which he describes. We cannot always approve his methods and manner; some of his immediate objects...

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ROMAN HOLIDAYS AND OTHERS.* Ix is a matter for rejoicing

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that Mr. Howells's European travels have again led him to Rome. This time the choice of ways was by Madeira, Gibraltar, Genoa, Naples, the first two apparently new ground to...

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A HISTORY OF GERMANY.* Mn. ATKINSON has exercised a wise

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discretion in his choice of treatment. The histoty of eighteenth-century Germany is so very' wide a subject, and the word " Germany " itself includes so large and varied an...


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WE do not hesitate to describe Colonel Willoughby Verner'a book as the most delightful contribution to ornithological literature that has appeared for some time. Now that Lord...

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THE heading of this review means•no kind of disrespect. It is a disparagement only when the personality of the man betrays some inconsistency. No one can say that of Canon...

MR. LECKY'S ESSAYS.* OP the fourteen essays contained in this

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volume, the most interesting is, perhaps, "Formative Influences," which was originally published in the Forum. It is a fragment of autobiography, and we can but wish that it...

WOMAN IN INDIA..t mita Dann, already favourably known to English

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readers by some excellent fiction dealing with Indian life—Captain Desmond, V.C., for instance—bas given us here a very interest- ing book. Its contents reach beyond the title ;...


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THE WHITE SISTEitt MANY readers will shale the regret awakened by the appear- ance of Mr. Crawford's latest novel. The late Mr. Bagehot in his essay on "Shakespeare the Man"...

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"Ir there were a general election to-morrow," sap; the writer of "The Political Scene" in the Edinburgh Review, " over a largo extent of the scene of administration it would bo...

READABLB Novnts. — The Stairway of Honour. By Maud Stepney Rawson.

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(Mills and Boon. 6s.)—A collection of short stories in three parts—of olden days, of yesterday, of to-day- with some excellent work in them.—The Old Man in the Corner. By the...

The RoI qf No Return, By A. C. Inchbold. (Chatto

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and Windus. Os.)—By far the most interesting part of this book is the description of a Russian pilgrimage in Palestine, drawn from the point of view of one of the pilgrims. The...

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Quarterly Statement of the Palestine Exploration Fund : April. (38

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Conduit Street, W. 2s. 6d.)—The Gazer excavations in tho lad season have been unsatisfactory, very little having been found, while the work was greatly hindered by bed weather....

Journal of the Society of Comparative Legislation : April, 1909.

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(John Murray. Os. not.)—Thore are many valuable and interesting papers in this number, the latest publication of a Society which sets before itself a most desirable object. Tho...

Auction Bridge. By Captain Browning. (G. Routledgo and Sous. ls.)—We

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do not think that auction bridge is an improve- ment on the ordinary game. It may be assumed that the excellence of a game lies in the blond of chance and skill. Chess is all...

High LWence. By Frederic W. Tompson. (Macmillan and Co. Is.

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net.)—We have always maintained that the State ought to make as much money as it can out of the sale of the liquor- trade monopoly. But the price it demands for the privilege w...

Tho Law Concerning Preparatory and Secondary Schools. By Ahick II,

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H. Maclean. (Jordan and Sons. 15s. net.)—" There is no legal obligation on a parent," writes the author in his intro- ductory chapter, "to educate his child apart from the...


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mud.,. this heading vs ?totted such Books of Ms weak as haue not book -reserved for review in other fornts.] Reunion and lntercommunion. By H. Hensley Hanson, D.D. , (Hugh Roes....

A Key to Life's Mystery. By W. B. Norris. (Simpkin,

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Marshall, and Co. 2s. Gd. net.)—The writer of the article mentioning this little book in our issue of last week was not aware that a second and revised edition had just...