22 OCTOBER 1932

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The Tariff Tangle The news that Denmark, Sweden and Norway

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have accepted the invitation of the British Government to come and talk tariffs would arouse more enthusiasm if we could sec better what the basis of the conversation is to be....

News of the Week

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T HOUGH diplomatic interchanges arc in progress between this country, France and Germany over the proposed Four-Power Disarmament Conference, no ad- vance towards a definite...


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Subscription to the SPECTATOR COsts Thirty Shillings per annum, including postage, to any part of the world. The SPECTATOR is registered as a Newspaper. The Postage on this...

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Bread Riots in London The unemployed riot in London on

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Tuesday was an un- pleasant affair in itself, and more unpleasant affairs like it may have to be faced. The suggestion that it was inspired from Moscow needs a great deal more...

More Hindrance of Trade The denunciation of the Russian Trade.

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Agreement, as part of the bargain exacted by Canada at Ottawa is pro- foundly unfortunate. Curiously enough, while Mr. Thomas was announcing it in the House of Commons on...

An Uninspiring Assembly Most delegates to the League of Nations

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Assembly, which ended on Monday, were only anxious to get home and forget it. With disarmament, the Far Eastern crisis and the main economic issues off the agenda there was...

Mr. de Valera's Next Move The plain statement on the

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Irish negotiations made by Mr. J. H. Thomas in the House of Commons on Tuesday dispels any illusions as to the possibility of negotiating seriously with Mr. de Valera. So long...

Home Rule for Scotland The adhesion of Sir Herbert Samuel

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and the Liberals he represents to the Scottish Home Rule movement will no doubt give encouragement to its supporters, though it might have been assumed in any case that Liberals...

Governor Roosevelt's Chances On the evidence now available, a fortnight

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before polling-day, it will be surprising indeed if Governor Roosevelt of New York is not the next President of the United States. His wide circuit of the West has been a great...

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Parliament at Work Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes : " The

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Ottawa debates were begun in the right spirit in the House of Commons on Tuesday. None of the principal speakers forgot argument for or against the agreements in favour of...

Married Women's Nationality The League Assembly has once more had

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before it the vexed question of the nationality of married women. The whole problem was reviewed by the Conference for the Codification of International Law, in 1930, and...

Cheap Food The price of bread was reduced this week

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to 7d. per quartern, and meat at Smithfield was 2d. a pound cheaper, The latest official cost-of-living index is 43 per cent. above that of 1914, and shows a fall of 2 per cent....

Slum Clearance at a Profit We must congratulate the St.

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Pancras House Improve- ment Society on the completion of a third block of flats for very poor people on its Somers Town estate. These 35 flats, well equipped but let at modest...

The Curse of Quotas Tariffs are bad enough. Quota systems,

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imposing absolute restrictions on the quantity of imports, are still more effective in stifling international trade. Their alleged aim is, by securing a favourable trade...

" The success of the first day's debate was undoubtedly

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the speech of the Prime Minister. Improved health showed in his every word and gesture, and he appeared more at ease in the House of Commons than at any time since the General...

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The Means Test, Past and Future

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T HE meeting of Parliament has intensified the outcry against the Means Test, and it is clear that the Ministry of Labour will come under heavy fire unless various modifications...

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Ottawa and Colonial Exploitation

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T HE effect of Ottawa on the future economic relations of the self-governing Dominions has. naturally monopolised public attention of late, but Sir Arthur Salter did_ well to...

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A Spectator's Notebook

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T O a good many people one of the most interesting points about the new Life of Lord Oxford is some- thing that is not there. From beginning to end of the two substantial...

Things we might have been spared. This, across seven columns

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of the Daily Mail : " MR. ASQUITH'S FER- VENT LOVE REVEALED IN HIS LETTERS. TO HIS MARGOT " ; and the full-page advertisement, on the day of publication of the biography,...

The Swedish protests against The Green Pastures are incomprehensible. In

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the United States the play is in its third year, and quite likely, I should judge, to maintain its popularity for ten years more in the -land which contains the fiercest...

The case of the alleged manifestation of the stigmata, or

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marks of the Cross, in the body of a girl in the Bavarian village of Konnersreuth sends me back to a little French volume I once picked up somewhere for sixpence, recording in...

I asked last week whether it was simply a coincidence

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that Mr. Lloyd George should have been addressing a meeting of the Peace Society just three hours before the Queen's Hall Liberal meeting, at which he was not invited to speak....

I am interested in the Prime Minister's studies in the

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ethics of resignation, as unfolded to a National Labour audience on Monday. His Labour colleagues in August, 1931, " ran away " (the old cheap gibe, I suppose, will never die)....

The effects of the depression make themselves felt all round

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without discrimination. A good many people, in normal times as well as abnormal, often express interested curiosity as to how a paper like The Times fares finan- cially. I see...

A Conservative friend who has been playing a partof some

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prominence at Geneva in the past month after an absence of some years brings back what is rapidly becoming the general verdict, that " Sir John Simon is a public danger." The...

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Mr. Asquith* By A. G.

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GARDINER. N OT -long before his death Lord Oxford, when presiding at a debate on the subject of Biography " between Mr. Philip Guedalla and the present writer, made genial...

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Sir Christopher Wren

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By. H. S. GOODITART-RENDEL. T HIS Wren tercentenary, coming when it' does, will -impale our modern critics of architecture upon a dilemma. Wren is Wren, no Englishman can wish...

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Russia As I Saw It

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IV. — Moscow By F. YEars-Baow N. THE lobby of the New Moscow Hotel looks rather like a Bloomsbury cocktail party, without the cocktails, but with the same pale, hirsute young...

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It is with the memory of this scene in mind

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that I went to the Sukharevsky market, where the Government has recently allowed the small farmer and trader to sell their wares. There were no stalls or booths. Men held...

Youth and its Task

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BY THE HON. MRS. ALFRED LYTTELTON, D.B.E. " O NE of the worst disillusionments of youth," I heard my son remark not long ago, " is the dis- covery that our elders are sometimes...

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John Bunyan and Women

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By JOHN BERESFORD. 4, A ND in this I admire the wisdom of God, that he made me shy of women from my first conversion till now." So Bunyan wrote in his memorable auto- biography,...

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In the fields as in the gardens the season has produced some prodigies. We found, for example, a 'willow in flower. The so-called " pussy " bud was well out of its case. The...


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Some further inquiry into the aims and activities of the ingenious group of craftsmen who have christened themselves Grith Fyrd suggests that the idea is acquiring a good deal...

The goldfinch is a good choice. It is perhaps the

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most charmingly coloured of all our birds. The red and yellow and white compose well with the thistle head on which he is poised like a " sailor tomtit by the knees." The...

The planting of slag heaps is specifically mentioned. Much practical

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research into this form of gardening was carried out many years ago in the neighbourhood of Aberdare, where most flourishing groves, some containing quite large trees, came into...

This takes us a long way from Norwich where the

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honorary secretary of the Norfolk Naturalists Trusts, Dr. Sydney Long, issues the Christmas cards from 31 Surrey Street. They cost 4d. each, or 4s. a dozen, plus 3d. a dozen for...


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The sundial which excited the most intellectual brains in the seventeenth century is said to be coining back into favour, not least in "the home of lost causes." I recorded some...

The coloured pictures in this book of Oxford gardens are

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less suggestive of their spirit than Miss Rolide's ingenious selection of historical anecdotes ; and her botany (in strong contrast to her ornithology) is good and full. There...

Country Life

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A BENEFICENT CHRISTMAS CARD. Among other energetic bodies, the Norfolk Naturalists' Trust is already anticipating Christmas. For the third year it is issuing a Christmas card...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I wrote the letter

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you published last week under the handicap of eyes blurred by drops administered by an oculist, and the ensuing headache and fog prevented me from reading over the typescript. I...

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—There is a point

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which might, I think, be aptly raised in connexion with Mr. Parsons' onslaught on Miss West, which she does not raise herself in her reply. Should the reviewer of a book turn...

Letters to the Editor

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[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our " News of the Week " paragraphs.—Ed. SPEC...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Returning last Saturday from Geneva and the League Assembly, I resumed at once the best of our national habits, and bought the Spectator...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—It is highly gratifying to find, in a publication like the Spectator, an emphatic protest against the tendency toward journalistic...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—From time to time statements are made in your articles or correspondence to the effect that this country is almost unanimous in...

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Sia,—The letter—one might call it appropriately the wa r whoop—of Dr. Rouse has been well answered. May I be allowed, however, to dispose specifically of - his statements that...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Remarks made by two of your correspondents in disparagement of Germany's claim to colonies show clearly that they do not know why such...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Snt,=Some eight days ago a letter went out to the Press signed by one Archbishop, two Bishops and various men (no women) condemninrrhe Outline...


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Sin,—In your issue of August 18th appeared a letter from Mr. J. H. Harris commenting on the -public execution of two natives in the Hoima district of Uganda. As an Englishman...

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A Hundred Years Ago

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THE " SPECTATOR," OC'TOBER 20TH, 1832. The French Press continue their attacks upon the new Ministry with unrelenting bitterness ; in which, we perceive, they are joined by the...

The DuchesiS of Kent and the Princess Victoria took leave

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of Plasnewydd, where they had been residing for some time, on Monday, for Eaton Hall, the seat of the Marquis of Westminster. On Tuesday morning, the Corporation of Chester and...


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THE British Antique, Dealers Association has collected together for their exhibition of Art Treasures at Christie's an incredibly large number of objects, many interesting , and...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR:1 SIR,—As one who has but recently returned from Japan I have read with the greatest interest the two articles in the last two issues of the...

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The " Spectator " Crossword No. 4 Br XANTHIPPE.

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ACROSS Town that suggests a sooty flame. 9. Let in a river to strike out. 10. Made from the plane. 11. This Sion frequently goes on at 16 ; as it is, you can give it the...

A Radio Review PRELUDED by an embarrassingly abject announcement, Mr.

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J. B. Priestley gave his delayed Talk last Monday ; and it is a compliment to him that, after so much publicity, there was no sense of anti-climax. Mr. Priestley is another...


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Sunday : Egon Petri-Sunday Orchestral Concert (I) (London and Midland Regional, 9.5). Monday : Harold Nieolson-" To an Unnamed Listener" (Daventry National, 9.20). Nor'-West-a...

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The Modern Home

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Some New Furniture A NEW development in furniture design which seems to deserve encouragement is the appearance of Sectional Furniture. This is not an entirely new idea, of...

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After Democracy

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After Democracy. By H. G. Wells. (Watts. 7s. 611.) ' -Tins book consists-of nothing but sixteen - ad hoc articles written -by Mr. Wells in the last three years. They are the...

A Son of Oxford

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My World as in my Time. .Memoirs of Sir Henry Newbolt, THE author of these attractive. memoirs is a ,type of the men produced by the public schools and Oxford in the last...

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English Justice

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English Justice. By " Solicitor." (Routl edge. 10s. (id.) !' ENGLISH Justice," say the publishers, " is living on its reputa- tion. Such is the considered verdict of the...

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011a Po drida

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WHAT are the uses of anthologies ? Not, I think, to take to bed, even when they are as physically agreeable to handle as this light, charming volume, with its 800 pages odd of...

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Dolls and Puppets Dolls and Puppets. By Max Von Boehn.

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Translated by Josephine Nicoll. With a Note on Puppets by Bernard Shaw. With 30 plates in colour and 464 other illustrations, (George GA-larrap. 30s.) MR. BERNARD SHAW in Back...

The Faith of - a Headmaster Life and the Public Schools.

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By Et. Rev. A. A. David. (Maclehose. 10s. 6d.) BESIDES being Headmaster . of . Clifton for four years, the Bishop of Liverpool spent nineteen years of his life at Rugby as...

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Some of Our Yesterdays

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As We Are. By E. F. Benson. (Longmans. 15s.) Ma. BENSON follows up As We Were with a volume which he terms a modern revue, purporting to show us as we are. His use of " we,"...

William Penn

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William Penn. By Bonamy Dobnie. (Constable. 18s.) WHEN a new life of some spiritual hero is announced as written " from the humanist and cultured point of view," his admirers...

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The Making of a Publisher

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IT may amuse Mr. Grant Richards to describe his youth as misspent, but the epithet must be taken entirely in a Pick- . wickian sense ; for every chapter of this shrewd, gay,...

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The Last Habsburgs

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TuE Court of Vienna is dead, but it lives again in the vivacious and intelligent memoirs of Princess Fugger. Though German by birth and marriage, she spent many years in...

The Counsellor Judge

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My Own Way : An Autobiography. By Sir Edward Parry. (Cassell. 15s.) The Dangerous Life. By Ben B. Lindsey and R. Borough. (Lane. 12s. 6d.) HERE and there in the course of his...

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A Phantom King

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Charles I. A Study. By F. M. G. Higham. (Hamish Hamilton. 10s. 6d..) IT is " some time " according to Messrs. Hamish Hamilton's advertisement, since any life of Charles I has...

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The Anatomy of Melancholy

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The Anatomy of Melancholy. By Robert Burton. (Every - man's Library, Dent. 3 vols. 2s. each.) Tine inclusion of Robert Burton in the ranks of Every - man's Library is very...

The League of Nations

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The Society of Nations : Its Organization and Constitutional Development. By Felix Morley, Washington, D.C. The Brookings Institution, 1932. (Faber. 18s.) - AurnouGir many...

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BY L. A. G . STRONG. Family History. By V. Sackville-West. (Hogarth Press. Invitation to the Waltz. By Rosamund Lehinann. (ChattO and 1Vindus. 7s. 6d.) MERE is no modern...

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A Tour of Time and Place

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A. G. STRONG. By L. THE books here listed take us over wide tracts of time and place, and, as on some. of the journey our luggage will be uncommonly heavy, we may as well...

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EVENING MEMORIES By Sir Herbert Maxwell

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Politician, sportsman, naturalist, landowner, and author, Sir Herbert Maxwell, at eighty-seven, looks back, in Evening Memories (MacLehose, 16s.) , over a well-spent life. and...

Current Literature

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fthe great hospital that looks across the river at the Houses of Parliament had its origin, and till 1861 its home, in South- wark. Its early career is carefully described by...


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Even the hyper-ecstatic style of Mr. Ion L. Idriess" Flynn of the Inland (Angus and Robertson, Os.) cannot conceal the importance of the work achieved by Mr. John Flynn of the...

WRIT IN SAND By R. B. Cunninghame Graham A style

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of definite distinction and a smack of pleasant mordancy are always to be found in Mr. R. B. Cunninghame Graham's work—these and a passionate love for, and intimate knowledge of...


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This book, Three Essays (Seeker, 7s. 6d.), contains three studies one a conmarison of the genius of Tolstoy and Goethe, the second a study of the character of Frederick the...


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Pride of place in the October number of The Criterion (edited by T. S. Eliot, 7s. 6d.) is given to a discussion of " H. G. Wells and History," by D. S. Mirsky and Christopher...


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By Professor J. Haller France and Germany : the History of a Thousand Years, translated from the German by Dora von Beseler (Constable. 7s. 6d.). This is a translation of some...

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I believe that for the most part it will be found that the investors in new capital issues who, by an undesirable choice of securities find themselves heavy losers by the...

Finance Public & Private

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Protecting the Investor MUCH has been said and written of late concerning the protection of the investor, especially in the matter of appeals for fresh capital. Reference was...

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There are, of course, many other points which should be taken into consideration when studying a prospectus, and with some of these I shall hope to deal on a future occasion,...

It is, however, in the prior charge and Ordinary stocks

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of industrial concerns that a study of the prospectus 1 is specially required, and while there are certain main considerations which may be mentioned as essential for the...

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A feature of the week his been the success attending new issues of capital. As anticipated, allotment letters in the Two per Cent. Treasury Bonds showed - that the amount of...

Gramophone Notes A cot. - PLE of months ago, we wrote of

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Schnabel's performan ce of Beethoven's Fifth Concerto. Now we have, with Dr. Sargent and the London Symphony Orchestra (H.M.V. DB16904. 30s,) the First, or in order of...

Financial Notes

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HQPIEFUL . MARKETS. SINCE the writing of these Notes a week ago, there has been a further material rise in British Government securities, but some part of the movement was...