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We are glad to be able to record that the

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• danger of a rupture between. Sweden and Norway has passed, and that there now seems every prospect that the Karlstad Conference will result in terms satisfactory to both...

We chronicle with regret the serious reverse which has befallen

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the Germans in South-West Africa, a large convoy having, it is reported, been entirely destroyed, and General von Trotha's "sweeping movement" being thereby rendered abortive....

Carious rumours, which cannot all be true, continue to arrive

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from St. Petersburg. According to one Set of. them which are forwarded to the Times, the Liberals have at present the ear of the Czar, and he is willing to enfranchise.the...

" Were Russia in exchange to surrender her rights, which

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are of great and real political value to her, especially those in Central Asia, in the direction of India, the understanding would resemble the agreement by which France...

The French and German Governments are as yet unable to

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agree about their respective positions in Morocco. No official details are published, but it is understood that the im- mediate subjects of negotiation in Paris are the right...

Meanwhile the disorder in the Baltic provinces increases, and the

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insurgents in the Caucasus threaten a movement for "separation?' That would be a declaration of war by the Mussulmans against the Imperial power, which certainly fails to...

We do not want to engage in controversy with the

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Novoe Vremya, for such a controversy might injure the cause we have at heart; but we, of course, admit that our proposals are valueless if it is true, as is suggested, that...

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We are delighted to see a vigorous plea for universal

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physical training of a military nature, including the use of the rifle, made by Dr. Macnamara, M.P., in Friday's Daily Chronicle. Dr. Macnamara is as much against conscription...

When the review was over the King had the commanding

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officers called to the front, and addressed them in words which showed his appreciation of what he had witnessed. Later, Colonel Davidson, at the King's command, sent a telegram...

We note with great satisfaction that Sir Constantine Phipps has

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denied through the Press Association the state- ment that he led the applause to Sir Albert Rollit's remarks in regard to English public opinion and the Congo State. As we...

The Royal Review of Scottish Volunteers was held on Monday

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in the King's Park, Edinburgh. The mere numbers of the troops, which nearly reached forty thousand, and of the spectators, who were estimated at a quarter of a million, were...

The Dominion Trades and Labour Congress, sitting at Toronto, has

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vigorously repudiated the statements recently made with regard to Mr. Chamberlain's policy by the repre- sentatives of the Canadian Manufacturers' Association on their tour...

We , have given elsewhere the substance of Herr Bebel's speech

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on the foreign policy of Germany, and on Monday it was answered at Essen by Herr Bassermann, the leader of the National Liberals. The bulk of his speech was directed against...

We see that in his reply to a deputation of

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Boers at Mosili- katses Nek on Thursday Lord Selborne took an optimistic view of the Chinese labour difficulty. The scare, he said, would soon be over. The majority of the...

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Dr. George Macdonald, who died on Monday at the age

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of eighty-one, was not only a writer of real though intermittent genius, but a man of deep and sincere spirituality. Though his mission was in great measure one of revolt...

A vigorous and timely plea for the supervision of monasteries

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and convents in this country on their industrial side appears in last Saturday's Times from the pen of Miss E. Mary Young. The argument of the writer may be briefly summarised....

We regret deeply to record the death of Dr. Barnardo,

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the well-known founder of "Dr. Barnardo's Homes" for the reclamation of destitute waif children. An Edinburgh doctor of Spanish extraction, he had resolved to engage in the work...

The Figaro of Wednesday reports an interesting interview between M.

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Jules Huret and Mr. Kipling on the growth and significance of the entente cordiale. It began with a discussion of Imperialism, which Mr. Kipling interpreted as being, in its...

The letter to the Times signed " Vidi," commented on

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in our last issue, is reluctantly endorsed by Mr. Samuel Smith, M.P., in last Saturday's issue of that journal. Mr. Smith regrets the waning of the generous enthusiasm of the...

Lord Londonderry in addressing the members of the Stockton-on-Tees Unionist

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organisation at Wynyard Park on Saturday last used phrases which possibly point to the approach of a General Election. Having defended Mr. Balfour and the Government for...

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E begin to see light on the Volunteer question. The first ray was the refusal of the Volunteers to be daunted by the cold water that has been thrown on them by the Secretary of...

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E UROPE has heard with a sense of relief that the

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separation between Sweden and Norway is to be accomplished without what would' have been in the circumstances very like civil war.. The trepidation was ,.perhaps a little...

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N O happier event could occur in the whole range of

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British industrial relations than that which, according to Manchester news this week, appears to be quite possibly within reach in connection with the Lanca- shire cotton trade....

B - ERR BEBEL, the veteran leader of the German Socialist party,

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is a very able man ; but, like so many able men of our day, his ability is apt to display itself mainly in criticism. His attack on the foreign policy of his own Government...

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T HE distribution of the prizes at the Cheap Cottages Exhibition

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at the Garden City on Saturday last shows conclusively that by the expenditure of £150 a cottage suitable for a rural labourer and his family can be built by a landlord who does...

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A BOUT one per thousand of the population of Great Britain

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is blind. The proportion is small, the aggregate number very large. There are as many blind people in these islands as there are seeing people in Cam- bridge. Most of these are...

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T AST week a correspondent of the Spectator, Mr. P. A.

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4 Vaile, wrote a letter with the object of pointing out what he termed the " tonelessness " of Englishmen. Mr. Vaile lives in New Zealand, and during his visits to England he...

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O F earthly things, the least earthly of all are the films and threads of gossamer which float in the still days of St. Luke's Summer. Mediaeval legend saw in them the remnants...

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"W HEREVER one goes, and whatever landscape or seascape one sees,

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there always remains in the mind (at least that is how it seems to the writer) some colour impression of any particular place or scene. Details may be clear and sharply cut or...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. " ] SIR, — Your review of Colonel

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Callwell's book, printed under the above title in your issue of September 16th, appears to me to include almost every fundamental item of a military policy suitable for the...

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SIR,—The debt of the nation to King Edward VII. has

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this week been sensibly augmented. To his Majesty's initiative was due the tangible reminder to the country at Edinburgh of the numbers, the composition, the value of the...


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[To THS EDITOR Or THZ "Speouroa."] Sin,—There is a point in this Curzon v. Kitchener controversy which I think has escaped your notice, and which I submit has contributed to the...

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOE."1 SIR,—There is a simple answer to the oft-repeated question " What is the reason for the difference between the British Army and the British...


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70 TRH EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR"] SIR,—Many people might consider, with good reason, that Mr. Vaile's tirade against English youths in your last issue is sufficiently contrary...


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I . To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR. " ] Sra,—In your editorial comment on Mr. Andrew Carnegie's letter in your issue of September 16th you observe that the United States...

SIR, —Mr. Andrew Carnegie must surely be the exception proving the

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rule that Scotchmen have no sense of humour, or he would not poke fun at us by roundly asserting that "all international differences" will soon he resolved by arbi- tration in...

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170 THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR. "] Silk—Under the heading of

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"How it Strikes an Australian " you are publishing weekly articles by the well-known Australian writer, Mr. Abbott, and in your issue of Sep- tember 16th a letter appeared from...


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have just received the following, dated August 25th, from a farm on the veld, near Randfontein :—" Farmers are getting very nervous about the Chinese deserters, who are roaming...

the hands of Germans." He thinks my 'words may cause

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some readers of the Spectator to believe "that fifty per cent. or over is the proportion." The words I used are : "In all the large English towns which are known to me a great...

[To THE EDITOR Or THE "SPECTATOR. "] SIR,—In the National Review

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for September (p. 59) a doubt is thrown on " the authenticity of the story " that Thomas Campbell the poet was accused of sedition in 1800, and absolved when the " Mariners of...

Sin.,—There is a curious parallel to one of the complaints

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of your correspondent, Mr. P. A. Vaile, in last week's Spectator on the "Tonelessness of Englishmen," in a letter (unpublished) written to Warren Hastings by one of his friends...

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.'] Sin,—The writer of a sympathetic memoir of George Mac- donald in the Times of the 19th inst. concludes with a -description of his personal...


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[TO THE EDITOR Or THE "SPECTATOR. "] • SIE,—While agreemg with your opinion expressed under the above heading (August 26th) that our Army should be sup- plied with the very best...


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write the history of Literature ? Can the great poets of an age be truly exhibited as parts of a process, illustrations of the great forces and tendencies that are incessantly...

[Many of the bodies of those killed in the Boer

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War are being removed to the town cemeteries.] WHAT is the cry that breaks in on our sleeping P Who is it cometh to trouble our rest, Coming to bear us away to the city, Crying...

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WE are hearing much just now, and happily we shall

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hear more, of the British Navy and its glorious exploits. The courage and sacrifice of Nelson saved us when all else failed, and there is no honour too great that can be paid to...

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To compare his knowledge with , that of the late Professor

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Ruskin would be misleading, for Ruskin, with all his genius, only saw what it pleased him to see, ignored what he did not wish to realise, and coloured everything, nature, art,...

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Merchant," who demonstrated to an earlier generation that the fear

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of God, regarded as a rule of business, was no necessary bar to commercial success. Mr. Meakin has applied this theory to a different branch of the money-making art, and has...

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The Problem of the Immigrant. By James Davenport Whelpley. (Chapman and Hall. 10s. 6d. net.)—Mr. Whelpley's comprehen- sive account of the way in which the chief European...


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THE period of Mr. Stanley Weyman's new story is that of the industrial upheaval which followed hard on the termina- tion of the Great War, the jumping-off place, so to speak,...

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Christus Liberator. By Ellen C. Parsons, M.A. (Macmillan and Co.

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2s. net.)—Under this title Miss Parsons, whose name is well known on the other side of the Atlantic, has given us an "Outline Study of Africa," viewed from the missionary stand-...

The Co - operative Union : Thirty - seventh Annual Co - operative Congress. (Co-operative Union,

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Manchester.)—Here we have a report of the proceedings of the Congress; a list of dele- gates, British and foreign; the introductory address delivered by Dr. Hans Muller, of...

Last Records of a Cotswold Community. Edited by C. P.

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Ashbee. (Essex House Press.)—The village of Weston-sub- Edge, in Gloucestershire, now numbering between three and four hundred inhabitants, had the charge of the Cotswold Games,...


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[Under this heading we notice such Books of the week as have not been reserved for mists in other forms.] The Layman's Book of Saints. By the Rev. Gerard Sampson. (Mowbray and...

"The Doctor Says." (Sidney Appleton. 3s. 6d. net.)—The sub- title

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of this volume runs thus : "A Book of Advice for the Household, with Practical Hints for the Preservation of Health and the Prevention of Disease." It will easily be seen that...

Scandinavia. By R. Nisbet Bain. (Cambridge University Press. 75. 6d.)—Mr.

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Bain, who has already given to the world a monograph on Charles XII. of Sweden, tells in this volume the story of the three Scandinavian kingdoms. His narrative is excellently...

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The Old Farmer and his Almanack. By George Lyman Kettridge.

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(W. Ware and Co., Boston, U.S.A.)—In 1792 Mr. Robert B. Thomas published the first number of the Farmer's Almanack. He was the son of a certain William Thomas, himself the son...

Scnoor,-Booxs.—The British Empire is one of a series of geography

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readers bearing the title of "The World and its People " (T. Nelson and Sons, ls. 10d.) It is excellently equipped with illustrations ; the coloured plates are particularly...

The annual volume of The Expository Times, Edited by James

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Hastings, D.D. (T. and T. Clark, Is. 6d.), is, as usual, full of excellent matter. There is, in the first place, the editor's summary of the work of the month in the direction...


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Addresses to Cardinal Newman, with his Replies, 1673-81 (Longman ) net 6/0 Adler (E. N.), About Hebrew Ilianuseripts, Svo ...(Oxford Univ. Press) net 7/6 Albanesi (E. M.), The...