26 MAY 1906

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The significance of the Treaty with King Leopold, as Sovereign

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of the Congo State, recently signed by Sir Edward Grey, is well brought out in • an admirable article in Tues- day's Daily Chronicle. The British "sphere, of influence" on the...

The second ballot for the French Chamber took place last

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Sunday in one hundred and fifty-four constituencies, thirteen in Paris and one hundred and forty-one in the country. In Paris, to the surprise of most people, the...


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O N Thursday Princess Ena left England for Spain. The King is to meet her on the frontier and conduct her to his capital. A. Royal marriage has seldom proved more interesting to...

Last Saturday the German Reichstag passed the Finances Reform Bill

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This meagre has undergone many changes in Committee, and in its final form is very different from the bold scheifle introduced last November. The least controversial detail is...

In the German Reichstag on Wednesday Herr Bassermann, the leader

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of the National Liberals, opened an instructive debate on foreign policy. He criticised with great frankness Germany's recent conduct, including the Emperor's telegram to Count...

The Russian Duma has conducted itself throughout the week. with

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remarkable discretion. On Friday week the Address was agreed to, with certain amendments. On the land question the Deputies were unanimous in favour of expropriation, as against...

.%* The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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As we have pointed out elsewhere, Mr. Balfour's willing- ness

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to support Mr. Chamberlain means the abandon- ment of a principle to which we, at any rate, attach the very greatest possible value,—the principle that the State ought to...

A general assembly of the French Bishops is fixed for

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the 30th inst., at which the Pope will submit to them the question whether it is desirable to accept the associations cultuelles provided by the Separation Law or not. Judging...

The debates in the Committee stage of the Education Bill

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have been dragging their' slow length along throughout the week. On. Monday nothing very important took place, but on Tuesday the House dealt with the proposal, advocated by us,...

At the end of Tuesday's debate Mr. Chamberlain proposed to

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amend Mr. Maddison's amendment that religious instruction should not be given in transferred schools in school hours, or at the public expense, by leaving out the words...

The debate on Tuesday evening was memorable owing to the

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excellent speech made by Mr. Lough against Mr. Maddison's amendment in favour of secularisation, For himself, he deplored Gambetta's phrase that " Clericalism is the enemy." How...

The formal_ invitations to the next Colonial Conference have been

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issued for April 15th, 1907. A Blue-book published on Tuesday contains a circular despatch by Lord Elgin to the different Colonies dealing with the agenda for the next meeting....

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The War Stores Commission ha/ been sitting during i the week,

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and some remarkable evidenbe was given by the witnesses who appeared onTuesday. A good manyqatestions were directed by the Commissioners to ascertain whyiuch special facilities...

The United States Ambassador presided at the annual dinner of

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the Newspaper Press Fund at the Whitehall Rooms on Saturday last, and delivered a genial speech. After paying a handsome tribute to the ability, solidity, and character of the...

The death of Henrik Ibsen, the great Norwegian poet and

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dramatist, was announced on Wednesday. Though in his early days he wrote much verse of high imaginative quality, he abandoned this medium in middle life, and it was as a prose...

On Thursday night Lord Milner was entertained at dinner at

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the Hotel Cecil by a large and distinguished company. Lord Milner, whatever may be his faults as an adminis- trator, is eminently distinguished for reticence, good taste,...

Bank Rate, 4 per cent.

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Consols (21 per cent.) were on Friday 89/.

On Wednesday some interesting evidence was given before the Income-Tax

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Committee by Mr. Mallet, one of the Com- missioners of Inland Revenue. Mr. Mallet placed the national income at £1,800,000,000, against the Z700,000,000 of Prussia. The capital...

Monday's Times contained an announcement of the greatest interest to

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all naturalists and sportsmen. The Alexander- Gosling Expedition, which is exploring the northern territory of the Congo Free State, reports that it has secured a specimen of...

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TH4 EDUCATION BILL. W E have pointed out on several previous occasions the dangers to which the Unionist and Conservative Party is exposed owing to Mr. Balfour's willingness to...

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W E are delighted that our German municipal visitors wore so much pleased with their visit to England, and we sincerely trust that when the editors come in June they will be...

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THE SITUATION IN HUNGARY. T HE new Hungarian Parliament is a

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Parliament of transition. The Ministry has been appointed to mark time .till the air clears and the course is apparent. Like all transition Parliaments, it is largely a make-...

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AN "ENTENTE CORDIALE" WITH RUSSIA. T HE establishment of an entente

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cordiale between Great Britain and Russia will be a great gain to both Empires, and we have little doubt that it will in no long time be reached ; but the time, perhaps, is not...

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I T is not strange that the deputation which waited on the Prime Minister to press the claim of women to a vote in Parliamentary elections were only half pleased with his reply....

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demand that the State should assume the duty of feeding

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school-children has of late been persistently urged, and has taken a definite form in the Education (Provision of Meals) Bill now before Parliament. The demand is supported by...

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I N Stockholm, in the spring of 1880, we are told that a postscript, " Please do not mention The Doll's House," was frequently added to social invitations. It was not the first...

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T HE word "anchorite" or "anchoress" conveys to an ordinary reader the idea of a mediaeval person choosing to live entirely alone in the midst of hardship, dirt, and discomfort,...

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T HE devotees of a new sport excel in fervour the votaries of old and well-established recreations, since they have still upon them the exhilaration of the pioneer. They have a...

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[To THE EDITOR OP THE "Eincornoi.") SIR, — May I, as a

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clergyman, express a fervent hope that prompt and widespread support will be given to Mr. George Macmillan's admirable suggestion of a lay movement for the settlement of the...


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MR. MACMILLAN'S APPEAL TO LAYMEN. [To THE EDITOR Or THE " SPECTATOR."1 am glad to be able to report that I have already received a considerable measure of support for the...


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answer to Mr. Macmillan's letter in the Spectator last week, please allow me to state that at a meeting of the Church of England Liberal and Progressive Union held on the 16th...

[To TUE EDITOR OE THE " SPECTATOR.") SIR,—I gladly respond

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to your note on Mr. George Mac- millan's letter of May 19th appealing for co-operation amongst laymen of the Church of England on the present education controversy. I think...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. "] SIR,—You have rightly insisted

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that one of the great stumbling-blocks in the Bill, from the Church of England point of view, is the restriction imposed on the teachers by Clause VII. (1) against their giving...


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[TO TUE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SrR,—In your issue of May 19th you publish "An Appeal to Laymen" setting forth the principles on which laymen of the Church of England must...


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[TO THE EDITOR Or TUE "SPECTATOR."] Sin,--The controversy as to the Education Bill is making a cleavage between parties, and it is perhaps advisable that those of us who are...

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[To THII EDITOR 0/1 , N SPROTILTOR.1 SIE, — .YOR are labouring splendidly to

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bring about a moderate settlement of the religious controversy, and it is lamentable that, to all appearance, you are going to fail in achieving a final settlement. The reason...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR.1 SIR,—I think that you ought to know the following par- ticulars with respect to the Council schools of Carmarthen , . shire :— Early in...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."' SIE,•—•You say in last week's . Spectator that the best answer to your correspondent " Fair Play " is to quote once more certain much-quoted...


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rTO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPEcraTou."] Snt,—In an editorial note to a letter from Mr. Athelstan Riley in last week's Spectator you say that you hold it is the business of the...

[To THE EDITOR OP TES " S2ECTATOR."] SIE,—The Archdeacon of

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Lindisfarne in his letter in your last issue says : "If the authority see fit, they can teach in [provided] schools the Apostles' Creed. That Creed is, within the meaning of the...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOI2." . 1 SIR,—Mr. C. R. Buxton justly foretells in your last issue that few will venture on an election petition in future. Those who desire to...


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[TO THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR.") SIR,—An appropriate quotation from William Penn which appeared in a recent number of the Spectator leads me to suggest another from a letter...


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[To TILE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR.") read with some surprise in last week's Spectator (p. 777) the phrase "rotten boroughs like Galway, Newry, and Kilkenny " ! Does not your...


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[To THE EDITOR OP THE " SPECTATOR:1 SIR,—It would be very interesting to have the opinion of the authorities upon the connection between tsetse and the buffalo, and also the...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.") SIR, —Last summer you allowed me to state that the National Trust held an option of purchasing Barrington Court for purposes of...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.") SIR,—The temper of the men and women of San Francisco to-day so closely resembles the conduct of the inhabitants of Samaria when their city...

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[TO THE EDITOR OP THE " SPECTATOR. "] SIR,—The daily Press has made only brief mention of the recent death in New York of the Hon. Carl Schurz. May I ask a portion of your space...


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[To THE EDITOR Or THE " arzerwrose."1 SIR,—We have now fairly entered upon the third month of our training, and two important events are about to happen. During the next week or...


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ITo ?RE EDITOR OD THE " SPECTATOR." J SIR,—Though the Church of Rome has ever been intolerant, yet we all wish to give her fair play, but surely nothing more. Yet in the...

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" GONE UNDER." (A rejoinder to a certain speech, that implied that a vigorous boyhood brought on premature senility.) "Where are those now that used to get The prizes of our...


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THE DECLINE OF DOMESTIC MUSIC. THE activity of the musical world is so great, the volume of its output—to borrow a commercial metaphor—is so formidable, that one is easily...

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THE BIRKENHEAD.'* Tux Birkenhead' passed into a legend almost as soon as it foundered. And, like all legends, the legend of the 'Birkenhead' has grown with the years. In the...

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THIS volume is a literary tour de force which has recently delighted the reading public, and to them we are sure we need make no apology for returning to a book the appear- ance...

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THE most strangely fated of modern Englishmen has not been happy in his biographers. The Life by Lady Burton is indiscriminate eulogy, a portrait of her husband as she wished...

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PALESTINE EXPLORATION.* DE. Buss does not profess to give the

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results of the explora- tion of Palestine. He uses the word "exploration" in its proper sense, and tells us, not what explorers have done, though this could not, of course, be...

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'ab HOUSE OF COBWEBS.* THE average quality of posthumous works of fiction, which of recent years have attained such formidable dimensions in the case of popular and industrious...

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The Face of Clay. By Horace Annesley Vachell. (John Murray.

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6s.)—Read in the light of his charming dedication, Mr Vachell's description of his book as an " interpretation" may be understood to mean an interpretation to English people of...


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M. SAROLEA'S ESSAYS. Essais de Litterature et de Politique. Par Charles Sarolea. (Weissenbruch, Brussels. Hachette et Cie., London.)—M. Sarolea, who is a Professor of Edinburgh...

A Mender of Nets. By William Mackay. (Chatto and Windus.

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6s.)—There is a good deal of poetry in the descriptions of the little East Anglian town in which the scene of this novel Is laid. "Lesborough" lies on the sand dunes bordering...

A Millionaire's Courtship. By Mrs. Archibald Little. (T. 'isher Unwin.

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6s.)—The descriptions of China and the Chinese in this book are interesting, but they would have been very much improved had the account of the millionaire's courtship been...

Cloth versus Silk. By Dorothea Conyers. (Hutchinson and Co. 6s.)—This

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is the story of a young man, the son of a parson with a strong objection to horse-racing, who falls in love with the daughter of a man whose chief ambition is to win the Grand...


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English and Roman - Dutch Law : a Statement of their Differences. By G. T. Morice. (Butterworth and Co. 27s. 6d.)—We welcome a new edition of Mr. Morice's very useful compendium...

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[Under this heading we notice such Books of the week as hare not been reserved for renteto in other forms.] Months at the Lakes. By the Rev. H. D. Rawnsley. (James MacLehose and...

An excellent text-book for somewhat advanced pupils in secondary schools

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will be found in Selected Poems of Matthew Arnold, Edited by Richard Wilson, B.A. (E. Arnold, la. 6d.) There is a brief introduction, written in a sympathetic and appreciative...


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The Silvery Thames. Described by Walter Jerrold. Illustrated by Ernest W. Hazlehust. (Alf. Cook. 21s. net.)—Mr. Jerrold distinguishes three parts of the Thames ; he calls the...

Historical Aberdeen. By G. M. Fraser. (W. Smith, Aberdeen. 3s.

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net.)—Mr. Fraser, who is in charge of the Aberdeen Library, has taken much trouble, and to good purpose, in putting together this history of Aberdeen. The place may be said to...

Sociological Papers. Vol. II. By Francis Galton and Others. (Macmillan

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and Co. 10s. 6d.)—This is the second issue of the Proceedings of the Sociological Society. It contains papers read at the meetings of the Society and reports of the subsequent...

Studies in Ancient Persian History. By P. Kershasp. (Kegan Paul,

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Trench, and Co. 3s. 6d. net.)—The motto awl); alteram partem is always receiving now applications. We have all been brought up on the Greek story of Persian affairs ; Mr....

The Rise and Fall of Reading Abbey. By J. B.

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Hurry, M.D. (Elliot Stock. 2s. 6d. net.)—Dr. Hurry's book is an amplified reprint of a presidential address given by the author at the meeting of the Reading Literary and...

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It is superfluous to praise ono of that excellent series

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"The Little Guides " (Methuen and Co., 2s. 6d. net). We have now before us Oxfordshire, by F. G. Brabant, M.A., Illustrated by Edmund H. New, and, as fax as we can judge, it is...

In the "Temple Classics" (J. M. Dent and Co., Is.

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6d. net) Speeches on America, by Edmund Burke ; and Goethe's Faust, Part II., Translated by Albert Latham.—The Meaning of Good. By G. Lowes Dickinson. (Brimley Johnson and Ince....