28 DECEMBER 1934

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The Naval Treaty Denounced The actual denunciation of the Washington

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Naval Treaty by Japan has been so long and so authoritatively predicted that it makes no material change in the general international situation. The declaration accom- panying...


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A LL the news from the Saar is Christmas news, which is precisely what everyone would wish. The British correspondents in the territory are so much occu- pied in describing the...

Changeg in Jugoslavia The new Jugoslav Cabinet under M. Yevtitch

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is promising better than was expected. The former Foreign Minister, who now assumes the chief place in the Government on his return from Geneva, had hoped to build up an...

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Italy and Abyssinia The actual facts about the Italo-Abyssinian dispute

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have still to be established, and there should be no great difficulty about that if both sides are ready to agree to an impartial investigation. A British-Abyssinian frontier...

Russian Outrages and British Socialists The Labour Party and the

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Trades Union Congress have not been behindhand in condemning outrages committed by Nazis in Germany. It is satisfactory to find that their executives have been equally emphatic...

The Chaco Conflict The dispute between Bolivia and Paraguay has

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taken one of the turns such disputes so often do take. The military tide is flowing at the moment in Paraguay's favour, and in consequence or otherwise Bolivia accepts the...

Insurance for Farm Workers The Unemployment Insurance Statutory Committee has

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now submitted to the Government its report on the feasibility of an insurance scheme for agricultural workers. It recommends that agricultural workers should be brought within...

The Probation Officer's Status It seems probable that one of

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the subjects on which the Home Office committee now sitting on Summary Courts (Social Services) will have something to say will be the present and future status of probation...

Higher Buildings in London The London County Council is promoting

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legislation to increase the maximum permissible height of buildings from 100 feet to 150 feet, with a classification of buildings into grades according to height and provision...

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Public Schools and Private The State of Hamburg is proposing

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to abolish private schools altogether as a step to a purely democratic system of education, and the final aim is said to be the abolition of all fees at secondary schools and...

This speech overshadowed even that of Mr. Lloyd George, whose

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contribution to the debate was little more than a question mark. " Had the Government a plan or were they resigned to having a million or a million and a half living on charity...

As it was, only one topic was raised throughout the

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day, but since it was monetary policy, which is seldom discussed, it produced a first-class debate. This was largely due to Mr. Boothby, who scored a great personal success with...

Great efforts are being made behind the scenes to prevent

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the use of the guillotine on the India Bill. Mr. Churchill has given an undertaking, I understand, that there will be no obstruction on the part of his followers, provided that...

They are certainly happier about the physical condition of the

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unemployed. The new regulations issued by the Unemployment Assistance Board stood the test of a three days' debate remarkably well. They are far in advance in generosity of...

The Week in Parliament Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes : A

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protest was made at the beginning of the adjournment debate last Friday at what is usually regarded as an oppor- tunity for back-bench Members to raise the individual grievances...


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The opening of a new calendar year does not neces- sarily involve changes of substance for daily or weekly papers, and the aim of The Spectator in 1985 will be to follow in all...

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MARRIED WOMEN AND THE LAW T HE discriminations of the law,

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in particular between men and women and between women married and unmarried, are curious. Some have their origin in sentiment, some in tradition ; some, though very few, may be...

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N O one at this time of day is disposed to reproach the Government because it has decided to embark on an intensive campaign of propaganda—which is another name for advertising....

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The execution of Mrs. Major seems to have brought three

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questions under general discussion—should women be executed, should anyone be executed, and if so how should the' ondemned be executed ? Whatever resistance there may be to any...


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N OT all the chapters in all the text-books on the King as focal point for the Dominions and Colonies that make up the British Commonwealth could do half as much to drive that...

The prestige of the League of Nations has, as everyone

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recognizes, shot up suddenly in the eyes of the world as a result of the Council's decisions on the Saar and the Hungarian dispute. I get from a particularly reliable and...

Two photographs which I notice side by side in Thursday's

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Daily Telegraph provide a rather interesting contrast. One shows Italian tanks passing through the streets of Saarbriicken, the other the youngest member of the British...

I am very glad to hear that Lord Lytton is

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going to New York next month to deliver the inaugural lecture under a new foundation bearing the name of an early mayor of that city, Jonathan Peterson, and endowed by a lineal...

The Times is to be congratulated on reaching the 150th

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anniversary of its first issue as the Daily Universal Register, which it will celebrate on New Year's Day by publishing a special number containing a sketch of its history from...

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By Dr. HERMAN FINER O N December 18th, Signor Mussolini in an impressive uniform, and amid the fervent applause of the leading party officials and the contingents of the Youth...

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By CHARLES RODEN BUXTON F EW White people have a good word to say for the educated African. Here and there you may meet someone who defends the native clergyman-or doctor— not...

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By E. F. M. MAXWELL IT will be a bad day when the faith of the British people in the sanctity of letters entrusted to the post is shaken. Speaking in the House of Commons, in...

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By the REV. R. B. LLOYD A REVIVAL of religion is one of the things which thousands are longing for and not a few are confi- dently predicting. The prophets remind us of the...

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By VENATOR IGNOTUS O UR shooting trip really started in Tiflis, the largest city and capital of Georgia, where we first met our guide. After some weeks of official sight-seeing...

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By L. A. PAVEY T HIS was a Spring Saturday, and Mr. Edward Outram was busy in his garden, which was a hundred and twenty feet by thirty-five. - If there was one occupation that...

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[VON EINEM DEUTSCHEN KORRESPONDENTENI pt Ausland hat die " kalte " Beseitigung solchei prominenter Kopfe wie Brtickner, Feder, Furt: wangler, Hindemith, Kleiber, Krupp, &c.,...

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"Lorna Doone." At the Adelphi Theatre BLACKMORE'S novel is a

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love story and a tale of adventure, and it seeks also to give a detailed impression of rural life in seventeenth-century England. This film version, directed by Basil Dean, is...


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Music " Eugene Onegin" at Sadler's Wells TcriAraovsay entitled Eugene Onegin not an " opera," but " seven lyrical scenes." Its date, 1878, too, is important. The new ideas about...

The Cinema

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"The Scarlet Pimpernel." At the Leicester Square Theatre I AM not sure who should get chief credit for this London Films' version of Baroness Orczy's novel—Mr. Harold Young, who...

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A Crisis in Preservation That expert and invaluable body known as the C.P.R.E., the Council for the Preservation of Rural England, has reached a crucial point in its...

County Histories Our counties, especially I think the counties near

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London, are becoming more county conscious as their individual qualities are more seriously threatened. Within a week I have seen three books on Hertfordshire and...


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Preservation is very much in the air ; and the preservers are coming to the common conclusion that the first step must be a survey. All the surveys inspired by the C.P.R.E. are...

for information about the migration of the blackbird, which many

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people regard as a home dweller. The facts should be easily discoverable, since the blackbird is one of the chief favourites of the bird-ringers organized by Mr. Witherby, from...

Hertfordshire and Buckinghamshire The remaining Buckinghamshire book, The History of

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Berk- hampstead Common, by G. H. Whybrow (the Commons, Open Spaces and Footpaths Society) deserves the emphasis put upon it by Professor G. M. Trevelyan in his brief preface. If...

Sweet-scented December A little wild flower, now so sweet that

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a head or two of it will scent a room, is too much neglected. A gardener, who has a very quick eye for wild nature, grows it in quantity (partly because it spreads whether you...

The New Landowner

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The question has now arisen whether this body should, or could, own land. In all parts of the country I myself, and doubtless others with greater frequency find people who...

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[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our " News of the Week" paragraphs. Signed...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I am gratefui l your Medical Correspondent for his generous references to myself, and in cordial agreement with a great deal of his...

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JAPANESE POLICY [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR, —The Spectator

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is publishing some remarkable articles on " Japan and the World." In the opening words of the first article we are instructed that—" The World stands against Japan, therefore...


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bni,—There recently appeared in The Spectator some inter- esting letters upon the education of boys in public schools who intend to enter industry or commerce. The writer of the...

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reviewer of my book, Francis the First, says that my object has been to " sentimentsclize " Francis, a nd h e implies that I have done so without regard to the truth. He...


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SPECTATOR.] enclose you herewith an extract from the Journals and Letters of Reginald Viscount Esher, published by Ivor Nicholson and Watson, Ltd., 1934, and on pp. 291/2 of...


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public conscience has been acutely shocked by the execution of Mrs. Major. Expressions of pity and horror have been compelled from quarters not normally affected by the reports...

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[To the Editor of TOE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I was surprised in Mr. Nevinson's review to find Oliver Cromwell amongst the Saints, but still more to find him classed amongst the...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—In the issue of The Spectator of some weeks ago, there was the phrase : " There but for the Grace of God goes . . ." For some weeks, in...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sm,—The Bishop of Southwark states that the " spirit of loving service " by preserving sickly lives has had a detri- mental effect on the...


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[To the Editor of TIIE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Your " Country Life " paragraph of December 14th, on a " December Spring " is very much to the point. Here in Bucks we are hearing...


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[To the Editor of TuE SPECTATOR.] Sm.,—The news, as reported in our Press, of the sixty-six death sentences recently carried out by the Soviet Government must have caused deep...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I am more than sorry if the editors of this charming anthology (as I called it in my review) found that review only a " minor pleasure."...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Your contributor, Mr. Thomas Burns, in his inspiring article " The Young Capitalist," need not fear that the Socialist will steal his...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,-The two paragraphs in your " News of the Week " deal adequately with Lord Hewart's recent " outburst " in the House of Lords, and the...

A Broadcasting Calendar

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FRIDAY, DECEMBER 28th 5.t5 Russian Christmas Music : Medvedeif's Balalaika Orchestra N. 6.3o Beethoven : Professor Tovey's Keyboard Talk .. N. 7.15 In Your Garden : C. H....

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Letters of Marx and Engels

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By E. H. CARR THE correspondence of Marx and Engels* is an important source-book for European nineteenth-century history. Its enormous bulk makes anything like a - complete...

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The Victorian Novel THE reputation of the Victorian age has

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passed through two well-defined phases : glorification and depreciation. It was glorified by itself and depreciated by its successors, and for equally understandable reasons. In...

A Scientific Socrates ?

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THIS book is exceedingly ambitious, its aim being nothing less than " the unearthing of a philosophy of life—a philosophy that will lead us, if successful, to an understanding...

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Cid Campeador

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The Cid and his Spain. By B. Menendez Pidal. Translated by Harold Sunderland. (John Murray. 148.) THE original Spanish version of this work was in two bulky volumes, complete...

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Christianity and Communism The Bourgeois Mind. By Nicholas Berdyaev. (Sheed

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and Ward. 3s. 6d.) Tuts volume is made up of four separate essays, but all of them are concerned in one way or another with the conflict between orthodox Christianity and Mandan...

The Peak of English Poetry

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THERE is no space here to bandy words with those who do not agree with the title of this article ; but let them consider that this was the age of Donne, Milton, Dryden and...

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The Disarmament Dream

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The Disarmament Deadlock. By J. W. Wheeler-Beimett. (Routledge. l 5e.) DISARMAMENT is a depressing enough subject for any his- torian, and Mr. Wheeler-Bennett, by ending his...

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Modern Architecture IN writing about modern architecture two approaches are

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possible. The author may start by considering modern buildings and, by analysing their qualities and judging them according to the principles of architecture, which he has...


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The Pattern of Courtesy. An Anthology. Made and Edited by Gerald Bullett. (Dent. as.) Ma. GERALD BuLLErr's recent anthology of the religious spirit, The Testament of Light, was...

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By V. S. PRITCHETT So Red the Rose. By Stark Young. (Cassell. Is. 6d.) White Angel. By John Heygate. (Cape. 7s. 6d.) Bid Time Return. By Dorothy Easton. (Seeker. 7s. 6d.) " I...

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The Past Year NEXT week I shall hope td deal as far as may be possible with the commercial and financial -prospects for 1985. From what follows later, however, I think it will...

Miss Cameron is well known for her work ill connexion

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with the Lincoln experiment. That experiment's practical value did not emerge at once, for it seemed to fall under the charge of being a sentimental rather than a real tackling...

THE SAAR UP - TO - DATE Numerous as recent books on the Saar

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have been, all of them necessarily end before• the developments of the last three or four weeks. Particular value, therefore, attaches to a memorandum (The Saar Plebiscite,...

Current Literature

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LIFE AND ART IN PHOTOGRAPH These volumeg of 'photographs (The Italian: Renaissance, edited by A. K. Wickham ' The Polar, Regions, edited by J. AL Scott ; A Book of _Dogs—Chatto...

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A Hundred Years Ago

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" THE SPECTATOR," DECEMBER 27TH, 1834. There appears to have been some hitch—some disagreement in the Cabinet—in regard to the Dissolution of Parliament. It is understood that...

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SIOI Al 11T11-11 EMI AI BI I if WWI El Sal Al SIDI 13101HI S DI LI SI CI RI SI T M Al 'WI l EnWrCirre I T I A17 AITI 01El LI Aigml EI SIDI S HI 1fikIS El E S I XI TI EIN PI DI...

"The Spectator" Crossword No.

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BY ZENO [A prize of one guinea will be given to the sender of the first correct solution of this week's crossword puzzle to be opened. Envelopes should be marked " Crossword...