2 JUNE 1933

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• Mr. Bingham no doubt did not forget that a

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fortnight earlier, while he himself was on his way to the country, Mr. MacDonald had made a speech at another dinner of the Pilgrims. On that occasion the Prime Minister had...

News of the Week T HE speech which Mr. Robert Bingham,

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the American Ambassador, made at the Pilgrims' Dinner last Tuesday, is to be taken as something more than an expression of personal views. The nominee of President Roosevelt,...

A Success for the League Full credit is . due

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to the League of Nations for the success of its handling of the dispute between Peru and Colombia, which has been settled . on precisely the basis . laid down by the committee...

The American Debt A determination on the part of the

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heads of the British and the American Governments obviously does not mean that they. have settled all their. problems. The most urgent of these is that of the debt. The...

- 02.ricas,: "99 Gower St., London, W.C. i. Tel. : MUSEUM

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1121. Entered as second-class Mail Matter at the New York N.Y. Post Office, Dec. 23rd, 1896. Postal subscription 308. per annum, to any part of the world. Postage on this issue:...

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Milk and Beef Quotas Major Elliot's announcement that the foreign

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countries exporting milk- products to Great Britain will for three months restrict their export to 80 per cent. of the quantity which they sent us last summer marks a fresh step...

Sino-Japanese Negotiations • Thanks to a truce which was arranged

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at the last moment the city of Peking was saved the disaster of a Japanese occupation, and the Japanese army, having ceased its advance, was strategically disposed within...

Nazi Victory in Danzig The alarums and excursions following the

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sweeping victory of the Nazis in the election in the Free City of Danzig are now giving place to a somewhat quieter atmosphere. They are in a position to form a Govern- ment...

Mr. Gandhi's Fast We of the west and of western

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habits of mind cannot easily appreciate the character of the ordeal of fasting which Mr. Gandhi imposed upon himself. For twenty-one days millions of his co-religionists have...

The Irish Muddle The Irish Free State trade returns for

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the first four months of this year show that both Great Britain and the Free State are suffering as the result of the political dispute. Our exports to the Free State fell from...

German Tourists in Austria At a time when the German

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Government is presumably endeavouring to adopt a more conciliatory attitude in its internatienal policy it is regrettable that it should endeavour to punish the Austrian...

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Mr. Chamberlain is very lucky to have a House of

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Commons which is so easily satisfied. In the general debate on the proposed oil-tax he appeared adamant against any concession, only to exempt coastwise shipping from the tax...

Leverhulme Fellowships The late Lord Leverhulme's bequest of £12,000 a

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year for research fellowships is of exceptional interest. The value of such endowments has been amply proved by the Carnegie, Rockefeller and other foundations. But the new...

There has been one extremely fruitful debate on foreign affairs

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when Sir John Simon discharged admir- ably the congenial task of expounding someone else's policy instead of having to construct one of his own. His exposition of the effect of...

The Derby The Derby was won last Wednesday by Lord

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Derby's Hyperion, ridden by T. Weston, who had the ride on Sansovino which won for Lord Derby in 1924. The race, in spite of the gloomy predictions of the weather prophets, was...

The Chicago Exhibition Chicago's failings have had abundant publicity, but

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the true spirit of the great city is better expressed in the "Century of Progress Exposition "which was opened last Saturday. Like the "World's Columbian Exposition" of 1893, it...

London Police Charities There should be a prompt and generous

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response to Lord Trenchard's appeal on behalf of the Commissioner's Fund for the charities and recreations of the Metropolitan Police. The old practice of selling police concert...

Parliament Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes : Lord Snowden's outburst against

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the Prime Minister last week neither surprised nor scandalized anybody. Politicians are well aware that no translation to the House of Lords could eradicate the old Adam from...

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British Foreign Policy

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I T was no doubt inevitable that the debate on foreign policy in the House of Commons a week ago should have been confined almost exclusively to what was actually happening at...

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National or Party Government ?

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S OME reflections, on the condition of the "National Government" are thrust upon us by the attitude of the Cabinet to the question of the payment . of the £19,000,000 instalment...

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When Dean Alington was made Headmaster of Eton, the Governing

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Body deserted all precedents by appointing a man who, for all his close connexions with the School, had not been an Eton boy. In appointing as his suc- cessor Mr. C. A. Elliot,...

The visit of the Prince of Wales to Stowe on

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its tenth anniversary is a tribute to the most successful of post- War public schools. Its success (gauged numerically) has been striking. At its foundation in 1923, the school...

I find it difficult to believe that 50 years have

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passed since Mr. H. W. Nevinson "began his literary career by writing his first book, a scholarly study of Herder" (to repeat the words of the group of distinguished friends who...

Mr. Nevinson, I should add, is often a stormy petrel,

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a harbinger of trouble. In an unexpected, speech which Mr. H. G. Wells, the President, allowed him to make at the last meeting of the English centre of the P.E.N. Club, he...

A Spectator's Notebook

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S URELY nothing could be more lamentable than attempts to make political capital out of the position in India and the Government's programme of reforms. Of informed criticism—of...

I do not know who is destined to write the

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official life of Horatio Bottomley, but if it is well done it should be a strange study in morbid psychology. Already there has been a tendency to make of him a sort of...

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Indian Reform : The Case for the White Paper

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BY LORD MESTON. Sir Michael O'Dwyer, will [An article on "Indian Reform: Criticism of the White Paper," by appear in next week's SPECTATOR. I H ISTORY provides no example of...

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The World from Geneva

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BY H. WILSON HARRIS. THE world seen from Geneva is not quite the same as the world seen from London. Geneva itself, for that matter, is not quite the same seen close as it is...

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The Great Provincial Press

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BY R. A. SCOTT-JAMES. F OR a century or more the provincial daily papers have played a more important part in the life of the nation. than most Londoners have realized. Today...

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The Great Blasket

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By W. B. YEATS. A RAN was John Synge's first choice. There he thought himself happy for the first time, "havin g escaped the squalor of the poor and the- nullity of tile rich."...

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Facing the Music JlvNfoTir.

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O NE is constantly bearing references to the Sheltered Trades, the Sheltered Industries. At school, where I was introduced to the study of economies, I used to think that this...

Sur l'Empire Colonial Francais

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Lll'UN CORRESPONDANT FRAINAIS.] L E discours que Monsieur Albert Sarraut, Ministre francais des Colonies, prononca ii y a huit jours, sous les auspices de l'African Society, a...

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A Letter from Cambridge [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The illusion shared by the passive Wordsworth and the passionate Lear, that the heavens respond to what we feel,...

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Vigils i. Childhood DowN the glimmering staircase, past the pensive clock, Childhood creeps on tip-toe : fumbles at the lock. Out of night escaping toward the arch of dawn,...

A Hundred Years Ago "THE Sreenvroa," JUNE IsT, 1833.

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The "manifestations of the spirit" in Edinburgh continuo.. An elder of one of the churches called upon his minister a few days ago, and informed him that he felt himself under...

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I believe the grayling does not belong to this country,

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but was introduced from the Continent by the mediaeval monks. At any rate, he is frequently found in clean running streams that have ruined abbeys on their banks. I write " he "...


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The complaint of farmers is not only against the expense of labour, but also against the profits made by the " middle- man." They reckon from the price the consumer has to pay...

Very few people can rapidly distinguish the salmonidae from coarse

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fish. The salmonidae are the salmon, the char, the grayling, and the various kinds of trout. The dis- tinguishing feature is a small transparent tongue of flesh between the...


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Of all the institutions that tease human reason " Summer- time " is the most irritating—especially to the farmers. It is against Nature and is a guide to nothing. The farmers...

The sprays of the mountain ash are of fern-like appearance.

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The bunches of white flowers so beautiful in the spring, later on turn into even more beautiful bunches of berries which decorate the wild mountain glens with vivid crimson. In...

I have never seen i the hawthorn SG white and

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heavy with bloom as I have seen it this year. One really tall hawthorn tree was so laden as not to leave a square inch of green. The branches looked as if weighed down by a...

The silvery grayling is, perhaps, the most doubtful of all

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the salmonidae. He spawns, like the coarse fish, in the spring ; and has a scale-armour on him (to put it strongly) like a mediaeval knight's shirt of mail. Like most of the...

Country Life

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FRESH-WATER fish are divided into two main classes— coarse fish and fish of the salmon tribe. The latter, known technically as the sahnouidae, only thrive in fresh clear spring...

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Letters to he Editor

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[Correspondents are requested to keep their left suitable length is that of one of our " News of era as brief as is reasonably possible. The most the Week" paragraphs.—Ed. THE...


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[To the Editor of TI1E SPF.CTATOR.1 S1R,—Whatever one may think of the proceedings of the Moscow Trial, there is no doubt that feeling has been intensi- fied by the system of...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sm,—I should be sorry

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to occupy your space with mere pertinacity ; for the principle you state "that reserves put aside as basis for future trading should be taxed whether in the case of private...


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[To the Editor of THE Sr=Aron.] S1R,—Is not your Parliamentary Correspondent in error when he says that the Government's proposals for taxing the Co-operative Societies involve...

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SIR,—All those who, like myself, have had to investigate road accidents will welcome the plea of Mr. Herbert Morrison, who speaks with experience as Minister of Transport in the...

HIGH PROTECTION [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Szn,—The obscurity

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of Sir John Simon's speech in the House of Commons in reply to Sir Herbert Samuel's inquiry as to the Government's proceeding on the June Conference, was typical of the method...

MAHATMA GANDHI [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin,—" Mr.

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Gandhi becomes progressively more inscrutable. No comprehensible reason for his latest decision is forth- coming."—The Spectator, May 5th. The decision of the Mahatma to fast...

ADVERTISING- OURSELVES " the Editor Of THE SPECTATOR.] lit,—,Next month

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London will be at home to a multitude • , , of foreign visitors. . Delegates to the International Cong re v ; of Building SoCieties, which opens on June 5th, and to th e World...

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ON READING THE BIBLE • [To the Editor of THE

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SencrA•roa.] Sin, --There are several things in Mr. Clarke's letter which call for explanation, not least his statement about Cheyne and Isaiah. But whatever Cheyne may have...

. _ PLAYING FOR -A. DRAW [To the Editor of

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Tun SrEcTAToa.1 Sin,—" Janus' " attack on the tactics — of the Middlesex eleven at Cambridge is unjust ified. In a fourth innings, when the failure of the openin g batsmen has...


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Sin,- As the one responsible for the Evangelical work of the Salvation Army in Great Britain, may I crave space to refer to a nation-wide evangelistic campaign taking place...


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[To the Editor of TILE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Fifty years have passed since H. W. Nevinson began his literary career by writing his first book, a scholarly study of Herder. Through...

ANGLING IN scoTtAND - [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.]

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is a pity that Mr. William Robertson's otherwise pleasant and informative article on this subject, which appears in your issue of May 26th, should be marred by a misstatement of...

Page 18

The Landscape of England*

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BY V. SACKVILLE-WEST. THE traveller returning to-England after a voyage of discovery in America is instantly and overwhelmingly struck by the differences between this small,...

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The Empty Quarter The Empty Quarter. By H. St. J.

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B. Philby, C.I.E., I.C.S. (Constable. 21s.) Heitz is an epic narrative of Arabian exploration—Mr. II. St. J. B. Philby's story of his great camel journey through the southern...

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The Bedside Geography

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The Home of Mankind. By Hendrik van Loon. (Harrap. 12s. 6(L) " L'ESTRANGE has made it stranger still" was the comment in a school magazine on a new Geography published during...

Blind Man's Buff

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ONE of the most extraordinary and alarming phenomena of the contemporary literary world, and one which makes it progressively difficult nowadays for anybody to know what's what,...

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Making a Naval Officer

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SIR HERBERT RICHMOND is an original thinker and independent thought is certainly needed for tackling the two questions : What is the proper function of a naval officer ? and How...

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The Fight With Slavery

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A Century of Emancipation. By John H. Harris. (Dent. 5s.) Sin. JOHN H. HARRIS, who for many years has served the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society, is specially qualified...

The Technique of Marriage

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Wm:sr you are about to read a book on the technique of golf , say, or of seamanship; your first instinct is to ask what qualifications the author has to write on that particular...

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This Drama

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Dragon's Teeth. By Shirland Quin. (Harrap. 5s.) Tim more one reads or sees of modern plays, the more one is convinced of the futility, the barrenness, of the modern theatre. The...

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AMAZING how many talents a novelist can lack and remain a good writer. George Moore, the possessor of a style which seemed sometimes almost vulgarly immaculate, naturally...

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SIX TO SIXTEEN Compiled by Mrs. Charles Bridge

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This is the catalogue of an interesting and valuable enter- prise, The Children's Book Club, an institution which: provides for its members a circulating library of books...

Current Literature

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SIX CENTURIES OF ENGLISH LITERATURE Edited by R. F. Patterson These six large volumes, under the general editorship of Mr. Richard Ferrar Patterson, (Six Centuries of English...

FAR BUGLES By Lt.-Col. Colin Harding

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Forty years ago young men of good family but small means went in large numbers to Rhodesia, then newly op ene d to settlement. Lieutenant-Colonel Colin Harding was one of them,...


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No one can say that Mr. Carveth Wells is inaudible : he shouts through nearly three hundred pages, shedding (as he says) Light on the Dark Continent (Jarrolds, 16s.). It starts...


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A book of six hundred pages by over thirty different contri- butors is obviously unreviewable. All that can well be said of Christianity and the Crisis (Gollancz, 5s.) is that...

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Motoring Some Essentials in a Car ALTHOUGH modem ears and

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their ordinary equipment have now reached a remarkable degree of standardization, there are still an unexpected' number of features missing from their outfit that anybody in...

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Finance —Public 8c . Private

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The Economic Conference ALTHOUGH there is a pretty clear comprehension i n financial circles of the causes necessitating the holding of a World Economic Conference, I doubt if...

The June Reviews

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THE Master of 13alliol contributes to the Contemporary a valuable article on " Unemployment : the 'Meanwhile' Problem," with special reference to the moral value of such...

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The heavy fall in values of commodities and the shrinkage in the - movement' of trade, especially in the United States have left their mark on the premium. income of most of our...

Financial Notes

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BROADENING OF INVESTMENT DEIHAND. TIIE slowing down of business which is always to be expected before a holiday period seems this year to have affected only the gilt-edged...

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"The Spectator" Crossword No. 3 6

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BY XANTHIPPE. (A prize of one guinea will be given to the sender of the fir s t correct solution of this week's crossword pu=le to be opened. Envelopes should be marked...


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It is not -often that a material reduction in trading profit Is accompanied by an increase in the dividend. That -has been the experience, however,• in- the case of the Burmah...