30 AUGUST 1935

Page 1

Unanimity and Sanctions One misstatement regarding the " sanctions "

The Spectator

article is repeated so frequently that it demands flat contra- diction. Sanctions, it is stated, can only be imposed by unanimous vote of the League Council—and since there will...

Altogether, as the date of the Geneva meetings approaches, this

The Spectator

country is shown to be in an impregnable position diplomatically. Ministers have since last week's Cabinet meeting been discreet almost to excess in their reticence, and some...


The Spectator

'THE declarations made by Signor Mussolini at Bolzano on Wednesday change the international situation in no respect. In declaring that Italy would react with vigour against any...

OPricEs : 99 Gower St., London, 13'.C. 1. : MUSEUM

The Spectator

1721. Entered as second-class Mail Matter at the New York, N.Y. Post Office, "cc. 23rd, 1896. Postal subscription 30s. per annum, to any part of the world. Postage on this issue...

Page 2

Modern Churchmen and Christian Union The Presidential address of the

The Spectator

Dean of St. Paul's to the Modern Churchmen's Union at Cambridge on Monday was charged, as might be expected, with broad sympathies and mature wisdom. Whether the Dean's hope...

Encouragement for Light Aeroplanes, The decision to free the manufacture

The Spectator

and private flying .of ultra-light aeroplanes from official control, as recommended long ago by the Goren Committee, is one of immense importance for the development of civilian...

The United States and Neutrality The United States Congress, has

The Spectator

. passed neutrality resolutions laying down a policy very different from that desired by Mr. Roosevelt, who has not yet made them law by signing them, though there is no...

Crime Statistics for 1933 The• criminal statistics for 1933 seem

The Spectator

to show con- clusively that unemployment and indictable crime are closely connected. After 1929 the records become worse, but the year 1933, when employment was increasing, is...

The Dominions and Mr. Thomas It is not often that

The Spectator

a responsible statesman in one country' of the British Commonwealth publicly criticises a statesman in another Commonwealth country. All the more importance, therefore, attaches...

Page 3

Shop-Lifters ' The growth of the very disturbing habit of

The Spectator

shop-lifting 'was described by Mr. Chiesman, at the Summer School of the Drapers' Chamber of Trade, as a " canker in the life of the modem store" ; andhe appealed to magistrates...

The Mentor of the Commonwealth The completion. by the Round

The Spectator

Table of a hundred quarterly numbers is a far more notable achievement than the mere successful achievement of twenty-five years of existence . implies. For through that period....

Comintern Rhetoric This country and the United States have shown

The Spectator

very doubtful wisdom in protesting to the Soviet Government against speeches delivered—most of them not by Russian subjects — at the recent meeting of the Communist...

The City Enterprise of Leeds The comprehensive schemes of slum-clearance

The Spectator

and rehousing adopted by the Leeds Corporation is causing 'some uneasiness to cautious persons in that city, but it may well be that in ten years' time it will be recognised...

France and British Coal One indireet result of the French

The Spectator

Government's economy decrees ordaining cuts in prices is a reduction in the quota for imported coal, which, though •not dis- criminatory, chiefly affects Great Britain. The...

Mr. ChuiChill and India • Churchill's statement to his constituents

The Spectator

on the. cessation of his attacks on the G o vernment over India (..noes him credit,, conscious though he may be that his change of tactics is likely to strengthen his position...

Page 4


The Spectator

TT has long been a familiar fact to economic -L historians that unorthodox monetary theories, ranging • from the merely heretical to the frankly 'fantastic, always flourish in...

Page 5


The Spectator

T HE centenary birthday of the Great Western Railway calls for something more than per- functory congratulation. It may be said without disrespect to any other railway system in...

Page 6


The Spectator

A PPARENTLY the famous Article XVI of the League of Nations is to be invoked first by Italy herself, for Signor Mussolini is credited with the intention of present- ing his case...

With all its modern terror's , and 'refinement§ Warfare can revert

The Spectator

on 'occasion .to very ancient models. The concealed lion-pits in which the Ethiopians hope to trap Italian tanks are a case in point. Bannockburn over again. *

From a source which I regard as reliable, but which

The Spectator

cannot specify, I have received • information which suggests that the discontent in Germany is more wide- spread, and that the discontented elements are in closer touch with one...

• The Pope probably got as near as he is

The Spectator

likely to get to de- flouncing Italy's action in addressing the Catholic Nurses' Congress on Wednesday. His words on the surface ap- pear hedged round with caution, but close...

The revolution international relations have undergone since the War is

The Spectator

demonstrated vividly enough by the contrast in the public attitude towards the Italian attack on Turkey in 1911, when Italy last possessed herself of African territory by force,...

The death of Father Jellicoe, as he was invariably called,

The Spectator

at the age of 36, robs the world all too prematurely of a visionary who showed himself an able' and successful man of business. The imagination of the popular Pres!•4 has been...

Press Peers' Advice . .

The Spectator

"The League of Nations Union, anxious for the British Empire to fight Covenant-breakers one moment, are ready to buy them off next moment with mandated parts of the British...

Page 7


The Spectator

By VISCOUNT CECIL OF CHELWOOD T HE Government have again announced that they are determined to carry out to the full their obligations under the Covenant of the League of...

Page 8


The Spectator

eve of the Peace Conference an . Englishman was talking about its prospects to a Frenchman who was behind the scenes in French politics. " Do you think," said the Englishman, "...

Page 9


The Spectator

By GUENTHER STEIN Airgmyt. J APAN'S meteoric rise to power has been accompanied by a revival . of faith in her divine Mission. Within the ancient Shinto religion a number of...

Page 10


The Spectator

By B. K. SANDWELL* C ANADIAN federal politics are at the moment un- usually obscure, confused, and full of unprecedented and incalculable factors. But the obscurity is mostly...

Page 11


The Spectator

' By ALAN CAMPBELL JOHNSON T HE recent fracas in St. Hilda's—a rather paltry story of dignity and impudence—has probably strengthened a popular suspicion that Oxford is at the...

Page 12


The Spectator

By JAN" STRUTHER W E 'live, most of us, by rule of thumb ; navigate these • tricky waters. not so much by chart, lead and compass as by casual glances at a tree or a ruined...

Page 13


The Spectator

By ROSE MACAULAY • MANY of those who have spent August in pastoral • .1.Y.1 pleasures, and become inured to the raucous, rustical cries that shrill from woods, gardens,...

Page 14


The Spectator

" Full House," a Comedy in Three Acts, by Ivor Novella. At the 1-laymarket THE plot of this play is tenuous and often absurd ; the situations are for the most part outworn,...

The Cinema

The Spectator

The Crusades." At the Carlton Mn. CECIL DE MILLE'S evangelical films are the nearest equivalent today to the glossy German colour -prints which sometimes. decorated...

Page 15

Nationale 202 [D' u n correspondant francais] IL ne se

The Spectator

trouve point, sans doute, de touriste britannique; habitue de nos regions montagneuses, pour ignorer que rensemble du massif alpin frangais est sillonne, dans le sens Nord Sud,...


The Spectator

At the Proms BEAUTY, they say, is in the eye of the beholder. Quot homilies and de gustibus, &c. But surely there are limits, the passing Of which entitles one to say, with...

Page 16

Two Favourites

The Spectator

A flower that has continued to increase its popularity . is, the newer type of Caucasian scabious. The flowers grow ,more satiny in texture as well as larger and deeper in...


The Spectator

" The First „ " The First "—a title that still maintains, ins, its supremacy- 7. will see most of the stubbles clear of stooks, and standing corn will be a very rare appearance...

The Supreme Polyanthus

The Spectator

, Gardens in general have been saved by the Poulsen roses. They are one of the most valuable additions made in recent history to the - world's gardens, for they flower with...

AttnOspheric Blight

The Spectator

What is the meaning and origin of . the word 4alight . .as applied to the weather '? The word is conirnew throughout the country as applied to the peculiar 'atrilosplierld...

Flowers and Shows

The Spectator

The English seasons have been peculiarly unkind to holders of flower shows. For 'the first time in the chronicles the National Rose Society was forced to do without its early...

A Neglected Blue

The Spectator

All garden flowers have perforce been bred from wild flowers ; and often the, improvement under expert selection and cultivation has been, very quick. The 'world has , been...

The Bridal Web

The Spectator

A spray of gorse..hns been sent me by parcel post, with a lyrical description of its bridal appearance,; and the pheno- menon of its, decoration is very eloquent of the date,...

The National Trust

The Spectator

A real need of the time has been brought into the open (or ought to be) by Lady Buxton's magnificent gift to the nation of a . commanding piece of the South Downs in Sussex. It...

Page 17


The Spectator

your issue of 'August 16th' the Rector of a !alio Belfast parish, ReV. J. H. McDonald, and Mr. St. John ErvinC, nnative of the district, pointed out how wrong it was to blame...


The Spectator

[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our " News of the Week " paragraphs. Signed...

Page 18

[To the Editor of THE: SPECTATOR,]

The Spectator

Sta,—Mr. J. R. McDonald, of Shankill Rectory, Belfast, in his reply to Mr. Frank MacDermot, would have the " Fog over Ireland " embrace the British' Isles. For sheer arrogance...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin,—The article entitled ‘` The Crisis " in last week's Spectator presented a case, complete in itself, for applying Sanctions against Italy....

Page 19


The Spectator

[To the Editor of TILE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I have just been motoring from Brighton to Eastbourne through what once as it was the most essentially English coast scenery, was also...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of TIRE SPECTATOR.] Snt,—The Archbishop of Westminster, in his letter in The Times of the 28rd, says he " has direct personal knowledge that Pope Pius XI...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin,—Mr. C. F. Andrews' most interesting article entitled, " Gold and the Gold Coast," in your issue of July 12th, demands a :reply, lest his...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin,—With reference to " Janus' " remarks in last week's issue of The Spectator concerning the proprietor of " a well-known swimming pool in...

Page 20


The Spectator

[To the Editor or TnE SPECTATOR.] STR,—There has been no Tack of protest against the irre- sponsible propaganda of certain sections of the Press in respect of the present...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of T] n SPECTATOR.] The Spectator of August Ath Sir William Beach Thomas wrote appreciatively of the late Mr. T. A. Coward, the naturalist, and the sanctuaries...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of' THE SPECTATOR.] SIR, --As a witness of Fascism from another angle (I have spent some eight months in Germany recently) may I support Signor Villari in his...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I was delighted to

The Spectator

read your remarks in " A Spectator's Notebook" last week on the above subject. We may pride ourselves on being "white " but from the East we learnt the habit of bathing our...

A Hundred Years Ago

The Spectator

" THE SPECTATOR," A110 , The Lords Committee on the Great Westlen4.11,ailway have, after an inquiry that has continued for the almost unprecedented period- of forty - six days;...

Page 21

India : Looking Forward

The Spectator

By. SIR STANLEY REEE! ON August 2nd the great and complicated measure which 'embodies the new constitution for the governance of India became law. ' It is now for India and...

Page 22

Russian Literature in the Doldrums

The Spectator

SOVIET literature today is in the position of a brilliant youngster who has never quite succeeded in doing what was expected of him at his preparatory school. The militant...

Immortal Lunatic

The Spectator

Tim literary supplement of a great New York daily recently published the answers of a representative group of American authors to the searching question : What famous books have...

Page 23

Pope's Secret Miscellany

The Spectator

Pope's Own Miscellany. Edited by Norman Ault. (Nonesuch Press. 22s. 6d.) MISCELLANIES containing " Poems by Various Hands," often assembled by anonymous editors, were a common...

A Scientist Looks at the Monks

The Spectator

Black Angels of Athos. By Michael Choukas. (Constable. 12s.) THE latest study of Mount Athos is the work of a writer peculiarly well qualified for the task. Mr. Choukas, being a...

Page 24

The Venerable Bede

The Spectator

Sant Bede the Venerable. Translated by Thomas Stapleton, • Tins is a worthy comincidoration of the Venerable Bede's t welfth centenary. lt is a Catholic publication, and bears...

New Zealand, Past and Present

The Spectator

New Zealand. By W. P. Morrell.. (Bonn. 21s.). Mn. W. P. Moname, who is well: known as the author of some standard works on 'colonial history in the last century, haa ' now...

Page 25


The Spectator

A Short History of Czechoslovakia. By Dr. Kama Krofta: (Williams and Norgate. 7s. 6d.) • EvEnY now • and then even the most conscientious reviewer finds himself driven by an...

Page 26


The Spectator

By WILLIAM PLOMER MY fellow-contributor Mr. Seam O'Faoliiin has lately remarked on the futility of comparing various kinds of excellence. One may note also the difficulty of...

Page 28

Current Literature

The Spectator

ABYSSINIAN DATA Two well-known public bodies, the Royal Institute of • International Affairs and the League ',of Nations Union, have made ample and timely provision for the._...


The Spectator

manufacture of and traffic in arms is 'at present being inquired into by a Royal Commission. A gobd deal of sense and a good deal of something less than sense has been written...


The Spectator

By Eskil Sundstriim Would there be any sale in England now, one wonders, for a book vehemently attacking and deriding feminism—a ' book expounding, in lively fashion, the thesis...


The Spectator

Translated from the Sanskrit by Sir Shri Purohit Swami This is a beautifully printed edition (Faber and Faber, 21s. of the Bhagavad Gita. To the Western reader, Sir Edwin...

THE MUSEUMS OF LONDON It is always instructive to see

The Spectator

what kind of nourishment &Beta circles think fit to supply' in the way of general iduca- tional material. In the field of the arts and sciences some estimate 'of this may be...

Page 30


The Spectator

It must be remembered that in less than a week's time the Council of the League will be in session at Geneva,' to be followed a little later by the Assembly. Whether even before...

A PERIOD 01 0 A!s'XIETv. If, on t. c other hand,

The Spectator

war actually breaks out between Italy and Abyssinia I cannot help thinking t hat its effect must necessarily be to curtail, both financial and commercial activities, always of...

Financial Notes

The Spectator

POLITICAL MARKETS. As might have been expected in the absence of any settlement of the Abyssinian crisis, the Stock Markets have become in- creasingly dominated by political...


The Spectator

Political Bribery and Canadian Credit, • AMONG many enquiries I have received during recent weeks concerning investments, . some have related to the future of Canadian...

Page 32


The Spectator

The directors of Triplex Safety Glass Company have recently announced a dividend of 8s. a share for the year ending June' 80th last. Two years ago the Ordinary shares were...


The Spectator

I have referred to the decline in securities as moderate, but perhaps some will be inclined to maintain that so far as British Government stocks and kindred securities are...

Although the shares of Pinchin, Johnson and Co., the paint

The Spectator

and enamel manufacturers, fell a little on the announcement of the dividend at the rate of 71 per cent., the distribution, which is an interim one, is quite excellent,...


The Spectator

111 I ll. I. AI D • I Il • GI L A Trl DI I FIE RI OTUI S E I A RI El NI TI G R AI - Vr1310ral El I I LI E RI A RI El AI AI B E LI SI 01 LI 0 SI TI I ] RIL A Y T UMI ITI El E...

"The Spectator" Crossword No. 153

The Spectator

nY ZENO nY ZENO IA prize of one guinea will be given to the sender of the first correct solution of this week's crossword puzzle to be opened. Envelopes should be marked "...