4 MAY 1934

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How far has this attitude been genuinely abandoned ? The

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original statement mentioned among other things that the preservation of China's territorial integrity was ardently desired by Japan—this less than three years after the •...


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A FTE.R giving a diplomatic reply to pointed questions and representations by the Ambassadors of Great Britain and France regarding her "Hands off China" declaration Japan...

OFFICES: 99 Gower St., London, W .C. 1. Tel. :

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MusEUM 1721. Entered as second-class Mail Matter at the New York .N.Y Y. Poet Office, Dec. 23n1, /896. Pasta subscription. 30s. per annum, to any part of the world. Postage on...

America's Tariffs The Finance Committee of the American Senate, which

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has the new Tariff Bill before it, is getting some salutary shocks. The purpose of the 1ill is to give the President power to negotiate mutual tariff reductions with other...

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The World Rubber Agreement The rubber agreement is a momentous

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event in the sphere of international economic planning, and reflects credit on the British, Dutch and French representatives on the Rubber Growers' Association who have been...

Betting Off the Course Lord Londonderry declared the Government's intention

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to make one change in the Betting Bill which is more logical than satisfactory. It proposes to drop the clause prohibiting Pari-mutuel betting off the course. The reason for...

The South African Protectorates General Hertzog's announcement that he intends

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to raise the question of the absorption into the Union of South Africa of the three British protectorates of Swazi- land, Bechuanaland and Basutoland remains an announce- ment...

A German Church Secession The persistence with which the schism

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in the German Church refuses to yield to the strong treatment meted out by the Reichbishop, Dr. Muller, is increasingly visible in Westphalia, where the Opposition outnumbers,...

The New Austria The new Austrian constitution, which was duly

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pro- claimed on May Day, after the rump of the old Diet had voted its own demise in a pro forma sitting, is likely to make little immediate difference to the government of...

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Adoption of Villages in Derelict Areas An interesting and useful

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example has been set by some of the Government departments in " adopting " villages or small towns in the derelict areas of North Durham, Northumberland and parts of Yorkshire...

Sir John Simon was able to report an effective diplo-

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matic inquiry at Tokyo to a House which had been seriously' perturbed by what appeared to be the pre- liminary to further Japanese expansion in . China. He could do no less than...

Teachers and their Salaries Lord Halifax's letter regarding those teachers

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who have protested because part only of their cuts in salaries have been restored will not be resented 'by those who take a pride in their profession. Lord' lialifax showed...

The Week in Parliament Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes : Both

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Houses of -- Parliament have had a busy week. The 'spiciest incident was the allegations of the Duke of - Atholl against the police in 'the House of Lords, the 'repudiation of...

The Duke and the Police The Upshot of the long

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statements made by the Duke of Atha in the House of - Lords, and the questions to which the Attorney-General was subjected in the Corn- nions;iS that there is some difference of...

Mr. Chamberlain found the House grateful for small mercies on

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Tuesday when members of all parties united -to urge him not to charge the Unemployment Insurance 'Fund with - repayment of the whole of its debt and were 'placated by a trivial...

Shorter Hours for, the Same Pay Lord Trent, the chairman

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of Boots Pure Drug Co., has announced his intention to introduce an experimental five-day week, without reduction of pay, for employees in the Nottingham factories, and extra...

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W HAT is menacing the peace of Europe today is doubt about what Germany really means. It is a question of psychology, not of fact ; not of what she is doing, but of what she...

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his Cardiff audience an impressive list of achievements which a grateful country should put 'to the credit of the National Government. The Board of Trade being accustomed to...

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I wrote last week that the Italian papers made no

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mention of the income , tax reduction in the British Budget. lam now told that the Corriere della Sera and the Stampa both dealt adequately with the Budget. I am glad to...

One of the bygone features of London life on which

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I look back with the wistful pathos of middle-age is the window-box. Why has it gone, and when did it go ? Perhaps the War killed it. Perhaps it is that in days when the great...

It is always unfortunate when civil servants, national or international,

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get dragged into the papers by name as centres of controversy. But since that fate has befallen Dr. Ludwig Rajeliman in connexion with the Japanese "Hands Off China" declaration...

A SPECTATOR'S NOTEBOOK T HE spectacle of Lord Beaverbrook and Sir

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Herbert Samuel clasping New Zealand in a joint embrace, and Lord Beaverbrook's papers enthusiastically acclaim- ing Sir Herbert as " one of us," is one of the brighter spots in...

I suppose that to the end of time there will

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be people coming along to claim they have seen the Indian Rope Trick. The correspondence columns of The Spectator and other journals provide confirmation enough of that. But the...

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• By RONALD C. DAVISON THE Measure which will be known to history as the TJnem - plOyment Act, 1934, may now be assumed to , be in final shape, and, although the Bill has yet...

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By PHILIP WILLS G LIDING, it is sometimes forgotten, was the first step to powered flying. Lilienthal and a host of others experimented with gliders in their attempts to solve...

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By B. SHIVA RAO A PERIOD of comparative immunity from epidemics, and a succession of fairly good monsoons have given India first place among the nations of the world from the...

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By DYNELEY HUSSEY w HEN the heavy red curtains closed upon the final scene of Don Carlos last June, it was impossible to leave the theatre without a lingering and sorrowful...

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By JAN STRUTHER T HERE are many poets who declare that they never use a rhyming dictionary ; there may even be a few who really do deny themselves the aid of this admirable...

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[D'UN CORRESPONDANT FRANcAIS] L ES touristes qui vinrent si nombreux, ii y a trois ans, vim - ter les pavilions coloniaux de l'Exposition de Vincennes n'ont, certes, pas oublie...

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The Invisible Man.—Crudely melodramatic treatment of Mr. H. G. Wells' story, with brilliantly ingenious technical effects. Ann Vickers.—Milk-and-water version of the Sinclair...

The Cinema

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" Man of Aran." At the New Gallery. FLAHERTY lived for nearly two years on the island of Aran in order to make this film. He converted a stone shed into a laboratory, installed...


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"Biography:" By S. N. Behrman. At the Globe Theatre. Tim title of this play should be Autobiography. It was her own life that Marion Froude was asked by Richard Kurt to write,...

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Water-Colour 1 AM afraid that it is useless to pretend that oils are not a more flexible instrument in the hands of an ambitious painter than are water-colours. For the...

A Broadcasting Calendar

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FRIDAY, MAY 4th 17.os South Africa-Diamonds and Gold : Leonard Barnes .. N. 18.30 Made in the North-Artificial Silk Dress Material : William Hilton .. 19.10 May in the Garden :...

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In Praise of Berkshire

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The late Mr. Tanner, a farming. genius, discovered here the suitability of a derelict farm (taken over by Mr. Strauss) for hops ; but Berkshire is more famous for its charm than...

A Smallholder's Success

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An extraordinary tribute to the virtue of a particular bit of English soil and climate was paid incidentally last week, at a meeting of sugar beet farmers in London. Nearly five...

Why Wisbech ?

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Apart from any particular genius in this smallholder, the growers of the Wisbech district have an indisputable supremacy in growing this plant (though I think the last crop I...

What Birds Like

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To those who are interested in birds, anything almost about birds is interesting, their taste in food as well as their songs, flights, nests and instincts. Therefore, the...


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Good English It has been my good fortune lately to talk daily with an agricultural labourer of the old type. He is 70 and looks 60. He is no great scholar. He has spent all his...

A Partridge Preference

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The game birds do not agree with the smaller wild birds ; and indeed do not choose any English food. All the part- ridges, both English and Hungarian, have an overmastering...

The Sweet o' the Year

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The "sweet o' the year has come very late, but it has come with a rush. How often it happens that the sudden advance of a black or brown world into a green follows a...

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[To the Editor of Thu SPECTATOR.] Sra,—I have just read

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an article by Mr. Robert Bernays, M.P., in The Spectator of April 27th, headed "Fascism and the Answer." This literary effort, which is a concoction of lying assertions, is...


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[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our "News of the Week" paragraphs. Signed...

[To the Editor of ME SPECTATOR.] SIR, —May a member

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of the British Union of Fascists, and one of the post-War generation, be allowed a few comments on Mr. Robert Bernays' article ? Mr. Bernays says: "Sir Oswald has begun his...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I would like to criticize the letter of Mr. Trevenen James in your last number. Aeroplanes, like cars, should not be restricted to...


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[To the Editor of TIIE SPECTATOR.] Sm,—It is now possible to draw public attention to one of the most remarkable incidents in the history of racial con- flicts—remarkable alike...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sra,—I welcome the letter in your columns from Mr. E. C. Gordon England as a sign that big business is now alive to the need for a forward...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—In your issue of April 6th you implied that the above organization had " drained " 118,500,000 out of Great Britain, when you stated that...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—In his article on the Jewish problem in Palestine, Sir Evelyn Wrench assumes an air of impartiality which is most exasperating. When he...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Some thirty odd years ago I was serving at Johannesburg on the Railway Committee of the Intercolonial Council. The Secretary to the...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sni,—No member of the so-called Scottish Renaissance literary group commands nearly so much confidence as Mr. Edwin Muir, and his review of Mr....


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I heartily endorse the plea put forward by Lord Elibank, in your last issue, for cheaper air mail rates for the Empire. Civil aviation is...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The position of the middle-class unemployed is arousing much concern. These people, if they have earned over 2250 per annum, are neither...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Mr. F. M. Ede considers that motorists are under no obligation to drive within the limits of the lights they employ because the law...


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• [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—In your issue of April 14th you very kindly published an appeal from me for plants for the allotments of a number of unemployed miners,...

A Prison for Sale

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THE by-pass motorist turns his head, And the hiking girl, with a hump on her back. A wondering eye. Out in the fields an abbey of crime. A ruin, where penance was long a...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Reviewing Mr. Brailsford's Property or Peace in a recent number of The Spectator, Sir Norman Angell says that the effect of Mr....

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.]

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Sia,—I most emphatically stand by my statement that motorists must "drive within the limits of the lights they employ," and it is nothing but a callous disregard of the...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—If your correspondent H. B. will consult the letters of Queen Victoria, those published under Lord Esher's editorship some twenty-five...

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Printers and Punctuation

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By LORD DUNSANY THERE will always be an interest taken in the technique of any art ; and, so long as we do not try to make a mystery of it or exalt it above its humble place,...

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A Great European

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President Masaryk Tells His Story. By Karel Capek. (Allen and Unwin. 7s. Bd.) PRESIDENT M ASARYK is one of the great figures of modern Europe ; and anything, even so slight an...

Virtuosity tU0Sity Liszt. By Sacheverell Sitwell. (Faber and Faber. 15s.)

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THE modern biographer of Franz Liszt is bound to insist upon a quality in that astonishing man which the popular legend has slurred over : his greatness of mind. That Mr....

Page 22

Bronte Poems

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The Poems of Charlotte Bronte and Patrick Branwell Bronte : The Poems of Emily Jane Brontë and Anne Brontë. Edited by T. J. Wise and J. A. Symington. (Basil ElackwelL £1 5s.)...

Rookery Nook

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The Life of the Rook. By G. K. Yeates. (Philip Allan. 10s. (d.) THERE is a branch of knowledge which may be called omi- thomythology. Time was when it comprised a large section...

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Mr. Blunden's Essays

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The Mind's Eye. By Edmund Blunden. (Cape. 7s. (3d.) TAKING up a book called The Letters of Rusticus on the Natural History of Godalming, written by Edward Newman and printed in...

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For Young People

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Reading and Discrimination., By Deno Thompson. (Chatto and Windus. 3s. 64 7 '- Tins book is meant primarily for use in schools ; but the general reader can read it, if he...

James Russell Lowell

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JLTST forty years ago the hulk of Lowell's letters were published by Charles Eliot - -1Tattd1W (republished - 1904)—and others' appeared in the biographies of Horace Scudder and...

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Hymns of Praise

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Earth Memories is perhaps not the most appropriate title for Mr. Powys' twenty-three brief essays ; they are more cor- rectly hymns to life—a life that Mr. Powys came very near...

Religion in India

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Ix the study of Indian religion, as revealed in Sanskrit texts, we have many great names, but very few in the study of the still living vernacular cults. The greatest name in...

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By GRAHAM GREENE . I, Claudius. By Robert Graves. (Barker. 8s.) THE Vicar of Bray would have made an admirable member of the Book Society Committee. It must be a little...

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The" 'Periodicals THE Nineteenth Century is one with the Fortnightly

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nowadays in being a political review, but politically indescribable.. This month it has.gone economic With a rush, and the Budget, the Australian "-Recovery " and Mr. Roosevelt...

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Motoring The North-West Passage IT is a tragic fact that

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before many years are over the days of the quiet man's holiday in Great Britain will be no more than memories. - It may be a long time before the folding aeroplane and its...

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The Pyrenees and Spain THE right time of the year for the average Englishman of modest desires and moeerate purse is just n3w beginning in the Pyrenees. Certainly May and early...


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Rubber Restriction IF only in remembrance of the utter failure which attended the famous Stevenson Rubber Restriction Scheme, it is not perhaps surprising that the new Rubber...

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Somewhat contrary to general experience, the ,accounts of the Guardian Assurance Company Show r e ntlieir lesfaour- able results for last year in the Fire Account, 'but in the...

Financial Notes

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Sow; INSURANCE RESULTS. THE results recently announced by the Alliance Assurance for the past year have given general satisfaction. On a premium income of just over 12-,000,000...


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The latest report of the Eagle Star and British Dominions Insurance Company is an excellent one; the underwriting results in the departmental accounts are good, while transfers...

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The profit statement by the Dunlop Rubber Company encourages expectations

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of a thoroughly good report. The dividend recommended is 8 per cent. on the Ordinary stock, which compares with 4 per cent, for the previous year and no dividend at all in 1931....

A Hundred Years Ago

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"THE SPEOTATOR," MAY 3RD, 1834. WESTMINSTER FEsTivez.. A conversation arose last night on the subject of this festival ; which the Duke of NEvicAsiax and the Bishop of LONDON...


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The annual repffrt, of Hambros Bank indicates a con- siderable increase in general activity. The balance-sheet total on March 31st last was 125,636,839, against £21,060,082 a...

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' A '' - UMW • LI A B101 RI A 01 R ' sl I EM AIN1j4T'l I al NI SIT1N V A NI E S IGM A EIRI A E I■11 Al SI CI I I El AlhialOIN R 11 ZI L I oial RI I 1 EIGIC EN AI I...

Th e Spectator 'Crossword No 84

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BY XANTHIPPE. IA prize of one guinea wilt be given to the sender of the first correct solution of this week's crossword puzzle to be opened. Envelopes should be marked...