7 MAY 1932

Page 1

News of the Week

The Spectator

T HE result of the first ballot in the French general election, which took place Last Sunday, would have been of little consequence if it had revealed a slight swing to the...

M. Herriot's Problems

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But M. Herriot, of course, is not Prime MinistCr yet and his prospect of becoming that will depend on the Qutcome of some rather delicate negotiations with the Socialists. That...

Enrrosism AND PUBLISHING OFFICES : 99 Gower Street. London. W

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.C. 1.—A Subscription to the Bmc-rexon costs Thirty Shillings per annum, including postage, to any part of the world. The SPECTATOR is registered as a Newspaper. The Postage...

Geneva Conversations The misfortune that involves the Prime Minister in

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the necessity of a second operation for glaucoma is likely to have no serious influence on the course of home politics, for there seems every reason to hope that after an...

Page 2

Two years ago a picture of the United States of

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America as it is to-day could have been placed only in the category of the imaginary and utterly incredible. The national treasury is faced with a deficit of £500,000,000, and...

The Honolulu Verdict - •

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The feeling aroused in the United States by the verdict, of manslaughter returned by a Hawaii jury against an American Society woman, a naval lieutenant, and two naval ratings...

The Fate of theSubmarine . • • , The Disarmament confere nce

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itself has confined its activity in the past week to the sittings of the four com- mittees on sea, land and air armaments. and budgetary limitation. In that connexion the...

The Next Step in China

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The bomb outrage which severely injured half a dozen of the most prominent Japanese in Shanghai, including Mr. Shigemitsu, the Ambassador to China, a week ago, will fortunately...

League of Nations Loans

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Some strange misconceptions regarding the -position of various European loans sponsored by the League of Nations appear to be prevalent, to judge from- various recent...

Page 3

Faster Trains

The Spectator

It is somewhat of a paradox that in this age of speed, when the drivers of motor-cars, motor-boats and aero- planes are for ever establishing fresh records, our leading railways...

The Drama in Hammersmith

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After fourteen years Sir Nigel Mayfair is to end his association with the Lyric Theatre, Hammersmith. Henceforth he will devote himself to muting, and oecasion- ally to...

Cotton Trade Troubles •

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Einployers and employed in the cotton trade are notoriously hard bargainers. It is none the less ominous that the refusal of the trade unions to make any concessions in respect...

Bank Rate 8 per cent., changed from 31 per cent.

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on April 21st, 1932. War Loan (5 per cent.) was on Wednesday 101* ; on Wednesday week, 1 al ix.d• ; a year ago, 102 8, Funding Loan (4 per cent.) was on Nifednesday 98} ; on...

The Cinema Bill

The Spectator

It is unfortunate that the Sunday Perform (Regulation) Bill, wide!' got its second reading by a majority of 18 on April Utth, seems doomed to founder in Standing Committee as a...

Sunday at the Zoo

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Faced, like Most similar institutions, with a serious loss of revenue, the Zoological Society of London may have to consider the expedient of Sunday opening as a means of...

A Mischievous Canard

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As might have been expected by 'anyone who read them, the reports in two London papers, on Monday, of an imminent Polish coup (rad at Danzig turned out to be complete canards....

Page 4

The Dual Task in India

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TN a single phrase in his speech in the Indian debate in the House of Commons last Friday Sir Samuel Hoare summed up accurately the dual aim of Great Britain in India. " We...

Page 5

America and the Debts

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W ITH the Lausanne Conference little more than a month distant, it is of vital importance that the European Powers concerned should get their minds completely clear on the...

Page 6

Cheaper Justice

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By CLAUD MULLINS. THE " New Procedure Rules " of the High Court, - 11 - published on May 2nd, will be a great encourage- ment to those who believe that the cost of legal...

Page 7

Are Big Ships Needed ?

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By ADMIRAL SIR HERBERT RICIIMOND, K.C.B. CIF the various proposals which have been made kl recently at Geneva for effecting a reduction of naval armaments, three appear to...

Page 8

While these matters have been simmering in the lobbies, Major

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Elliot has been holding the fort admirably for Mr. Chamberlain in the House. On Wednesday last week he had the awkward task of resisting a demand for periodic publication of the...

On Monday Sir Herbert Samuel made two first-class speeches on

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the police and on prisons and one first-class joke. He was being attacked for refusing to allow the police to hold open meetings and was reminded that even members of the...

of their work by Departmental Ministers. On Thursday Sir John

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Gilmour dealt with agriculture, and rebutted the Socialist suggestion that economy in inspectors had resulted in the abolition of protection for agricultural wages. He was...

Diancr subscribers who are changing their addresses. are asked to

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notify the SPECTATOR OffiCe BEFORE MIDDAY on MONDAY OF &ten WEEK. The precious address to which . the paper has been sent and receipt reference number should be quoted.

The Week at Westminster

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D URING the past week the House of Commons has been filling in time waiting for Mr. Chamberlain's recovery from an attack of gout, but has not been wasting time. It is indeed u...

Page 9

Passant Regardant

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High Tide By PETER FLEMING. Tag seaward boundary of the rice-fields was a high bank. When the tide came up, the brackish sea-water passed through sluices in the bank and made...

Page 10

The Revival of Ear-Craft

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By J. D. F. I N an age which has been accused, like most others, of degeneration, we can at least point with some legitimate pride to the vast amount of effort now directed...

Page 11


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The Royal Academy: 1932 Tins year's exhibition at the Royal Academy, the hundred and sixty-fourth, will,. I imagine, be memorable chiefly for its well- sustained mediocrity....


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" The Bride of Dionysus." Poem by R. C. Trevelyan. Music by D. F. Tovey. At the King's Theatre, Edinburgh. THE first act is a pageant : Minos and his daughters are enthroned on...

Page 12


The Spectator

"Madchen in Uniform." At the Academy Cinema. /ors( form of close communal life under artificial conditions is draMatically interesting. It is doubly so when those condi_ tions;...


The Spectator

A Letter from Dublin [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sur,—The debate in the Dail ran along the anticipated lint's. and was rounded off by a division, which, in spite of a...

The Theatre

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" Wings Over Europe." By Robert Nichols and Maurice Browne. At the Globe Theatre. Wings Over Europe triumphed on Broadway it would be beatified in Moscow. The conception of a...

Page 13

A Hundred Years Ago

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TILE " SPECTATOR," 111A1 - :ire, 1832. A great religious change is taking plc.'' in Germany. The Bible in read with avidity by the Roman U'ath,,fien and time clergy of thin...

Among the curiosities which are shown to travellers at Cologne.

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is the first animal which drew blood, and that broke the general peace — namely, the flea that bit Eve the night after her fall. This antediluvian flea is nearly as large as a...

At the Philharmonic rehearsal on Saturday, were seated, aide by

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side, Cramer, Field, Moscheles, and Mendelssolm, and near them stood Meyerbeer. - Mendelasohn, one of the highest ornament« of the modern German school, was received with loud...

Page 14

The trouble about wheat is that—like the grey squirrel---it carries

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a sentimental appeal not evoked by any other crop or any quadruped. I have known cottagers grow almost lyrical and quite pathetic over the good old days when you could be sure...


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The attraction of wheat is naturally very great. We can grow immense crops to the acre in England, because our climate permits, indeed encourages, autumnal sowings ; and to...

At the same time utterly aimless as well as venomous

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damage is frequently wrought ; and such excesses have multiplied and intensified since the War. Some of us made this very week a second round of visits to a number of birds'...


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Those who study the statistics of farms are apt to divide Britain into two parts : the dairying or animal West, the grain-growing or botanical East. This very rough and some-...


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Many letters have reached me on the subject of the wood acquired by the Oxford Preservation Trust on Shotover Hill. I had suggested that its treatment might focus a discussion...

Evidence of the value of the new canning industry is

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satis- factory ; but there are prejudices to be overcome, and they should be noted by every household caterer. For instance : " a peculiar prejudice against British canned...

Country Life

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COUNTRY FOOD. Few of the scores of useful leaflets issued by the Oxford agricultural economists have been more illuminating than the latest, though it is almost wholly...

Page 15


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the Spacrsrort..] Sin,--Mr. Hardie seems to think that in my article on Japan and Manchuria I have not done justice to the activities of the Japanese in...

Letters to the Editor

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[In view of the length of many of the letters which we receive, we would remind correspondents that we often cannot give space for long letters and that short ones are generally...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] S111,—The suitability of the expression " a managed currency " seems to depend upon the meaning given to the word " cur- rency." Sir Arthur...

Page 16


The Spectator

[To. the Editor of the SrEcr.vron.] Sun ; --AA matter for much- misgiving with regard to the inter- national situation to-day is that, although under the League Covenant and...


The Spectator

[To the Editor Of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—Mr. George Lansbury asks for reasons against the Sunday opening of cinemas. I will give I Ear, brief, blunt, and logical....


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SrEer.vrow] Snt, —May I please remind the denouncers of Armaments of a few of the good things we owe to the makers of guns, pro- jectiles and armour ?...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sia,-In your " News of the Week " you refer to the letter in The Times, in which Lord Revelstoke appeals for the abandonnient of personal and...

Page 17

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] .SIR,—It is quite true,

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as Mr. Lansbury points Out in his recent letter to you, that Voluntary Hospitals in 'London have benefited materially by various items of revenue which are thought by some...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Snt,—In the " News of the Week " section of the Spectator for April 30th there occurs a paragraph, entitled "Fewer Bull- fights in Spain,"...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sni,—After reading the two interesting letters which you have published on the subject of my article on the " Teacher in Modern Life," I...

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Lansbury claims that the

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Sunday cinema is at the moment indissolubly connected with hospital maintenance. Since the connexion is factitious, it cannot be permitted to corrupt one's judgement of the...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] should judge from the gloomy tone of your corre- spondent's letter, if his assumptions are correct, that he has never seriously transgressed or...

Page 18


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,- -We wish to hold a Festival for the speaking of Poetical Stories on Wednesday, October 5th. We hope that it may be possible to perform...

0 SI SIC OMNES . : [To the Editor of

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the SPECTATOR.] „ Ste,—You may be inte:restectiu,_and , possibly.gratifta&by, an incident which occurred in a train within the last few dayS rear Manchester. A friend of...


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of the SPECTATOR.] - Siu,—There has been no newspaper comment on the above decision in the House of Lords ; but it very seriously affects the position of anyone who guarantees...

He is Dead and Gone, Lady

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I LOVED two men, But he has died Who loved not when For love I sighed. Grow old, division ! Refine your dart ! 1n dumb submission We lie apart. As fain would we Who kept our...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sot,— It is not only shepherds counting their sheep who had a special set of numerals for their purpose. In a book which has just been...


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It is interesting to hear of the practical way in which the Bethnal Green and East London Housing Association, through a purely voluntary effort backed by a government subsidy;...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I am sure all Ruskin lovers will be distressed to hear that the estate of Brentwood, Ruskin's old home, is to be up for sale in June....

Page 19

"Spectator" Competitions

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RULES AND CONDITIONS Entries must he typed or v e ry clearly written on one side of the paper only. The name and address, or pse u donym, of the competitor must be on each...

Page 20

Billow on His Successors

The Spectator

Memoirs, 1909-1919. By Prince von Billow. Translated by Geoffrey Dimlop. (Putnam. 25e.) linirmArir as ever, and still more bitter than before, Prince von BilloW poses in the...

Page 21

" Some talk of Alexander-

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1. 1 Alexander The Great. By Ulrich- Wileken. Translated by G. C. Richards. (Chatto and Windus, -rm.) Few things acquire fresh force and meaning in the process of translatioo:...

M. Mauro i s ' Universe .1 Private Universe. By Ando', Mainnis. (Cassell.

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is. 6 ,1 -) Tins latest book by M. Maurois is a rug bag of casual mike- tions, satirical sketches and extracts frown diaries. It ranges . 01T-1' Z . I . vast variety of...

Page 22

Here and There

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Legends and Mysteries of the Maori. By C. A. Wilson. (Harrap. 8s. 6d.) " I don't want either to read or write aboUt common-place things. I don't want to hear about the great...

Page 23

The Victorians

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TIIE Victorians who survive are under a wrong impression. They think that the younger generation spends its time deriding them and drinking itself to death in new-found liberty....

Not Marble...

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The Shakespeare Memorial Theatre. By M. C. Day and J. C. Trewin. (Dont. 7s. 6d.) Au. honour to those who would keep alive the memory of our greatest poet—the actors, Sir...

Page 24

Men about Town

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MR. CHESTERTON talks of estimating Jazz and New York by " the standards of eternal contnain sense." Fortunately, he does no such thing. " His essays express a personal distaSte...

Page 26

I Remember, I Remember

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Ponies and Women. By Colonel T. P. Melvill, D.S.O. (Jarrolds. 12a. 6d.) SIR HAMNET SHARE'S reminiscences are very interesting, and his book is filled with information which...

Page 28

Some French Books *

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Ces Flutists-8. By Colette.' (Ferenezi. 12 francs.) Le Chiteau des Brouillards. By Roland Dorgeles. (Albin Michel. 15 francs.) 'rue question of family relationships seems to be...


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Before awing away from home readers are advised to place * an order for the SPECTATOR. The journal will be forwarded to any address at the following rate* :-- One Month • . ....

A Cotswold Miscellany

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Wold Without End. By H. J. Massingham. (Cobden. Sanderson. 10s. 6d.) Ma. MASSINGHAM'S new book fits into no'ready-made category: It is not topography, nature study,...

Page 30


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BY L. A. G. ,, ritaica• Devil's Tor. By David Lindsay: (Putnam. 7s. lid.) The Greater Trumps. By Charles Williams. (Gollanez. 7s. lid.) A RUSSIAN doctor, with whom I once...

Page 32

Current Literature

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This book, Recent Advances in Town Planning (J. and A. Churchill, 25s.), is written in collaboration with F. Long- streth Thompson, E. Maxwell Fry and James W. R. Adams. by Mr....

The Modern Home

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Pictures—I Ire discussing the place of pictures in the modem home let me make it quite clear first of all that I am not concerned with the connoisseur or collector. His...


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Sir Charles Hobhouse, writing in the Contemporary on " Protection and the Budget," admits that the electors have decided to give a fair trial to a moderate tariff. He then pro-...

Page 34


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The point, therefore, which the City is disposed to emphasize is that if only the Chancellor had pursued the economy tactics still further he would have provided a most useful...

Finance—Public & Private

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Tariffs and the National Expenditure THERE is one point arising out of Mr. Neville Chamber- lain's Budget, and also out of the new tariff policy, con- cerning about which I...


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Yet it will be remembered that in framing his Budget estimate, and when facing the prospective Deficit for the current year on the former existing basis of taxation, Mr....


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Now, quite apart from whether:protective tariffs are or are not in the Interests of the Nation, the City believes that the experiment is being tried at a rather unfortunate...

Page 36


The Spectator

In noting the latest report of this company, it is pleasant to remark that both the report and balance-sheet present very remarkable contrasts to the position which is gradually...


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General regret was expressed by shareholders at the meeting of the Army and Navy . Co-operative Society that Lord Ebury- the life and soul of the business—should have been...


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In view of the general depression, which has by no means spared newspaper enterprises, shareholders of Allied News- papers, Ltd., were probably well prepared for the recent...


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At the recent annual meeting of the Hudson's Bay Company it was made clear that shareholders will have to exercise consider- able patience for a time longer before there is a...


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I am glad to note that in dealing with the general outlook, Lord Ebury once again emphasized the supreme necessity for still further economies in the National Expenditure. He...

Financial Notes

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CONTINUED DEPRESSION. APART from high-class investment securities which are still under the influence of cheap money, the Stock Exchange has been in a dull and depressed...