12 MARCH 1887

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We learned on Saturday with deep regret that Sir Michael

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Hicks-Beach, thou g h not q uittin g the Cabinet, had resi g ned the o ffi ce of Secretary for Ireland. He is threatened, his physicians report, with cataract in both eyes, and...


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A RUMOUR has suddenly sprun g up that the German Emperor, who will receive the representatives of all the dynasties of Europe on the 22nd inst., being his ninety- first birthday...

The Russian Government has not treated this severity as a

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cams belli, probably because it at heart approves of any ri g our of military discipline. Its official or g an has been instructed to denounce Bulgarian atrocities, and to...

Lord Salisbury spoke with g reat force at a dinner of

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the National Conservative Club, last Saturday, in Wi ll is's Rooms. He declared the chances of peace to have improved considerably within the previous three weeks . He passed a...

The Bul g arian Re g ents have acted with praiseworthy decision. Aware that

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if they overlooked the conduct of the mutineers in Silistria and Rnstch uk , discipline in the Army must end, they sent the ringleaders before a court-martial at the latter...

Referrin g to the reasons why Ireland is so discontented, Lord

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Salisbury denied that the q uestion of nationality has very much to do with it. Directly the Irish Nationalists leave West- minster, they drop the national cry alto g ether, and...


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It is our intention occasionally to issue gratis with the " SPECTATOR" SPECIAL LITERARY SUPPLEMENTS, the outside pages of which w ill be devoted to Advertisements. The...

4 .* The Editor; cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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For three more sittings (Friday, Tuesday, and Wednesday), the dreary

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debate on the Closure has been carried on in the House of Commons, and apparently we have not got to the end of it yet. Yesterday week, Mr. Gladstone made a long speech, which,...

Whether it was the approving reference to charity and meekness,

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or the disapproving reference to " disdainful sharpness and wit," that irritated Sir W. Harcourt, we shall never know, —perhaps both the one and the other,—for in his speech he...

On Friday week, two amendments of Mr. Whitbread's,—one moved with

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the view of excluding the Speaker's responsibility altogether, and one moved with the view of refusing him the veto on the ground that the rights of minorities would be...

At a banquet at the Hotel M6tropole on Wednesday, Mr.

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Schnadhorst received a testimonial of 10,000 guineas, subscribed by all sections of the Liberal Party, as an acknowledgment of his services in organising the party. Dr. It. W....

A conversation on the Jury Laws which took place in

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the House of Lords yesterday week, and which was began . by a speech from Lord Fitzgerald, is well worth the careful attention of the public. Lord Fitzgerald, Lord Bramwell, and...

The resolution of Irishmen to pardon criminals and not suffer

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the law to be executed is becoming universal. Even civil orders in bankruptcy are resisted by force where the subject-matter is agrarian, and at Limerick it has been found...

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The Supplementary Estimates were passed on Monday, owing to Mr.

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Gladstone's intervention ; but Thursday night was spent in conversations on Egypt, and the purchase of the Brennan torpedo," said to be the most formidable weapon yet invented,...

A disgraceful scandal has occurred in Chatham Dockyard. Lord George

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Hamilton stated on Thursday that Mr. Young `Perry, draughtsman, who has been employed in the Dockyard for eleven years, had been dismissed, "for selling information...

Mr. Henry Ward Beecher, the preacher of New York, is

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dead. The disagreement of the jury in the Tilton case, when he was accused of adultery, left his moral character doubt- ful, and his reckless impulsiveness beyond doubt ; but he...

In the Times of yesterday there was published a curious

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sum- mary of the late Lord Gifford's will, offering to the four Scotch Universities the appointment of four Lecturers on Natural Theology in its largest sense, who are to be...

The German Army Bill passed its second reading on Wednes-

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day by a majority of 247 to 20, only 83 Members declining to vote, and it will, it is believed, be finally passed and come into action to-day. Herr Richter moved again the...

Bank Rate, 8+ per cent. Consols were on Friday 1011

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to 1011.

Our libel law is certainly not satisfactory. Last week, a

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ease was heard by Mr. Justice Field, in which Mr. Herman Merivale and his wife, who had written together a drama called The Whiphand, asked for damages against a dramatic...

Sir F. Pollock, speaking on Wednesday before the Society of

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Authors, stated that Mr. Besant had received a letter from Mr. C. Longman, promising that in future that great firm, instead of presenting accounts only on the half-profit...

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F OR the moment, no one can see through the fog. The -German Government has secured the renewal of the Septennate, but is not more reassured ; and the Bulgarian Government has...


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THE RUMOURS CONCERNING LIBERAL REUNION. T HEpublic would do well to profit by the remark attributed to Mr. Chamberlain in the Unionist Conference of Tuesday evening,—that all...

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W HEN we read in the Report of the Commissioners of Prisons, just published, of the accommodation provided for prisoners on their trial in the assize towns of England and Wales,...

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W E are heartily sorry for Sir Michael Hicks-Beach, and for the country which has been for a time so suddenly deprived of his services. He has been for years a valuable member...

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P ERHAPS the most irritating of all the defences made for the Irish popular party is the one which misrepre- sents the nature of the Unionist charge against them. We have seen...

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L ORD GIFFORD'S will is a document of the greatest interest, and by no means deserves, as we think, to be treated with the kind of benignant contempt which the Times of...

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A RCHBISHOP CROKE has thought it necessary to ex- plain his " No-Tax " letter. He has been misunder- stood, and misunderstood upon a point about which he feels strongly. Though...

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W E never fully understood how great an influence Mr. Matthew Arnold's writings had exerted over the clergy of our Church till we read Canon Fremantle's article on "Theology...

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W E do not yet know all there is to be known about the earliest savage life of which we have any proof. We can trace with some approach to accuracy the mode of life in the...

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I CANNOT hope to rival your Killarney contributor of November 13th last, on the above-mentioned subject ; but a few additional " humours " may not be unacceptable from another...

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THE CANADIAN CONSTITUTION. [To lax Emma or no, "erac-rzror....] Brit,—I must point out that in your article of March 5th, the real question in controversy has again been...

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[To Tao Emcee or Tax "SPECTATOR:1 Sia,—The question between "An ex-M.P." and myself is quite- different from that suggested in your editorial note. It is,. whether or not he...


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[To mos Emma or TIM Ersorkros."] SII1,—In the article on "The Danger before the Liberal Party," there occurs the statement that Mr. Gladstone "did? not scruple to interfere...


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LTO Tax EDITOR Or T8R " firacreaos."] Six,—On going recently from Scotland into Wales, I was asked for which of these two places the question of Disestablishment was likely to...

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[To TM EDITOR 07 TRY n SPRCTAT08.1 SIR, —Let me, as a publisher, thank you for your admirable article in the Spectator of March 5th, "Mr. Besant on Authors' Profits." The...


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[TO TRII EDITOR 07 TER '• SPROTATOR."] your news notes of February 26th, you speak of "some as yet unascertained physical effect on the nerves" caused by earthquakes. Are the...

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[TO TEE EDITOR OP THE SPECTATOE."J Sts,—The first dip into my newly arrived copy of the little. volume of Mr. Lowell's Addresses, lately reviewed in your columns, has given use...


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[To TEE EDITOR OP THE "131110TATOE."1 Stu,—Surely the true answer to Mr. Cotter Morison is that the essence of Christian sanctity is obedience, not achievement. All are "...


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[To THE EDITOR or THE ..SPECTATOL"J 8.111,—TO my last letter, which continued to plead the right of the people to complete control of the liquor traffic, you append the...


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TEE SPECCITOE."] Sin,—Reading last week that subscriptions were being raised in Shrewsbury to enable the Medical Officer of Health for that place to take nine people to Paris...

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PAPERS OF THE TWINING FAMILY.* THE pleasurable anticipations aroused by the announcement of the publication of a further instalment of the Twining Papers, have not been...


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[To SEE Borrow 07 MI "B101011.1011..] Sur., We must all agree with you that there is too much " cal- culating selfishness " displayed in the matter of celebrating the Queen's...

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SOME of Mr. Stevenson's shorter tales show, on the whole, even higher indications of genius than his most successful stories. At least, we can remember nothing in Treasure...

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AN AMERICAN BISHOP.* Tins is an interesting and profitable book.

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It depicts a charac- ter singularly devout, manly, loveable, and energetic. And it incidentally shows us something of the faith, the enterprise, and the unworldliness which are...

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WE must apologise for our delay in noticing Professor Mayor's 'edition of the De Nature Deomint, a delay due not to any want of appreciation, bat rather to a somewhat...

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In a recent article in a magazine, a writer of fiction, who has himself rapidly acquired a high reputation, seriously maintains that English novelists are still in the trammels...

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THIS is one of the most valuable and genuine books of travel in South America that have been published for many years ; it is, moreover, valuable by reason, rather than in spite...

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The Paranoia. By J. Stuart Russell, M.A. (T. Fisher Unwin.)-

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This work, which appeared somewhat more than eight years ago, we noticed at the time at considerable length. The author, while speaking in complimentary terms of our critique,...

An Australian Orator: Speeches by David Buchanan. Edited by Richmond

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Thatcher. (Remington and Co.)—These orations are "offered to the candid consideration of the English public, as a fair average sample of the public, political speech of New...

Warm Corners in Egpyt. By "One who was in Them."

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(Reming- ton and Co.)—The writer was at Cairo before the first troubles in Egypt, got away from Alexandria just before the massacre, and took part in the "pacifying" of the city...

Such very dissimilar papers as "Why are we Coquettes ?"

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and "The Higher Education of Women" may appear out of place in such a miscellany as Chambers's Journal. But no fault ought to be found with this evergreen magazine, the contents...

St. Nicholas, which is the children's companion to the Century,

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is as beautifully printed and as prettily and comically illustrated as ever. There are some good dog stories and cat pictaree in the March number, and there is an excellent...

"The Work of German Bible Revision," by Professor Straok, of

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Berlin, is likely to be the paper in the new number of the Expositor which will be found most interesting by laymen. We regret to learn from Professor Struck that the Bible...


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The two most important papers in the March number of the Century, the English publisher of which is now Mr. T. Fisher Unwin, are an instalment of "Abraham Lincoln r a History,"...

The Heroine of a Basket-Van. By M. Bram don. (National

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Society.) —This heroine is Phenie Redmoor, whose mother has married a travelling seller of baskets ; and a very genuine specimen she is. We cannot give even a sketch of her...

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The Anniversary Book. By " E. M. AL" (G. Watherston.)—Here

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is a book with a blank page for every day in the year, and additional pages for each month. Every page has twenty lines, and admits, therefore, of be entry of twenty events...

Schools and Scholars. By James Runciman. (Chatto and Windas.) —Mr.

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Ranciman thinks very badly of the clergy, at least in their capacity of school managers ; and still worse of them as the Principals of Training Colleges. " Impudent pampered...

How and Where to Fish in Ireland. By " Hi-Regan."

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(Sampson Low and Co.)—The present writer cannot pretend to test this book by any personal knowledge of the subject ; but he has observed that it has been highly spoken of by...

Recollections of a Chaplain in the Royal Navy. Compiled and

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edited by his Widow. (W. H. Allen and Co)—Of all men in the world, a "naval chaplain" has the least chance of being a hypocrite. If the light that beats upon his life is not...

Rome in Winter, and the Tuscan Hills in Summer. By

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David Young, M.D. (EL K. Lewis.)—After some rather discouraging remarks about the hap-hazard way in which the Faculty recommend change of climate to invalids, Dr. Young proceeds...

The Crown Prince of Germany a Diary. (Sampson Low and

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Co.) — We must explain that this is not a diary kept by the Crown Prince. That would be a very interesting document, if it were written without reserve and printed without...

Our Administration of India. By U. A. D. Phillips. (Thacker.)

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— Mr. Phillips writes from his experience as a Civil Servant, and opposes an emphatic contradiction to the statements of such writers as Messrs. Seymour and W. S. Blunt. These...

The Bow of Orange Ribbon. By Amelia E. Barr. (J.

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Clarke and Co.)—The scene is laid in New York, in the days before the revolt of the Colonies ; the hero is one Captain Hyde, the heroine Katherine, daughter to Joris Heemekirk,...

Tales of the Caliph. By Al Arawiyah. (T. Fisher Unwin

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)— These tales are of adventures which are supposed to have happened to the Caliph Harems Alraschid, mingled with stories which he is supposed to have heard from persons with...

Watery Wanderings 'mid Western Lochs. By T. H. Holding. (Marlborough

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and Co.)—Mr. Holding tells, in the worst possible English, a story that is worth reading. He started from Greenock with three companions, each in a canoe of his own, and enjoyed...

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High Life and Towers of Silence. By the Author of

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"The High Alps in Winter." (Sampson Low and Co.)—The main subject of these sketches is still the Alps in winter. Curious and entertaining are the writer's recollections and...

The Bishops in the Tower. By Herbert Mortimer Luckook, D.D.

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(Rivingtons.)—The imprisonment, trial, and acquittal of the seven Bishops form the subject of one of the eight chapters or lectures which this volume contains. It is really a...

Stories of girls who have to reach happiness and fortune

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by the thorny and circuitous road of difficulty are common enough ; and in this sense Edith Lawson, by R. Bates (White), may be said to be an essentially commonplace story. Yet...

The fifteenth edition of Notes of the Parables, by Richard

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Chenevix Trench, D.D. (Kagan Paul, Trench, and Co.), differs from preceding editions in having the quotations from the Fathers translated, a change which will make the volume...

"Drat the Boys !" By Max O'Rell. (Field and Tner.)—Mr.

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"Max O'Rell'a " recollections are certainly amusing, and sometimes, as when he relates his experiences in the Franco-Prussian War, better than amusing. Those who may have to...

Zorah. By Elisabeth Balch. (W. Blackwood and Sons.)—This " love.

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tale of Modern Egypt " is a book of considerable power. hThe scene is laid in the time of the Khedive Ismail, and the hero is a young Arab who fills the poet of Master of the...

Memoir of Richard Allen. By Hannah Maria Wigham. (Hodder and

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Stoughton.)—Richard Allen was a Quaker of Dublin, by °coupe- tion a mercer. He took a leading part in philanthropic movements, notably in that for the final abolition of...

Astronomy. By Edmund Nelson. (Ward and Look.)—This volume contains a

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reprint of some papers originally published in " The Universal Instructor." Their author, who is " Her Majesty's Astronomer for Natal" (we are glad to hear that science is so...