14 DECEMBER 1907

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In this context we may note the speech delivered on

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Tuesday by M. Koloman de Szell, president of the Hungarian Constitutional Party, and formerly Premier. M. de Szell accused the British Press of having disseminated calumnies...

The contest of the nationalities in Hungary shows no symptoms

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of abating. At the moment there is an anti- Magyar majority in the Croatian Diet, which the Hungarian Premier is resolved to overthrow. His latest move was to c,atise, the...

. Friday's telegrams contain a statement issued by Mr. Roosevelt

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to the effect that he will on no consideration allow himself to be . put forward . as a candidate for the Presidency. We deplore the decision, for we believe that what America...

An interesting sidelight on German foreign policy is furnished by

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the Berlin Post. The author of a patriotic historical work, recently published under Imperial patronage, stated that the occupation of Kiao-chau was carried out as the result of...


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THE German Emperor concluded his visit to England on Wednesday. We feel certain we are not exaggerating, nor are we in any way using the language of flattery, when we say that...

IV The Editors cannot undertake to velum Manuscript, in any

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The latest information about the character of the Treaty of

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Cession for annexing the Congo to Belgium does not inspire much hopefulness. A correspondent of the Times in Brussels says that the proposal earns only the mildest approval even...

King Oscar II. of Sweden, grandson of Bernadotte, died on

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Sunday last after reigning since 1872. He is succeeded by his son Gustavus V. The 'Royal house of Sweden, which shows no sign of failing for heirs, is the only survivor of the...

The special correspondent of the Daily Chronicle at Poona gives

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an interesting account of the continued' efforts made by the Government to fight the plague. Sir George Clarke has issued a proclamation informing the people that in the Bombay...

We are glad to note that in the December number

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of the Review of Reviews Mr. Stead, who, it must be remembered, very greatly to his credit, first awoke the nation to the needs of the Navy by his "Truth about the Navy,"...

The Times of Monday publishes the second of two papers

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by Mr. Lucien Wolf on "The Northern Question." They contain an historical argument on the importance to the peace of Europe of preserving the free right of access to the Baltic,...

Mr. Stead very properly adds that we shall not be

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any worse friends with Germany because she wishes to alter the status quo to our detriment. She has, of course, a perfect right to challenge our supremacy at sea if she so...

The agitation of the German Navy League for an increase .

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of the present considerable shipbuilding programme is a new anxiety for Prince Billow. The agitation is being carried on in the Press and in the Reichstag, and hot personal...

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In a speech at Montreal on Thursday Lord Grey, the

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Governor-General of Canada, announced a subscription of a hundred guineas from the King, and set forth a scheme for the celebration of the three-hundredth birthday of Canada by...

"No MENTioN or DRIVES, BUT- At the II.I.L meeting at

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Kilbannon, near Tuam, on Sunday, the speakers included Mr. M. Reddy, M.P.; T. O'Donnell, Co.0 ; Thos. M‘Donagh, D.C.; P. J. and Thos. Costello, and N. C. Shine, D.C. It was...

The Nobel prizes, of the value of 27,700 each, were

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awarded at Stockholm on Tuesday. The usual ceremonies were omitted owing to the death of King Oscar. The recipients were :—Physics—Professor Michelson, University of Chicago...

The situation in Zululand has been greatly eased by tin

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peaceful surrender of Dinuzulu, who will now stand his tria at Pietermaritzburg. It will be remembered that martial law was proclaimed last week in Zululand, the First Reserves...

The Archbishop of Canterbury presided over a meeting convened by

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the Association for Promoting the Training and Supply of Midwives on Thursday week. The Archbishop laid stress on the two serious aspects of the situation created by the passing...

Lord Lansdowne was the chief speaker at a Liberal Unionist

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demonstration held in Edinburgh on Wednesday. In regard to foreign relations, while noting how the Prime Minister's visions of a golden age had been rudely shattered by the...

Bank Rate, 7 per cent., changed from 6 per cent.

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Nov. 7th. Console (21) ware on Friday 821—on Friday week 88.

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THE NEMESIS OF PARA.DOX. ri lHE great Lord Halifax, the Lord Halifax of the revolution of 1688, warned his countrymen how dangerous it was to build upon a foundation of...

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T 011D CURZON'S address as president for the year 4 of the Birmingham and Midland Institute on Wednesday is a revelation of a side of his, character, not indeed unsuspected, but...

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MR. BALFOUR'S LATEST SPEECH. m . R. w B e A ea L n FO r ITh il li n as on m e ad st e ra m n a g n e y r s t t a an ti ge th ef t ee w cts ch b; i i e t addressed to his

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Devonport audience on Monday. MO. Balfour began by the declaration that no mad ithb witnessed the greeting which had been given him, and saw "the vast sea of faces all animated...

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T HE recent inquiry by a Special Board into the charges made by Lieutenant H. C. Woods, of the Grenadier Guards, against some of his superior officers for writing prejudicial...


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T HE interest expressed in England in the death of King Oscar II. of Sweden, and in the incidents of his death-bed scene, is not entirely conventional. There is a genuine...

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C IVILISED society has a tendency to subdivide, and the tendency has been hitherto ineradicable. Class dis- tinctions would seem to answer to some instinct of human nature. Blow...

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I N the trial of the Goolds at Monte Carlo for their singularly horrible crime there were as many points of interest to the criminologist as even so strange a case as this could...

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T HERE is an hour after rain when a steady wind empties the wood of mists and the sky of clouds, clean down to the sharp edges of a horizon of trees. Perhaps two or three times...

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[To TUX ZDITOR OF TUX "XPICOTATOR.1 SIE,—It seems that there is again to be dealing with the Irish University question. I happened to be staying for some time ,in Ireland, and...

LET'[ IC RS TO Till E E l) [TO fl

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BELGIUM AND THE CONGO. I.TO TUX EorroR OF Till g..seserkros.”.1 SIR,—Until there has been opportunity to digest the annexes as well as the brief clauses of the Congo...

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(TO TRH HDITOR OP TEM "SPROTATOR:" • Sin,—I observe that Mr. T. M. Healy, M.P., through the medium of a Press interview, boasts of having been the chief means of causing...


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[To TIM EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.] SIE, — In your note to the letter of Mr. William Harbutt Dawson in the Spectator of November 23rd you say that you "do not consider our...


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rTo THR EDITOR OF THE "SPROTATOR."] SIE,—Connt EsterhLzy's letter in your last number on the subject of the Slovaks is so entirely misleading that I am grateful for your kind...

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pro THZ EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOU.1 SIR,—I do not know whether you will give me a hearing for a few words on your article of November 30th on "Old-Age Pensions" in your...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR." J SIR,—Persona interested in the developments of municipal trade have long had their eyes fixed on Bristol. The municipality there many...


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pro THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR." J Sin,—In your article on "The Worship of Taxation" in the issue of November 30th you are hardly just to the land- taxers. They pride...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—Although Castlereagh is usually credited with the phrase—or debited, for it was quoted against him while he yet lived, and is no...


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[To THE EDITOR OF TEX " SPECTATOR."] Sin,—I venture to appeal. to your readers on behalf of the two Committees of the Charity Organisation Society in West Ham to which I am...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECIFLTOR."] SIR,—The Pierce incident, recorded in your issue of November 30th, forms a strange comment on our Christianity in 1907 A.D. A man is shot...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—It is generally agreed that it is good for the nation that the old Universities should be supplemented by the new ones. Unfortunately...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—Your correspondent " Free-Trader " of December 7th says : "It was not Free-trade to impose an Excise-duty on Indian cotton...

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LTD THE EDITOR OF THE 'SPECTATOR:1 Sin,—Being interested in this subject, I venture to offer my experience. I used to apportion my expenditure into sixty- fourths of my...


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"SPROTATORM SIE,—The interesting and humorous article in your last number on this subject seems to me to contain one grave mistake when it speaks of the ' service of the...


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SIR,—It might possibly interest "A Bad Economist" (Spectator, November 30th), and give point to the saying that one half the world does not know how the other half lives, if...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR." cannot agree with " Ignotus" that Mr. Davis " created " Mrs. Baxter. Long ago Jane Austen detected a human mollusc, and immortalised it as...

150 THE EDITOR OE THE "SPICCrATOIL" had hoped that "A

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Bad -Economist's" letter (Spectator, November 30th) as to the difficulty of making ends meet on 22,000 a year might have produced some practical comparisons which would have...

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[TO THE EDITOR OF TIIR "SPECTATOR."] SIE,—We are directed by our client, Miss Birnie Philip,.-to ask your permission to state that she contemplates the publication in due...


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ATOM') Sin,—Whether the story of the Mameluke's leap be true -or false—and any one who has seen the wall from which this hero is said to have jumped would certainly incline...


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rTo !RR EDITOR OF THE "srzarrroa...1 Sin,---The recent anno r thicement that the area of the Zoo- I6gical Gardens in Regent's Park is to be somewhat extended is a gratifying...


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[To THE EDITOR OF Till " SP iCTATOR...] Siu,—My copy of this little book,' which is so very helpful in dealing with many questions of current politics, has been lent to so...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] - Sin,—As a Poor Law Guardian, will you allow me to correct an erroneous impression on the subject of outdoor relief given in your article...

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SPECTATOR:1 SIR,—I venture to send you the accompanying correspondence, not on merely personal grounds, but because it shows incidentally bow Mr. Marks deliberately misled the...

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QIIIBERON BAY. (" Petiolate fratres mei omnes propfer /sraa."*) [The disaster of July 21st, 1795, when more than nine hundred ifinigres (with two thousand soldiers and twelve...

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B 0.0 KS.

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THE 'MAKING OF TENNYSON.* It is difficult to realise that nearly a hundred years have passed since Tennyson' was born., He seems still so fresh and of our time and is so inuch'...

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THE MARCHES OF HINDUSTAN.* This is an uncommonly entertaining book

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of travels. Mr. Fraser, whose work on the Russo-Japanese Campaign showed that he possessed an acute gift of observation, spent a year in crossing and recrossing the northern...

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MEXICO TO-DAY.* MR. MARTIN, like so many other travellers, complains

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of the ignorance of his countrymen about foreign countries. No doubt the charge is true, but one ought to distinguish. Englishmen know more of foreign countries than any other...

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WORDS are to the poet as notes are to the musician; with this difference, that the notes which go to the making of every melody are strictly limited in number, while the...

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FEw British Sovereigns have bad harder measure meted out to - them in their lifetime and after death than George III. The savage innuendoes of " Junius " and the malicious...


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THESE sermons were delivered by Dr. Caird during his tenure of the Mastership of Balliol College. The first of the twelve, "The Two Aspects of College Life," is specially...

RECOLLECTIONS OF HUNTING AND FISHING.1' Tun present season has not

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so far produced many books about hunting, and we have read Sir Reginald Graham's Foxhunting Recollections with much pleasure.. His memory goes back to the Crimean era ; he...

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Arizona Nights. By Stewart Edward White.- (fodder and Stoughton. 6s.)—Here

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are some most readable, and 'at times exciting, yarns of the Arizona desert, the e Alkali." They are chiefly cattlemen's stories ; at least the dialect is based on that of the...


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THE NORTHERN IRONS . . '0,B • tbe.first,tinie since his incursion into the arena of fiction, Mr. Birmingham deserts the Ireland of to-day. for that of the past. Cynics and...

The Orchard Thief. By Mrs. Henry Dudeney. (W. Heinemann 6s.)—In

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this extremely clever novel Mrs. Dudeney draws a picture of a man with a largo soul encased in a small body,—contrasting him with the woman on whom his whole happiness...

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Mankind and the Church. Edited by the Right Rev. H.

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H. Montgomery. (Longmaias and Co. 75. 6d. net.)—The sub-title of this book is : "An Attempt to Estimate the Contribution of the Great Races to the Fullness of the Church of...


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[Under this heading we notice such Books of the week as have not been reserved for review in other forms.1 Oxford and Cambridge Review, No. 2. (A. Constable and Co. 2s. 6d....

READABLE NovRts. — Christmas at Poverty Castle. By Tom Gallon. (Eveleigh Nash.

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6s.)—A very melodramatic tale with a touch of farce, but quite entertaining.—Muggins of the Modern Side. By Edmund Francis Seller. (W. Blackwood and Sons. 6s.) —A tale of...

Thomas Alva Edison. By Francis Arthur Jones. (Hodder and' Stoughton.

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6s.)—Interesting as is the history of Mr.. Edison's successes, the reader will find the greatest pleasure of all in the story of his early days ; -his first adventures as a...

History of Queen's County. By. Canon O'Hanlon and the Rev.

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Edward O'Leary, P.P. Vol. L (Sealy, Bryers, and Walker- 20s.)—This first volume contains an account of the physical characteristics, the geology, fauna, and flora of the...

Praise of the Simple Life. Compiled by Ernest C. Baker.

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(G. Routledge and Sons. 2s. -fid. net.)—This is an anthology, divided chronologically into sections. The first takes us back to the classics from Moschus to Virgil. Then under...

Bath under Beau Nash. By Lewis Melville. (Eveleigh Nash. 15s.

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net.)—We may be allowed to congratulate ourselves on the fact that the dominimi Which Beau Nash exercised over the fashionables who gathered at Bath for fifty years and more...

Studies in Poetry. By Stopford A. Brooke. (Duckworth and i

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Co. 6s. net.)—Three of these six papers are given to Shelley, one to William Blake, another to Walter Scott, and the sixth to Keats. Perhaps the Scott lecture is the best....

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In the "Victoria County History" (A. Constable and Co., £1

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us. 6d. net per vol.) we have received Leicestershire, Vol. I., in which the natural history sections are written by Messrs, C. Fox-Strangways (geology), R. Lydekker...

New EDITIONEL—The Poetical Works of John Keats. Edited by William

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T. Arnold. (Macmillan and Co. 3s. 6d.)—The volume contains an introduction (fifty pages) and a note on the text (ten pages) in which the principle on which the poems or...

Messrs. Walker sends us a variety of Pocket - Books and Diaries

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of handsome appearance and convenient arrangement. Of the larger kind we may mention with special commendation No. 23, which gives a page (lined) for every day ; of the smaller,...

We have received from the S.P.C.K. various Almanacs and Calendars,

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as the Churchman's Remembrancer, with the usual ecclesiastical information, together with diary, pages for accounts, &c. ; The Churchman's Almanac, in various shapes and of...

In the series of "Expositions of Holy Scripture," by Alexander

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Maclaren, D.D. (Hodder and Stoughton, 7s. 6d. per vol.), we have St. John in three volumes (i.-viii.; ix.-xiv.; xv.-xxi.) and The Acts of the Apostles (xiii.-end).—" The...

We have received some specimens of Messrs. Hudson and Kearns's

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Blotting Pad Diaries. These vary in size from 27 in. x 11/ in. (distinguished as the "Bankers' Edition," 8s.) down to 171 in. x 11 in. (4s. 6d.), the latter folding up into a...

We have received from Messrs. De La Rue an excellent

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assortment of Diaries, Calendars, Pocket-books of various kinds, sizes, and prices, to be carried about, or hung up, or placed on the desk, as occasion may require. Ingeniously...

Twelve additional volumes have been added to the "Carlton Classics"

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(John Long, (3d. net in cloth, ls. net in leather). They range in date from Ben Jenson (Poems) to Matthew Arnold (Critical Essays). Among the twelve we see a particularly...

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A good idea has been well carried out in the

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"Literary " Series of Greetings (S. Combridge, 56 Church Road, Hove). Four examples have been sent to us. Passages from Cowper, Abraham Cowley, Lord Houghton, and Frederick...