16 MAY 1931

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In Parliament, on Thursday, May 7th, the Upper House threw

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out Part 1 of the Agricultural Land (Utilization) Bill on Lord Hailsham's motion rather than conflict with the Lower House on matters of privilege which would be raised by...

Mr. Henderson at Geneva - • - The Council of

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the League meets at Geneva next Monday, but most of the sting will probably have been taken out of the main question to be discussed there by the discussions in M. Bria-nd's...

News of the Week

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The New French President -W E salute M. Paul Doumer, President. Elect of the French Republic. He has served his country well at home and abroad, and has until now been President...

Those of us who were looking with. respect Upon the

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moderation Of the..Spanish :Government and thought it rewarded by orderly .success, - had a rude Shock on learning that a rabble of4oung men had got beyond control in Madrid,...

On Monday last the vote for the Department of Over-

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seas Trade was taken. Hopes, and little else, were expressed by the representatives of the Government for our export trade to India and South America. The British manufacturer...


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J. —A Subscription to the SrEcrATort costa Thirty Shillings per annum, including postage, to any part of the world. The SPECTATOR is registered as a Newspaper. fl'he Postage on...

[Signed articles do not necessarily represent the views of the

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The Arabian Desert The first details of Mr. Bertram Thomas's

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daring journey across the Rub al Khali; the hitherto untraversed desert in South-eastern Arabia, have been published this week in The Times. They show that Mr. Thomas faced the...

The Prince of Wales at Manchester On Tuesday, before nearly

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three thousand members ' of the Manchester Chamber of Commerce, the Prince of Wales spoke on the conclusions which - he had reached as 'a result of his recent mission to South...

India We write on the eve of Mr. Gandhi's arrival

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at Simla. It marks the beginning of an important stage in the preparations for the second session of the Round Table Conference. If. the Federal Structure Committee is to meet...

Adventure One may rejoice at proofs that the spirit of

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adventurous progress is as much alive as ever, but the toll of life which is still taken from pioneers in the air is lamentably heavy, and in marked contrast . to the safety of...

Dock Wages At the meeting, on Tuesday, of the National

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Joint Council for Dock Labour, the employers proposed considerable reductions of wages and alterations in working conditions, on the ground of the condition of the industry. Mr....

Australia Sir Robert Gibson, the Chairman of the Board of

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the Commonwealth Bank, commendably allowing no shade of political opinion to colour his evidence as a financial expert, told the Australian Senate last week that the Bank was...

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By-Elections The results of two by-elections were declared at the

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end of last week. In the Scarborough division of York- shire, where there was no Labour candidate, Mr. H. P. Latham, the Conservative candidate, defeated an excel- lent Liberal...

Sir C. P. Lucas We record with regret the death

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of Sir Charles Lucas in his seventy-eighth year. He had a long and honourable career in the Colonial Office and was head of the Dominions Department when he retired in 1911. He...

They will have us turn from the Continent to English

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speakers across the seas. There are incentives and loyalties enough, blood, language, etc., already that predispose us to do so but without in the least insisting that we should...

Cricket Cricket alone among our home industries appears to have

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escaped the blizzard of world-wide depression. Imperial Preference bids us welcome the New Zealand XI, who have already tasted our blood. They appear to be a strong, if not a...

Lord Athlone • We with many others would heartily welcome

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home Princess Alice and Lord Athlone after his term as Governor-General of the Union of South Africa, and as the last Governor-General to be also High Commissioner, or the...

The Howard Grace Cup It is pleasant to know that

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the Duke of Norfolk's famous ivory cup, set in silver-gilt, is to become the property of the nation. The impoverished State would not buy it, but Lord Wakefield purchased it at...

Bank Rate 3 per cent., changed from per cent. on

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May 1st, 1930. War Loan (5 per cent.) was on Wednesday 1021- ; on Wednesday week, 1C3i ; a year ago, 101 -1 9 4 -. Funding Loan (4 per cent.) was on Wednesday 941 ; on Wednesday...

The League and the Press On discovering a campaign to

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which our attention has been drawn in the Daily Express against the League of Nations and the British League of Nations Union, our first feelings were of shame and annoyance....

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European Unions M R. HENDERSON is now on his way to

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Geneva, where, both in the meeting of the League Council and in the Committee for European Union, the principal .subject of discussion will be the proposals recently made by...

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The Political Parties

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O NLY a fortnight ago action and speeches in Parlia- ment moved us to write on the present state of our parties, and to point to the benefits that the moderate Liberals, best...

The Week in Parliament

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T HE House of Commons is always at its best when it is dealing with some large general human problem that overrides party lines: And on Monday it dealt with no less a question...

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The Colour Bar

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[The Spectator does not necessarily agree with all the views of the writers contributing to this series on the Colour Bar. Our object in publishing the series is to attempt some...

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The Idea of God VII

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(This week Father D'Arcy puts forward the Roman Catholic Idea. Next week Dr. S. H. Mellone will write on " A Unitarian View."—En. Spectator.j The Catholic Conception of God BY...

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DIRECT subscribers who are changing their addresses are asked .

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10 notify the SPECTATOR Office BEFORE MIDDAY on MONDAY OF EACH WEEK. The previous address to Which the paper has been sent and receipt reference number should be quoted.

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A Puzzle Play in Dublin

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BY HUGH DE BLACAM T HE excitement caused in Dublin by the pro- duction at the Abbey Theatre of The Moon in the Yellow River is'a little hard to explain to those who are not...


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[" CLASS PICTURES: 'j THOSE who possess or who are interested in " glass pictures " would do well to visit the Blairman Gallery, 26a King Street, St. James's, where there is a...

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A LETTER FROM PARIS : THE INTERNATIONAL COLONIAL EXHIBITION. Sin,—France has spent roughly £900,000 on the International Colonial Exhibition at Vincennes which M. Gaston...

The Cinema

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CHALK AS CHEESE. TALKIES intervened disastrously in the divorce proceedings between the Theatre and the Cinema. "From the Play" is almost invariably a damaging admission of...

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India—The Next Step

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BY EDWARD VILLIERS, President of the European Association of India. (While we do not necessarily agree with all the views expressed in Mr. Villiers' article, we welcome the...

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Now the Plunkett Foundation which he endowed with rare generosity

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and statesmanlike aim, is fathering this week a meet- ing which may make history. The English societies (which number well over a hundred and have a turnover of some 17,000,000)...

This French cider apple has several other virtues. Though it

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blooms and burgeons late, growth proceeds thereafter at such a pace that the fruit becomes ripe at very much the same date as its more susceptible neighbours. It net only bears...


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Some flower-lovers of my acquaintance have been further testing the effect of certain drugs upon cut blossoms ; and the results have surpassed their most sanguine anticipationi....


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In a very lovely garden in the West Country flourishes what I should think is the most various and interesting apple tree in the world. It is young and lusty. It carries twelve...

All the twelve seedlings, with which the stock is grafted,

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represent different crosses with this famous Medaille d'or and other parents were selected with a view to encouraging greater strength of wood. By putting all on one tree com-...

Country Life

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THE SOUL OF A PEOPLE. " The Soul of A People " was the name given to the spirit of the thing for which the only available word is Co-operation, a rather clumsy compound that...

* * * * This tree, now coming into leaf

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on some grafts but not all, is a supreme example of a habit that grows and will grow more common. Since the discovery that many, indeed most, sorts of apple and pear, are in...


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It may serve a purpose to report a county tragedy that was presented to me during the week. I had heard that a kite, that very rare and splendid hawk, was nesting in a wild and...

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Letters to the Editor

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[In view of the length of many of the letters which we receive, we would remind correspondents that we often cannot give space for long letters and that short ones are generally...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—It was kind of you to review my book, The Fight for Peace, even though your reviewer dissents from my own conclusions. His disagreement...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Mr. Cadogan has earned the gratitude of all those who care for the welfare of young delinquents by raising, on the adjournment, the...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Strt,—I have read with some surprise the letter in your issue of May 2nd, in which you are taken to task by the Rev. James Denton for...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—We might add to Dr. Jacks' Litany, quoted in Mr. Brewer's letter to the Spectator for May 2nd :—" From barbed wire and notices that...


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[We have . received the , following accounts from sources that we believe to be thoroughly trustworthy.—En. Spectator.] . [To. the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Six,—The following...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I was very interested

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in the letter of " Lover of Riding," which appeared in your issue of May 2nd. The League for the Prohibition of Cruel Sports has always advocated drag- hunting as a humane...


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SIR,—In your issue of May 2nd " Lover of Riding " discusses the subject, but I find that he (or she) is only looking for a. substitute as a sport. As a " Lover of Animals," this...


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Sin,— I went to the Ideal Home Exhibition being a seeker after ideals. But the Home evades me, it is always just beyond my reach, so I had to turn away from houses, and look at...

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I would like to

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support the suggestion of Mr. H. Brewer in your issue of May 2nd, that each local council should erect finger boards indicating each recognized public right of way in its area....


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SIR,—As one who knows Ulster well, I would like to add my thanks to you for the recent Irish Number. The articles proved of great interest to. me as I am an Ulsterman myself....

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I propose to publish a documentary book on Colour dealing with all questions appertaining to the relations of the negro and the white Tapes: I want to receive contributions from...

A Hundred Years Ago

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THE " SPECTATOR," MAY 14TH, 1831. DUKE OF BEAUFORT V. THE " SPECTATOR." On Saturday last, Sir James Scarlett moved the Court of King's Bench for a criminal information against...


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THERE was a soldier wise enough Even in fierce Homeric years To leave the wars : within his casque He let the silkworm spin and bask, And vines grow tendrils round the spears....


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--fTo - the . Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—That " Evelyn Underhill " should have written this review as printed on p. 7C8 is to me almost incredible. It would seem, indeed, as...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sia,—I think that I can throw light on the question as to how the herd of .long-horned and white-coated goats got to the Valley of Rocks in...


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A BIOGRAPIIY OF " E. NESBIT." I should be grateful for an opportunity of informing your readers that I am writing the biography of the late E. Nesbit " (Mrs. Hubert Bland until...


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A few days ago I saw in your columns a letter from a professor in India acknowledging gifts of books made to the college library in response to an appeal in your review about a...

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A Hundred Years Ago in India and America Travels in

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India, Ceylon, and Borneo. By Captain Basil Hall. (Routledge. 10s. 6d.) The Aristocratic Journey. Edited with a Preface by Dame Una Pope-Hennessy. (Putnam. 21s.) CAPTAIN AND...

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A Great Peacemaker

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The Foreign Policy of Castlereagh, 1812-1815. By C. X. Webster. (Bell. 25s.) Jr is now fairly well agreed that Castlereagh was one of' the wisest of British statesmen and that...

Land of the Midnight Sun Turi's Book of Lappland. Edited

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and translated into Danish by Emilie Dimant Hatt. Translated from the Danish by E. Gee Nash. (Jonathan Cape.. 7s. 6c1,) NORTHWARD some two thousand miles from Stockholm, some...

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Music from Leucadia

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:is. 6d.) IF women are still ambitious to triumph on behalf of their sex, here is a goodoceasion. Four of these books give us poetry that commands immediate attention. Sylvia...

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The Cooking Animal

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CoOkiag -Through the. Centuries, By J. R.. Ainsworth - DaVIA. The English Medieval ,feast.. By William Edward '_Mad. (George Allen and Unwin. , f5s.) - PROFESSOR...

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The Growth of the Novel

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Five Masters. By Joseph Wood Krutch. (Cape. 12s. 6d.) PR. KRUTCH is a sly dog. It is too late for him to pretend that he is not learned, however lightly he may wear his...

Egyptian Art

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The Art of Egypt through the Ages. Edited by Sir E. Denison Ross. (The Studio. 42s.) Tax history of Egyptian art is seldom regarded as a whole and treated within the covers of...

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The Wood and the Trees

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IN the modern reader the tragedies written for the English stage at the time of the Restoration inspire, it is to be feared, not so much pity and terror as a kind of...

The Life of a Naturalist

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The Life Story of Amalie Dietrich, Naturalist, 1821-1691. By Charitas Bischoff. (Martin Hopkinson. 10s. 6d.) NATURALISTS will probably recognize the name of Amalie Dietrich,...

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London : Printed by W. SI.E4IGUT A.ND SONS. LTD.. 98

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and 99 Fetter Lane. EC. 4, and Published by THE SPEDTAT - 011, Lbo., at their Offices. No. 99 Gower Street, London, W.C. 1.-Saturday,.. May 16 1931, • ,

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Majestic Goodness

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Elizabeth Fry's Journeys on the Continent, 184041, from a Diary kept by her niece, Elizabeth Gurney. Edited, with an Introduction by R. Brimley Johnson, and a Foreword by the...

Economy Plus Security

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Economy and Naval Security. By Admiral Sir Herbert Richmond. (Bean. 8s. 6d.) Tins book is a first-rate contribution to the controversy on naval reduction. It is not a thing...

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The English Conquistador

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Clive. By R. J. Ninny. (Jarrolds. 16s.) IN his biography of Clive Mr. Minney has spoilt a great story by over-emphasis. His book is a peculiarly irritating example of the kind...

P oli cy

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The Best P l•cy Out of Soundings. By H. M. Tomlinson. (Heinemann. Gs.) . AN essay is evidence of character. Whatever its mood or purpose, it is the most directly personal form...

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Windmills and Watermills

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ENGLISH windmills and watermills, having begun their working lives somewhere about the eleventh or twelfth century, are now, in the twentieth, finally retiringnot the originals...

After the Forty-Five

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More Culloden Papers : Vol. V, 1746-7. Edited by Duncan Warrand. (Carruthers and Sons. 21s.) CULLODEN HOUSE stood, and stands, near the battlefield which saw, in 174.6, the ruin...

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Arnold and Others

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Poetry and the Criticism of Life. By W. Garrod. (Oxford University Press. 7s. 6d.) PROFESSOR GARROD'S Harvard lectures must have made delightful hearing ; they are certainly...

More's English Prose

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The English Works of Sir Thomas More. In 7 Volumes. Now re-edited. by W; E. Campbell,' with Introduction and . Notes by . A. W. Reed and R. W. Chambers. Vol. I. (Eyre and...

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011a Podrida The Career of Julian Stanley-Williams. By Adrian Alington. (Chatto and Windus. 8s. 6d.) Ma. ALINGTON is one of the few who ca i follow up a successful first...

ARFON. By Rhys Davies. (Foyle. 12s. 6d.)—Arfon grew up stunted,

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deformed, and by reputation an idiot. It was a poor set of qualifications for life in the rural Wales of modern literature. Mr. Rhys Davies is a deft horror-monger. He weaves...

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THE MONKSHOOD MURDERS. By A. C. and Carmen Edington. (Collins.

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7s. 6d.) " A strangely-murdered editor, another with a ' hunch,' Some goofs ' and an evangelist, a much-suspected lunch Make up a Yankee puzzlement, that's crowded with...

BEAUTY AND THE BEASTS. By Charles Woodrington. (Elkin Mathews and

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Marrot. 7s. 6d.)—Contains one long story about a good girl and her bad mother, and ten rather dreary short ones. All are readable but undistinguished.

Some Books of the Week

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PRINCESS CATHERINE RADZIWII.L is not the first, and will not be the last, to tell the tragic story of Nicholas II : The Last of the Tsars (Cassell, 12s. 6d.). She has the...

New Novels

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DARK HERITAGE. By Shirland Quin. (Harrap. 7s. 6d.) —A competent, interesting but over-crowded account of the vicissitudes in the life of a young Welshman forced by his brother's...

Britmis (Jonathan Cape, 12s. 6d.) was the telegraphic address of

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the British Military Mission attached to the armies of Admiral Kolchak in Siberia ; and the author of the book, Major Phelps Hodges, was a member of this ill-conceived and...

The background of English history is nowhere better sketched than

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in Mr. L. F. Salzmann's handy little volumes on mediaeval life and industries. These are now most usefully supplemented by his new book on English Trade in the Middle Ages...

RED LIKE CRIMSON. By Jane Paradine. (Putnam. 7s. 6d.)—All who

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can remember the mystery and seemli- ness of Victorian nurseries will thank the author for giving them a present of their own childhood. Others will regard the tale as charming...

Since 1928, the Golden Cockerel Press has been occupied almost

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exclusively on one great work, the issue of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales in four volumes at twenty-five guineas the set. This work is handmade, both paper and binding. Es-...

MY MOTHER'S HOUSE. By Lily Tobias. (Allen and Unwin. 8s.

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6d.)—With this diffuse study of a young Jew's revolt against Judaism is blended the conventional irritant of his love for a Jewess. Dignified but forced and to that extent unreal.

PROPERTY OF A GENTLEMAN. By Lady Troubridge. (Collins. 7s. 6d.)—"

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It was . . . neither the room nor the food that was too much for her. It was Life." So to escape she married money. A trite " society " drama.

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The Modern Home

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Tendencies and Progress Tire issue of The Studio Year Book of Decorative Art for 1931 gives us a convenient opportunity for examining the tendencies and promo of what is called...

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Motoring Notes

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Standard Ensign Six THE Standard Motor Co. make three cars, of nine, sixteen, and twenty horse-power. The Ensign is a six cylinder 16 h.p., and the four speed saloon costs £275...

"Spectator" Competitions

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RULES AND CONDITIONS. Entries must be typed or very clearly written on one side of the paper only. The name and address, or pseudonym, of the com- petitor must be on each entry...

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Moreover, the outlook from the shareholders' point of view is rendered the more depressing by the fact , that traffic receipts are still falling heavily. Only last week Sir...


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SODIC time after the release of the railways from Government control the management, which found itself op against the problems of an uneconomic wage and Trade Union...

TILE COACHWORK AND EQUIPMENT: The fabric saloon is entirely conventional

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in appearance. There is a sliding roof which is easily worked from inside, and has various positions in which it can be adjusted. The spare wheel and tyre are carried at the...


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In trying to gauge the possibilities of the future from the railway stockholders' point of view, it may be well to see if it is possible to snake a fair estimate of the causes...

Finance—Public & Private

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Plight of the Railway Investor IN considering the burden which is being borne at the present_ time by Income Tax payers in this country, it must not be forgotten that, to the...

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At the same time it can at once be admitted that the causes of the present deplorable condition of the finances of the railway companies go very much deeper than anything which...


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Already there are signs that Socialistic forces, which have played so great a part in bringing about the present predicament of railway stockholders, are endeavouring to take...

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At the recent meeting of shareholders of the Calcutta Electric Supply Corporation, the Chairman, Lord Meston, was able to give a good account of the position, and'to show that...


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Yet another influence for which the railroad management is in no way responsible is the extent to which motor competition has been aided, directly and indirectly, by the State....

Financial Notes

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DEPRESSED MARKETS. NOTWITIISTANDING cheap money and constant talk about Government conversion schemes, even British Funds and kindred securities have been under the influence...

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'Notwithstanding the present trade depression, Sir Eric Geddes, speaking at the recent meeting of shareholders of the Dunlop Rubber Compahy, was by no =means disposed to take kh...


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Several of the more important Insurance companies, in- cluding the Alliance, the Commercial Union, and the Liverpool and London and Globe, have held their meetings during the...