23 JUNE 1933

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News of the Week T HE Economic Conference is passing through

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a phase of confusion and uncertainty that will be disastrous. it it continues long. Resolutions far too numerous to be dealt with are flooding in from every side, committees too...

Austria's Struggle The battle Dr. Dollfuss is fighting in Austria

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is of vital importance for Europe. The consideration that more than any other led the League of Nations to organize financial help for Austria in 1922 was alarm at what would...

4t .

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- It can be claimed for the British delegation that it has done.. its best . to get the Conference down to practical discussions as soon as possible, for Mr. Chamberlain's...

. In Austria itself there is now open war with

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the Nazis. The situation is clarified to that extent, and also in that the National Socialist Party in Germany has dissociated itself from attempts to influence the internal...

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Herr Hugenberg in Eclipse The split between the Nazis and

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the Nationalists N, inevitable from the first. The only question was how and when it would come. As to how it would end there \ as never any question at all. The Nationalists,...

Conservatives and India The conflict in the Conservative Party- over

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the Government's Indian policy will come to a head on Wednesday, - h Mr. Baldwin addresses the Central Council of the party in London, and Mr. Churchill intends to take part in...

In India itself there is a peculiar opportunity of stimulating

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the process of conciliation of which there has been much recent evidence. Mr. Gandhi's health being such as to preclude him from active political consultations at present, the...

Herr Hitler and the Lutherans The conflict of forces elsewhere

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in Germany is mani- fest mainly in the ecclesiastical sphere, where the astonishing attempt to establish a German Protestant Church on Nazi lines is meeting with spirited and...

Disarmament Once More The work of the Disarmament _Conference will

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be resumed at Geneva on Tuesday. It may yet prove that an agreement on disarmament is the necessary condition of that restoration of confidence which alone can make an economic...

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" Horrific " Films The London County Council decided on

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Tuesday that children unaccompanied by their parents or guardians . should not be allowed to sec those sensational or dubioti.s films which the Board of Film Censors puts into...

Back to 'Canals The enterprising development work which the Grand

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Union Canal Company is undertaking over a long stretch of water-way between Birmingham and London will have the double effect of creating employment and restoring the credit -...

Roosevelt as Dictator The strictly constitutional procedure by which Con-

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gress has conferred immense powers upon President Roosevelt does not conceal the fact that for a limited period he will be nothing more or less than a Dictator. The consent of...

Blind-Alley Police The Home Secretary has used his Parliamentary majority

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to carry a quite indefensible clause in the new Metropolitan Police Bill—that providing for the appoint- ment of constables for a fixed period of service not exceed- ing 10...

Bombing the Natives In the matter of air-bombing it is

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satisfactory to r in d Sir Austen Chamberlain coming down decisively against the British reservation. The contention he put forward' in his' speech at Edinburgh on Wednesday,...

Dumping and Ottawa An instructive light on the working of

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the Ottawa preferential arrangements is cast by an answer given by Mr. Thomas to Mr. George Lambert in the House of ComMons on Wednesday. What is known as Kangaroo butter is, it...

Our Declining Population Education authorities are fully alive to the

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fact that in the near future there trill be a big drop in the number of children attending schools, and this is taken into account in their provision of teachers and school...

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Conference Conundrums

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{division of the. work of the World Economic Conference between two , committees; financial and economic, has laid bare at once the two main issues which the Conference must...

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Imperial Myopia

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A T a moment when Imperial co-operation and con- sultation - is by way of becoming a watchword the spectacle of the deliberate destruction of what is at once the most familiar...

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All the same the strange position of the United States

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delegation does unquestionably complicate the position seriously. It is not merely a question of the inevitable American Constitution, which gives , foreign diplomats access to...

. * * * Could anything be imagined more pitiable

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than the continued drift of the quarrel between this country and Russia ? Here is a conference of which both the British Foreign Minister and the Soviet Foreign Minister, to say...

I am inclined to think that the popular view of

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Burne- Jones has been too much influenced by ,the _ fact that again and again, he chose to use the same model and created. the same long, pale, wistful face, so that today one...

* * * * It was' no doubt about time

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for the Bishop of Durham to say something startling. Di. Henson is - normally a progressive thinker and the' reactionary doctrines to which he has just committed himself do...

A Spectator 's Notebook

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M R. LLOYD GEORGE'S memoirs in the Teligraph have now reached' the critical date of December, 1916, when the writer succeeded Mr. Asquith as Prime Minister. The evidence as to...

Atmosphere always counts for something, and often for a good

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deal, at an international conference, and it is rather an unfair handicap to the delegates at South Kensington that pessimism about the outcome of their labours should be...

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Debtors in Gaol

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Br R. C. K. ENSOR. O NE must welcome the decision of the Home Secretary (announced by Mr. Hacking in Parliament) to a ppoint a Departmental Committee which will consider the...

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What Soviet Russia Fears

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BY WALTER DURANTY. rpnE. fear of war has become - almost an obsession in Soviet Russia; there is a nightmare quality about - it, like dread of the dark or ghosts in a lonely...

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The Case For Voluntary Hospitals

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BY ERIC PEARCE GOULD, F.R.C.S. [An article on The Case for State Hospitals," by Dr. Somerville Hastings, appeared in last week's SPECTATOR.] I is perhaps di ffi cult for those...

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Mapping Trade Channels

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BY PHILIP JORDAN. TN 1930 the Government of the United States of 1 America took the fast Census of Distribution. That its example will eventually be followed in this country is...

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Feather Brooms BY JAN STRUTHER.

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I T was obvious, from the moment when he shuffled round the corner into the Square, that he would leave it without having sold a single broom ; and I felt, as I watched him from...

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History in Stone By

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THE BISHOP OF PLYMOUTH. D URING the next week the Diocese of Exeter will be commemorating the eight-hundredth anni- versary of the consecration of the Norman Cathedral begun by...

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Exceptional Paintings . ILsxv artists are not at their best when they arc at their most typical. This may help to explain why artists often choose as their favourites from...

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How to Help Austria [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Of late Austria has had greatness thrust upon her, and English interest and sympathy have not been backward. Yet...

The Theatre

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"A Midsummer Night's Dream." By William Shakespeare. O.U.D.S. At South Park, Headington. - PROFESSOR REINHARDT is a man of the theatre, a master of it if you will. All the more...

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The Branch Line PROFESSING loud energy, out of the junction departed The branch-line engine. The small train rounded the bend, Watched by us pilgrims of summer, and most by...

A Hundred Years Ago " TELE SPECTATOR," Jurne 22xn, 1833.

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Andrew Macarthy, a child eight years old, known as one of the most experienced among the forty thieves of the Whitechapol gang, was sentenced, at the Middlesex Sessions, on...

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Oxford is a long way ahead of any other place

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in the art of preservation, and the vigour of the accomplishment. No monument can be too high for Sir Michael Sadler and the rest or indeed for the Pilgrim's ,Trust and an...

Preservation is a difficult business, of course. As I read

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an admirable anti-litter 'notiee on the top of Shotover, the " hare " in a paper chase ran past and deposited an unusually large consignment of his - ill-torn paper at the very...

Matthew Arnold is peculiar among the poets, I think, for

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his emphasis on scent. How he loved the lime-tree ! though that is not the species of the famous tree dedicated to his memory. The fact that he often refers to garden flowers...


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This is the true tale of two—now seven—canaries. A solitary bird was provided with a mate and almost at once the two began building a nest in which presently the original...


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A singularly gay, light-hearted and at the same time useful and accurate guide-book (written by a very good naturalist) has been published this week about a county that I have...

Country Life

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A MOPEL OF PRESERVATION. , In a very literal sense we may well congratulate the Oxford Preservation Society on being attended by " the vision splendid." It has seized and...

The whole place—mound and pit and even garden—is an untidy

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mess just at present, but Sir Arthur Evans certainly had, and has the vision splendid, not in one direction but in many. The garden will be a representation of a number of the...

* *

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Association with Matthew Arnold will always give a literary savour to the place. His special tree Survives ; and it is, I believe, the intention to pay some special attention to...

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Letters to the Editor

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[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief , as, is reasonably possible. , The -most • suitable length is that of one. of our News of the Week"...

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. am at a loss to understand your continued hostility to the Geneva plan . for shorter hours. It is true that to • Make shorter hours an excuse for farther wage reductions...

RESTRICTIONS [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sio,--When I read

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an article like '" Lotteries and Betting '' in your last week's issue I was startled by your assumption, shared by all politieiaas4hat this country should be run on the lines of...


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Sin,—Sir Austen Chamberlain is said to sympathize with Mr. ChUrchill's opposition to the Indian White Paper, and' if this be true the crisis_ on India Within the Conservative...


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SPECTATOR.] SIR,—In his recent letter on banking Mr. Biddulph makes an astonishing blunder in confusing " book debts and trade credit with " bank credit," when he takes me to...

SUMMER-TIME [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—One could hardly

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conceive a more prejudiced and misleading paragraph than Mr. Herbert Palmer's in your issue of the 2nd instant. Summer-time was not institute:t for the benefit of the farmer ;...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Spa,—In your issue of June 16th I notice a reference to Miss Douglas Pennant's and my own experience of official methods in this country. As...


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In the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR, - As your reviewer gave my book Some Memories of the Peace Conference a very kind notice in your issue of June 9th, it may seem rather...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,--I have hesitated to write to you on the subject of your leading article of June 9th, on Air Disarmament, because it is so temperately and...


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Si s,—There must be many people who leave London for their summer holidays with a twinge of conscience for the millions: who are left behind when " nobody is in town "- and...

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What the Universe Is Like*

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By C. E. M. Joan. Fnom the standpoint of the sciences there are roughly three views which it is possible to take about the nature of the universe. Life exists—the fact is...

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The Collected Poems of Harold Monro. - With a Biographical Sketch by F. S. Flint and a Critical Note by T. S. Eliot. (Cobden Sanderson. 8s. 6d.) IDE request that I provide a...

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The New Five-Year Plan

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The Great Offensive. By Maurice Hindus. (Gollanez. es.) RUSSIA is so much of an alien land—above all, alien in speech and in manner of thought—to the English-reading public...

Religion and Birth Control

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WHEN Mr. Mullins comes to discuss divorce, he recognises fully how unjust is our present law, which permits no divorce without adultery, and how preposterous is the system of...

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A Convenient Life of Bacon Bacon. By Charles Williams. (Arthur

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Barker. 10s.) SPEDDING devoted 40 years of his life to an attempt to prove that Bacon was as upright as he was great—" washing his Blackamoor," said Fitzgerald. Mr. Charles...

Athenian Comedy

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To the post-War generation the name of Gilbert Murray suggests Geneva almost as much as Athens; so that it was to be hoped and expected that his two enthusiasms would coalesce...

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A Week-End Party

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Spectator's Gallery : Essays, Sketches, Short Stories and Poems from " The Spectator," 1932. Edited by Peter Fleming and Derek Verschoyle. (Cape. 7s. 6d.) IT was the custom in...

A Gerthan Outlook

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Es werde Deutschland: By Friedrich Sieburg. (Frankfurt-am- ' Main: Societlits-Veklag..) HERR SIEBURG, known to English readers by a recent book on France, is concerned' in his...

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By DEREK VERSCHOYLE. is one of her letters Katharine Mansfield wrote : " I like such awfully unfashionable things and people . . . sitting on doorsteps, listening to the kind...

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Touring in Europe IT is easier to plan a visit to Europe than it is to choos e a summer cruise. But it is no easier to choose a destination or the means of travel. Air, rail...


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The international group of journalists forming the Economic an Disarmament Committee has issued the first number of a fortnightly review, Recovery, which will serve the World...

Current Literature

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—TRAFALGAR - By A- F. Fremantle Mr. A. F. Freniantle's account of Trafalgar in the new series of " Great Occasions " (Peter Davies, 5s.) is a 'sound and attractive piece of...

THE STATESMAN'S YEAR-BOOK, 1933 The seveatieth annual-issue of The Statesman's

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Year-Rook, edited by Dr. M. Epstein (Macmillan, 20s.) calls for a friendly word of congratulation and gratitude. There is no other reference book in its class which can compare...


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late Dr. S. J. Crawford's three lectures on Anglo-Saxon Influence on Western Christendom, 600-800 (Oxford University Press, 5s.) well deserve the commendatory preface by Pro-...

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The Modern Home

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British Industrial Art Exhibition THE exhibition of British Industrial Art in relation to the home, which is open at Borland Hall, Lower Regent Street, until July 12th, should...

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Finance—Public & Private

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America's Lead STABILIZATION OF CURRENCIES. Ibr view of. :the emphasis laid by many speakers at the opening of the EConomic Conference upon the need for a temporary...

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* - * * *

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GENERAL ELF-cram RESULTS. If we consider the wide area covered by the operations of the General Electric Company and the general conditions in the heavy electrical industry...


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It is encouraging to note that the accounts of Wm. Cory and Co. show a marked improvement in profit, which for the year ending March 31st last amounted to £654,000 against...

Financial Notes

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PENALIZING TAXATION. AN exceptionally interesting speech was delivered by Lord Bearsted at the recent meeting of the " Shell " Transport Company. The balance-sheet had shown an...


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It is always satisfactory to be able to record one of the leading ironworks earning satisfactory profits, and the Stanton Ironworks must be placed among the few coal and iron...


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In view of the schemes for enlarging the range of the Company's products, the Directors of Scribbans Limited announced in their recent report that they were considering it wise...

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I consider the Bank of England is to be congratulated upon the appointment of Mr. Henry Clay as Economic Adviser to the Governors. That position has becom vacant owing to the...


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The favourable impression created by the report recently . issued by Callender's Cable and ConstructionCompany was strengthened by the character of the statements made at 'the...


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"The Spectator" Crossword No. 2 9

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By XAN'FHIPPE. [A prize of one guinea will be given to the sender of the jir s t correct solution of this week's crossword puzzle to be °pelted. Envelopes should be marked "...