28 AUGUST 1875

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The scene in the Herzegovina appears to be growing clearer.

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The Six Powers have signified to the Porte that self-government of some sort must be conceded to the districts in insurrection, and the Divan, after an internal spasm, signified...

The Times announces that a Russian expedition, organised with great

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secrecy, has started to occupy Merv, and is probably by this time in possession of a city which is the best stepping- stone to the conquest of Herat. Russia cannot, however,...

Reuter forwards a telegram (August 27) from St. Petersburg which

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will require a great deal of confirmation, but which is curiously suggestive. Yakoob Khan, the ruler of Kashgar, who has long been threatened by the Chinese, has assumed the...

Captain Webb, a merchant mate, originally trained in the Conway

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training-ship, Liverpool, and remarkable for many feats of pluck and prowess in the water, has this week beaten every swimmer on record, and made himself a name in history. He...


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T HERE may be serious danger ahead in China. It is stated in a telegram from China to Bombay that Mr. Wade's endeavours to obtain an inquiry into the murder of Mr. Margary have...

It would appear that Russia is by no means altogether

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pleased with the course affairs have taken. She cannot help aiding the Christians against the Turks, but she wanted to have the credit of being their protector, which now she...

The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript in any case.

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The Times' correspondent at Maritzburg warns his countrymen that the

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garrison in Natal must be strengthened. There are 350,000 Caffres to 17,000 whites, and the Caffres are settled in their "locations," while the whites are scattered. It is...

Sir Edward Ryan, who died on Monday at Dover, had

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led as useful and as enviable a public life as any man of our time. Retaining his strong judgment, sterling sense, and full health to the great age of eighty-one, and adding...

The British Association for the Advancement of Science met this

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year on Wednesday at Bristol, under the presidency of Sir John Hawkshaw, the celebrated engineer. His address was a little dull. He stated that- the search after "the whence and...

Sir John Hawkshaw alluded favourably in his speech to the

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investigations carried on by Mr. W. Froude into the resistance offered by water to ships, and Mr. Froude subsequently read a paper on the subject. He held, and demonstrated by...

It would appeat. that the Greek prelates at Bonn harlacceited

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one instruction from the Holy Synod of which nothing lair hitherto been said in England, or rather which 'has been veiled under a very cautious reference to the authority of Old...

The inquiry into the cause of the accident in the

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Solent has continued through the week, the Coroner being assisted by an Assessor from the Board of Trade. An unexpected amount of feeling has been developed during the...

A Roman correspondent of the Times seems to think he

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has at last discovered an instance of vacillation in the Vatican. On 22nd April the Pope issued a decree formally dedicating the Catholic Church to the Sacred Heart of Jesus,...

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Up to Friday evening no news of the fall of

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Seo d'Urgel had been received in London. It was reported on official authority that a truce had been called for and a capitulation discussed, but the place had not been entered....

The Registrar-General's Report on the Agricultural Statistics of Ireland for

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1875 comes to confirm the sanguine estimate of Irish prosperity in which the Lord-Lieutenant indulged last week at Derry. Perhaps the most striking piece of evidence is that of...

Mr. Cavendish-Bentinck made a damaging defence of the Government at

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Whitehaven on Thursday. As Secretary of the Board of Trade, Mr. Bentinck was expected to apologise for the miscarriage of the Merchant Shipping Bill, but his apology proves a...

The murder of Comdre. Goodenough (Aug. 12), at Carlisle Bay,

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Santa Cruz Island, only a few miles from the spot where Bishop Patteson lost his life, is another proof of the difficulty of bringing civilisation in direct contact with...

Whatever may be the decision of the ElectiOn Commissioners on

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the political destinies of Norwich and Boston, the inquiries .still pending in those towns prove very clearly that electoral cor- ruption has not been extinguished by the...

The final award of Lord Cairns in the Albert Assurance

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Arbitration was published last week. The whole business of winding up the affairs of the Albert Company has occupied six years and some days. The liquidation of the Company was...

There is so little sense of fun left in the

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House of Commons, that we are sorry to see Sir Wilfrid Lawson's humour degenerate. It has, however, been falling off of late, and his speech of Wed- nesday to the teetotallers...

Consols were at the latest date 94tt to 94t.

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THE SOLUTION IN THE HERZEGOVINA. T HE Times has turned round upon itself after its fashion, and recognises that there is but one solution of the difficulty in the Herzegovina...


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T HE arguments against lowering the county franchise are very obvious and very weighty. The effects of the last Reform Act can as yet only be guessed at. The educational level...

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T HE political machinery of the American Constitution is so peculiar, that its complex and curiously-balanced action is not easily appreciated by European observers. The...

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have inevitably occurred had the Alberta ' been the sufferer

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in the recent accident instead of the Mistletoe,'—the con- dent either that Her Majesty must travel more slowly across the Solent—that is, must risk disorganising the whole of...

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T AE Chairmen and Directors of Railway Companies are expending much valuable energy quite needlessly. No- thing is more easy than to obtain the repeal of the Passenger Duty,...

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M DUCROS, the Prefect of the Department of the Rhone, . in France, is at present a man to be pitied. By too much zeal and an almost incredible combination of credulity and...

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THE ex-Queen of Spain has been subjected to a good - deal of ridicule, both in Paris and London, for farming her table to a -head took. The contract has been published in the...

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T HE pleasure with which all England has received the news of the Merchant Mate's success in swimming the Channel is only natural and right. It is not necessary to believe in...

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T HE crime of piracy, which seems to the English mind as obsolete as the passion of revenge, has been practised by the semi-savage tribes who inhabit the southern coast of the...

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ruary 13, a force of 200 men were sent to seize the village Sin,—I am glad to see that in your article of the 14th on the from which the depredators were supposed to have come....

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SIR,—I have recently read some excellent remarks from your pen on the subject of the promises and action of the present Adminis- tration in relation to Irish National Teachers....


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. "] Sin,—While agreeing in the main with what your correspondent, "J. L.," very properly styles your "trenchant" article on the above subject,...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE “SPECTATOR."] SIR,—Within the last few months, the Houses of Convocation in both Provinces have been deliberating on the Prayer-book and the revisions of...

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MR. CARLYLE'S LAST BOOK.* IT would be stupid, as well as ungracious, to complain that, in these historical sketches of old Norse kings, and in the essay on John Knox, which...

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JUMMOO AND CASHMERE.* [FIRST NOTICE.] TEE Maharaja of Cashmere, as

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Englishmen call him, rules over one of the most beautiful countries in the world. His full title is Maharaja of Jummoo and Cashmere, and the district which has more poetry...

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THERE are numerous records of life within Paris during the siege, but none more original than this entertaining book. Many persons, doubtless, who readily quote Raikes and...

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THE preachiness, which in all Mrs: Craik's works has run through the pages, sometimes in a narrower, sometimes in a broader stream, overflows all the volume before us. She has,...


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Paolisasoa VErrca has essayed a perilous task, and one which would most probably have proved beyond his strength, had he not united in large measure what seem almost...

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FEw of the enjoyments of life are less according to knowledge than the pleasure we take in the song of birds, yet there is scarcely one which even a little knowledge would do...


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Tins spirited volume, which consists of papers originally con- tributed to Bally's Magazine, will be read with pleasure not by the sportsman alone, but by all who love a good...

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The Ilisto2y of Japan. Vol. IL 1865-1871. By F. 0. Adams. (Henry S. King.) — It is too much that a stout volume of nearly 850 pages should be devoted to the history of Japan for...

Air as Fuel. By Owen C. D., Ross. (Spon.)-41r. Bess

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has belled himself with the inquiry into possible substitutes for coal. His capti- vating title is a not very clear way of setting forth one at least of the results at which he...

Restless Human Hearts. By Richard Jefferies. 3 vols. (Tinsley Brothers.)—This

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is one of the novels which we would gladly pass over in silence. Bnt it seems a duty to warn possible readers against what is an offensive and even noxious book, while at the...

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New Bibles and Prayer-books. (Oxford University Press, 7 Pater- noster

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Row.)—The Oxford University Press send us specimens of some new bindings and mountings for Bibles and Prayer-books. One is a typographical curiosity, the smallest Bible ever...

The History of the Jews. Edited by Alex. Murray. (Virtue,

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Spald- ing, and Daldy.)—Mr. Murray here prints in separate divisions the "Antiquities" of Josephus, the Bib to narrative, and " a condensed out- line of Jewish history, taken...

Gentleman Verschoyle. By Laura M. Lane. 3 vols. (Sampson Low

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and Co).—Miss Lane, whose first venture in novel-writing we take this to be, has given us here a book of some promise. Its chief fault we take to be a want of unity of interest....