2 MARCH 1934

Page 1

The justice of the German claim is not to be

The Spectator

seriously challenged.. It is close on. fifteen months now since Germany was promised equality of status, and though the proposal of a decision on the abolition of military...

Austria's Struggle The past week has produced an appearance of

The Spectator

increased stability in Austria, but that means little more than that. the threatened crisis has at least been postponed. The Socialists are broken and powerless, but they are...

News of the Week

The Spectator

B Y the end of this week Mr. Eden will have returned to London from Rome by way of Paris. Divergent rumours regarding the success of his journey have been current. Actually...

Orgicas : Gower St., London, W.C. I. Tel. : MUSEUM

The Spectator

1721. Entered as second-class Mail-Matter at the New York, N.Y. Post Office. Dec. 23rd, 1896. Postal subscription 308. per annum, to any part of the world. Postage on this...

Page 2

Released at Last The Bulgarian Communist, Dimitroff,‘ and his two

The Spectator

fellow-prisoners have been released, as Herr Hitler said they would be and General Goering said they would not be. It is just on a year since they were arrested and over two...

Blackshirts and Blue-Coats Since the eighteen Fascists who were charged

The Spectator

with " public mischief " in connexion with their activities in a Suffolk tithe-dispute have been committed for trial at the Old Bailey, any comment on this particular case is,...

British Foreign Trade Mr. Chamberlain pointed out last Monday that

The Spectator

the more other countries buy from us the more we shall buy from them. An examination of our imports and exports compelled him to go on to state the converse of his propo-...

Mr. Elliot's Milk Scheme Mr. Elliot's plans for the rehabilitation

The Spectator

of the milk industry were promulgated almost simultaneously with the announcement that the beet sugar subsidy, amounting to close on £4,000,000 a year, is to be maintained for...

Ministers and the Marchers Mr. MacDonald appealed to precedent in

The Spectator

endeavouring to justify his refusal to receive representatives of the unemployed marchers. He would have made a far better impression if he had realized that this was just the...

Page 3

The Week in Parliament Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes : The

The Spectator

House of Commons was both astonished and annoyed on Tuesday at Sir Herbert Samuel's support of the attack upon the Government's refusal to receive a deputation from the " hunger...

Road, Rail and Air The announcement that the four railway

The Spectator

companies in this country have combined with Imperial Airways to form a new company for the development of internal air services may with profit be read in the light of the...

One Hundred New Towns The very interesting town-planning scheme outlined

The Spectator

by Sir Frederick Maurice and others in The Times fully merits detailed study by experts, for, as The Spectator has more than once pointed out, it is essential that industrial...

As was expected, the Government has made con- siderable concessions

The Spectator

upon that part of the Unemploy- ment Bill which deals with the assessment of need, and has agreed to instruct the Unemployment Assistance Board to disregard wounds and...

Savings and. Spendings • Actually expenditure in the corning year

The Spectator

will almost inevitably increase, for though the Civil Service Estimates published this week show a net reduction of about £6,000,000 on last year's figures, the Defence Service...

Taxes and Cuts With the approach of the Budget the

The Spectator

numbers of the unofficial advisers of the Chancellor of the Exchequer are, multiplied, for it is quite certain that this financial year will close with a surplus, which goes...

Page 4

Mr, Roosevelt's First Year O N March 4th, 1933, Mr. Franklin

The Spectator

D. Roosevelt assumed the Presidency of the United States amid circumstances of unexampled crisis. The closing of the banks at the moment of his accession was merely the most...

Page 5

The Hunger Marchers 44 y OUR petitioners, as the representatives

The Spectator

of the unemployed men and women in the country and -of the thousands . of hunger marchers who have now arrived in London, humbly desire . . "—such were the opening words of the...

Page 6

A Spectator's Notebook T HE Cabinet shuffle rumours owe a good

The Spectator

deal, no doubt to the Lobby Correspondents' resourcefulness in speculation, and it is a little difficult to discoVer exactly what their starting-point was—for there was pretty...

I am watching with interest and an instinctive sym- pathy

The Spectator

the fight of the _inhabitants of Bedford Square, against the _London Passenger Transport Board which proposes to run frolleY-'buseS along the west side of the square. If I lived...

Many hard things have been said about propaganda, but when

The Spectator

it takes the form of mutual laudation, as is to be its role henceforward as between Germany and Poland, the mouth Of the critic is as it were stopped 'with honey. Nothing, so...

The Archbishop of Canterbury's statement on the question of prayers

The Spectator

for rain is worded with scrupulous care. Dr. Lang points to the existence of a prayer for rain in the Book of Common Prayer, affirms that " it is a natural and right instinct of...

The Hunger .Marehers" demonstration as I saw it was an

The Spectator

impressive but dispiriting event. The spectacle, for example, of the friendly and almost paternal police : . men riding at the head of each contingent of the forces of...

Lord Ty-rrell's resignation of the Paris Embassy was not unexpected

The Spectator

to those who knew how precarious his health has been for the past year, though the announce- ment has conic a little • earlier than was looked for. Lord. Tyrrell has...

Page 7

Germany's Handling of Unemployment

The Spectator

By H. POWYS GREENWOOD [Mr. Greenwood's next article in this series will deal with Socialism and the Work?rs in Germany.] I his last report, the British Cominercitil Counsellor...

Page 8

Christianity and Citizenship

The Spectator

By JOHN MAUD (Dean of University College, Oxford) [The concluding article in the series "Christianity and Conduct" (of which this is one) will appear in next week's SPECTATOR....

Page 9

Safe Milk for the Schools

The Spectator

By Dr. G. S. WILSON* U NDER the Education Act, 1921, a Local Authority has powers to provide meals, including milk, for children attending public elementary schools in its...

Page 10

The Middle-Class Man's Old Age

The Spectator

By HAMILTON FYFE I T has always surprised me that no proposal should have been made in the Samuel Smiles-ian Age, when thrift was preached with so much fervour, for a national...

Page 11

Iraqi Encounter

The Spectator

By NEMO W HEN we woke up in the morning a corner of the tent was blowing up. Through it came a cold, rain-laden wind. Gusts of mist were giving way in patches to a drizzle. It...

Page 12

Scottish Fish and English Trawlers

The Spectator

By SETON GORDON S TEAM trawlers are fishing vessels whiCh catch chiefly white fish inhabiting the sea bottom, by means of a trawl net which is dragged slowly along the floor of...

Page 13


The Spectator

Canada and World Peace [2'o the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Economic and social tension in Canada, as elseNs here, has stirred and changed political thinking deeply....

Deutscher Fasching

The Spectator

[VON EINEM DEUTSCHEN KORRESPONDENTEN] D ER erste Fasching musste in dem neuen, dem nunmehr vollig gleichgeschalteten Deutschland eine besondere Bedeutung haben. Das...

Page 14

A Broadcasting Calendar

The Spectator

FRIDAY; MARCH 2nd 2.3o Luncheon Spmech, Brighter Homes Exhibition, Manchester: Sire E. Hilton Young, Minister of Health N.R. 2.30 "The Would-be-goods " : S. P. B. Mais N. 7.10...

Page 15

" Windfall." By R. C. Sherrill - . At the Embassy Theatre,

The Spectator

Swiss Cottage THE windfall was the sum of £80,000 which came to Mr. Spooner as the result of a ticket in a Derby sweepstake ; a ticket acquired in no transport of speculation,...

STAGE AND SCREEN The Theatre La Compagnie des Quinze in

The Spectator

" Don Juan." By Andr6 Obey. At the Globe Theatre THE comforting thing about the medieval moralities (from the point of view of us groundlings) was their sublime certitude. Black...

" La Rue Sans Nom." At the Rialto Tins French

The Spectator

talkie is like a selection of pages from a sordidly powerful novel ; but too many pages are missing. The " street without a name," in the slums of Paris, is the scene of a...


The Spectator

Aunt Sally.—Cicely Courtneidge in lively comedy about a cabaret show and some gangsters. Miss Courtneidgc is in good form ; but too much depends on her alone. One Sunday...

The Cinema

The Spectator

" Jack Ahoy." At the Tivoli THE humour of a Hulbert or a Courtneidge film is always " typically English," which means that to many English people today it is apt to seem rather...

Page 16


The Spectator

Contemporary Classics NOTHING is more reckless than to try to anticipate the judg- ment of posterity, and to prophesy what contemporary artists will be remembered with respect...

Music Elgar's Place in European Music

The Spectator

IT is sometimes forgotten that almost all those who fully and freely recognized the true worth of Elgar's first major works and gave him practical encouragement were men of...

Page 17

a a

The Spectator

With the passing of the traditional locally made imple- ments, the countryman's habits and customs, too, have changed. Festivals, and embellishments to workmanship, have been...

Country Life

The Spectator

The Shire Show The Shire Horse Society held its annual show last week in the Agricultural Hall, Islington. It must be gratifying to every- one that the Shire Horse, which was...

Early Cuckoos The cuckoo arrives, or at least announces itself,

The Spectator

earlier every year. During the third week of February it was heard in several widely distant parts of the country. Some people maintain that late-hatched cuckoos remain in the...

That the Englishman has been the great trader and colonizer

The Spectator

is perhaps evidence that his home binds him less closely than their homes bind the Frenchman and German. Where the Englishman colonized,. as in Eastern Canada or Australia, he...

The Community Sense A German, who has been some months

The Spectator

studying the evolu- tion of English country life, called a few days ago and said, " What strikes me most is, you people have no sense of com- munity." No sense of community ! We...

An Opportune Book

The Spectator

The countryman from being immemorially a user of tools has now become a user of machines. Many of his crafts, for example, spinning, weaving and straw plaiting, have left the...

Page 18

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR —After reading the

The Spectator

two letters of Bishop Carey I -cannot help wondering whether he or any other of the excellent men who expreks sensitive aversion to " the effects of artificial means of...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Bishop Carey's further contribution on this subject will be read with sympathetic understanding by many of your readers. The problem...

Letters to the Editor

The Spectator

[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our " News of the Week" paragraphs. Signed...

Page 19


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR, Mr. Bradshaw's point is so blunt that it would be impossible to miss it. He apparently supports the Hunger March as an " immense living...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—As former Mayors we welcome the decision of the National Association of Local Government Officers to press for the establishment of...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of TIIE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The interesting paragraph in last week's " Spectator's Notebook " concerning the tragically premature death of Mr. Harold Wright, brings...

Page 20


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin,—It is unfortunate that Sir Archibald Sinclair, in his defence of the Educational Endowments (Scotland) Com- mission; should blandly...


The Spectator

Sm,—In The Spectator of February 16th I was very much surprised to read a paragraph, on that charming page of " Country Life," in which the statement is made that it is "...


The Spectator

SIR, —I note the reference to St. David's House in the article " Juveniles and Jobs " in a recent issue. The article states that St. David's House is unique in being the only...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR, —My attention has just been - drawn to the interesting paragraphs by Sir William Beach Thomas announcing Mr. Edgar Chance's wager of £100...


The Spectator

I be allowed to point out that the Imam of the London Mosque appears to have made a slip in stating that " the English law allows a husband to seek divorce by proving the wife's...


The Spectator

columns are not the most appropriate place in which to conduct a correspondence upon a technical subject. Nevertheless, may I be allowed to assure Dr. Roberts that two of the...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sia,—The publicity which is being given to a paternity case in the Press should draw attention to the unsatisfactory situation in regard to...

Page 21


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I have been following the discussions on road traffic laws with interest. Over here we say it with rhymes : " Here lies the body of...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of Tim SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Once more the notorious Scottsboro' case is coming into prominence. The third trial of the nine Negro boys, who were charged in April,...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sm,--May I reply to your reviewer's criticism of A New Argument for God and Survival ? If Mr. Heard can persuade your readers that the issue,...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR, —My wife and I listened carefully to Sir John Simon's tribute to King Albert on Sunday last, and we both distinctly heard him say, " his...

Page 22

The Making of an Idealist

The Spectator

By JOHN BUCHAN Tins is a renutemble book*, partly for its subject and partly for the spirit in which it is written. It gives a picture of youth during the last decade of the...

Page 24

Victorian Letters

The Spectator

A Great Lady's Friendships. Letters to Mary, Marchioness of Salisbury, Countess of Derby-1862-1890. Edited by Lady Burghclere. (Macmillan. 21s.) IT is impossible to reckon how...

Marxism in the Labour Party

The Spectator

Preparing for Power : A Critical Study of the History of the British Working Class Movement. By J. T. Murphy ; with a foreword by the Right Hon. Sir Stafford Cripps, K.C., M.P....

Page 26

Militarism Unabashed

The Spectator

PROFESSOR BANSE is a theorist on war, who was so far esteemed by the Nazi leadership that in February of last year they gave him the Chair (which he still holds) of Military...

Page 28

The Prison System

The Spectator

The Modern English Prison. By L. W. Fox. (Routledge. 10s. 6d.) Ax extraordinary ignorance prevails about our prison system. It was, at one tine, freely asserted that prisons...

Page 29


The Spectator

Was a German : An Autobiography. By Ernst Toiler. Translated by Edward Crankshaw. (John Lane. 58.) SOME readers may find Herr Toiler's autobiography in one respect , a little...

Page 30

Mungo Park

The Spectator

Niger : The Life of Mungo Park. By Lewis Crassie Gibbon. (The Porpoise Press. 7s. 6d.) MUNGO PARK was born in 1771, a few months after Walter Scott, an author of whom his...

Common Warship

The Spectator

Mit. MICKLEM is sure that the maintenance of the habit of common worship is essential, not only for the individual Christian, but if Christianity itself is to continue as a...

Page 32

The World in 1932 Survey of International Affairs, 1932. By

The Spectator

Arnold J. Toyabee, assisted by V. M. Boulter. (Oxford University Press. '24s.) Documents on International Affairs, 1932. Edited by John W. Wheeler-Bennett, assisted by Stephen...

Sensuous History

The Spectator

MANY people live upon the past, and possess a sixth sense that responds like a blood-pulse to the touch of old lace, portraits, furniture, letters, buildings, and other...

Page 34

Science Invades the Crime Books

The Spectator

By SYLVA NORMAN The One Sane Man. By Francis Beeding. (Hodder and Stough- ton. 7s. 6d. ) 'Alfa' knowledge grow from more to more.; but even Tennyson's Princess would have...

Page 36


The Spectator

BY HERBERT READ In a Province is that rare phenomenon-7a novel with a purpose which is also a work of art. Since it is Mr. van der Post's first novel, this is a very remarkable...

Page 38

This Gear-Changing. Two Examples

The Spectator

THERE was a time not very long ago when the motoring world was split in two by the controversy over the four-six business, whether a 6-cylindered engine was better or worse than...

Page 39


The Spectator


Page 41

On Returning to Gold

The Spectator

THE return to " the," or perhaps we should now say " a," gold standard, at a proper moment, and under proper conditions, is the declared official policy of this country. The...

Page 43

The Banking Year Deposits and Loans Lower IN normal times

The Spectator

the figures .- of bankers: 1 ‘balanceshects give a fairly clear indication not only of the position of the banks but of some of the outstanding features of the general economic...

Page 45


The Spectator

Scottish Bar , ung BY A SCOTTISII CORRESPONDENT THE annual balance-sheets of the Banks in Scotland published throughout the course of 1983 do not, as regards their main aspects,...

Page 49

Is There a Better Investment than Life Assurance ?

The Spectator

" I HAVE a better use for the money " is an excuse often made for not effecting life assurance. PreSumably what is implied is that the premiums can be invested to better...

Motor Insurance and Road Accidents MOTORISTS are relieved by insurance

The Spectator

from the financial consequences of their negligence. The questions arise whether this immunity from liability contributes in any degree to road accidents and whether its...

Page 52

London: Printed by W. SPEAICOT arm Sons, LTD., 98 and

The Spectator

99 Fetter Lane, E.C. 4. and published by Tug SPECTATOR, LTD., at their. Offices, "No. 99 Gower Street, London, W.C. 1—Friday, March 2, iSs4.

Page 53

Financial Notes

The Spectator

RISE IN BRITISH FUNDS. Tun outstanding features in the Stock Markets during the past week have been the further rise in British Funds and kindred securities and the upward...


The Spectator

The L.M. and S. Meeting A FURTHER rise in the Prior Charge stocks of English Railways, to which I have on several occasions drawn attention in these columns, has been a feature...

Page 54


The Spectator

Although the S.T.D. Motors Company may have some way to go before profits reach the standard desired, the latest report shows a very satisfactory recovery in the position. By...

v Financial Notes

The Spectator

(Continued from page 353.) BANK OF AUSTRALASIA DIVIDEND. The latest "dividend announcement by the Bank of Australasia is welcome as indicating further recovery in Australian...


The Spectator

The recent announcement of the reduction of the dividend on the Deferred shares of Bovril to 3 per cent. as compared with 6 per cent. in 1932 and 10 per cent. for 1931 had...


The Spectator

The Report of the Midland Counties Electric Supply Com- pany for the year 1933 is a good one, showing steady progress. Two years ago the trading profit was £402,000, from which...

Page 56

In 1931, D. H. Evans and Co., which is a

The Spectator

subsidiary of Harrods Ltd., was able to raise its dividend to 30 per cent., and, what is more, it has held that level since, notwithstanding the periods of depression. This is...


The Spectator

I understand that the British Linen Bank is shortly to open a branch at 198, Piccadilly, where it has acquired a prominent corner site adjacent to St. James's Church. The Branch...


The Spectator

There are probably few people in a better position to - judge the trend of business in Retail Stores than Mr. Gordon Selfridge, and at the recent annual meeting of Selfridge and...

A Hundred Years Ago

The Spectator

"THE SPECTATOR," MARCH 1sT, 1834. The past week has been a busy one at Court. On Monday, the Queen's birth-day was celebrated by a Drawing-room ; at which the company was very...

Page 58

" The Spectator " Crossword No. 75

The Spectator

By XA.NrrnrreE. I.1 prhe of one au inea trill be given to the sender of the lila eorreet solution of this week's crossword puzzle to be opened. Envelopes should be marked "...


The Spectator

IIIIUMMIUUM A ' 1 I IN/ TI RIAIN! SI I TI I I VI Trinolui BI AID' 01U1 RI Al ' II I MI BI I I BI El DIRly_iji • NI ll OININI L1011 .G1 El RI N I 1 NI 1.4 LI! E . Am N' Of NI...