3 AUGUST 1934

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Germany's Foreknowledge The most revealing evidence so far available of

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Germany's attitude towards the Austrian outrages is the statement' circulated, and then withdrawn, by the Deutsches Nachrichtenbfiro, the official German agency, on the evening...

- Austria's Recovery As more details of the revolutionary conspiracy in

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Austria come to light the failure of the attempt becomes more striking. Plans had been fully worked out, largely . on the German side of the- frontier, and the full apparently...

OFFICES: 99 Gower St., London, IV .C. 1. Tel. :

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Mosnum 1721. Entered as second-class Mail Matter at the New York, N.Y. Post Office, Dec. 23rd, 1896. Postal subscription 308. per annum, to any part of the world. Postage on...


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I T is something of a paradox that the verysuggestiveness of the parallel between the condition of Europe in July - August, 1914, and July - August, 1934, diverts from the...

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Mr. Runciman on Trade Reviewing the progress of British trade

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before Parliament rose, Mr. .Runciman naturally put things in as favourable alight as he could and gave special piomi- nence to the working of his thirteen Trade Agreements. ....

The Commons and the Air Force The Air debate in

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the House of Commons on Monday followed the expected course. The Government was strongly armed against both schools of its critics, for it could assure Major Attlee and Sir...

Parliament's Recess Members of Parliament rose on Tuesday for a

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thrce 'months' recess, and judged by their output of egislation they deserve their holiday. Indeed, this Parliament is a standing witness to the falsify of the facile...

The Economics of France .

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Everyone interested in the world's prospect from the economic angle looks out for Sir . Robert Cahill's annual report on the economics of France'. This year he stresses the...

August 1834-1934 The centenary of the liberation of Our West

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Indian slaves is indeed a date to ponder on. Of course, it was the last and not the first great tritiniph of the English liberaa tionists ; already in 1807 they had induced...

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Hospital Stability Can the great voluntary hospitals go on ?

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Can the varied sources of their income be so organized as to assure them the necessary stability ? The latest Statis- tical Review issued by King Edward's Hospital Fund answers...

A Great Parliament Man Mr. Baldwin, when unveiling in Westminster

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Abbey the tablet erected by Parliament to the Memory of Lord Oxford and Asquith, laid particular emphasis on his great position as a Parliament man. He was, he said, "in the...

The Week in Parliament Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes : The

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Commons finished with a busy week, in which the high- light was the Air debate. Mr. Baldwin, from whom much had been expected, once again showed that when speaking to a brief he...

casualties in the Factory The Annual Report of the Chief

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Inspector of Factories discloses an ugly toll of accidents in the factories and workshops. Last year 18,260 persons were injured and 688 killed. It cannot be believed that...

There was an unexpected flare-up on the final day before

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the recess, when Sir Roger Keyes fiercely indicted the Admiralty for their treatment of Admiral Tomkinson, who was in acting command at the time of the Inver- gordon mutiny. His...

A lesser, but still important, debate was started on Friday

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by Mr. Runciman's review of the trade situation. A Friday audience did not seem to realize how strongly Mr. Runciman opposed the fashionable theory that prosperity can be based...

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N O one can miss the sinister significance of the murder of the Austrian Chancellor and the death of the German President within a week of each other, just twenty years after...

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A BOUT '20,000 people are sent to prison every year by police-courts in England and Wales for failing to pay sums of money. Some of them go as an alternative to paying court...

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A SPECTATOR'S NOTEBOOK I T is a long time since a

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casual phrase has set speculation alight, and not in this country only, like Mr. Baldwin's declaration in the Air Debate that our frontier today is on the Rhine. The actual...

The outlay on keeping our cathedrals from falling down seems

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endless ; here is Peterborough, which has just spent a large sum on the roof of its eastern chapel, finding that a larger one must be spent on the founda- tions, unless...

Sir John Fischer Williams is one of those public- spirited

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citizens always ready to serve the community for no tangible reward. No sooner does his work as Chairman of a Departmental Committee on Imprisonment for Default end than he is...

The News Chronicle, which has been begging its readers to

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send it letters on the burning question of unchaperoned holidays, must have been highly gratified at the response. It has so far received—and published— communications from...

The old sporting adage, "they never come back," usually applies

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as surely to film stars as to boxers. Marie Dressier" came back" at the age of sixty, and her hold on the public continued unbroken until her death last week. A few months ago I...

Marshal Lyautey was the outstanding example in this generation of

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a great soldier making himself yet greater in peace than in war. In Indo-China and Madagascar, and, of course, supremely in Morocco, he brought civiliza- tion to savage tribes,...

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By 'HENRY W. NEVINSON I T is twenty years this Fourth of August since I. stood outside the Imperial Schloss in Berlin, where the Kaiser was telling the Deputies that no parties...

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By SIR ARTHUR SALTER T HE deterioration in the international situation during the last few years has naturally led to much questioning of the League of Nations. People ask...

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By SQUADRON-LEADER P. R. BURCHALL T HE recent air exercises over London, in which some- thing more than 350 aeroplanes were engaged, afford a very illuminating example of the...

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By SIR ARNOLD WILSON, M.P. T . look back is as natural as to look ahead, and as needful. As the length of life increases, and the birth-rate falls, so does the proportion of...

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By RUPERT CROFT-COOKE I N their new enthusiasm, the slum clearers have begun to pull down the small grey houses of Saffron Street. Already two of them have gone, and left only...

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[D'UN CORRESPONDANT FRANcAIS] L A pittoresque petite cite francaise de Saint-Malo vient d'être le theatre de manifestations qui depassent, par leur ampleur et leur accent, la...

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The Cinema

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"Men in 'White." At the Empire Tuts is an American film version of the American play now running in London. Not having seen the play, I cannot draw comparisons, but the film is...

"A Cup of Kindness." At the New Gallery HERE is

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another of the Aldwych farces transferred with little apparent alteration to the screen. Mr. Toni Walls and Mr. Ralph Lynn are once more at the head of a cast which includes Mr....


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THE Malvern Festival has not produced before, and is unlikely to produce again, a contemporary play of the quality of Mr. Johnston's Moon in the Yellow River, but its reception...

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Harvest A very early grain harvest ha.s begun with a

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vengeance. iAlost of the winter oats are reaped and in some places threshed ; and a certain amount of wheat was cut before August came; and will be in the market this week....

The Walker's Revival

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A social movement of the day has given a quite new aspect to the right of way. It no longer concerns only the local people. Riding grows a more popular amusement than it has...

" Dedication "

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Before the end of the year there should be in existence an accurate survey of all rights of way. When a path is once " dedicated " to the public that right is inalienable. The...


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The Footpath Survey Country people in many places- do not perhaps realize how important the date is for those who take Jefferies' advice and "always get over a stile." A new...

Warbler and Pipit

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Now Mr. Bunyard watched the cuckoo chiefly when victimiz- ing wagtails and reed warblers. The wagtail's nest is usually difficult of approach and the reed warbler's frailly...

British Bulbs

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The industry in British bulbs increases very rapidly. This week the Spalding Bulb Growers' Association are distributing through retailers 200,000 coloured postcards, for the...

The Cuckoo's Secret That irrepressible bird, the cuckoo, which has

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been present this year in great quantity, flutters many dovecots. One of the cardinal controversies—how the egg is introduced into the small birds nest—has been advanced a stage...

Page 15


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[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable • length is that of one of our "News of the Week" paragraphs.- Signed...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I notice in The Spectator of July 27th criticisms of my article by Sir Thomas Neill. In reply thereto I most emphati- cally repeat that...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I am naturally very

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gratified to read Mr. Kenneth Bradshaw's letter in your issue of July 27th supporting the views which I was, by your courtesy, able to express in the issue of the previous week....


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The admirable article by M. Cot in your last issue says" pretty much all that is worth saying about air warfare and its possibilities....

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sm,—The decision of the Postmaster-General to inaugurate air mails between a number of cities in this country is a step in the right...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—In the past Indian emigration has been chiefly of " unprotected labourers" whether indentured or not. In consequence, the name " Indian "...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sm,—After a stay in London for nearly a month, in which I have been able to see things from a favourable angle, I have come so the conclusion...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR, — Writing on this subject in your last issue Dr. Harry Roberts shows that he is fully conscious of the objective cruelty involved in the...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SM,—Miss Janet Adam Smith writes with commendable moderation on the question of "Walkers and Stalkers" in the Highlands, but may 1, as, to a...

Page 18


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was with a very acute sense of shock, I had almost written pain, that I noticed in "A Spectator's Notebook" in your last issue a reference to myself which I can only describe as...


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latest international crisis (in Austria) resulting, as so often has been the case, in assassination and revolution bordering on anarchy, emphasizes once again the bankruptcy of...

A Broadcasting Calendar

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FRIDAY, AUGUST 3rd 25.25 Syniphony Concert : B.B.C. Orchestra (Section B), 27.40 Here and There : Stephen King-Hall on the week's news N. 22.4 0 Tennyson's " Ulysses," read by...

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A Modern Elizabethan

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By V. SACKVILLE-WEST Mn. PETER FLEMING, as the reading world now knows, is an adventurous young- man with an acid and scornful mind, a fresh and vivid style, and a conviction...

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Good Advice from Oxford

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'personal Ethics. Edited by Professor K. E. Kirk. (Milford. 5s.) THE suggestion has recently been made that the moral world of our day is suffering from conditions analogous to...

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Another View of the Slump

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The Great Depression. (Macmillan. 80. 6d.) By Professor Lionel Robbins. EcoNoinsTs are in very ill odour just now among practical men, and the reason why is not hard to...

Florio's London John Florio. The Life of an Italian in

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Shakespeare's England. By Frances A. Yates. (Cambridge University Press. 15s.). RomANTic poets have established so firmly in our minds the translunary myth of the Mermaid...

Page 22

Unheard Melodies

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"Ix April of this year," writes Mr. Victor B. Neuberg in his Foreword to Symphony for Full Orchestra, " I was invited by the Sunday Referee to . become its Poetry-Editor. That...

All the Facts of Fiction

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Dn. BAKER has issued the fifth volume of his painstaking history of the English Novel, and a sixth volume will soon appear. Another volume, or possibly several volumes, will...

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The Dark West

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Ravens' Brood. By E. F. Benson. (Barker. is. 6d.) Ravens' Brood comes unexpectedly from the author of Dodo and David Maize, and his public, if perhaps a little discon- certed...

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By WILLIAM PLOMER The Thibaults. II: High Summer and Consulting-Day. By TEE quality of The Thibaults may not be to everyone's taste, but of its existence there can be no doubt....

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By Henri Hubert The late Henri Hubert explored the Celtic substratum of central European culture. He showed that the ancient Celts were " schoolmasters " to the Germanic...


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By Tom O'Flaherty Mr. Toni O'Flaherty avoids the extreme methods of con- temporary Irish realism in his first book, Arainnen All (Hamish Hamilton, 7s. 6d.). Many years spent in...


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By Professor Julius Pokorny Old Irish sagas offer a key to the history of European civilization, and their value has been recognized increasingly by modern scholars. The Gaels,...

Current Literature

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VOM KAISERHOF ZUR REICHSKANZLEI By Joseph Goebbels The ICaiserhof was the headquarters of the National Socialist Party in Berlin, and the scene of most of Herr Hitler's...

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Motoring The British Car Abroad - IN a large batch

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of letters from Spectator readers, written from places as far apart as Hong Kong, Croydon, India, West Africa, New Zealand and Yorkshire, are several requests for advice and...

Page 28

Financial Notes

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HOLIDAY MARKETS. THE Stock Exchange is now in the middle of what is known as a " long " account : that is to say, one covering three weeks instead of a fortnight, while this...


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Unless present indications are misleading, it would not be surprising if, given reasonable trade prosperity, the early autumn were to see some fresh revival of interest in...


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The Railway Half-Year IN The Spectator of July nth, when dealing with the Home Railway outlook, and especially with the increase in gross revenues in relation to the demand on...