3 JUNE 1899

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The decision of the Court of Cessation on the Dreyfus

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case will not be given till Saturday, or even Monday ; but it is as certain as anything can be in France just now that the Court will order that Dreyfus shall be retried, not by...

Major Marchand arrived at Toulon on -Tuesday, and received a

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greeting which in enthusiasm outdid even the famous reception .of the Russian fleet. His first speech, that in answer to the Toulon deputations, was the least discreet, and has...

The trial of M. Deroulede began in Paris on.Monday, and

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'ended on Wednesday in a verdict of "Not guilty," the jury spending twenty minutes in deliberating on the case. If France were : England, we should certainly regard this as a...


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T HE week in France has been one of intense excitement, owing to the fact that it will have witnessed before it closes the arrival of Major Marchand ; the public hearing of, and...

The reception of the Major in Paris on Thursday was,

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if possible, even more enthusiastic, but his speeches there were much more guarded and more formal. He bore himself, how- ever, with great dignity, and as he drove through the...

The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any case.

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The House reassembled on Wednesday (the Derby Day) to discuss

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Mr. Robson's Half-Timers Bill in Committee. This very important measure, which raises the age at which children can be partially exempted from school attendance from eleven to...

We note with intense satisfaction the statement made in Thursday's

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Times that Lord Londonderry has promised to preside at a meeting (to be held in one of the Committee- rooms of the House of Commons) next week to consider what steps shall be...

The Times of Tuesday quotes from the Johannesburg Star the

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text of a despatch by Mr. Chamberlain, and the answer by Mr. Reitz, the Transvaal State Secretary,—the subject in dis- pute being the dynamite monopoly. Mr. Chamberlain asserts...

The Peace Conference has shown a great deal of activity

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during the week. We deal elsewhere with the various pro- posals for arbitration and mediation that are being discussed, and will only say here that they were received and...

An abstract of the Report to be presented at the

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annual meeting of the Suez Canal Company appeared in Monday's Times. From this it appears that the receipts for 1898— 87,906,000 francs—have exceeded those of any previous year,...

On Tuesday Sir Alfred Milner and President Kruger arrived at

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Bloemfontein, and on Wednesdaythe first meeting of the Conference took place for settlement of preliminaries. The proceedings are to be strictly private. Mr. Fischer, a Free...

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The by-election at Southport has resulted in the return of

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the Liberal candidate, Sir George Pilkington, by a majority of 583 votes over Mr. C. B. Balfour. The votes polled, 5,635 and 5,052, show an increase of 535 and 224 on the...

An amazing story, illustrative of the fatuous methods of the

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French General Staff, is narrated with the utmost circum- stantiality of detail by a correspondent of the Daily Chronicle in Wednesday's issue. Of late years the notorious...

During the past week the breakdown in the negotiations between

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this country and Canada and the United States in regard to the Alaskan boundary and other outstanding ques- tions has been causing a great deal of public comment. It is very...

We noticed last week the speech in which Mr. Chamberlain

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declared that personally he would vote for no scheme of old- age pensions which did not separate the deserving from the undeserving poor, and insisted that the best test for...

On Tuesday Sir William Harcourt addressed a meeting of his

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constituents in the Hermon Baptist Chapel, Nantyglo, and spent a great part of his time in doing what Mr. Morley only last week declared to be "contending for the shadow of the...

That is a.great political truth exceedingly well put, and we

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congratulate Sir William Harcourt on its enunciation. It must be remembered, however, that it is exactly the policy which Lord Salisbury has most consistently and most success-...

Bank Rate, 8 per cent.

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New Consols (20 were on Friday 109*.

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THE SITUATION IN FRANCE. I T has been a wonderful week in France, for into it have been crowded a whole series of stirring events, —the final sittings of the Court of...

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MHE controversy that is raging in the columns of the I • Times in regard to Free-trade and bounties is curious and interesting from many points of view. In the first place, it...

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MEDIATION v. ARBITRATION. T HE discussion of arbitration projects at the

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Hague Conference has assumed an unexpected importance. The most sceptical critic of the Czar's intentions, and of the probability that the Conference will give effect to them,...

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W ITHIN the next few weeks a popular vote will be taken that may affect very materially the outlook with which the Australian Colonies will enter the twentieth century. We...

EMILIO CASTE LAIL THERE is probably no man who ever

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lived who, how- 1 ever far he may have risen above the general standard of his nation, does not in some degree partake of its qualities. Philosophers are, doubtless, the least...

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I S conscious guilt confused ? That is the question that is constantly asked by the officers of justice, and constantly answered with levity which deepens the well of truth. "To...

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W E are evidently on the eve of a revolution in' railway travel almost as remarkable as was the initiation of that travel itself seventy years ago. It is true that the new...

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IN THE JAWS OF THE LION. T HE Somalis, who make

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it their business to accompany sportsmen from Berbera inland, have a lively recollection of all the places where accidents have recently occurred. They take peculiar pride in...

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ROYAL NAVAL ENGINEERS. [To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR:'] Sra,—A very grave danger to our naval supremacy is existing unknown to the general public. The professional...

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[TO THE 4DITOB OF THE " SP , ECTATOR.1 SIR,—I humbly venture to suspect that having led an epigram for the fun of it, you have not sufficient small truths to estab- lish your...

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. (TO THE EDITOR Os' THE "SPECTATOR"] e Sin,—The name of Mr. Charles Booth commands respect, and his scheme, as you justly observe, is entitled to special atten- tion as a...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sur,—The "Twenty Years' Resident" who refers in the Spectator of May 20th to the punctuation an French coins after the words...

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. "] SIR,—I venture to ask you again to kindly insert in the Spectator an appeal on behalf of the Naples Society for the Protection of Animals....


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. "] Sin,—Would you perhaps think well to add the following lines, so eloquent in their concise pathos, to your instances of the lapidary style?...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR:'] SIR, — The inscription which Mrs. Marston sent to you written by Miss Frances Power Cobbe, is one that is contemplated and under...

[To THE EDITOR OP TEE "SPECTATOR."] S111, — Will you allow me

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to endorse the criticism of Mr. C. R• Haines on the advantages of Latin over English for memorial S - - inscriptions I think an even more striking instance than the epitaph on...

[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR-1 SIR,—Adverting to your reference

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to the memorial tablet to the heroic stewardess .of the `Stella,' and to your remarks upon it, how striking are these lines of Alfred Tennyson's, conveying the same idea:— " No...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIE, — In your note in the Spectator of May 27th on the Inter- national Congress on Tuberculosis now being held in Berlin, you comment on the...

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[TO THE EDITOR OP TEE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—I think your correspondent "W. G. S. M." will find the best explanation of the "attitude maintained towards the world by Catholics" in...

rro THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—In reply to the

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question raised by your correspondent "W. G. S. M.," may I submit to your readers a theory which seems to me to account for the peculiarity which he describes The mediaeval...


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SIR, — In every department of life exceptions are to be found which prove the rule. The conclusions at which your corre- spondent "W. G. S. M.," in the Spectator of May 27th,...

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THOUGHTS IN A MEADOW. O WHY in this breathing field, this meadow of Maytime, . A-flurry with silverous gusts ; Why, 0 my soul, must thou still with a sadness behold it :...


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Sra,—With reference to various comments in the Spectator of May 27th on the sentence in M. de Staal's opening speech, "Sans rien sacrifier de nos esperances ulterieures," allow...


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[To THE EISITOR OP THE 'SPECTATOR.1 Szu,—In your article in the Spectator of May 27th on "The Queen's Equanimity," you allude to an often repeated story of a saying of John...


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(TO THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR.") Slit,—The above still continues to be so invariably quoted as the correct form of a celebrated sentence of Buffon's, that I am moved to beg...


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writ "Stiorston."] Sin,—To illustrate the horror entertained of pauper btrial by the poorer classes, I should like to cite the case of a widow personally known to me, who has...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "STIBTETOR.1 SIR,—In the interesting article on the subject of dictionaries in the Spectator of May 27th, occur the words :—"Heedless of the hackneyed...

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MR. SHELDON'S " SERMON-STORIES."* MR. SHELDON, the minister of a Congregational church in Kansas, has presented the public with a literary puzzle. He has written a number of...

HENRY GEORGE LIDDELL.* IT is not saying too much, though

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it would be difficult to say more, when it is claimed that Dean Liddell was a worthy suc- cessor of Dean Gaisford. Both held a sort of primacy among the heads of houses of their...

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THE CUCHULLIN SAGA.* WHATEVER may be thought of the merits

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of Celtic literature or the virtues of the Celtic races, there can be no doubt as to the influence, the somewhat mysterious and unaccountable influence, which both have...

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THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION.* IN these two well-printed and well-illustrateu vGiunicq,

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Mr. Lodge has told the story of the Revolution by which the thirteen colonies in which originated the United States of America politically separated themselves from England. It...

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NOVELS OF THE WEEK.* IT is interesting to note the

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swing of the pendulum in regard to the delineation of low life in fiction. Dickens, who was practically the first to popularise this genre, though he gave us Fagin, Bill Sikes,...

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THE June number of the Nineteenth Century is a good one. The padding interests us rather less than usual, but there are at least five articles from which the reader may derive...

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Modern England from the Reform Bill to the Present Time.

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By Justin McCarthy, M.P. ('I'. Fisher Unwin. 5s.)—Readers who are acquainted with Mr. Justin McCarthy's " History of Our Own Tifues " do not need to be told what kind of a book...


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SOME BOOKS OF THE WEEK. [Under this heading,we notice such Books of the week as hav e.not been reserved for review in other forms.] A Thousand Days in the Arctic. By Frederic...

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First Steps in International Law. By Sir Sheraton Baker, Bart.

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(Began Paul, Trench, and Co. 12s.)—Sir Sheraton Baker delivered a little more than a year ago a lecture on the Rights of Belligerents and Neutrals," and suggested various...

An American Cruiser in the East. By John D. Ford.

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(H. R. Allenson. 124.)—Mr. John D. Ford, who describes himself as "Fleet Engineer of the Pacific Station," left San Francisco for the Behring Sea in a United States cruiser. The...

History Up to Date, by William A. Johnston (H. R.

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Allenson. 6s.), is a " Concise Account of the War of 1898 between the United States and Spain," a war which, according to the author, "found the United States of America a...

The Prophecies of the Brahan Seer. By Alexander Mackenzie. (Eneas

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Mackay, Stirling, N.B.)—The curious in the matter of prophecy and second-sight may read this book to advantage. The "Brahan Seer " was a certain " Coinneach Odhar " of Uig in...

The Hereford Earthquake of December 17th, 1896. By Charles Davison,

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Sc.D. (Cornish Bros., Birmingham. 10s. 6d.)—The " Here- ford Earthquake" took place at 5.30 a.m. on the day mentioned above. Mr. Davison, with an industry which is beyond all...

IA:genie, Empress of the French. By Clara Tschudi. Authorised Translation

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from the French by E. M. Cope. (Swan Sonnenschein and Co. 6s.)—We can honestly praise this book, but with the reserve that its appearance should have been postponed. . The very...

True Tales of Trarel and Adventure. By Harry de Windt.

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(Ghetto and Windus. Ss. 6d.)—Mr. de Windt knows how to tell a story. This is the only criticism which it is necessary to make on this volume, for of true stories—and the author...

Memories of Half - a - Century. By Richard W. Hiley, D.D. (Long- mans

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and Co. 15s.)—Dr. Hiley has written a volume of auto- biography. Probably there are at least a thousand clergymen who might have done the same, and with equal success This...

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Translations from Poushkin. By Charles Edward Turner. (Sampson Low, Marston,

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and Co. 8s. 6d.)—These translations do not, it must be said. possess any very distinct literary charm of their own. Yet they will be welcome. The author has done his best to...

The Scottish Kings, 1005-1625, by Sir Archibald H. Dunbar (D.

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Douglas, Edinburgh, 12s. 6d.), is a " Revised Chronology of Scottish History," with an abridged chronicle of events and persons, pedigrees, tables of marriages, calendars, and a...

MISCELLANEOUS. — The Dog : its External and Internal Organisation,

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edited by Alexander C. Piesse (George Philip and Son, 3s. 6d. net), contains a description of the dog generically and of the principal varieties, sporting and non-sporting, with...