5 AUGUST 1899

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M. DtSroulede on Sunday delivered another speech in which he

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propounded the monstrous doctrine that the burden of proof against Dreyfus did not lie with his accusers. He must prove, and prove completely, his innocence, not they his guilt....

More letters have been published this week about the Dreyfus

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case. One is a letter from the late Colonel Sand- herr advising the editor of the Echo de l'Armee not to assume his confession, for it was never made. What Dreyfus said was that...

The Canadian House of Commons: on Monday, at the invitation

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of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, the Prime Minister, passed a unanimous Resolution supporting the Imperial Govern- ment in their controversy with the Transvaal. The Resolu- tion, besides...


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T HERE is no fresh news of importance from South Africa. It is known that the Transvaal Executive have received Mr. Chamberlain's proposals for a Joint Commis- sion of Inquiry...

M. Delcasse, the French Minister of Foreign Affairs, has gone

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to St. Petersburg, and the Continent is anxiously dis- cussing the object of the visit. The semi-official reason, which is probably the true one, is that M. Delcasse is anxious...

* ** The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in

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any case.

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The Royal Niger Company Bill was read a second time

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in the House of Lords on Tuesday. Lord Salisbury took the occasion tb support Sir George Gol'die's contention that the main object of the Company Was philanthropic and political...

The Peace Conference at the Hague ended its labours on

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July 29th. Its President, M. de Steal, the Russian Minister in Holland, pronounced its requiem in a well-considered epeech, the drift of which was that the Conference has failed...

The enormous financial obligations involved in the proposals of the

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Old-Age Pensions Committee have at once been seized upon by the Protectionists—as we fele-mire they would and it has been suggested by a writer in the Daily Telegraph that...

The operative part of Mr. Chamberlain'a speech was, how- ever,

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his announcement that the Government had proposed to President Kruger that a joint Commission should inquire into the last franchise proposals of the Transvaal in order to...

The text of the Report of the Select Committee on

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Old-Age Pensions was published on Tuesday. It proposes that a pension shall be granted to any person, who (1) is a British subject; (2) is sixty-five years of age; (3) has not...

The Government, impressed by the arrears in the Court of

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Chancery, has agreed to strengthen the Bench by one new Judge, and on Monday the House of Commons passed the Motion by a vote of 159 to 38. Such opposition as there was, was...

In the House of Lords on Friday, July 28th, the

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South African debate was opened by Lord Camperdown. Lo'rd Selborne, as Under-Secretary for the Colonies, made a firm but temperate speech, his strongest point being that, though...

In the House of Commons Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman opened the

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debate by a speech which, though it occasionally showed leanings towards the Boers' view of the situation, was not, on the whole, calculated to encourage President Kruger. Mr....

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On Monday the two Archbishops gave their decision as to

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the lawfulness of the liturgical use of incense and of processional lights. Incense, they decide, must not be used liturgically or as part of public worship, though the...

The Naval Manoeuvres have resulted in the victory of the

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B Squadron,—the squadron which, in effect, represented the United Kingdom. The B Squadron went out to meet a Convoy of food ships in the Atlantic, met it, and brought it home...

We record with very great satisfaction the announce- ment that

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Sir Julian Pauncefote is to be raised to the Peerage. Though the apparent occasion is the end of the Peace Conference, the services chiefly recognised are undoubtedly thoSe...

An amazing romance of high life has just been terminated

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in the Assiie Courts at Venice by the condemnation of a Duchess to twenty-five months' imprisonment for forgery. It appears, from the narrative given in Wednesday's Daily Mail,...

This Government certainly has financial e..mrage. In a despatch dated

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July 25th, and published on the 28th of the same month, Lord George Hamilton informs the Government of India that the Report of the Currency Committee is accepted by the...

It will probably be some years before the United States,

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having pacified and absorbed Cuba, proceed to pacify and absorb St. Domingo. They are pretty sure to do it in the en& for the island is full at once of riches and disorder,...

The decision ends with a most earnest and dignified appeal

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to the cldrgy in regard to the duty of submission to episcopal authority in the matters dealt with. All clergymen con- sented to the Book of Common Prayer, and the Book of...

Bank Rate, 3-1 per cent. New Consols (2) were on

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Friday 1051.

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PRESIDENT KRUGER'S OPPORTUNITY. P RESIDENT KRUGER has before him an opportunity such as comes to few statesmen. If even now he were to act the kind of part that the Emperor...

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W E do not believe that this country is in serious danger from a European coalition,—firstly, because of the difficulty of forming one ; secondly, because of the difficulty of...

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THE PERMANENT VALUE OF DIPLOMACY. T HE announcement that Sir Julian

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Pauncefote has been created a Peer has probably surprised a . certain number of newspaper readers. They . have recognised the propriety of the step after a moment's reflection,...


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T HE reluctance of Ministries and Varna ments to increase the number of Judges is a, very curious fact. There is plenty of money to pay them with not derived from taxation, and...

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THE DECISION OF THE ARCHBISHOPS. T HOSE who throughout the present

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troubles and dis- contents in the Church have held fast to the belief that the Court of the Archbishops would prove a Tribunal Competent to provide the necessary discipline for...

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THE DYING OF DEATH. T HAT the thought of death is

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ceasing to act as a motive in life, as Mr. Joseph Jacobs affirms in the singular paper in the Fortnightly Review which he calls "The Dying of Death," is, we think, an untenable...

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A REMARKABLY brilliant summer is in its full efful• gence, and crowds of jaded city folk are renewing their youth on mountain-top, on moorland heather, or by the sea. Year by...

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IN TNETHER there be anything in their atirrgundings at sea that makes animals more amenable to the taming process is, perhaps, not a question to be easily answered. But one...

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AN ALBERTA TROUT-STREAM. [TO THE EDITOR OF TRR " SPECTATOR-1 Snt,—The creeks that rise in the Rockies and flow into the big rivers of the Norte-West are very unlike the...

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A KENTISH HILL-VIEW FOR THE PEOPLE. [To TEM EDITOR OF THS STICTATOR.1 Sin,—In the Spectator of July 29th there appeared an interesting letter contrasting our English scenery...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SrEarAToa."] Sin,—In an article on "The Pope's Personality" in the Spectator of July 20th it is said I "M. de Narfon tells us that the Irish Saint...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sin,—Your interesting article, " The Naturalist on the Thames," in the Spectator of July 29th, perhaps gives too much credit to the clause...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIRS It is no doubt true that the South African debates last Friday in the two Houses showed a very considerable agree- ment between leading...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.") SIE,—It would be sufficient to point out in reply to the Rev. Roland E. Matthew, that the inquiry at Lambeth concerning Reservation has not...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE `SPECTA,TOR.7] SIR,—Under the heading I have quoted "A, B." tells in the Spectator of July 29th a veritable "story," which I undertake to nail at once as...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—Advertitig to the letter on this subject in the Spectator of July 29th, I believe I can give you some trustworthy information. When a....


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reference to your footnote in reply to "A. B.'s " letter, permit me to suggest there is a slight misunderstand- ing. The falls on the Godavary cannot by any stretch of the...


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THE `;SPECTATOR."] SIR,—The Spectator is generally credited with a desire for judicial fairness. To that desire I venture to appeal in asking leave to say a word of protest,...


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SIR,—The somewhat vague picturesqueness of Sir William Hunter's description of the Godavery gorge, quoted in your note to "A Story of Von Moltke," has misled you. There are no...

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PAUL KRUGER. DEEP mournful eyes that seek the ground The devious path to trace ; The giant form of Lincoln, crowned By Cromwell's grosser face ; Coarse rustic garb, of uncouth...


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OLIVER CROMWELL.* IT would be difficult to imagine a more thoroughly inveis- factory book than that which forms the subject of this notice, • Myer eromicet By S. R. Gardiner....

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THERE are few facts more characteristic of our century than the remarkable discoveries in archmology. The farther removed we are from remote antiquity the more we know about it....

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TN the interesting pages in which he describes the rapid growth of the popularity of golf in Engand, and enumerates the causes of the recent " boom," Mr. Horace Hutchinson...

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THERE are not many families which have produced in three generations three men so distinguished as Sir Henry, Sir Philip, and Algernon Sidney. Nor was the type of greatness...

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NOVELS OF THE WEEK.* WE are afraid that Mr. Grier's

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prose epic of the age of Clive can hardly challenge comparisons with Homer's except in regard to its length. The scope and method of Like Another ' Helen are accurately...

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THE Nineteenth Century for August has some very good papers. The one which will be looked at first is, we doubt not, the essay headed " Why are our Brains Deteriorating ? " by...

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THE MINOR MAGAZINES. The August number of Macmillan's Magazine is rather disap- pointing. The general articles are distinctly below the very high average of the magazine. The...

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The Transvaal Crisis. By Sir Henry Meysey-Thomson, Bart. M.P. (Sampson

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Low, Marston, and Co. 6d.)—This is a fair- minded pamphlet, and, though it contains no new facts, brings out clearly the essential conditions of the problem. Its character...

A Manual of Essay - Writing. By J. H. Fowler, M.A. (A.

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and C. Black. 2s. 6d.)—With the proviso that a boy or girl must have something in head and heart to write an essay at all, this book should do its work well. It contains some...

Contemporary Spain as Shown by her Novelists. A Compilation by

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Mary Wright Plummer. With an Introduction by Edward E. Hale, D.D. (Truelove, Hanson, and Combes).—This is a very naive piece of bookmaking. Miss Plummer explains that having...

Other People's Wings. By T. W. H. Crosland. (At the

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Sign of the Unicorn. 6d.)-1 modest little volume this, welcome because it gives us a chance of reading, whether for the first or second time, some clever verses that have...


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(Under this heading we notice such Books of the week as have not been reserved for review in other forms.] America in the East. By William Elliot Griffis. (J. Clarke and...

Common Sense in Education. By P. A. Barnett. (Longmans and

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Co. 6s.)—It is unusual to find a book upon teaching that can be read without considerable effort, so seriously do its pro- fessors take themselves. Mr. Barnett has the grace...

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Essays on Robert Browning. By Marion Little. (Swan Sonnenschein and

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Co. 3a. 6d.)—We would specially commend to our readers the chapter on " Browning's Public." It sets forth admirably the greatness and the limitations of the poet. Miss Little...

THEOLOGY.—The Student's Life of Paul. By George Holley Gilbert, D.D.

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(Macmillan and Co. 58. net.)—Professor Gilbert limits his task to the history of St. Paul. excluding the considera- tion of his teaching. The line is somewhat difficult to...

A System of Medicine. By Many Writers. Edited by F.

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Clifford Allbntt. (Macmillan and Co. Vol. VII. 25s. net.)—This is the seventh volume, and contains a continuation of " Diseases of the Nervous System," among them being...

MiscaLtessous. — Greek Prose Phrase-Book. By H. W. Auden. (W. Blackwood and

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Sons. 3e. 6d.)—Mr. Auden published some little time ago a " Latin Phrase-Book," which we had the pleasure of noticing. This was a translation of Meissner. The present book is...