6 MARCH 1909

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It will be seen that this is an extremely skilful

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document, as it puts on the Powers the onus of acting consistently on the principle, in which all of them (except Austria-Hungary and Germany, of course) have declared their...

The Times of last Saturday published from its special corre-

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spondent at Teheran an account of an interview with the Shah. The correspondent says that the Shah " possesses a sensible and logical view of the situation according to his...

Mr. Taft was inaugurated on Thursday at Washington as President

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of the United States, but the ceremony was almost completely spoiled by a snowstorm which cut Washington off from the rest of the country and interrupted the telegraphic...

We cannot pass over the retirement of Mr. Roosevelt without

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adding a few words in review of his remarkable presidency, and as a token of very warm admiration for him as a man. He will always be remembered as the President who was...


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rE news from South-Eastern Europe on Friday morning was, on the whole, more favourable. But we would remark that it is apparently as easy for the various capitals to be unduly...

* * The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in

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any case.

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Mr. Balfour, while applauding the compassionate torte of Mr. Lloyd

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George's peroration, pronounced his speech unsatisfactory. The Bill was for persons over seventy, and did nothing to relieve the sufferings and privations endured by many others...

The debate on the Azeff scandal, which was begun in

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the Duma on Thursday week, was not finished till the early hours of the next morning. M. Stolypin, according to Reuter's report, declared that he had no evidence on which to...

Mr. Haldane's Memorandum on the Army Estimates was issued last

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Saturday. The total stands at £27,465,000, showing a decrease of £24,000 as against the figures fot 1908-9. This result has been brought about by the withdrawal of troops from...

Turning to the policy of " anticipated " works, Mr.

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Balfour said it was not satisfactory that in its efforts to get over the dead times of trade the State should turn highly skilled workmen on to work for which they Were as...

We deal in another column with the opening stages of

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the debate on unemployment and Mr. Burns's vigorous defence of his administration of the Unemployed Workmen Act. The Labour Party's attack Was resumed on Wednesday by Mr. Ramsay...

The trial of Dinuzulu ended at Greytown on Wednesday in

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his conviction on the charge of harbouring rebels and Bare- baata's relatives. He was accordingly sentenced by the Court to four years' imprisonment, to run from the date of his...

The feature of the debate, however, was a curious speech

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from Mr. Balfour, who, while applauding Mr. Bruns far his courage, significantly refrained from approval of his policy, and proceeded to criticise it in a spirit which bore a...

The administration of the Old-Age Pensions Act was dis- cussed

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in Committee on Monday on the Motion of Mr. Fell, who charged the Government with lack of foresight, and called attention to the anomalies revealed by the Irish statistics....

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The Indian Councils Bill passed the Committee stage in the

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House of Lords on Thursday, but one important alteration was made in spite of the vigorous protests of Lord Morley of Blackburn. Lord Macdonnell proposed to omit Clause which...

Bank Rate ; 8 per cent., changed from 2i per cent.

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Jan. 14th. Coney's (24) were on Friday 84i—Friday week 84k.

On Wednesday Sir Edward Grey received a deputation from the

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Associated Chambers of Commerce on the Congo question. He said that he should not complain of the Belgian delay in, replying to the last despatch of the British Government if...

Turning to the cavalry, Mr. Haldane said that he proposed

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to establish six cavalry depots, which could also be used as training schools for Yeomenry, and to add to each regiment a reserve of trained horses, which when not required...

Of Mr. Haldane's speech, which lasted two hour* and was

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packed from end to end with facts and figures, we can only give the barest summary. He began by alluding to the groat improvement in recruiting for the Regulsr battalions, a...

Three by-elections have been held during the past week. In

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Forfarshire the vacancy created by the elevation of Mr. Sinclair to the Peerage has been filled by the return of the Liberal candidate, Mr. Falconer, the figures showing a con-...

In conclusion, Mr. Haldane reiterated his eoneictiole of the need

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of keeping the overseas army intact and strong. "Fifty-six thousand recruits have to be got every year to keep our Regular Army and Our Special Reserve going, and I say it would...

The fiscal issue was prominent throughout the contest, Mr. Scott-Dickson

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being a strong Tariff Reformer, though disavow- ing the methods of the Confederates ; but we see no reason to dispute the statement of the Glasgow Herald—in view of the fact...

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THE NAVY ESTIMATES. N OT long after these pages are in our readers' bands the country will know the shipbuilding programme for the coming year in detail. It is the hope of every...

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W HEN we have protested against the betrayal of Free-trade involved in the policy of the present Government, a policy which has robbed them of the confidence of moderate men, it...

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S INCE we wrote last week on the dangerous dispute between Austria-Hungary and Servia, Russia has taken a step in the policy which, we explained, would be extremely difficult...

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I T is not often that a deputation is received so sympathetically as that which represented to Mr. Gladstone last week the evils of newspaper gambling. Mr. Gladstone promised...

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D EBATES on the condition and treatment of the unemployed continue to run their unsatisfactory course. Labour Members bring charges against the Local GOvernment Board for not...

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I N very few of His parables does our' Lord make any direct allusion to God. The personifications of poetio justice who apportion praise and blame, rewards and punish- ments,...

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rINE of the attractions of a fall of snow at the" Zoo" is the index it provides of the unseen and half-seen wild life outside the cages. The tracks of the creatures who move...

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W HO can doubt that the moat personal,.the most self- revealing, of all the arts is the art of caricature P The poet, the dramatist, the musician, the great painter or...

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A CANADIAN. VIEW OF RECIPROCITY AND IMPERIALISM. [TO 155 EDITOA OF 11113 " SPEOTATOR."] SIR,—The worst enemy of Canada is the man who declares that, if we are permitted to...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR."' Six,--A spirit of restless inquiry is moving rapidly among the nations of the East; and nowhere are its manifestations more striking than...


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THE GOVERNMENT AND THE LORDS. fro THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. "] SIR,—Your article upon the Government and the House of Lords in the issue of February 27th is rather...


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"SPECTATOR."] Sin,—The account given by " Onlooker " in your issue of the 27th ult. of some features in the Tariff Reform campaign in the Border Burghs may or may not be...


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[To THE EDITOR or THE "..SPECTATOR. "] SIR,—Perliaps you will allow me to reply to a letter which appeared in last week's Spectator signed " R. R. G." com- plaining of my action...

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LTO THE IDDzTOE OF YES "EPFOTAT011.".1 Sin,—My occasional attempts to describe in your columns the Chauvinism which at present dominates Hungarian politics have been met in...

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[To TIIR EDITOR OY TILE "BPIIOTATOR.1 Sin,—The writer of the article on " Village Playgrounds" in the issue of February 13th is to be congratulated upon the fact that be has...


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spicarkToa."3 Sal ea6v mix enov iv arn. ("And a sanctuary I saw not therein.") STR,—I have written these words at the head of my letter in order, with your permission, to...


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(To rite Norroo or TER " SPECTATOR.") Sin,—Leaving economy wholly aside, surely no reasonably civilised person would suggest that anything but ruination from an aesthetic point...

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. "] SIR,—The interesting article on

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this subject in your issue of February 27th recalls the lines of Juvenal (Sat. XIV. 44-49) on family life :- " Nil dictu foedum visuque haec limina tangat, intra quae puer est...


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[To THE EDITOR OP THE " SPECTATOR."' SIR,--4 think the following extract from a letter just received from New Zealand may interest your readers as a practical commentary on the...


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AWAY." [To THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR. "] SIR,—The original phrase, of which the saying attributed to Southey by Mr. Leonard (Spectator, February 27th) is a modification,...


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SIR,—Tbe following is a translation from Martial by Leigh Hunt "Underneath this greedy stone Lies little sweet Erotion : Whom the Fates, with hearts as cold, Nipped away at...


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[TO TI1 IC EDITOR OP TIIR "Sr ROTATOR.") SIR,—In the Spectator of February 13th your reviewer of " William Morris," by Alfred Noyes, gives Mr. Noyes credit for "a noble...


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SIR,—Surely the briefest survey of " Children in Latin Poetry" (see Spectator, February 27th) should have referred to Martial'S lovely epitaph :-- "./Eolidos Canaco jacet hoc...

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$FROTATOR."] Stn,—The following may show why farming does not pay sometimes (see Spectator, February 20th). A. few days ago I was in a neighbouring town on market day, and heard...


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[To TM • EDITOR or TH• EPRO rATOR.1 Six,—An entirely new edition of the late Baron von Biedermann's standard collection of all known conversations of Goethe is now being...


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GILLY. (" The Liberty Not to Fight for One's Country.") WHERE have you been, Gilly, where have you been P Shooting at a mark with the lads upon the green P Or out on the moor...

NOTICE.—When Articles or "Correspondence" are signed with the writer's name

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or initials, or with a pseudonym, or are marked "Communicated," the Editor must not necessarily be held to be in agreement with the views therein expressed or with the mode of...


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SIR GEORGE MACKENZIE, KING'S ADVOCATE.* MR. LANs has done yeoman service to the cause of historical justice by reviving certain reputations which party acri. mony has tended to...


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M. SIMON HUSSY'S PASTELS. NEARLY all Englishmen are lovers of natural landscape, and, for that very reason, a large number of Englishmen take their aesthetic pleasure in...


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IRISH CONSTABLE. Wit are glad to be able to announce that the various funds raised for the family of Constable Goldrick have met with so warm a response that no more money is...

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Or the two books before us, that by Miss Burstall, Head- Mistress of the Manchester High School for Girls (the book is inscribed to Miss M. Gaskell and Sir Edward Donner, to...

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ALL sports and pastimes have their "shop" talk, cricket not less than the others ; and cricket "shop," or, as one might call it, "pavilionese," can be no better than golf...

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THIS book is an evidently amateur piece of work, but by no means without merit and attractiveness. The style is often too ornamental, the English is not always good, the...

CHINESE PORCELAIN.* Anoum the year A.D. 1575 a distinguished Chinese

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connoisseur, collector, and artist prepared an album in four volumes, in which he described and illustrated eighty-three pieces of porcelain. This album had been preserved in...

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PROFESSOR VAIVIBItRY writes at length in the Nineteenth Century on "The Future of Constitutional Turkey." In his opening retrospect he gives an interesting reminiscouce of the...


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'SOME years ago a distinguished French author traversed India with eyes painfully averted from the distasteful spectacle of her British rulers, and presented his readers on his...

THE PROBLEM OF THEISM.* Kn. Pxeou's essays are deeply interesting,

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yet there is about them an element of disappointment. He asks questions of vital moment ; he begins to argue about them as though he were working up to an optimistic conclusion...

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THE GIFTED FAMILY.* Or recent years there has been an acute conflict of opinion • over the significance of the suburbs—from the point of view of fiction. The realists, with the...

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Flowers and Gardens of Japan. Painted by Ella Du-Cane, and

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Described by Florence Du-Cane. (A. and C. Black. 20s. net.) —The • publishers make a welcome addition to their " Series of Beautiful Books." Much in Japanese horticulture is...


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[Under this heading we notice inch Books of the week as have not bees reserved for review in other forms.] The Care of Natural Monuments. By H. Convents. (Cambridge University...

Peter. By F. Hopkinson Smith. (Hodder and Stoughton. Os.) —This

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is another American novel, but most of the scene is laid in New York, and although the latter part of the story passes in the country, the characters are most of them New...

The Greater Love. By Anna McClure Shell. (T. Fisher Unwin.

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es.) — This is a story of provincial life in America. It differs in many ways from the books on this subject from which English readers have been accustomed to get their...

The Heart of Lakeland. By Lehmann J. Oppenheimer. (Shorratt and

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Hughes. Os. net.)—This volume is largely occupied with the Lake region as it appears at times when it is not a popular resort, with certain out-of-the-way spots in it, and with...

Roads to Riches. By Thornton Hall. (T. Werner Laurie. as.

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6d. net.)—This "Romance of Money-Making "—it might be added of " Money-Losing "—is full of anecdote. Mr. Hall begins with telling us how various millionaires on both sides of...

READABLE NOVELS. —The Mystery of the Myrtles. By Edgar Jepson. (Hutchinson

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and Co. 6e.)—A. story of the occult which ought to satisfy even the most robust appetite. No one could desire a more complete clearing of the scene than that which the last...

We have received the second volume of Lives of the

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British. Saints, by S. Baring-Gould, M.A., and John Fisher, B.D. (C.' J. Clarke, 65 Chancery Lane, for the Society of Cymmrodorion). The volume includes from "S. Cadell—S....

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Transactions of the Third International Congress for the History of

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Religions. 2 vols. (The Clarendon Press. 21s. net.)—The Congress was hold, as our readers will doubtless remember, in the late summer of last year. Its Transactions now appear...

The Newspaper Press Directory. (C. Mitchell and Co. 2s.)— This

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directory, now in its- sixty-fourth year, contains, as usual, much matter interesting to those who write and those who read newspapers,—also, we should add, to those who...

The Public Schools Year Book (Swan Sonnensehein and Co., 8s.

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Eld. net) appears for the twentieth time. The term "public school " is liberally interpreted, for the list contains about a hundred and twenty names, giving all particulars...

Of what promises to be a very useful series, "Cambridge

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County Geographies," General Editor, F. H. H. Guillemard, M.D. (Cambridge University Press, is. 6d. per vol.), we have four volumes, Essex, Kent, Surrey, Sussex, all by Mr....

SemooL-Boons.—Two volumes of the useful "Royal School Series" (T. Nelson

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and Sons) are before us. These are High Roads of History, by C. M. Wilmot-Buxton (1s. 6d.), giving an account of British colonisation, conquest, and exploration ; and...

Walford's County Families of the United Kingdom. (Spottiswoode and Co.

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50s. net.)—This annual publication, now in its forty- ninth year, combines the titled and untitled aristocracy. It would probably be possible to find a name here and there with...