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Naval Reduction On Tuesday Mr. MacDonald opened the general debate

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in the Assembly of the League. It is worth noting that his speech was broadcast. Millions of listeners all over the world were thus made part of his audience at Geneva. The...

We have written in a leading article on the problems

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of the Optional Clause. The wording runs : " The undersigned, being duly authorized thereto further declare, on behalf of their Government, that from this date they accept as...

It is reasonable to assume that the discussions, though conducted

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with a determination to agree—a determination which we have no doubt will triumph—have been rather less tractable than Mr. MacDonald expected. No doubt the three outstanding...

News of the Week Law or War I F the tokens

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are not misleading the Government are going from success to success in foreign affairs. This is the field of their efforts about which we felt most confidence when they-were...

The Optional Clause Next Mr. MacDonald made the very important

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state- ment that he and President Hoover were " out " not merely for agreement upon naval ratios, but for " a document which will establish peace." This possibly means a...


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Subscription to the SPECTATOR caste Thirty Shillings per annum, including postage, to any part of the world. The SPECTATOR is registered as a Newspaper. The Postage on this...

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Mr. Henderson and M. Briand

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Mr. Henderson has done notably well ; he has been tactful and invariably polite, yet quite clear and firm as to what he wanted. The popular myth of an amiable but rather...

Mandates and Tariffs

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On the question of Mandates Mr. MacDonald naturally referred to Palestine. His remarks were opportune because there had been mischievous rumours that the British Government...

The Hague Conference

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The finishing touches were put to the Hague Conference at the end of last week. Germany, as had been expected, was sufficiently accommodating, and the Conference thus ended in...

Mr. Snowden had an enthusiastic reception when lie returned to

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London. He was hailed • as a national h6ro. These revenges of time are amusing—and also reassuring. Mr. Snowden's return was comparable with that of Disraeli from Vienna, but...

The Trades Union Congress

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The Trades Union Congress is being held this week , . at Belfast and we have written in a leading article abOut Mr. Tillett's striking Presidential address. The tendency of the...


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The situation in Palestine has calmed down considerably since we wrote last week. In the background there is some hazy fear of an Arab concentration under Ibn Saud, and the...

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advise on load lines of merchant ships has made some

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important recommendations. The most interesting of these we think refer to deck cargoes of timber and to tankers. Experience has shown that the restriction of three feet upon...

Dr. Dalton, on behalf of the Government, has urged the

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Council of the League to extend the beginnings of regulation made by the League's Economic Com- mittee and by the International Labour Office. The coal- owners might insist that...

B.B.C. Pronunciation The B.B.C. committee on pronunciation has issued some

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new instructions which give us pause.. The " a ' in " ass " is to be pronounced short, and some similar words are to be brought under the same rule. The " o " in such words as "...

Bank Rate, 51 per cent., changed from 41 per cent.,

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on February 7th, 1929. War Loan (5 per cent.) was on Wednesday 100f; on Wednesday week 101}; a year ago, 102# ; Funding Loan (4 per cent.) was on Wednesday 841; on Wednesday...

Lulworth Castle Universal sympathy has been expressed with Mr. Herbert

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Weld, whose beautiful home, Lulworth Castle, was burned on Thursday, August 29th. It has belonged to the Weld family since the time of Charles I., and the park contains the...

Mining Association of Great Britain will be ready with its

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national scheme for co-ordinating district coal marketing schemes by the date fixed by the Board of Trade— October 15th. The scheme, it is said, will not interfere in any way...

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The Progress of Trade Unionism

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T HERE might seem to be an ironic intention in the title to this article because it is notorious that the numerical strength of Trade Unionism has sadly dwindled since 1926....

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The Optional Clause

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T HE British Government have laid well and truly another stone in the foundations of peace by deciding to sign forthwith the Optional Clause. The Do- minions will apparently...

Social Conditions in Frankfurt

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M Y foremost impression of Frankfurt was the number of public-spirited citizens which the town contains. In the old town one feels one is living again in the fifteenth century,...

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A Hundred Years Ago—Naval Routine.

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Owing to his previous sea experience Bechervaise joined as a petty officer. His pay, according to a contemporary Navy List, would have been £2 12s. a month, and his rations...

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In Praise of "Tauchnitz "

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V OLUME 4867 of the . Tauchnitz Edition (Orlando, by Vir g inia Woolf) is on my k n ee in a crowded Per- sonenzug puffin g its way throu g h the mountains of Bohemia. For hours...

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Who Killed Cock Robin ?

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T HE Society for the Preservation of the Fauna of the Empire is perturbed by a deplorable decrease in the number of its proteges: For the destruction of big game has increased,...

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Present-Day Pheasant Shooting

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[This article is particularly welcome to us on account of the near approach of October 1st. The same arguments doubtless apply to other forms of shooting.—ED. SPECTATOR.] T HE...

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The Cinema

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[" MARTIN LUTHER." AT THE AVENUE PAVILION. "111G* TREASON." AT THE MARBLE ARCH PAVILION.) I no not propose to deal here with the subject of film censor- ship in general, but it...

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A LETTER FROM MOSCOW. [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The news that China was willing to restore the status quo ante on the Chinese Eastern Railway, and settle the...

A Hundred Years Ago

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THE SPECTATOR, SEPTEMBER 5TH, 1829. THE CHURCH ESTABLISHMENT. There has been no period of our history in which the intended measures of the Cabinet have been more studiously...

[In the absence of Sir William Beach Thomas the Country

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Life articles are suspended for this week and next week. The next article will appear on September 21st.—gd. SPECTATOR.]

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Education in the United States

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[During August and September the American Notes which have previously appeared on this page are being replaced by a series of articles by our American Correspondent, designed to...

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The League of Nations

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The Tenth Assembly's Possibilities THE dominating fact in regard to the Tenth Assembly of the League of Nations is the presence of a new Government in Great Britain. That was...

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Letters to the Editor

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THE TRUTH OF THE BIBLE [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sia,--A very important leading article in the Record news- paper, the leading organ of the old-fashioned Evangelical...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I have been asked by a number of your readcrs in tl is country (I enclose one letter as typical) to reply to the Bishop of Bloemfontein's...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sra,—It is rather curious that the League of Nations article on New Measures Against the Drug Evil," in your issue of July 27th, makes no...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—I read with interest the letter of the Rev. Dr. Willeock on the drunkenness problem in your issue of August 10th. I give him credit for...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,--As an old schoolmaster, I should like to thank you for your article on " Character and Intellect," some sentences of which might with...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—" A dose of poison would kill every trout, where trout are, and perhaps even the coarse fish." So writes Sir W. Beach Thomas in your issue...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—In an article entitled " Country Life," which appeared in the Spectator of July 20th, Sir William Beach Thomas says, apropos the animals...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—In his article " The City of To-morrow " it is to be regretted that your correspondent feels it necessary in his humiliation to include...

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The article in your

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issue of August 24th reminds me of an incident in the early seventies of the last century, when elementary education had just been taken up by the Government. The Headmaster of...

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The Onlookers

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Our souls must see the things forbidden By which we are beguiled ; But can it be so much as mooted That they in seeing are polluted ? For when the sun shines on a midden The sun...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I am told that a writer in the Spectator regretted that I had died last week. So I write to say that I have not been called upon to take...


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On a Saying of Jesus of Nazareth (Written on papyrus in the third century, and found in Egypt by Grenfell and Hunt in 1897.) Where there are two, there I will make it three ;...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—In my native town of many industries and 80,000 inhabitants we endeavour, by generous donations, workmen's weekly subscriptions, and...


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EARLY CUBRING. There must be many readers of your paper, who, week by week, enjoy the notes written on the page which is headed " Country Life," but who must have read and...


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On September 21.51 next the SPECTATOR begins publication of a series of articles on " Reunion." The idea of the series is to air the subject of Reunion in general, in view of...

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Mr. George Mendell has always been a very stalwart Aus-

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tralian patriot ; and in his lively autobiography, The Pleasant Career of a Spendthrift (Routledge, 10s. 6d.) he hands out a few home truths to the rest of the world. London...

The value of Mr. Bonamy Dobree's criticism rests in its

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honesty ; in his steady attempt to say what he means, and feels, without swerving. The quality is rare enough : there are few literary critics whom we can really call...

Some Books of the Week IF ever there was a

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being whose life exhibited, almost from her earliest years, the quality which the Greeks called hubris, it was the last Empress of Russia. Such is the conclusion, though it is...

A vivid impression of some aspects of life in old

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London may be gained from the earlier chapters of the Rev. E. G. O'Donoghue's highly interesting and well illustrated book on Bridewell Hospital (Lane, 21s.), which carries on...

The fact that Miss K. M. Kaple, who has written

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An Outline of Period Furniture (Putnam, 21s.), is University Extension Lecturer in Interior Decoration at the University of California says much for the enthusiasm which America...

The amusing, though fanciful, drawings of E. T. Reed are

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as much as most of us know about prehistoric man. We have smiled at his distorted fauna and at his strange, unlikely humans, but almost despite ourselves these caricatures have...

The Competition

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SINCE the planning of holidays does not seem to be as inspiring as we hoped, we have suggested-for our next com- petition a description or an impression of some exciting or...

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Nicholas Breton

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HERE is a lovely garden to wander in ! It is an old English garden, made before your curious and funereal importations from France and Italy. It was laid and planted by one Nick...


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The Resurrection of the Dead. By F. S. M. Bennett, Dean of . Chester. (Chapman and Hall. 5s.) IN that revival of interest in religious problems which is a marked feature of...

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Joy or Sorrow in Work

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M. DE MAN is slowly but steadily establishing himself as an important European sociologist. His large work, The Psychology of Socialism, which was published in Europe under the...

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The Flight of Birds

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This Bondage. By Commander Bernard Ackworth. (John Murray. 7s. 6d.) ALL of us have seen birds " riding the wind," hanging motionless above us when half a gale is blowing. It...

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Scandinavia's Best

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Denmark's Best Stories.—Sweden's Best Stories. Norway's Best Stories. (Allen and Unwin. 7s. 6d. each.) IT would be interesting to know whether Scandinavian peoples are proud of...


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Sermons in Meringues AFTER one has laughed a little forcedly at the twists and turns of Mr. Noyes' rather smug and mechanical comedy, one calls to mind the depressing Jacques...

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The Magazines

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The Realist for September is a remarkably good number. Political theory is well represented by H. G. Wells, Bertrand Russell, and a hitherto unpublished speech by John Stuart...

General Knowledge Questions

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OUR weekly prize of one guinea for the best thirteen Questions submitted is awarded this week to Mr. N. L. Emm'rson, New Buildings, Eton College, Windsor. Questions on...

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T ravel

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- The Grand Tour of India Moor hundred words of advice on a visit to 320 million people living in a sub-continent the size of Europe without Russia, with as many climates as...

Books for the Wayfarer

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A correspondent writes :- " I have immensely enjoyed reading week by week the articles on ' Travel ' in the Spectator. As I am very keen on foreign travel I should be greatly...

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In his lecture on Progress in Literature (Cambridge University Press,

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2s. 6d.), Professor Abercrombie finds it very necessary to define the exact sense of his title. He is not discussing whether literature grows better as the centuries pass ; nor...

More Books of the - Week (Continued from page 308.) The

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Howe Desirable, by P. A. Barron (Methuen; 18s.) has absorbed into its pages much old-world charm and should be in the hands of everyone who contemplates owning a house that has...

Dr. Roget's Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases, first published

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in 1852, has won a unique place in the reference libraries of writers and students of literature, and the latest edition, revised and enlarged by his grandson, Samuel Romilly...

Self and Superman, by' Mr. L. E. Eeman (Christopher, 7s.

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ad.), is a curious book on nervous control, relaxation, " one hundred per cent. efficient sleep," and similar subjects. It is valuable, for it contains ideas which are still new...

Mr. Walter G. Bell has a clear mind and a

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generous heart : he knows what people are interested in, and he tells us those things plainly, without the strain and the high-colouring that lesser writers and less learned men...

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The rumour which has for so long been current of a fusion or working arrangement between Lever Brothers and Margarine Union has now been officially confirmed, the announcement...


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On the financial side, it is obviously impossible to comment upon the desirability or otherwise of the proposed arrangement until the full details are available, but the market...

Financial Notes

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MIXED INFLUENCES. TIIE influences operating upon the stock markets during the past week have been of a complex and even conflicting charac- ter. Satisfaction in the City with...

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Judging from all the circumstances, it looks as though the new issue of 6 per cent. Second Preference shares of the British American Tobacco Company will have a good reception...