8 JUNE 1901

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The only news from China this week is that there

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has been a brawl between some French soldiers and British soldiers who were acting as police in Tientsin, in which two of the former were killed, and that Count von Waldersee...

Further details of the action at Vlakfontein, briefly men- tioned

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in our last issue, show that this must be reckoned amongst the hardest fought engagements of the campaign'. From Lord Kitchener's despatch, received on Tuesday, it appears that...


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A LL Italy is trying to conceal a disappointment, accentuated, it is probable, by a trace of superstitious alarm. Queen Helena has given birth to a daughter, her first child,...

The Vienna correspondent of the - Times, who frequently represents official

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opinion, evidently thinks that disturbances in the Balkans are quite possible; and that Russia and Austria, as Count Goluchowski recently hinted, may not be in perfect accord as...

The war news from South Africa during the week has

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been of a somewhat mixed character. In the Cape Colony Kruitzinger's raid from the Zuurberg, the aim of which—to attack some township and refit—was accurately predicted by the...

*** Vie Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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The sitting of the House of Commons on Thursday was

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chiefly devoted—very wisely—to the supply of horses for the war. It was alleged, and practically admitted, that the supply had at first been bad, that panics prices were paid...

M. Delcasse, the French Minister of Foreign Affairs, on Monday

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made an optimist speech in the Chamber on China which confirms the report that Europe has decided to retreat. The French troops employed, he says, will speedily be "re-...

The Special Committee appointed to make recommenda- tions as to

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the reorganisation of the War Office has published its Report. Some of its counsels are rather vague, as, for example, "to simplify all such regulations as cannot be dispensed...

We have no answer to give Mr. Morley as to

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the blunders committed in the way of preparation except that they show that the British Government had not designed the war; but he seems to us to shirk the most serious...

The Greek Members in the Cretan Chamber have passed unanimously

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a Resolution affirming the necessity of union with Greece, the Mussulmans who objected being paled out of order. The vote has excited enthusiasm at Athens, and is strongly...

Mr. Morley, speaking on Monday to his constituents at Montrose,

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put the case for the Pro-Boer section of the Liberals with greater temperance than has recently been done, but his speech was not very conclusive. He refused absolutely to decry...

Mr. Morley made a second speech at Brechin on Wednesday,

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much of which was an eloquent denunciation of waste on war, but it contained an incidental explanation of some interest. Speaking with the authority of a trustee of the Fund,...

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The Bishop of London's first address to his Diocesan Con-

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ference, reported in Wednesday's Guardian, contains an important statement with regard to the organisation of the diocese. While declaring himself opposed, for the present at...

Lord George Hamilton has addressed an important letter to Sir

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Alfred Hickman, M.P., on the subject of American firms and Indian railway contracts. Sir Alfred Hickman having alleged in the House of Commons on May 23rd that these contracts...

Sir Alfred Hickman returns to the charge in a letter

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which appears in Tuesday's Times. He traverses Lord George Hamilton's statement as to the satisfactory results achieved by the American locomotives, quoting from the later...

A large group of American millionaires are now in London

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representing the New York Chamber of Commerce. They have been received by the King, who greatly appreciates millionaires, have been shown the treasures of Windsor Castle, which...

Mr. Rudyard Kipling has a fine poem in Wednesday's Times

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on "Bridge-guard in the Karroo," taking for his text the prosaic instructions from the district orders • " and will supply details to guard the Blood River Bridge." After a...

In the Saffron-Walden division of Essex, where the poll w as

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declared last Saturday, the Liberal candidate, Mr. J. A. Pease, has been returned by a majority of 792. Mr. Pease, who sat for the Tyneside division of Northumberland from 1892...

Bank Rate, 34 per cent. New Consols (2f) were on

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Friday 934.

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11-(r, RETREAT OF EUROPE FROM CHINA I T seems clear from the German Emperor's admissions, from M. Deleases speech in the French Chamber, and from the ill-concealed...


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T HE dinner of the Hardwicke Society on Wednesday evening at which the French advocate, Maitre Labor', was the chief guest was an event, in our eyes, of far more importance than...

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M R. SYDNEY BROOKS has contributed to the National Review a very interesting article on the language question in South Africa. He is exceedingly anxious to see that question...

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I T is not quite easy to understand why so many of the Continental dynasties allow themselves to be ham pered and inconvenienced by the Salk Law. Sovereigns always desire,...

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by-election last Saturday of the Radical preponderance in the Saffron-Walden division of Essex, which had been progressively impaired, but not destroyed, in 1895 and 1900,...

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w1li.b1 LIES.

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ik CERTAIN amount of society lying is permitted by the rules of the social game, and when indulged in in strict moderation the practice is, we believe, in no way injurious to...

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NV E suppose there is something of the advertisement in the descriptions we see of the new "stone glass," which, according to M. Henrivaux, the great French glass- maker, is to...

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T HE railway fauna, other than the horses used to shunt the trucks, is an amusing growth of recent years. Numbers of animals which at first resented or feared the trains have...

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CANON GORE UPON THE EUCHARIST. rTo THZ EDITOR OP THZ "SPECTATOR.") do not wish, even if you would allow me, to raise in your columns an amateur theological discussion ; and...

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Sra,—It is difficult to understand how the idea of punish- ment is compatible with that of cessation of being. Even were annihilation a revealed and undisputed truth, it would...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTITOR.1 Sur,—In an article entitled as above in the Spectator of May 25th (1) you begin by saying you "can find no promise in Scripture from which a...


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[To Tim EDITOR OP TEE "SPECTAT0R.1 Sra,—Will Mr. Tallack (Spectator, June 1st) give his authority for the assertion that "the Orthodox Churches" assume that "everlasting...


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[To TRIG EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—Has not Mr. Lionel Tollemache in the interesting series of variations on "tout *comprendre, c'est tout par- dormer," contained in his...


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Till "SPECTATOR."] Six,—Permit me a reply to Mr. Alfred J. Allen's letter in the Spectator of May 25th. His argument that loss of being would only be a stimulant and not a...

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Sin,—The "dream house" described in the Spectator of June 1st reminds me of a "dream room" of my own experience. During the early years of the "sixties," I repeatedly dreamed...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF TUE "SPECTATOR."] Sur,—Your correspondent "G. P. H.," in your impression of June 1st, under the heading of "A Dream House," un- doubtedly alludes to a dream...

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[To TIIE EDITOR OF THE "3PECTATOR:1 SIR,—There is, I think, one important phase of the education question which is affected by Mr. Carnegie's magnificent gift, and which is not...


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[TO THR EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR:1 Sin, — With reference to the merits of the starling as a destroyer in this country of mischievous insects, as pointed out in one of the...


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[TO THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,-If the fact is of any interest, I may add to your editorial note on the breeding of curlews (Spectator, June 1st) from my personal...


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[TO THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR:"] was exceedingly interested in your article on the above subject in the Spectator of May 18th, but allow me to direct'your and your readers'...


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[TO THE EDITOR OP THE "SPEOTATOR:1 SIR,—Whilst visiting the Paris Salon last week, I noticed a picture thus described:—" No. 434, L' Outrage, 7 Decembre, 1815 . Apree...


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A FOREST IDYLL. I PEERED from out the canvas walls And saw the golden crescent rise From silent waters, heard the calls Of rousing birds, the far replies: I saw the golden...

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SHAKESPEARE'S GREENWOOD.* IT might not unfairly be objected against the attractive title of this pretty little book that it awakens expectations which it does not satisfy. It...

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A VOYAGE TO JAPAN.* IN 1611 Captain John Saris set

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out upon a voyage whose ultimate destination was Japan. He sailed under the auspices of the East India Company, and he carried with him letters from his Majesty King James. His...

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THE title which Mr. Taylor has given to his book does not exactly express its purpose. This is better seen in the first sentence of his preface, in which be states his subject...

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3fEDLEVAL POLITICAL THEORY.* WE can recall no volume of recent

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years, perhaps none since Maine's Ancient Law, which has been so illuminating a con- tribution to legal philosophy as this translation of a chapter in Dr. Gierke's greater work...

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Mn. NErz, MIINRO's new and aptly named novel has at least three high qualities which honourably distinguish it from the average contemporary romance. Doom. Castle has a really...

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Mn. CARNEGIE'S paper on "British Pessimism" in the Nineteenth Century will be read with interest, because Mr. Carnegie has managed such vast transactions, but we do not find it...

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SURVEYS HISTORIC AND ECONOMIC. Surveys Historic and Economic. By W. J. Ashley, M.A., Pro- fessor of Economic History in Harvard University. (Longmans and Co. 9s. net.)—All...


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[Under this heading we notice such Books of the week as have not bun reserved for review in other forms.] The Church of Scotland : her Divisions and Reunions. By C. G. McCrie,...

Charlotte Hanbury : an Autobiography. Edited by her Niece, Mrs.

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Albert Read. (Marshall Brothers. 6s.)—Miss Hanbury reminds us, in a way, of Miss Marianne North (whose paintings of the "flowers of the world" are known to visitors to Kew)....


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The Golden Bough : a Study in Magic and Religion. By J. G. Frazer, D.C.L., LL.D. Second Edition in 3 vols. (Macmillan and Co. 36s. net.)—We need scarcely do more than mention to...


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Manual of Christian Theology on the Inductive Method. By Nathanael Burwash, LL.D., President of Victoria College, Toronto. 2 vols. (Horace Marshall and Son. 12s.)—In the course...

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Sketches of Booksellers of Other Days. By E. Marston. (Sampson

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Low, Marston, and Co. 5s.)—Mr. Marston has done all that was possible for his subject, but that has sometimes been but little. The two conspicuously best of these eight papers...

Two books about cathedrals may be mentioned together. Hereford Cathedral,

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by the Very Rev. Dean Leigh (Isbister and ('o, Is. net), after giving a short historical sketch of the church, describes the architecture and the chief features of the building...

The Life of Savonarola. By E. L. S. Horsburgh. (Methuen

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and Co. 3s. 61) . —Savonaraa. By the Rev. George McHardy, D.D. (T. and T. Clark. 33.)—The first of these volumes belongs to the series of "Little Biographies," the second to...

Anni Fvgaces. By R. C. Lehmann. (John Lane. 3s. 6d.)—This

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"Book of Verse, with Cambridge Interludes," strengthens our belief that, whatever may be the present supply in this country of really humorous prose, of humorous verse we have...

The Private Llfe of the King. By One of his

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Majesty's Servants. (C. Arthur Pearson. 5s.)—We do not much like this kind of book. But as it is bound to come, it is well to have it written by some one who knows, and has...

Tales of the Stumps. By Horace Bleakley. (Ward, Lock, and

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Co. 3s. 6d.)—Here we have some entertaining stories, in which cricket and love-making are cleverly compounded. "Playing a Substitute," where Lady Kitty, much against her will,...

Gardening for Beginners. By E. T. Cook. (G. Newnes and

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Country Life Office. 10s. (d.)—Here is yet another book about gardening, full of information about both the useful and the ornamental, and as far as we have been able to test...

Notes of a Rambler. By D. Brown Anderson. (Houlston and

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Sons. 5s.)—Mr. Anderson has given us here between thirty and forty papers. Some of them are transcripts of natural scenes; now and then we find a vein of speculation; commonly...

Blessed Sebastian Newdigate. By Dom Bede Camm, O.S.B. (Art and

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Book Company. 2s. 6d. net.)—Sebastian Newdigate came of a family which belonged, so to speak, to the "nobility of the robe." His father was a Serjeant-at-Law, and he was one of...

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NEW EDITIONS.—We are glad to welcome a new edition, making

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the fifth thousand, of the Rev. A. J. Church's moving tale of the Early Christians, To the Lions (Seeley and Co., is. 6d.) There is no path of fiction more beset with pitfalls...

ScRooL-Boons.—Euripides Medea. Edited by John Thompson, M.A., and T. N.

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Mills, MA. (W. B. Clive. 3s. 6d.)—This is one a the "University Tutorial Series," and must be allowed the credit of belonging to a very useful set of text-books. The...

We have to record the appropriate appearance of a number

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of "Illustrated Guide-Books" (Ward, Lock, and Co., is. each). These are, taking the English subjects first in alphabetical order, The Lake District from Carnforth to Penrith and...