23 NOVEMBER 1867

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Mr. Hardy has respited Shore, the fourth Fenian engaged in

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the Manchester outrage, because he carried no pistols ; but up to Friday night no idea of respite for the remainder was entertained at Manchester. .Precautions of a very grave...

The great debate upon Abyssinia is fixed for Tuesday, but

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Lord Derby and Lord Lyveden, in the Upper House, Mr. Disraeli and Mr. Gladstone, in the Lower, have alluded to the subject, and the general drift of their remarks is this. The...

Two other subjects of importance, not noticed in the Quo

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en's Speech, will be discussed. Mr. Hardy has proposed the repeal of the Costermongers' Clause in the Metropolitan Streets' Act, in a Bill which will leave the street traders at...


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ARLIAMENT assembled on Tuesday, the 19th instant, for despatch of business, and the Queen's Speech was read to a thin assemblage, The Message—the Republican word is Lord Derby's...

The Emperor of the French opened his Parliament on Monday,

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the 18th inst., in a lengthy speech, on the drift of which we have commented elsewhere. His Majesty admits that "vague inquie- tudes " have restricted the movements of industry,...

This gentleman reports that actual operations cannot begin till

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February, that the total number of people employed will scarcely be under fifty thousand, that the enterprise will probably con- sume- two seasons, and that there is a talk of...

Mrs. Disraeli's severe illness,—from which we are happy to learn

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that there is now a good prospect of her recovery,—gave Mr. Gladstone, on occasion of the opening of Parliament, an oppor- tunity of showing that graceful tenderness of feeling...

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A strange scene was enacted on Monday at the Home

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Office. A deputation of eighty persons, headed by a Mr. Finlan, waited on Mr. Hardy to petition for a respite to the Fenians. Mr. Hardy declined to see them, whereupon Mr....

A debate on the execution of the Fenian convicts was

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raised on Thursday night by Mr. Maguire, who urged that the legal doubt raised by the prisoners' counsel as to the right of men appre- hended like Kelly and Dewy under an...

Mr. Thaddeus Stevens has issued a second letter declaring that

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he detests repudiation, and only wishes the American Debt to be paid in currency. He apparently thinks a piece of paper with the United States' stamp on it is necessarily good...

The American correspondent of the Daily News, an exception- ally

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good authority, is of opinion that the result of the Republi- can defeats will not be to deprive negroes of their suffrage, but to abolish the disfranchising Acts, so that the...

The new French Military Bill has been published. It allows

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exemptions and substitutes, which were abolished by the Emperor, and fixes the time of service at nine years instead of seven. It would appear, however, from the very obscure...

In the debate on the Address, Mr. Horsman in the

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Lower House and Lord Houghton in the Upper urged the Government to con- sider seriously the proposal for a European Conference on the Roman question, both of them assuming that...

The worst sign of the outbreak of race-hatred which we

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have always feared, is the Birmingham procession of triumph over the approaching executions. An open-air meeting to petition for the commutation of sentence was summoned on...

The Foreign Office has received a telegram, dated 20th inst.,

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from Colonel Stanton, Consul-General in Egypt, stating that the Consul at Zanzibar had on September 28 received "reliable infor- mation" of Dr. Livingstone. The traveller had...

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The Austrian Reichsrath has passed the Bill creating "delega- tions"

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among the new fundamental laws. In other words, it has agreed to act with the Hungarians on all points common to the Empire, and alone on all others,—has, in fact, accepted...

The intelligence received last Saturday,—through the very un- safe channel

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of a telegram to the New York Herald,—that Tortola, the chief of the Virgin Islands, one of our West Indian possessions, had been submerged in the convulsion of the 29th October...

A narrative of recent events has been published at Turin,

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believed to be instigated by Rattazzi. The writer declares that Battazzi tried hard to stop the invasion of the Pontifical States by Volunteers ; that, finding himself unable to...

A great meeting was held in St. James's Hall on

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Tuesday, Earl Nelson in the chair, to adopt an address to the Commissioners on Ritual, against any modification of the existing Rubric of the Church of England. Archdeacon...

On the same day,—chosen, no doubt, for the convenience of

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the Ritualists of St. James's Hall,—an "expensive stock of ecclesias- tical vestments, of costly materials, magnificently embroidered and jewelled," "richly decorated banners,...

The hurricane which burst over St. Thomas's on 29th October

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seems to have been even more terrible than was reported. It began at 12.10, and lasted, with one lull of 13 minutes, to 3.30— nearly four hours. The force of the wind was awful,...

It is, we believe, certain that Italy is arming, two

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reserves having been called out, the arsenals filled, and the works at Gaeta and Capus pushed on with vigour. On the other hand, French engineers are engaged in fortifying Rome,...

The closing prices of and on Friday week are

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Mexican Spanish Passives m Do. Certificates ... Turkish 6 per Cents., 1858 „ 1862 Untied States 5.20's ... ••• ••• ••• ••• ••• ••• ••• ••- • .• ••• ... 141 ... ... 201 ......

On Monday, Consols, for money, were quoted at 94i, and

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for the 5th of December, 93i ex div. Yesterday, they left off at the same quotations • Reduced and New Three per Cents., 92f, Bank Stock has been 244 to 246, and Indian Stock,...

Railways Yesterday and on Friday week the leading British left

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off at the annexed quotations :— Friday, Nov. 15. Great Eastern... 30} Great Northern ... 108 Great Western ... 451 Lancashire and Yorkshire ... 121f 521 ••• London and...

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LORD STANLEY IN ITALY. T HE November Session seems likely to be as dull as the November weather. Mrs. Disraeli's illness has taken the point out of the intended party speeches,...

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M R. FREDERIC HARRISON is stronger in philippic than in irony. His sarcasm is poor beside Mr. Matthew Arnold's, wants the fineness and delicacy of flavour without which . satire...

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T HE Emperor of the French is falling into habits of Royalty. Every year his speech becomes more like a Constitu- tional Message, or the utterance of some hereditary absolutist,...

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T HE envious and atrabilious Englishman who wrote,— " In matters of commerce the fault of the Dutch Is giving too little and asking too much," • laid down rather too generous a...

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T HE Tory Government is apparently about to do a very wise and a very large thing, in doing which they will, unless we are greatly mistaken, have the cordial support of Mr....

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L ONDONERS will naturally be dissatisfied with the law which allows Leicester Square to remain in its present state, an eyesore to all who pass it, a disgrace to the neigh-...

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W RITING a few weeks ago on the probable moral future, we remarked on the growing power of the new force, which, though called by various names, is really Sympathy. There is no...

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B EFORE these pages are in most of our readers' hands an event will have occurred at Manchester the most painful that has happened for years in the political history of England....

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XLV.—LONDON :-IIEDLEVAL PERIOD. T HE Metropolitan character of LONDON seems to have had its origin in the important position which it occupied during the struggles with the...

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New York, September 20, 1867. THE British tourist has been

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plentiful in this latitude during the past month. Indeed, along the margin of the August page of almanacks in usum Yankium might safely be printed, "Expect many Britiehers about...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—The Spectator possesses in the formation of the opinion of all thoughtful politicians an influence so great and so just, that I venture...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTAT011.1 am the "anonymous pamphleteer" to whose statements Mr. W. Smith, Secretary of the Sheffield Chamber of Commerce, referred in his " Plea for...


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had the advantage during the past summer of hear- ing some of Mr. Congreve's Sunday lectures on the Positive Philosophy, I attended on Sunday last in Paris, moved by a desire...

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Dont's ILLUSTRATIONS OF TENNYSON. CONSIDERING how often the attempt to illustrate an author, more especially an author of established renown, has ended in failure, it is no...

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SIR S. BAKER'S ABYSSINIA.* Tins charming volume, better written than most essays and fuller of interest than most novels, ought to have had for its second title "The...

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THERE will be severe disappointment in store for all who commence reading Fathers and Sons with the preconceived idea of finding in it a high-class novel, or even one tolerably...

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ENGLISH MONASTICISM.* Tins book belongs to a class which is

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unfortunately rather large at the present time. Mr. Hill has looked into several medieval writers and read some of them, but he is quite unable to use his authorities. Indeed of...

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LETTERS OF DISTINGUISHED MUSICIANS.* Tins book may be regarded as

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a companion volume to the trans- lation of Alendelssohn's letters which Lady Wallace gave to the English public four years ago. The collection, which is interest- ing and...

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Colorado : a Simonet Trip. By Bayard Taylor. (Low, Son,

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and Marston).—After travelling over all the rest of the globe, Mr. Bayard Taylor is doing justice to his native country. His present sketches of Colorado and the Rocky Mountains...

A ithymer's Wallet. By Cradock Newton. (A. W. Bennett.)—The poems

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in this volume may be read with pleasure, and some of them tempt us to linger long, or to come back more than once. We admit that this is high praise to bestow on "a rhymer,"...


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---e- Nzw EnrrioNs.—As is usually the case at this time of year, our table is burdened with new editions, and our space will not allow us to do more than to notice their...

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Critical and Social Essays. Reprinted from the New York Nation.

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(Low, Son, and Marston.)—Some of these papers are amusing, but they are too much in the nature of flyleaves to make up a volume. Even the most telling social articles in the...

Pleas for Secularization. By Aubrey de Vera. (Longmans.)—The title of

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this pamphlet misleads as as to its contents. Instead of pleading for secularization, Mr. Aubrey de Vero re plies to pleas in favour of it, and upholds the "just distribution"...

Supplemental Hymn and Tune Book. Compiled by the Rev. R.

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Brown, St. Mary Hall, Oxford, Carats of Evesham, Worcestershire.—In few things has there been a greater revolution than in our psalmody, and considering the widespread enjoyment...

The Public Schools. By the Author of Etoniana. (Blackwood and

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Sons.)—These sketches of the chief public schools appeared in Black- wood's Magazine, and like their predecessor, which was devoted to Eton alone, attracted some public...

Sketches by the Wayside. By T. Herbert. (A. W. Bennett.)—One

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or two short hymns in this volume of 450 pages are worthy of being printed separately. (See the "Oh, hands outstretched for me ! " p. 347.) The rest of the book is prose cut up...

Bar/on! Bridge. By the Rev. H. C. Adams. (Routledge.)—A story

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of school-boy life, with the usual attractions of games, fights, feats, and prizes. Everything is told with spirit, if not always probable in itself, but it is the law of...

The Law of Creeds in Scotland. A Treatise on the

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Legal Relation qf Churches in Scotland Established and not Established to their Doctrinal Confessions. By Alexander Taylor Innes. (Blackwood.)—We fear that we cannot recommend...

Every Boy's Annual Edited by Edmund Routledge. (Routledge and Co.)—Is

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not this a magazine bound up and disguised as an annual ? If it is not, how comes it that Mrs. Henry Wood and other authors run stories through it, which are interrupted by...

Lift ofPastor Fliedner ofSaiserswerth. Translated from the German. By Catherine

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Winkworth. (Longmans.)—This is a simple and natural sketch of the life of a man with whom Mr. de Liefde's books have made us familiar. Pastor Fliedner is the founder, amongst...

.Remoter Stars in the Church Sky; being a Gallery of

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Uncelebrated Divines. By George Gilfillan. (Jackson, Walford, and Hodder.)—We are afraid that most men will pronounce this book to be worthy of its subject., and likely to keep...

The Trinity of Italy ; or the Pope, the Bourbon,

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and the Victor. By an English Civilian. (Meson and Co.)—The writer of this volume lived for eight years in Southern Italy, and had an official connection with the Court of the...