10 APRIL 1909

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e e* The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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It was announced in London on Thursday that Austria- liaugarsr

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had determined upon the construction of three additional Dreadnou g hts.' But accordin g to a tele g ram f . rom the Times correspondent at Vienna in Thursday's paper, the Zeit...

The news from Turkey is both g ood and bad. There

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seems to be no doubt that there is a g ood deal of local anarchy in the outlyin g parts of the Empire. For example, we read of the steamers on the Ti g ris bein g under fire for...


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T HE forei g n news of the week has not been of any very g reat importance. Speakin g g enerally, we may say that EUrope is still en g a g ed in discussin g the manner in which...

What does this mean in practice P In view of

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the fact, now g enerally admitted, that the Dreadnou g ht' type has a g reat battle advanta g e over the pre-' Dreadnou g ht' types, it means that we shall be obli g ed to keep...

It may perhaps be ur g ed a g ainst our view that we

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are assumin g that nothin g but ' Dreadnou g hts ' count. In the abstract we are far from sayin g that such a proposition has been made out, and we note elsewhere Sir William...

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On Priday week the Midland Railway received the award of

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Lord Cromer, who arbitrated in the dispute between the com- pany and some of its servants. It is impossible to summarise the intrieacies and technicalities of the award, which...

The Prince of Wales presided on Monday at the first

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meeting of the Royal Commission for the Brussels, Rome, and Turin Exhibitions. In his speech the Prince explained the inducements which will be given to British manufacturers to...

We are glad to note that at a meeting held

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on Tuesday and attended by many prominent City men, both Unionists and Liberals, it was unanimously resolved to form a City Committee for the furtherance of Free-trade...

Another item of news from Constantinople is concerned with the

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Yildiz garrison. Under the old regime the Sultan was surrounded by 'certain picked regiments, who, though they were supposed to be personally devoted to the Sultan, showed in...

Captain Kincaid-Smith, the Member for the Stratford-on- Avon Division of

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Warwickshire, has resigned his seat in Parlia- ment, and is seeking re-election. His object in doing so is essentially patriotic, and we sincerely trust will bear good fruit....

The special correspondent of the Times at Teheran gives in

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Tuesday's paper a gloomy account of the situation at Tabriz. He says that if Tabriz holds out against the troops of the Shah who are investing it thousands must die of...

At the annual meeting of the Ilarristers' Benevolent Association on

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Friday week, Mr. Asquith made a very pleasant speech, in which he recalled the origin of the Associa- tion. "I and many of my struggling contemporaries," he said, "considered...

Admiral Cervera„ who commanded the Spanish squadron at Santiago de

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Cuba in the Spanish-American War, died last Saturday. At the beginning of the war he had four armoured cruisers and some torpedo-boats at St. Vincent, and knowing only too well...

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The second article deals with the new scheme of officers'

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tr aining, the distribution of fleets and nucleus crews, the scrapping" of ships, and Dreadnoughta.' It is pointed out, in illustration of the secret, hasty, and ill-considered...

We cannot find, space to deal at length with the

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contro- versY between Canon Hensley Henson and Dr. Gore, Bishop of Birmingham. We must, however, express our satisfaction at the knowledge that the important point on which they...

At the Mansion House on Monday a large and influential

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meeting was held in support of the Aerial League of the British Empire. The League is "a. noft-political organisation to secure and maintain for the Empire the same supremacy in...

Two important and significant articles stating "The Case against the

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Admiralty" appeared in the Times of Friday, April 2nd, and Monday, April 5th,—importa.nt because of their contents, and significant because up till now the Times has been a...

The Oxford and Cambridge Boat-Race, which was won by Oxford

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last Saturday by three and a half lengths, was a memorable contest. It is seldom that the boats are level when more than throe-quarters of the course has been covered. The...

It!r• Hemmerde's appointment as Recorder of Liverpool s aving involved his

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re-election, polling took plaza in Boat It!r• Hemmerde's appointment as Recorder of Liverpool s aving involved his re-election, polling took plaza in Boat Denbighshire on...

The so-called strike at Ruskin College has been much written

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about in the newspapers during the past week. We have not space to go into the details of the dispute, but may state generally that the outbreak of indiscipline among the...

Bank nate, 21 per cent., changed from 8 per cent.

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April 1st. Consols (2i) were on Thursday 8151--Friday week 85.

The writer notes the curious anomalies that Sir John Fisher

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was a member of the Esher Committee which took the old Admiralty system (in which the First Sea Lord was primus inter pares) as its model, and that all demands for inquiry have...

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LIFE." I N a brilliant summary of the events of the past month to be found in the April For1night7y, the writer, while dealing with the naval crisis, uses these words :— "...

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THE OUTLOOK IN FRANCE. T HE sequel to the recent Post

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Office strike in France is causing a good deal of misgiving to those Frenchmen who believe that the security of their country can be guaranteed best by the safety of the Third...

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FREE-TRADE IN RAILWAYS. T HE debate in the House of Commons

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this week on the proposed amalgamation of the Great Northern, the Great Central, and the Great Eastern Railway Companies was in some ways disappointing. On both sides of the...

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I N the current issue of the Nineteenth. Century Lord Hugh Cecil describes with great truth and force the position of Unionist Free-traders, and incidentally of many Liberal...

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I T is not likely that ordinary men at the time of our Lord were what is generally called "very religious,"—ordinary men seldom are. It is possible that they Wer0 regarded by...

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T HE annual army of British tourists is invading Paris, and for some days Paris will be as much unlike itself as it is possible for it to be. It is an irony that those who wish...

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O NE of the commonest flowers in any herbaceous border is the beautiful, old-fashioned Madonna lily. There are many statelier and more gorgeous blossoms of the lily kind, but...

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THE SITUATION AT CONSTANTINOPLE. [To THI EDITOR Or VIZ EPROTATOR."1 Sin,—More than half a year has elapsed since the white revolution in this city of blood brought a delirium...

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THE RELATION OF PHYSICAL TRAINING TO DEFENSIVE POWER. (To TOR EDITOR OW THR " SPECTATOR." J SIR,—There is one part of the problem of national defence to which I hope that the...

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[To THE EIATOtt Or TIM “SPX0rAT01 1 03 SIR,—S0 far as I see, your main objection to this is the economic one. Allow me to show you that it is the strongest point in favour...

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" Spiscrrros." SIR,—With reference to Mr. Bramwell Booth's letter and your note in last week's issue, I would remark that there is ample authority under the existing law for...


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[To sill EDITOR OM TitI "SPROTATOR.1 SIR,—You remark in a footnote to two letters (Spectator, March 20th), which, by the way, on the whole express also my views, that there...


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[To TIM EDITOR Or TIER "seserwroivl Sin,--, - Anthropou3etry has revolutionised our ideas of Inalan ethnology, said a lecturer in my presence the other day, Tire conclusions...


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[TO Till EDITOR OF TUN " 1011014TOR.] Sin,—" Where there's a will there's a way." If the clergy of small country parishes regard themselves as wasted therein, and consider a...

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Stn,—There appears in your issue of March 27th a letter headed "Wanted for England,—a Crusade." I am astonished, in view of the general tone of your paper, that you should...


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[TO TRH ED/TOU Of TUX "SPROTATOZ.1 SIR,--1 was amused at the gibe quoted (at second hand) in your issue of April 3rd which Adam Smith east at "that insidious and crafty animal...


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TI U "SPECTATOX."1 SIa,—A friend shows me in the Spectator of December 12th, 1908, Lord Courtney's answer to the letter of Mr. Carlile as to proportional representation having...

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SPECTATOR:1 SIR,—Others besides Dr. Cheetham have felt the force of the sentiment winch your correspondent Mr. Tollemache quotes from the late Archdeacon (Spectator, April...

COCOA WHICH IS NOT SLAVE-GROWN. THE following firms do not

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use slave-grown cocoa:— Army and Navy Stores. Cadbury Brothers. A. J. Caley and Son. Carr and Co. Chocolat-Menier. Co-operative IVholesale Society. Crosse and...


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[TO THE EDITOR. OF THE "SPROTA fOR.1 SITE,---ll might interest some of your naturalist readers to bear of the existence of an albino crow of the ordinary Indian species. During...


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ADMIRAL BLARE. (ArrousT 7T11, 1057.) Tns sixth it was of August, as we opened Lizard Bay, Our Admiral called his Captains where he lay ; And, "Sirs," says he, "the end is...


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Fro THE EDITOR OF TEE "STECTATOlt,"] SIB,—After reading Mr. Stuart's account in your issue of April 3rd of the unusual marking on an ostrich egg, I came across in the Irvine...


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[To THE EDITOR Or THE " SFF.CTAT0101 SIR,—Surely the so-called Philippic which Juvenal describes as divine (see Spectator, April 3rd, p. 533) was the second oration of Cicero...

NOTICE.—When Articles or "Correspondence" are signed with the wrder's name

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or initials, or with a pseudonym, or are marked "Communicated," the Editor must not necessarily be held to be in agreement with the views therein expressed or with the mode of...

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SOME NEW CARLYLE LETTERS.* No one will regret the appearance of these letters,—the authentic and complete correspondence between Carlyle and his wife before their marriage....

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THE DOUGLAS CASE, AND OTHERS.* THE Douglas case well deserved

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inclusion in that most valuable series of volumes on "Notable Scottish Trials" which the enterprise of a Glasgow publisher has projected. Like the Tichborne affair, it absorbed...

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THE BACKGROUND OF THE GOSPELS.* Tius book deals with Judaism

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in the period between the two Testaments, and certainly Mr. Fairweather has contrived to fill "the, blank page" with wonderfully interesting matter. It used to be considered...

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So much has been written about the plots which ended in the assassination of Abraham Lincoln—the crime has become so characteristically a matter for legal minds interested in...

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"Hurrowv," says Macaulay, "in its ideal perfection is a corn- Pound of of poetry and philosophy," and, if his dictum be true, few students, we imagine, would venture to assert...

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SIR HERBERT MAXWELL has found a subject rich almost beyond compare. A modern poet contrasts the Amazon with the Tweed,—the one with no history, it might be said, beyond that...

THE GREATEST LIFE.* How are we to attain to the

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highest life ? Dr. Leighton's , book is written to answer this question, and contains some interesting theories of education and heredity. All his argu- ments centre round the...


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Mn. Lucy ham written much—has be not been a journalist for more than forty years P—and written well ; but his speciality has been his reports of Parliament. Others have done...

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Tian Nineteenth Century leads off with a long and very able article on "The Naval Situation" by Sir William White. Put in the briefest compass, Sir William White's argument...

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THE NEW JUNE.* AN historical novel from the pen of Mr. Newbolt is a thing to be welcomed with more confidence than is inspired by the great majority of these ventures, and for...

READABLII NOVELB.—The Prince's Pranks. By Charles Lowe. (John Lane. 6s.)—The

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taste which presents an illustrious living Personage as a character ii a book may be doubted, but Mr. L owe's account of what happened at Queen Victoria's first Jubilee is at...

Bromine. By John Ayscough. (J. W. Arrowsmith, Bristol. 6s.)—Mr. Ayscough's

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writing is always interesting, but in the present book he really has given us too many Kings without kingdoms among his characters. The reader is irresistibly reminded of a...

Our Adversary. By M. E. Braddon. (Hutchinson and Co. Gs.)

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--The reader will not be able to resist the idea that in beginning to write her novel Miss Braddon intended to give her readers a hint that his Satanic Majesty was embodied in...

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3 . 1 cmoir of Bishop Seabury. By William Jones Seabury, D.D. (Ri vingtons.

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10s. 6d.)—Samuel Seabury was born at Groton, in Co nnecticut, on November 30th, 1729. He graduated at Yale, , s lira4 appointed Catechist by the Society for the Propagation of...


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I.Untisr this heading we notice such Books of the week us hew not been r tamed for Ylltd#1.0 in other forma.] Modern Research as lliustrating the Bible. By the Roy. S. R....

The Perfect Tribute. By Mary R. S. Andrews. (Bickers and

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Son. 2s. 6d. net.)—A very pathetic story of Lincoln is hero told. (We take it as true.) He had made his speech at the con- secration of the National Cemetery at Gettysburg,...

Ten Years After. By G. Fred. 13ergin. (J. Nisbet and

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Co. 3s. 61)—Mr. Mailer, founder, and for many years director, of the Bristol Orphanage, died. in 1898. Would the work collapse, or in any way be weakened, by his death P...

The Oxford English Dictionary. Edited by Sir James A. Murray.

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(Clarendon Press. 5s.)—This month's instalment is a double section, constituting a part of Vol. VIII. and taking in from " Ribaldric—Romantic." It appears under the care of...

History of the United States and its People. By Elroy

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McKendree Avery. Vol. V. (Stevens and Brown. 28s. net.) —This fifth volume—the work is to be completed in sixteen—takes in the period 1763-1776, bringing up the history to...

St. si/bast. By Claud Field, M.A. (Junes Clarke and Co.

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2d.)—This poem, which obtained the Seatonian Prize at Cam- br idge, consists of a series of seventeen sonnets. This is a form which we imagine to be absolutely novel in such...

Small Holdings in England. By Frederic Impey. (P. S. King

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and Son. 8d. net.)—Mr. Impey gives a good account of the small holdings movement. We hope that he may be right. It will be well from every point of view if his predictions on...

The Art of Sermon Illustration. By H. Jeffs. (3, Clarke

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and Co. 3s. 6d. net.)—The great secret of sermon illustration is a well-stored mind. It is true that a preacher may have this qualification and yet not be able to illustrate...

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Crocliford's Clerical Directory. (Horace Cox. 20s.)—It is needless to praise

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Crockford for its completeness and accuracy. Its character for these qualities is perfectly well established. We have had the pleasure of noticing it for many years—it is now...

Joseph Toynbee P.R.& By Gertrude Toynbee. (Henry J. Glaieli,er. 8d.

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net.)—This is an interestiag little account by Mr. Toyn.bee'a daughter of her father's habits, tastes, and character- istic way of thinking, as well as of the active work...

In the Catalogue of Hebrew and Samaritan Manuscripts, by George

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Margoliouth, M.A. (British Museum, 24s.), we have Part III., Section I, "The Kabbilah." The items are numbered from 733 to 804, each being described in detail.

The Book. of Witches. By Oliver Madox Hueffer. (Eveleigh Nash.

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3.0s. Od. not.)—Mr. Hueffer has read much about witches and witchcraft, and has collected in this volume a groat mass of curlew information. How far it is exact we cannot...

Index to Book Prices Current, 1897-1000. By William Jaggard. (Elliot

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Stock. £2 2s. net.)—This index takes in not less than a hundred theusand volumes, containing, one inight say, all the Important literature of the world. It would be diffieult...