11 OCTOBER 1930

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Disaster followed the intervention of Rumania, but Sir Henry Wilson

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loyally dissociated himself from Vic tendency to blame Colonel Thomson and got him appointed to the Supreme War Council at Versailles. After the War Colonel Thomson joined the...

Sir Sefton Brancker

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Sir Sefton Braneker, who was fifty-three, was a practical enthusiast in every branch of aeronautics. He was never weary of speaking and writing about the conquest of the air,...

Lord Thomson

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• The career. of ,Lortl T h °nue n r ho :was fifty-five yearti old, had been truly remarkable. As an engineer in the Army he had early opportunities of active service in...


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Subscription to the SPECTATOR costs Thirty Shillings per annum, including postage, to any part of the world. The SPECTATOR registered as a Newspaper. The Postage on this issue...

News of the Week

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'R101' ["HE wreck of the airship R101. ' with a loss of • -L forty-eight out of her company of fifty-four persons has stricken the nation with such a grief as has not been...

Major G. H. Scott

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Major G. H. Scott, who was forty-two years old, was a remarkable airship captain. He devoted-himself exclu- sively to the study of lighter-than-air machines. In 1919 he...

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What Canada offered" to the Mother Country and to all

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the other parts of the Empire" was Preferences in exchange for like Preferences" based upon a ten per cent. increase in prevailing general tariffs or upon tariffs yet to be...

On Tuesday the Conference was addressed by the Prime Minister,

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who quickly showed himself to be master of his audience. It is true that his victory over the dissidents of the Independent Labour Partywas not complete, but the fact remains...

The news from China is more definite than for a

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long time. Chiang Kai-shek has announced that the Northern forces under Feng Yu-lisiang have been defeated, and that most of them have been captured. Even if this is an...

The Imperial Conference Wednesday was an extremely important, and it

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may be a memorable, day in the Imperial Conference. The first approach was made to closer economic union. Mr. Thomas surveyed the situation but proposed nothing. Then came Mr....

The Revolution in Brazil

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In Brazil there is a revolutionary movement much graver than any that has been known there for many years. As usual in South America the grievance is against a too dictatorial...

The Round Table Conference

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The list of delegates from the three political parties for the Round Table Conference is impressive. No one can deny that it suggests the great importance which the Government...

On Monday afternoon many delegates were restive about the postponement

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of legislation to reverse the effect of the Trade Disputes Act, and Mr. Henderson was obliged to give an assurance that a Bill will be introduced in the coming Session with the...

The Labour Party Conference On Monday the Labour Party Conference

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opened at Llandudno. The resolutions criticizing the Government were threatening enough—particularly in regard to unem- ployment—but when we write on Thursday the Party...

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The amendment moved by the Independent Labour Party was rejected

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by one million eight hundred and three thousand votes to three hundred and thirty-four thousand. This looked decisive, but the Conference had a sting to administer to the...

South Paddington

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The by-election campaign in South Paddington is, when we write, as mad a teaparty as ever. Lord Rothermere's United Empire Party formally withdrew from the contest a few days...

Mr. Baldwin On Tuesday, Mr. Baldwin consulted with the leaders

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of his Party in London, and it is known that he will make a speech before Parliament meets. The stream of letters to the Times about his leadership shows that there is...

Rank Rate, 3 per cent., changed from n per cent.

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on May 1st, 1930. War Loan (5 per cent.) was on Wednesday 104* ; on Wednesday week, 1041 ; a year ago, 1011; Funding Loan (4 per cent.) was on Wednesday 92 x.d. ; on Wednesday...

A New Series of Articles As a sequel to our

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articles " In Defence of the Faith" we shall next week publish the first of a series of articles entitled "The Challenge to Religious Orthodoxy." Those who are in touch with...

Ministers' Remuneration On Monday the Report of the Select Committee

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on Ministers' Remuneration was published. The Committee proposes that the Prime Minister's salary should be raised from i5,000 to /7,000. We trust that this recommenda- tion...

There was not as much support as we should have

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expected for the pensioning of ex-Prime Ministers. Of course, if Leaders of the Opposition were always ex-Prime Ministers the payment of the Leaders would settle the matter of...

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'R io ' ' THE awful disaster to the largest airship in

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the world -1 1 - has raised the blackest doubts about the wisdom of the whole policy of building airships. That is a fact to be faced. Yet it must be remembered that moments of...

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The Sorrows of President Hoover

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rill-1E flatterers of King Canute might have arranged I- matters better if instead of assuring him of his power to check the advance of the sea they had made their flattery...

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Science : Yesterday and To-day [Mr. John Piney, Lecturer on

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Scientific Method at Bristol *University, introduces here a series of articles on scientific topics .thich will he published in the Spectator during the autumn. The purpose of...

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A Forecast for th c Chinese Church

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T UE Anglican Church, as such, has no future in China. It has had an honourable past. In days when denominational boundaries were an axiom of Church life, it would have been...

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And What About European Preference ?

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CIREAT BRITAIN is so engrossed—or obsessed, if you prefer it—with the question of Empire Prefer- ence that it is apt to forget that a parallel movement for a system of...

Denser eubscribers who are changing their addresses are asked to

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WHZE. The previous address to which the paper has been 'sent and . .

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Beauvais and Paris

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(AN Friday last I flew to Paris in a strange mood. V What that mood was is of no importance : whether it was headache or heartache, a dazed mind or an under- exercised body, I...

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Three Days in Russia—II

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W E concluded an intensely interesting day in Lenin- grad with another " banquet " at the 'Europe,' and left by the 17.0 p.m. train for Moscow. The station at Leningrad was...

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Of Pedagogues and Pedants

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S OME years ago, being together with a friend in the Spanish university town of Salamanca, we paid a visit to Professor Unamuno—the great Spanish philosopher. We had spent an...

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The Theatre

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The Cinema

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I" Mvanita," AT THE ALHAMBRA AND REGAL ; "THE BM HOUSE," AT THE EMPIRE THEATRE; "TWO WORLGS," AT TIIE DOMINION MI.:ATM.:1 UNTO. those powers who choose what stories shall be...


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Willi October all the galleries are beginning to stir from their lute summer drowsiness, and, in spite of the depression in which pictures no less than other things are...

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A LEITER FROM PARIS. [To the Editor of the Spectator.] Snr,—The last lingering holiday-maker has returned to town, the tardiest window shutter has been thrown back with a...


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SHALL the rose her petals mourn Who harbours the devoted thorn ? Or complain she is bereft When her fruitful heart is left ? Why, swift spirit, art thou still ? Love is dead...

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Great Britain and India

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The purpose of this page is to ventilate that moderate Indian opinion which, recognizing all the difficulties, yet believes in the continued association of Great Ltritain and...

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Contrast with this chance, but admirable, example from Hampshire what has happened and is happening elsewhere, along other streams. The Test is pure. What of the Ver ? Or, on a...


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It is a question open to more scientific enquiry than it Inc received how far birds prepare the food for their young. Certainly some feed by regurgitation ; some perhaps in both...

The C.P.R.E. has gone from strength to strength. It is,

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in fact, organized by born pioneers ; but, as it seems to some critics, it is not yet positive enough. As the initial phrase quoted above suggests : " . . . . its master-bias...

* * A STARVED ASSASSIN. There came to my notice

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this year the first instance in my memory of the failure of a young cuckoo to extract food from its foster parents. It was born in a wagtail's nest, and after its cruel and...

The placing of factories in village surroundings—if they do not

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mind being compared with sewage farms—is also a good and proper movement, worthy of being definitely promoted by the C.P.R.E. Indeed, the opening speech was delivered by Sir...

Country Life TIIE Nnw ENGLAND.

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This week's National Conference of the Council for the Preservation of Rural England at Welwyn Garden City has a certain historic importance—or ought to have. Its object is...


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The preservation of rural England must go hand in hand with a constructive policy. It must help the new road and the transported factory to consent to a mutual relation with the...

placed so that the village they serve may be drenched

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with evil smells in certain winds and at certain states of weather and yet worse penalties may be inflicted on the villagers from private nuisances as well as the bad science of...


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In answer to a query in aviculture, how to feed young swallows fallen from the nest, I have received an account of experiences with young swifts that should be helpful to anyone...

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St. Loe Strachey

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By Amy Strachey This is the third and final extract which the SPECTATOR is publishing from the memoirs of St. Loe Strachey by Mrs. Strachey. St. Loe Strachey's editorship of...

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Letters to the Editor

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GREAT BRITAIN AND INDIA [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] JIIL—In your issue of September 20th, on the page reserved for "the ventilation of moderate Indian opinion," there...

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Mr. C. F. Andrews

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and Mr. D. P. Raychaudburi may consider it a convenient way of enlisting the sympathies of Americans, whose country is "dry," and of sentimentalists looking out for wrongs to be...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—It is a pity

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to find Sir Charles Spencer indulging in playing with words. In the last issue of the Spectator, Ile objects to the word" exclusion " (which I used in connexion with the absence...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Dr. Hawes asks for evidence of my contention that to place upon the midwife responsibility for all confinements not medically certified...


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' [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—In view of the deep interest the Spectator takes in East African affairs, I trust you will accept for publication a reply by one of...


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[To the Editor of the Smut - Aron.] Sin,—In a contributed article under the heading Kenya," in your issue of the 4th, warm eulogy is given to the proposal to separate the...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sut,—Some few months ago

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you were kind enough to allow me to raise a humble protest against " Crusader's " "enthusiastic finale " : "at the bedside of every British mother at her creative hour should...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin, - If to the plan of the aged, aged knight- " to dye my whiskers green And always use so large a fan That they shall not be seen," were...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTAT011.1 Sin,—Anyone who protects animals in England and in Latin countries will know that in England the crowd is always for the animal, while in...

TOURING PIGEONS [To the Editor of the SitEczszon.]

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Sia,—I heartily agree with the article entitled "Touring Pigeons," published in your issue of October 4th. The hotels and inns in England are in ninety-nine eases out of a...


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[To the Editor of the SrEcrazoa.1 Snt,—It was doubtless lack of space that prevented Major Yeats-Brown from mentioning in his trenchant article in last week's Spectator the...

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THE APES OF GOD [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.]

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Sin,—Having just read Mr. P. W. Lewis's Apes of Cod, I would be glad of the opportunity to comment on one particular statement in the book, as I have no other means of...


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CL7BAN SUGAR FOR NEW ZEALAND. Cuba is now exporting sugar to New Zealand, where Fiji is the usual source of supply. If there is room for West Indian sugar out here, it seems a...

A Hundred Years Ago

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TEE " SPECTATOR," OCTOBER 91a, 1830. TEE STATE OF GERMANY. No person who has paid any attention to the state of Germany for several years, can doubt that a great alteration of...

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John Lord Montagu of Beaulieu: A Memoir. By Lady Thou- bridge and Archibald Marshall. (Mae:mullion 215.) Toe calling of a well-known man by his Christian name throughout a...

A New Kind o f Guide Book

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The Resurrection of Rome. By G. K. Chesterton. (Hodder and Stoughton. 12s. Od.) Tomo: are many kinds of guide book. There is the Wok that tells you all about the hotels and the...

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The Soul of France

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The French at Home. By Philip Carr. (Methuen. las. c,d.) 'THEY order,' said I, 'this' matter better in France," and Laurence Sterne went on to marvel that one and twenty miles...

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Marie Corelli

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'Roam was nothing petty about Marie Corelli except her stature, indeed there was something superb I Her vanity was colossal, but humility itself was not further from spite or...

A Quiet Voice

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Tun poetic development of Mr. Richard Church is as inte- resting as any in the history of English poetry since the War. His has not been a talent to be trumpeted, nor to provoke...

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TI1E Orphic Mysteries, about which so little is really known and therefore so much can be guessed, 'have long been a favourite subject of speculation among students of conc...

Twenty Years After

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Unemployment ; A Problem of Industry: ByW.H. Beveridge (Longmans. 218.) ilATITER more than twenty years ago, and two years before unemployment i nsurance was introduced in this...

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George III's Insanity

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Diaries of Robert Fulke Greville. Edited by F. McKno Bladon. (13odley Head. 18s.) A KEEN, one might almost say a morbid, interest in madness seems to be inherent in human...


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7s. 6(1.) IT is commonly held that bitterness and a preoccupation with the sordid and the vile are, in a writer, certain indications of a passion for " realities " and "truth."...

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THE DOCUMENTS IN THE CASE. By Dorothy L. Sayers and

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Robert Eustace. (Benn. 7s. 6d.)—The rather simple story of this case is told by the correspondence of the various principal characters and their statements prepared for...

TUCK OF DRUM, AND OTHER STORIES, By Alfred Tresidder Sheppard.

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(Hodder and Stoughton. 7s. As a writer of short stories Mr. A. T. Sheppard sometimes falls between two stools. He does not appear to airn at the neatly parcelled plot of the...

WHERE NO MAN PURSUETH. By David Sharp. (Bean. 7s. 6d.)—Mr.

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Sharp has written a good solid adventuri story which turns out in the end to be a detective novel bulls by no means of the usual type. We are given the hero's adven- tures, his...

THE CHASTE MISTRESS.. By Constance Ragbag Wright. (John Lane. 7s.

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6d.)—This very pleasant story tells how Martha Ray, a haberdasher's apprentice of sixteen, attracted by her voice and person the fourth Earl of Sandwich: how he made her his...

DEATH IN A DECK CHAIR. By Milward Kennedy. (Gollann. 7s.

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Od.)—It seems to be the fashion in crime stories to-day not to allow a solution before the circumstances hare led to a second, sometimes even a third, murder. In this book...

THE DOOMED FIVE. By Carolyn Wells. (Lippincott 7s. 6d.)—Our old

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friend, Fleming Stone, solves the mystery of the deaths of a millionaire and three out of four of the lega- tees under his eccentric will. These legatees stand between the...

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The resolute minority who still find their pleasure in walking

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will be encouraged by Miss Clare Cameron's "book of footpath rambles," entitled Green Fields of England (Con- stable, 12s. 3d.). For this determined lady has made walking tours...

Cavour's statesmanship is often undervalued in comparison with Garibaldi's revolutionary

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expeditions and Mazzinfs republican propaganda though without all three men Italy might not have won her freedom and unity. The case for Cavour is well put by Dr. A. J. White in...

Tastes differ widely about El Greco—more perhaps than about any

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other of the old masters. Moreover, English students who have not been to Spain tend to misjudge the painter whose best work is mainly at Toledo, and who is by no means...

Some Books of the Week

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Cousrr Canto SFORZA, who was Italy's Foreign Minister at Rapallo and her Ambassador in Paris when the Fascist revolution came about, makes no secret of his disapproval of the...

The Magazines

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Is the Nineteenth Century for October perhaps the most interesting articles are "A Policy for Central Europe," by Dr. Milan Hodza, and "The Renascence of Persia," by Brig.-Gen....

General Knowledge Questions

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Ours weekly prize of one guinea for the hest thirteen Questions submitted is awarded this week to Mrs. E. Barker, 17 Cranmer Road, Cambridge, for the following :— Questions...

Sir Flinders Petrie's life-long services to Egyptology in the widest

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sense are admirably summarized in hls article on " Fifty Years' Experience of Digging," which appears in the current number of Ancient Egypt (Macmillan, 2s.). So much is now...

When Doughty's Arabia Deserta was published, it found few purchasers

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and involved the Cambridge University Press in a heavy loss. In view of these well-remembered facts it is most gratifying to know that Doughty's successor, Mr. Eldon Rutter, has...

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Last July we noticed a book by Sir Robert Donald,

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called The Polish Corridor and the Consequences, which was mainly propaganda in favour of the revision of the Treaty of Versailles to the advantage of Germany on her Eastern...

A Library List

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NEW Enrrious :—A Subaltern's Letters to His Wife. By Lt.-Col. Sir Reginald Rankin. (John Lane. 12s. Red Cross and Iron Cross. By Axel Munthe. (John Murray. 3s. 6d.)—Memories...

' In his preface to The Science of Folk-Lore (Methuen,

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10S. 6d.) the author, Dr. Alexander Haggerty Krappe, predicts that his views will not find general acceptance among British folklorists. He is probably correct, as, though the...

Sir Bob, by S. de Madariaga (Routledge, 65.), tells who

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Sir Bob was, and how he lost his commission as colonel of a regiment of Sea-Grenadiers, how he visited the Lord Privy Seal and received from him the seals of his new office of...

Answers to Questions on Adveros

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1. Comfortably (Isaiah xl. 2).-2. Now. Else hereafter for ever, (Book of Common Prayer, Marriage Service).-3. Wisely. TOO well (Shakespeare, .Othello, Act V, Sc. 2). - 4....

Two interesting and important books on flying are Mr. Harry

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F. Guggenheim's The Seven Skies (Putnams, 105. 6d.) and Mr. Charles Dixon's Parachuting (Sampson Low, 12s. 6d.). The former is by the son of the founder of the Daniel Guggen-...

We confess that in spite of a preface by Mr.

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Ellery Sedgwiek the famous editor of the Atlantic Monthly, we opened Fighting Parson, the autobiography of Alexander Irvine, with a certain amount of prejudice. For Mr. Irvine...

Mr. Patrick R. Chalmers, whose poetry will outlive that of

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many larger-sounding authors, both by reason of it virility and its intimate knowledge of outdoor life, has pub. lished a volume of papers—prose and verse—instinct with his...

The Competition

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YOUR cousin and his wife, who have lived all their lives in Australia, want to spend one month of next year in Creed . Britain. They ask your advice as to when they should come,...

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Travel Pamphlets Reviewed

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[From time to tinic ire notice in this page publications sent to eia by tencel agencies and skipping companies, which ire think may be of interest to readers.—En. Spectator.]...

A Holiday in Finland

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Ore wants for the holiday were many and varied, including being abroad without meeting too many other British tourists, to fine scenery, bathing, boating, fishing and good food....

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Financial Note

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REPAYMENT OF FOTJR PER CENT. WAR LOAN. MARKETS have again presented the spectacle of rising prices for gilt-edged and other "safety first" securities, while the industrial and...