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He at once brought in his Arbitration Abolition Bill according

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to plan. The second reading was carried four votes, but in the Committee stage on Tuesday, Mr. Hughes, the well-known former Prime Minister . who used to be leader of the Labour...

it is impossible to pretend that compulsory_ industrial arbitration in

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Australia, high though hope ran when i t .was- introduced, has- been a success in any of its many aspects. There is not a Government in the world which would now introduce such...

But it is clear that the issue which is now

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joined must be argued till it is composed. The use made by the trade unions and Labour leaders of the chaotic machinery of arbitration has been the chief cause of the economic...

News of the Week The Australian Crisis N O Dominion has

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a more critical issue overhanging its daily life than the longstanding confusion which is the result of Australian methods of industrial arbitration. On Tuesday in the House of...

The first and most natural impulse of Mr. Bruce, when

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he recognized long ago the necessity of reforming the machinery of Compulsory arbitration, was to make the Federal laW suprenie. He proposed that the State should stand aside...


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Subscription to the Sr•EurA.Tois caste Thirty Shillings per annum, including postage, to any part of the world. The SPECTATOR is registered as a Newspaper. The Postage on this...

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The Work of the League We have commented elsewhere on

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the principal points discussed at Geneva and need not do more here than set doWn a bare chronicle. On Thursday, September 5th, M. Briand delivered one of those speeches full of...

Naval. Reduction The movement in America for naval reduction, if

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President Hoover has not made a bad miscalculation, will receive a great momentum from his denunciation of " Big Navy " propagandists. The whole subject of propaganda against...

On Friday, September 6th, Mr. Henderson addressed the Assembly. He

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promised support for the Finnish proposal to give financial help to any State threatened by an aggressor, but it is important to notice his two conditions —first, that there...

The British Government and many British journalists have known for

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a long time, we imagine, the truth about Mr. Shearer's labours. Before the War he seems to have been known in London as a promoter of night clubs. Of course, Mr. Hoover is not...

As regards the Optional Clause, M. Briand said that those

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who put law over war must expect the law some- times to go against them. France had just had such an experience in the matter of the Free Zones. That might be a subject of...

On Monday Mr. Graham, President of the Board Of Trade,

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made his proposals for " a tariff holiday " and for an international treatment of the coal trade. The British delegation subsequently took the very important step of proposing...

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• * - * Lord D'Abernon's Commission Lord D'Abernon's Economic

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Commission to Argentina seems to have been remarkably successful. Indeed, Lord D'Abernon - describes the results as astonishing— a phrase which we hope need not be modified by...

An Announcement In response to many requests, the Editor has

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arranged to publish further articles on religion. Beginning on September 21st and ending on November 2nd there will be a series on " Reunion." Between November 16th and February...

Sir. James Headlam-Morley We regret to record the death of

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Sir James Headlam- Morley at the age of sixty-five. He retired last year from the post of Historical Adviser to the Foreign Office. He was the second son of Canon Arthur Headlam...

The Schneider Race Last Saturday Great Britain won the Schneider

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seaplane race by a large margin. The winner, Flying Officer H. R. D. Waghorn, flew the seven laps (about 218 land miles) at the average speed of 328.63 miles an hour. An Italian...

The Cape Elections The elections in the Cape Province for

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the Senate resulted last week in the return of four Nationalists and four members of the South African Party. The South African Party had expected to win five seats out of the...

Bank Rate, 51 per cent., changed from 4} per cent.,

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on February 7th, 1929. War Loan (5 per cent.) was on Wednesday 1014; on Wednesday week 100/ ; a year ago, 10211 ; Funding Loan (4 per cent.) was on Wednesday 841 ; on Wednesday...

Ex-Cabinet Ministers and Business On Tuesday Lord Birkenhead, before sailing

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for America, announced that Sir Austen Chamberlain and Sir Laming Worthington-Evans would join him on the Board of the Greater London and Counties Trust. Lord Birkenhead is...

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The Economic Organization of Peace

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M ONEY is the background of all modern wars, and the conviction grows steadily that peace will never be secured without very careful economic organiza- tion. The great series of...

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New Work for Women

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"B USINESS is itself a social service, and social service is business," said Miss Jeffery, to a representative of the Spectator who called on her in her office at 23A Cumberland...

The Coal Problem

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T IME passes, and though the British coal-owners have come up to the fence which they must jump if they are to run their problem to earth, they are still searching round for a...

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America's Compliment to Britain

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I T is not often that any nation is so blissfully uncon- scious as Great Britain appears to be of a compliment paid to her by the United States, which probably is without...

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The Practical Value of the Schneider Cup

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rpHE eleventh international contest for the trophy -L given by Jacques Schneider has just been won by a British pilot flying a British seaplane, and many people are now asking...

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Education by Gramophone

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"N OTHING can replace the personality of a good teacher," said the Spectator a year ago "—but how can we expect that this rare gift, rendering its pos- sessor pre-eminent in...

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On a Highland Holiday 1.—Adventures with Herring T ROUT and salmon,

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no doubt, are the aristocracy of the fishy world. They are, anyhow, the fish most accustomed to die noble deaths—noble, that is to say, from the human point of view—as, just...

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S IR CHARTRES BIRON delivered himself recently of a somewhat cutting reference to booksellers as mere " tradesmen." This description loses its edge, however, if we remember that...

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THE TREND OF MUSIC ON THE CONTINENT. [Festivals of music have enjoyed more popularity than ever this summer in Germany. We are glad to publish this record and critique of the...

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A Hundred Years Ago

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THE SPECTATOR, SEPTEMBER 12TH, 1829. STATE OF THE COUNTRY. The substitution of an income-tax for various others which press more immediately on production, as proposed by...


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Love's Fragility HARD above all things mortal is To sacrifice true love's return : We shudder and are bare of bliss, And our hearts mourn. For love is lighter than men say ;...


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A LETTER FROM BRUSSELS. [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR, — The second week of September sees Brussels once more springing into a city of activity. The ever-increasing...

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The League of Nations

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New Movements Towards Economic Peace THE present League of Nations Assembly, in its opening stages at any rate, differs from its predecessors in this, that whereas normally the...

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Letters to the Editor

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THE SPIRIT OF A NATION [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,— The General Election is past and over, and the resultant Government in charge of affairs is regarded hopefully,...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—It seems surprising that you should several times lately make the statement (apparently thinking it a truism) that the working classes,...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—The article in your issue of August 24th on " Character and Intellect " raises questions of vital interest to the nation, but to say...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The death of Mrs. T. H. Green, though at the age of eighty-seven, will make a gap in the lives of many who, charmed by the freshness of...

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FASCIST ITALY [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] 'Sue—Mr. Harold

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E. Goad does not yet believe that my wife " was ever arrested," I surmise he will never believe what the Fascist Government forbids its flatterers to believe. I declare myself...


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hold no brief for the Roman Church in its mediaeval handling of scientific questions, still less in its modern claim to infallibility ; but as your correspondent " Bystander "...


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SIn,—The statement in the letter of the Secretary of the o " Liberatin Society . " in your issue of August 24th, that the Church of England could secure " complete "...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—Once more you have

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permitted an anonymous corre- spondent to attack me personally in your much respected columns. Nothing but anger could excuse the letter of " Fair Play," and if a man is angry,...


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Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I am puzzled by two extracts which your reviewer " C. G." has made from my book, The New Spirit it? the Russian Theatre. The first, a rather...

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SIR, We have read with great interest the letter from " Veritas," headed " Cotton and Chaos," in your issue of August 24th, and we have noted your editorial reference that the...


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SIR,—Probably everyone is aware that a law regulating excessive noise on the roads came into operation at the beginning of last month ; but it is already obvious that the law...


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of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—As one of your American readers, may I take the liberty of replying through you to one of your correspondents whose varying viewpoints add to the...


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Sm,—Seeing in the issue of the Spectator for August 24th the account of the revival of a tulip-tree by means of holes dug round it filled with manure water, I thought you...

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A HISTORICAL REFERENCE. Allow me to answer a question in one of the letters quoted in your " Points from Letters " of August 24th. The writer quoted a passage from the English...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—In your issue of May 18th, 1929 (p. 785), you ask if there is a living man whose father-in-law fought at Waterloo. I do not know about...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sta,—While I agree with Mr. Alan Porter's article in some respects (having experienced the absurdity of the " lie-on-the- sofa " theory, for...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sm,—Some time ago you published an article on the use of producer gas in tractors and cited certain tests made over some considerable...

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The second part of Mr. Spencer Savage's translation of the

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hlortus Floridus, by Crispin de Pass, has now been issued (Cresset Press, 30s.). There is no need to recommend this beautiful volume, reproduced in script lettering with all the...

Mrs. Williams-Ellis in her introductory note to Men Who Found

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Out (Gerald Howe, 5s.) tells us that these brief biographies of scientists, which she broadcast to schools last spring, are intended for boys and girls from about nine to...

Some Books of the Week

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MUTINY in the British Service has been very rare, even among the rank and file, so that cases like the outbreak in the Fleet at the Nore in 1797 are taken very seriously by the...

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We are glad to welcome a new edition of Home

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: A Colonial's Adventure (Longmans, Green, 4s. 6d.), which contains eighteen impressions of England and the English by Mr. Alan Mulgan. The chapters on London, Devon, and the...

There is a good story in Crusader's Coast, by Mr.

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Edward Thompson (Benn, 10s. 6d.), of a shepherd lad brought before the Military Governor of Jerusalem for throwing bombs. His defence was that he had found lots of these little...

" The Glorious Oyster—his history in Rome and in Britain,

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his anatomy and reproduction, how to cook him, and what various writers and poets have written in his praise, collected together as an acknowledgment of the supreme pleasure he...

Andrew Johnson, by Lloyd Paul Stryker (Macmillian, 25s.), succeeded Lincoln

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as President of the United States. A terrible predicament for any man ! The most interesting part of this long and detailed eulogy or, should we rather say, vindication of a...

This most charming book is, of course, all moonshine," but

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when he recounts the adventures of Dr. Doolittle in the Moon (Jonathan Cape, 7s. 6d.) Mr. Lofting, satisfies one of the lesser longings of the human heart. We earthlings must...

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An English Poetess

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Alice Meynell. By Viola Meynell. (Cape. 15s.) " Straight as a stalk of lavender, Soft as a rope of silk." COVENTRY PATMORE wrote this of his fellow poet, Mrs. Meynell. The...

Towards Monetary Stability

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International Gold Movements. Os.) By Paul Einzig. (Macmillan. more important than unemployment, industrial peace, or capitalism because fundamental to them all " ? To -DAY,...

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A New Life of Newman

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Cardinal Newman. By J. Lewis May. (Geoffrey Bles. 102. 6d.) IT has often been said that Newman's career was a mystery. The word comes too easily to describe the dramatic puzzle...

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The Mind in War

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The Decisive Wars of History : a Study in Strategy. By B. H. Liddell Hart. (Bell. 12s. 6d.) CAPTAIN LIDDELL HART has proved his ability as a military historian by several...

Two Books on the South Coast

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Sussex. By S. P. B. Mais. (Richards. 6s.) Famous South-Coast Pleasure Resorts : Past and . Present. By Harold Clunn. (Whittingham. 7s. 6d.) MR. MATS has amply justified his...

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The Succession States

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Ma. ROBERT MACBRAY has conferred a great boon upon us in bringing together a survey which may well serve in time as the textbook for the rise of the Succession States. A French...

The Stars in Their Courses

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THE best remedy for an undue tendency to worry over merely human and earthly problems would surely be a careful perusal of Sir James Jeans' fascinating description of the...

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Contract Bridge

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Contract Bridge for All. By A. E. Manning-Foster. (Ernest Berth, Ltd. 3s. 6d.) Contract Bridge and its Development from Auction. By Basil Dalton, M.A. (The Richards Press, Ltd....

Good and Bad Writing

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The Psychology of Handwriting. By Robert Saudek. (Allen and Unwin. 12s. Gd.) ANALYSING Mlle. Suzanne Lenglen's hand, in his latest book (Experiments with Handwriting), Mr....

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A Worthy Offering

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Speculum Religion's : Being Essays and Studies in Religion and Literature from Plato to Von Bilge. With an Intro- duction by F. C. Burkitt, F.B.A. Presented by members of the...

Early Book Covers

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WHILE the printer's art has not suffered in the long run from the use of composing machines, the art of bookbinding has been less fortunate. Those who take an interest in the...

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Good and Middling Good The Meeting Place, and Other Stories. By J. D. Beresford. (Faber and Faber. 7s. 6d.) TIIE stories that novelists write about novelists are generally bad....

. Two Essayists -

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The Musical Glasses and other Essays. By Gerald Gould. (Methuen. 5s.) On Getting There. By Ronald A. Knox. (Mothuon. 5s.-) TuERE is no essayist who has a neater touch or a...

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Mythology, Tacitus by implication, and more recently Feist give a

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non-Indo-European origin to the Germanic peoples, whom we must now call the Gothonic Nations. Professor Schiitte, in Our Forefathers (Cambridge I'niversity Press, 21s.), leaves...

More Books of the Week

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(Continued from ;age 387.) • Much loose thinking and many obsolete assumptions will be corrected by The Present Juridical Status of the British Dominions in International...

We welcome the appearance of The Air Annual of the

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British Empire, edited by Squadron-Leader C. G. Burge (Gale and Polden, 21s.), for, unlike so many annuals, there is hardly a dull page in all this big book. The list of...

Messrs. Black issue at five shillings a reprint of Professor

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Bait's The Making of Scotland, which contains " new matter." The addition takes note of the union of the Presbyterian Churches in Scotland, but it takes no note of the alarming...

A Library List

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BIOGRAPHIES :-Alice Meynell. By V. Meynell. (Cape. 15s.)-The Personality of Napoleon. By J. H. Rose. (Bell. 3s. 6d.)-The Outermost House. By H. Beston. (Selwyn and Blount. 12s....

General Knowledge Questions

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OUR weekly prize of one guinea for the best thirteen Questions submitted is awarded this week to Miss M. Steel, 8 Church Street, Chelsea, for the following :- Questions on...

Page 30


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The Pontine Marshes THOSE who travel from Rome to Naples by the new direct line opened a couple of years ago speed through a district seldom visited by the average tourist,...

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Financial Notes

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MONETARY UNCERTAINTIES. ALTHOUGH apprehensions of a rise in the Bank Rate are becoming almost • chronic, it might almost be said that the market is becoming used to, if' not...

AN OLYMPIA AT MANCHESTER. Notwithstanding monetary uncertainties, it looks as

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though the autumn would see a certain amount of activity in the matter of new loan and new capital flotations. Quite apart from issues of a gilt-edged character which possibly...


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In considering the extent of the drift Of British capital to other countries and into the securities of other countries, it is well, perhaps, to remember the part which has been...


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If only by reason of the fact that the annual meeting of the British Celanese Company was held over until next Wed• nesday, the 18th, so that the chairman should be in a...


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There have, unfortunately, been so many instances where shareholders have learned, to their cost, the difference between the promises contained in prospectuses of future profits...


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I notice that rumours current for some time past of thy: formation of a Tin Producers' Association are now confirmed and that this association seems to be founded on thoroughly...

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Answers to Questions on Idiosyncrasies of Historical Characters

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1. Gladstone. - 2. Louis XVI.-3. Frederick of Prussia. 4. Disraeli.-5. Fox.---6. Lord Melbourne.-7. Robespierre. — 8. Nelson.-9. Swinbiu-ne.-10. Dickens. — l1. Julius...