16 FEBRUARY 1934

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The New Regime in France Paris is a city of

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emotionally swift alternations, and the transition from the barricades and bombs of last week back to order and calm is complete, at least out-: wardly. The one-day strike of...

News of the Week

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W HAT the Austrian Government called the suppression of a Socialist outbreak was in fact civil war, and a form of civil war which makes international complica- tions dangerously...

As to the course of the fighting and the position

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that will develop after it, more reliable , news than is available yet must be awaited ; but the Government, after sanguinary . _ engagements . in Which light and heavy...

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The Balkan Pact The signing of the Balkan Pact by

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Greece, Turkey, Roumania and Yngoslavia is, in the main, a triumph for Greek diplomacy. Greece has been shaping her foreign policy with much shrewdness and foresight. She had...

The Cunarder The decision taken by the Government' in regard

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to the Cunarder 'No. 534' and its possible sister ship has several important consequences. In the first place, it will enable work to be resumed on the Clyde, and will directly...

The All Peoples' Association At this time of intense strain

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in the political and economic relationships between nations when international co-operation seems to have reached low-water mark, it is well to realize that active organizations...

Lord Dawson's Bill The Government were undoubtedly wise in maintaining

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an attitude of neutrality—at any rate at this stage towards Lord :Dawson's Bill for the Restriction of the Sale of Contraceptives, but the voting on the Bill,: whose second...

Disarmament Delays The postponement of any resumption of the Disarma-

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ment Conference for another two months is a depressing commentary on the course of international events. The grounds for so long a delay are not stated and arc not immediately...

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Next Week's "Spectator " Next week's issue of The Spectator

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will be a Literary Number, in which we shall publish the first of a series of articles - on Mexico and . Guatemala by Aldous Huxley, an article on Sir Thomas Malory by T. S....

The House of Commons has launched the Bill giving home-produce

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motor spirit a fiscal preference during the next few years. Mr. Ernest Brown clearly knew his ease, though his exposition of it sounded algebraic, and though he could not soothe...

General O'Duffy's Irish Policy Sentimentally, it is probable that a

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majority of Irishmen in the Free 'State would like Ireland to be a Republic, but not if it meant sacrificing for ever their ideal of a reunited Ireland. In the statement of...

The Unsettled Dispute with France The worst of retaliatory tariffs

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is that they arc apt to obscure the fact that two ,wrongs do not make a right, and to produce bad blood between friendly countries. The French 'Government undoubtedly treated us...

The Week in Parliament Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes : Mr.

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Clarry's motion on the need for, improving, the national defences gave a chance of estimating what echoes of the howls for rearmament in some sections of .the Press have reached...

Iron and-Steel The scheme of reorganization, as it is at

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present understood by the iron and steel industry, does not appear to go as far as the least that the Government and the nation 'have the right to expect—which is that waste...

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The Coal Muddle C OAL, iron and steel, cotton, shipping—these great

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industries loom large across - our horizon as one after another they make some new claim on the State to enable them to hold their own in the world's economy. Behind each and...

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Fascism in Britain

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B EFORE very long Fascism may be much more alive as an issue in British politics than ever Socialism has been. In homoeopathic doses Socialism is not a doctrine but only one...

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A Spectator's Notebook

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T HE demand of the North Wales Liberals that Mr. Lloyd George should be recalled to the leadership of the Liberal Party means nothing very much in itself, for the nominators...

Just before the recent violent disturbances began in France I

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had a letter from a Frenchman (who happens to be a Monarchist), telling the that he was certain that there would be some violent outbreaks before long, and that nothing would be...

News of the death of M. William Martin, the late

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Foreign Editor of the Journal de Geneve, reached me just too late for comment last week. It is an immense, almost an irreparable, loss. That, I agree, is putting it very high....

The London Salvage Corps case, which has ended in four

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years' penal servitude for Captain Miles, is more a psychological problem than anything else. It does, of course, coming after other City cases which will be easily enough...

I was guilty last week of giving the name of

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Miss- Helen Waddell's best-known novel as Haase and Alielard. It is, of course, Peter Abelard. Miss Waddell could not have purloined George 'Moore's- title. • JANUS.

I see that a second volume of the Letters of

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H. H. A. is to be published in a few weeks' time. I understand that the correspondence from which this second selection is compiled contained some . pointed references to Mr....

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Herr Hitler's Foreign Policy

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By H. POWYS GREENWOOD [The next article by Mr. Greenwood, who has been examining the situation in Germany on behalf of THE SPECTATOR, will be on the new philosophy and technique...

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Christianity and Peace-making

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By the BISHOP OF BRADFORD (RT. REV. A. W. F. BLUNT) [This article is the fifih in a series on " Christianity and Conduct." by Mr. Kenneth Ingram, who will write on "...

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Strike in Paris

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By GRAHAM GREENE O NE of the chief merits of flying is that it affords sudden and astonishing contrasts : it was a rare aesthetic pleasure to leave London last Sunday morning,...

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Scottish Educational Endowments By the Rt. Hon. SIR ARCHIBALD SINCLAIR,

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M.P. T HE members of the Educational Endowments (Scotland) Commission have no reason to complain of lack of public interest in their labours. Bringing under review, as they are...

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The Claims of the Living Actor

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By GEOFFREY WHITWORTII A FEW years ago the part that was played by non- human elements in the performance of stage-plays and musical entertainments was unimportant and sub-...

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The Sin of Geography

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By MARY CROSBIE THE President of the London Teachers' Association . on February 10th quoted certain evidence given before a House of Commons Committee which in 1879 sat to...

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Innenkolonisation dutch Jugend

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IVON EINEM DEUTSCHEN CORRESPONDENTEN] D IE nationalsozialistisehen Machthaber im gegen- wartigen Deutschland planen ein Experiment, das heute bercits im In-und Ausland grosste...


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A Letter from Cambridge [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOLI Sue,—After all our Communism, our Anti-War, and anti- Anti-War demonstrations, it was really pleasant to have a little...

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A Broadcasting Calendar

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FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 16th 7.10 February in the Garden : C. H. Middleton.. N. 7.30 British Rule in Africa-Economic Development : Ifor L. Evans. Africa's natural resources, and her...

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The Cinema

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"Catherine the Great." At the Leicester Square Theatre HERE, done on the same sumptuous scale, is Alexander Korda's successor to The Private Life of Henry KILT. But the Russia...

"Duck Soup." At the Carlton

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The Marx Brothers are the anarchists of the screen. Their technique, whatever its origin, is a weird blend of slapstick and surrealisnie; in Groucho and Harpo, particularly, the...


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The Theatre "Within the Gates." By Sean O'Casey. At the Royalty Theatre Within the Gates is a twentieth-century morality play, with its setting in a London park. It is an...

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Merry Women

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It was a wise act on the part of the propagandists of woman's work to concentrate on the merriments of rural life in this country and that. What the Country Women of the World...

Country Life

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Romecrofts Again The annals of The Spectator are concerned with a new devel- opment in rural activity. In 1926 under the encouragement of Mr. St. Loe Strachey, Mr. Scott, a...

The Oldest Tree The question is suggested, how old can

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a tree be Elwes, who was a great authority, gave 2,000 years to this famous Whiligh Oak, but I should doubt whether any authority of today would accept his record, would even...

Migrant Butterflies The value secured by careful daily observation of

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facts on even a small piece of land, or water, is wonderfully illus- trated by the records of Skokholm. Most of us associate the island chiefly with the marvellous records of...

Famous Oaks - Some years ago I called attention to

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a charming instance of continuity and tradition in English county annals : Sir George Courthope was repairing Westminster Hall with oak from the same wood that had supplied the...

The Revival of Marl Some critic has said that the

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Oxford Farm Economists arc chiefly journalists. If so, they are extremely good journalists. The latest number of The Farm Economist, a leaflet now dignified with a cover as...

An Oxford Fish

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A little drama in natural history, that promises to be as long-drawn-out as a, Chinese play, is interesting Oxford. One of the recent additions to the attractions of Oxford is a...

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[To the Editor Of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Bishop Carey's courageous protest on this subject in your issue of the 2nd instant is timely and necessary, for it cannot be too clearly...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin,—It is a pity to have to add to the distress of your correspondent, Mr. Bradshaw, but I am afraid there is no escape from the conviction...

Letters to the Editor

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irorrespandents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our "News of the Week" paragraphs. Signed...

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THE SINAI CODEX - [To the Editor of THE SpEcTATou.1

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SIR,—May I thank Mr. Fyfe for his courtesy ? He is toe - polite to say so, but he clearly thinks it was very dull of anyone not to understand what he meant by "intellectual...

[To the Editor of THE SrourKr0a.1 must protest against the

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implications contained in paragraph four of Bishop Carey's letter under the above heading in your issue of February 2nd. He here implies' • that the use of contraceptives is...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.T SIR,—Air-Commodore Chamier professes to have discovereA that Admiral Lawson belongs to the right wing and I to the left. I believe the Admiral...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,--I have read the articles of Canon Barry in your recent issues. May I offer a few remarks as an outsider ? Canon Barry seems to suggest...

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HEAVEN, through the storm-rent skies of time revealing Visions designed by man's death-fearing mind To hallow his carnal heritage with healing. Heaven, the last word Upon their...


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'[To' the Editor of TIIE SPECTATOR.] SIR,--AS Secretary of the Pharmaceutical Society, Mr. Linstead is Presumably familiar with the - Poisons and Phar- macy Acts ; hut one Would...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Stn,-4n your last issue you say "Britain is not the only overcrowded country looking questioningly at her empty spaces. To her [Australia's]...


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[To the Editor Of THE SPECTATOR.] write to correct myself. In reciting the list of activities of the Ministry of Agriculture under Mr. Elliot I inadvertently included one or...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—IS it not possible that the "wingless house flies," found beneath a swallow's wings by Sir W. Beach Thomas' working-man friend, were in...


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. - tTo -the -Editor of- THE SPECTATOR.] Sta, = As far as I am able to follow Lord Tavistoek's letter in your issue of - January 28th, the arguntents he adduces are limed on the...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—May I venture to suggest that to some listeners Mr. Shaw's broadcast speech the other night. was far from being boring ? So many wireless...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—May I bring to the notice of your readers that Huberman, the violinist, is generously giving a recital in aid of the German Refugees'...

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Edwardian Inferno

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By GRAHAM GREENE Tin.: obscurity and what we curiously believe to be the crudity and violence of the distant past make a suitable background to the Soul. Temptation, one feels,...

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U.S.A. Journalism

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Ma. ABBOT has attended ten or a dozen Conventions of delegates from the several States for the selection of the party candidate to stand for the Presidency of the United...

Air-Power and Sea-Power

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Behind the Smoke Screen. By Brig.-General P. R. C. Grove. (Faber and Faber. 15s.) The Navy and the Next War. By Captain Bernard Acworth, R.N. (Eyre and Spottiswoode. 8s. 6d.)...

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War and Neutrality

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Lectures on International Law. By Sir Thomas Erskine Holland. Edited by Thomas Alfred Walker and Wyndham Legh Walker. (Sweet and Maxwell, 30s.) THE editors of these lectures...

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Lenin versus Adam Smith

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Plan Or No Plan. By Barbara Wootton. (Gollanez. 55.) TuE word" plan " has become so persistent of late in economic and political discussion, that it was quite time somebody set...

Friend and Observer

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A Quaker Journal (1804-1861) : The Diary and Reminis- cences of William Lucas. Vol. I. Edited by G. E. Bryant and G. P. Baker. (Hutchinson. 18s.) CERTAINLY the days of horses...

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The Shetland Islands

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Shetland : The Isles of Nightless Summer. By William Moffatt. (Heath Cranton. 7s. 6d.) WHEN James III of Scotland married the King of Norway's daughter, in 1468, he was promised...

Milton in Brief

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Milton. By Rose Macaulay. (Duckworth. 2s.) JUST as Paradise Lost is an extremely obscure and difficult poem, so is Milton a fascinatingly complicated character. Only one thing...

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Round and About Australia

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A Tramp Royal in Wild Australia. By Archer Russell. (Cape. 10s. 6d.) AUSTRALIAN literature must be approached with caution by the English reader, to whom it will often appear...

The Old School MR. JULIAN HALL has written a remarkable

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novel about Eton, based on the closing months of his own career there. Invention he disdains ; no roman it clef was ever less diluted with fiction. His contemporaries,_ an...

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Br HERBERT ;BEAD 7s. 6d.) Foutt of these books are products of post-War despair—the fifth is grim enough, but it would not admit any temporal variation in the lot of man. Three...

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Italy Revisited—Italian Africa TN the eighteenth century, Italy was the climax of the grand tour. Again, the visitor to Rome can scarcely fail to experi- ence unique impression...

Fares to Italy

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London, Calais, Paris, Mt. Cenis, Turin,. Genoa, _ . Rapalln. Pisa, Rome, 'and return via Florence, Pisa, Paris, &e. -: First. 117 4s. ; second, £12 8s. Extension Rome, Naples,...

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Motoring Advice on Buying a Car .

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THERE are few things more dangerous than giving advice on the choice of a car, dangerous in the sense that friend- ships are imperilled by the best intentions and the giver...

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Railways and the Investor Tit E financial results so far disclosed of the English' railway companies for the past year may be said to fulfil general expectations. The London...

Financial Notes

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SUBDUED OPTIMISM. Ammuen a strong undercurrent of optimism is noticeable throughout the stock markets, business during the past week was to a.certain.extent restrained by a...

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I understand that the Abbey Road Building Society -

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.. during the year ended December 31st, 1933, advanced on carefully selected mortgage securities over 16,400,000, which • represents a substantial increase on the corresponding...


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At these times, when every sign of improving trade is wel- comed, it is satisfactory to note that profits of retail houses are beginning to show expansion. The latest statement...


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The 5 per cent. Mortgage Debenture stock of the Cunard Steamship Company, of which there is £4,000,000 out- standing, has scarcely moved in price since the announcement was made...


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In the first place, the prospect of continuing service on the Debenture stock and subsequent redemption is strengthened by the present proposals, which, among other things,...

A Hundred Years Ago

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"THE SPECTATOR," FEBRUARY 15Tir, 1834. Symptoms of reformation are at length visible in the proceedings of the Reformed Parliament. There is an evident improvement in tho tone...


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Although the latest report of the Imperial Tobacco Company for the past year showed a heavy reduction in the profits, the balance-sheet continues to reveal an extraordinarily...


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I find it impossible not to admire the indefatigable energy of the Gas Companies in their competition with the more modern illuminants. Moreover, it is an energy which achieves...


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Electric Power Companies seem to be doing well, and the latest report of the Yorkshire Electric Power Company shows a considerable expansion in earnings, the net profit for 1933...

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"The Spectator" Crossword No. 73

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BY XANTHIPPE. [A prize of one guinea will be given to the sender of the first orrect solution of this week's crossword puzzle to be opened. :nvelopes should be marked...


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