17 AUGUST 1934

Page 1

Japan's Service Estimates Items of news from Tokyo, or from

The Spectator

other quarters, regarding Japan's activities and intentions tend to be uniformly disturbing. The naval estimates just framed are said to be close on £2,000,000 above the present...

NEWS OF THE WEEK THE fact that the situation in

The Spectator

Austria is superficially calm cannot justify much optimism. Prince Starhemberg himself has .made it clear that he anticipates another Nazi putsch better organized than the last,...

The German Plebiscite By accident or design President Hindenburg's "political

The Spectator

testament" has been discovered and published Just at the moment when it may be expected to exert the maximum of influence on voters in next Sunday's plebiscite. The passage...

OFFICES :99 Glower St., London, W.C. 1. Tel. : Ititsmar

The Spectator

1721. Entered as second-class Mail Matter at the New York, N.Y. Post Office, Dec. 23rd, 1896._ Postal subscription 308. per annum, to any part of the world. Postage on this...

Page 2

More Police for the Saar By a majority the Saar

The Spectator

Governing Commission has asked the Council of the League of Nations to give them powers to raise the numbers of the Saar police force from 1,000 to 3,000 men. It is a big...

Russia and the League There seems now no reasonable doubt

The Spectator

that Russia will apply for membership of the League of Nations at next month's Assembly, and that the application will be almost universally supported. But Poland's attitude...

President Roosevelt's Dilemma Once again financial circles in the United

The Spectator

States are deeply disturbed by new fears of monetary inflation, having their origin in the recent order for the nationaliz a . tion of silver, and increased by the belief that...

The Air Terror M. Fokker's warning as to the character

The Spectator

of attacks from the air if another war breaks out deserves the closest study in every chancellery of the world. Speaking from his expert knowledge as one of the most famous and...

In Luther's Succession The German Church conflict seemed last Sunday

The Spectator

to have reached a crisis which, however, has so far failed to materialize. The 7,000 dissident pastors refuse resolutely to recognize the decisions of the German Evangelical...

Page 3

The Nuisance of Pneumatic Drills A recently reported ease of

The Spectator

suicide attributed to the unbearable noise of pneumatic drills brings home to us the importance of lessening the nuisance of these most effective but horrible instruments for...

Half a Mile Under the Sea The diving record achieved

The Spectator

by Dr. William Beebe and Mr. Otis Barton near Bermuda serves to remind us that there are new worlds for the explorer to conquer below the sea, just as Professor Piccard's...

Petrol Stations Petroleum filling-stations arc of all kinds. A few

The Spectator

of them are attractive, but a majority are ugly. The London County Council has taken a step in the right direction in deciding to regulate them in certain streets and places...

The South Wales Miners So bad is the condition of

The Spectator

the coal industry in South Wales and so serious the unemployment among miners that the last thing desired by the South Wales Miners' Federation is a quarrel with the owners. But...

Bakers and Night Work There should be considerable public sympathy

The Spectator

with the demand of the Union of Operative Bakers for the abolition of night work and a seven-day week. When night-work in bakeries was discussed at an International Labour...

Tariffs and the Empire The new Australian tariff, which falls

The Spectator

heavily on textiles, is having unhappy repercussions and Lancashire is threatening to back up its objections to it with a boycott on Australian goods. At Bolton, for example,...

Page 4


The Spectator

Q UESTIONS of the highest moment in regard to the responsibility of this country for the native popu- lations within the British Empire are raised in the important memorandum...

Page 5


The Spectator

T ROUBLE has been averted on the railways. The wage agreement concluded between the main line companies and the principal unions is satisfactory so far as it goes. That is to...

Page 6

A SPECTATOR'S NOTEBOOK T HE appointment of Prof. Coatman to be

The Spectator

News Editor of the B.B.C. is interesting. Sir John Reith and his colleagues are not satisfied with the way their news is being presented night by night, and Prof. Coatman's...

If we rely on the B.B.C. to teach us how

The Spectator

to pronounce we ought to be able to rely on the Post Office to teach us how to spell. And I cannot think that Sir Kingsley Wood ought to teach us to spell indivisible...

The death of a lady said to be the inventor

The Spectator

of flag-days arouses mingled reflections. In a sense it was an inspira- tion, and the yield to charities from that day—the first flag-battue was in 1914 — must be beyond...

No one can pretend that the Australian tour is leaving

The Spectator

a much better flavour behind it than the English tour in Australia eighteen months ago. The Voce mystery—as I write it is an unexplained mystery still—is only one of a series of...

Mr. Hore-Belisha is likely to acquire new fame, or a

The Spectator

new kind of fame, over his controversy with the Thames Conservancy. On the face of it the connexion between the Ministry of Transport and what the daily papers decide with one...

It was something of an achievement—though an odd one—on the

The Spectator

part of The Times to publish both a news message and a leading article on the death of Prince Gonzalo without a single reference to the haemophilia from which all but one of the...

Page 7


The Spectator

By B. POWYS GREENWOOD T HERE is no doubt that the critical period for the Nazi regime is only beginning. Two problems stand out above all others—the economic and the...

Page 8


The Spectator

By THOMAS F. WOODLOCK* T HE European viewing President Roosevelt's "New Deal" in the United States is apt to find it none too easy of comprehension as a whole. The old adage...

Page 9


The Spectator

By AUSTEN ALBU T HE growth of the study of the psychological condi- tions of the industrial worker is comparatively recent, and during the last few years some interesting...

Page 10


The Spectator

By HUGH SYKES DAVIES H IKING, though in many ways one of the most signi- ficant social phenomena of recent years, has not yet received the attention which it deserves from a...

Page 11


The Spectator

By DYNELEY HUSSEY I T was good after an interval of some eight weeks, during which orchestral music in London has been represented only by the perfunctory performances of...

Page 12


The Spectator

[D'1UN CORRESPONDANT PARISIEN] L E PRESIDENT DU CONSEIL et les quatre ministrec interesses viennent de presenter aux membres du Parlement frangais un projet de loi qui a...

Page 13

The Cinema

The Spectator

"A Woman in Her Thirties." At the Capitol HERE is one of those unusual American films which 6:.sca- sionally slip quietly into a West-End programme and are more worth seeing...


The Spectator

"Sour Grapes." By Vincent Lawrence. At the Apollo Theatre.—"Admirals All." By Ian Hay and Stephen King-Hall. At the Shaftesbury 'Theatre FOR general improbability (one could...

"Murder on the Runaway Train." At the Empire Hardened fihn-goers

The Spectator

may remember, far back in screen history, a celebrated serial called The Exploits of Elaine. At the end of each weekly episode the intrepid Elaine—played, I think, by Pearl...

Page 14


The Spectator

Sisley and Pissarro Jr is tactful on the part of Messrs. Knoedler to give us an exhibition in August of Pissarros and Sisleys. It gives me an excuse for reflecting on a strange...

A Broadcasting Calendar

The Spectator

FRIDAY, AUGUST 17th 5.4 0 Here and There : Commander King-Hall to children 8.o Promenade Concert-Beethoven Programme : Symphony Orchestra, Roy Henderson, Katharine Goodson. "...

Page 15

Cuckoos Again One more word on the Great Cuckoo Controversy

The Spectator

which continues to generate no little heat. The great Fabre (always a charming if not always an accurate guide) wrote of the cuckoo that she "lays her egg on the ground and...

* *

The Spectator

The Whitewashed Frenchman On the subject of partridges the new research workers seem to be in favour of a revival of the French or red-legged species. Most of us used to be...

Egg-Swallowing Feats - One of the most persistent observers holds

The Spectator

the view that not only the cuckoo but a number of other birds, including warblers, regurgitate. Two observers witnessed a meadow pipit herself "deposit by regurgitation," and...

The Comma The public is taking a very effective hand

The Spectator

in butterfly problems ; and the Union of South Eastern Societies has formed a focus, a pool, rather like the Ornithologist Trust. Insects as a rule are easier to identify and...


The Spectator

Late Broods Odd seasons produce odd . phenomena ; and recent seasons have had their due crop. For example, in the first week of August I found a brown linnet sitting on a full...

English Timber

The Spectator

Owners of country property are continually asking o? wondering how they may find a market for felled or fallen timber ; and often receive no satisfactory answer. It is often...

English Bulbs Another product coming into its own, late but

The Spectator

surely, is the English bulb. The Royal Horticultural Society, which has done much to encourage this more or less new and rapidly increasing industry, is to hold an original, and...

Page 16


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I am a manufacturer controlling a business of medium size built up from small beginnings. Continuous efforts to train young "business...


The Spectator

[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The Most suitable length is that of one of our "News of the Week' paragraphs. Signed...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—In your issue of

The Spectator

August 10th Mr. Bosworth Goldman points to the common religious faith of S. Germany, Austria and Hungary as a strong argument for their federation. There is another strong...

Page 17


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I was interested to read in your note to Wing-Com- mander James' letter published in The Spectator of August 10th under the heading "...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Stu,—Had there been one letter only published in The Spectator from Mr. Kenneth Bradshaw it would have been well to ignore his misstatements,...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Monday, August 20th, should be remembered by us as Mosquito Day," the anniversary which the late Sir Ronald Ross (a poet as well as a...

WALKING AND STALKING [To the Editor of TIIE SvEcTsTon] Sta.,—I

The Spectator

would like to ask Mr. F. W. Berry to reconcile his statement that "if there is to be any sport at all the ground must be kept absolutely quiet and undisturbed or no deer will...

Page 18


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin,—With reference to your recent series of articles, "The Greatest Benefactor," it may be interesting to hear the views of a raw African...

[To the Editor of TILE SPECTATOR.] Snt,—In the interesting article

The Spectator

on "Women and Men's Work in The Spectator of August 10th, it is assumed that all women work because they are obliged to do so. This is not the case : many girls have attractive...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I can hardly make out from Dr. Sym's letter whether he wishes to criticize my conclusions, or to support them. On the face of it, my...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.]

The Spectator

SIR, —Though not presuming to offer an opinion on the matter discussed in the letters of Dr. Harry Roberts and Dr. Sym, I venture to question their use of the engagingly...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—In her extremely interesting article on "Women and Men's Work" in The Spectator of August 30th Ray Strachey examines the 1931 census...


The Spectator

[To the. Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sm,—Although correspondence on this subject has ceased in your columns, it is possible that the following may be eon . sidered by you to be...

Page 19


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Gliding is the best possible basic training for an aero- plane pilot. A glider pilot " graduates " to a Powered aeroplane with ease and...

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sm,—Am I right in

The Spectator

saying that this subject, and the allied subjects—contraception and abortion—are very commonly considered as if man was no more than an intelligent animal ? If our life in God...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of TIIE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—At the request of the Trustees I am engaged in writing the biography of the late Pandit Shyamaji Krishnavarma. It will be recalled that...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—With reference to Mr. Flynn's letter in your last number, may I say that having visited Peterborough re- cently for the same purpose as...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—A call for Subsistence Homesteads has lately been heard in the land ; and to some ears it is a joyous and a bracing sound. The hard common...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Though not desiring to interfere in the controversy between Mr. Wenham and Mr. Middleton, I venture to question the accuracy of Mr....

Page 20

The Complete Hazlitt

The Spectator

By V. S. PRITCHETT Lx twenty volumes and an index which is not far from emulating the piety of Cruden's Concordance, the Centenary Hazlitt is complete. It is a monument, as the...

Page 21

Across Siberia

The Spectator

Tuts is a book of adventure written by a young man who in his twenty-first year started to travel across Siberia front North to South by steamer and train, and in places on...

England Twenty Years Ago

The Spectator

A History of the English People. Epilogue : Volume II. 1905 - 1915. By E. Halevy. Translated by E. I. Watkin. (Berm. 258.) ANYONE who has tried to write a philosophic history,...

Page 22

Modern Swedish Fiction

The Spectator

Modern Swedish Short Stories.' (Cape. 8s. 6d.) THIS volume, produced under the auspices of the Anglo- Swedish Literary Foundation, is a testimony to the increasing popularity of...

Dunn of Bath and Clifton

The Spectator

This memorial of a great headmaster has been prepared by the piety of several of his old pupils, and will appeal mainly to Cliftonians and Bathonians. But it deserves a wider...

Page 23

A Full Life

The Spectator

The Trail of Life in the Middle Years. By Rufus M. Jones. (Macmillan. 88. 6d.) Da. Rurcrs M. JONES has followed up his two earlier auto- biographical books by a third which...

Houses Today and Tomorrow

The Spectator

Design in Modern Life. Edited by John Gloag. (George Allen and TJnwin. 10s. 6d.) SLOWLY the idea is dawning upon us that the way to save the country is by making the towns fit...

Page 24

Faith versus Science THERE are few more embarrassing moments than

The Spectator

that chosen by some grave and respected senior to enliven a youthful dinner-table with a carefully detailed story familiar to all his audience from babyhood. Mr. Beresford, by...

Page 25


The Spectator

By WILLIAM PLOMER James Shore's Daughter. By Stephen Vincent Benet. (Heinemann. 7s. 6d.) The Lonely Lady of Dulwich. By Maurice Baring. (Heinemann. 5s.) Seed of Adam. By Violet...

Page 26

Current Literature

The Spectator

DER REICHSTAGBRAND PROZESS By Dr. Sack A hook about the Reichstag trial, compiled by one of the leading counsel in the ease, ought to be a work of compelling interest. In this...


The Spectator

The sub-title of Professor Keller's work (Lutterworth Press, 10s. 6d.) is "The Influence of the Barthian Movement upo n the Churches of the World." If the discourse sometimes...


The Spectator

By Branch Cabal Mr. Cabell's "fan-mail" is, one gathers, enormous ; and in Special Delivery (Philip Allan, 8s. 6d.) we are given the careful and whimsical protest of this...

SCOTLAND IN 10 DAYS By J. J. Bell Mr. Bell's

The Spectator

third book on Scotland is as clear, as well- informed, and as readable as the earlier two. He, if anybody, ought to be able to cope with Scotland in 10 Days (Harrap, 5s.). He...

Page 27

Motoring About Little British Cars As has been proved many

The Spectator

times over within the last f e w years, more especially since the last show, the British industry is as far ahead of its rivals in one type of sr as the first of the famous...

Page 28


The Spectator

Try the Faroes _ THERE is probably no country in Europe which attracts any-. thing like so small a quota - of visitors . from ,Other European: countries as the Faroe Islands....


The Spectator

A Popular Panacea ONE of the popular Sunday newspapers treated the Public this week to what I consider was a veritable "mare's rieat.", I want, however, to refer to it because...

Page 30

LOOKING AHEAD Some six months have to run before the

The Spectator

railway results for the past year expressed in net revenues and dividend distribu- tions will become known, and in the meantime, freed from the fear of Labour troubles,...

Financial Notes

The Spectator

THE RAILWAY SETTLEMENT. IT is possible that holders of Ordinary Stocks o f English Railways may have been somewhat puzzled by the fact that the compromise settlement reached...


The Spectator

Not the least interesting feature in the Industrial section has been the sensational rise in the £1 Units of Ordinary Stock of Arthur Guinness, Son and Company. A week ago I...


The Spectator

The explanation of the somewhat paradoxical movements is to be found in a consideration of speculative as distinct from investment operations. The recovery which began in...

Page 32


The Spectator

OINIDI El° 1J, P1 e AIM! II Al N OIRIBII InOINI Yi SI I , A Si Pi yiEIMIOrRI Sltil Ti AIM • EM RI A1111 KIOINI • E r - IN GI R: 131 o - 01 TI EIOI R , Al Till 11121010M...

"The Spectator" Crossword No. 99

The Spectator

BY X.ANTHIPPE. 14 Prize of one g uinea will be g iven to the sender of the first correct solution of this week's crossword puzzle to be opened. Envelopes should be marked "...