20 JULY 1878

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The debate was made important by Lord Derby's speech, but

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was otherwise not exciting. Lord Granville made some clever comments on the Congress of Berlin, which he thought, after the Anglo-Russian Agreement, had become something of a...

To this Lord Salisbury had nothing to reply, except by

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taunt- ing Lord Derby with his devotion to destructive criticism, and with being the kind of statesman who would inevitably have resisted the extension of our empire to India,...

Of the personal collision in Lord Derby's and Lord Salisbury's

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speeches, and its significance, we have said enough elsewhere. As regards the Treaty of Berlin, Lord Derby, on the whole, supported the Government, though he pointed out how...

A splendid audience of Princes, Princesses, Peers, Peeresses, and dignitaries

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of all kinds, assembled in the House of Lords on Thurs- day to hear Lord Beaconsfield's statement. It was not one of his happiest efforts, being apologetic, full of details, and...

*,* The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript in any

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T HE Congress ended on Saturday, the 13th, when all the Plenipotentiaries signed the Treaty, hereafter to be known as the Treaty of Berlin. When the seals had been affixed,...

Lord Beaconsfield was received in England on Tuesday with gratnlatory

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paeans, and elaborate indeed, but not very multitudi- nous rapture. He had the rare pleasure—as we should think—of magnanimously demanding at Dover for the services of Lord...

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The French Republicans and the Italian Radicals are both profoundly

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irritated with the result of the Congress of Berlin. They consider that France and Italy ought to have got something in the scramble, and that England has greatly and...

The danger of civil war in Montreal, for it was

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nothing less, has been averted. The Orangemen, finding the Mayor resolute in forbidding their procession, and that they would have to fight police as well as mob, while...

The Paris correspondent of the Times informs the world that

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there was real danger of the Congress breaking up, even after the Bulgarian question had been settled. On July 8th the Anglo- Turkish Agreement reached Berlin, and the Russian...

The Contagious Diseases (Animals) Bill,—that is, the Bill for raising

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the price of meat,—is gradually being pounded by the House of Commons into a shapeless mass of legislative tissue. Sir Henry James suggested that the proposal to exclude some...

Nor was this the end of the Government troubles on

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the sub- ject of this dear-meat Bill. When the subject of compensation to farmers, &c., for their slaughtered cattle came up, the question arose as to the right of corporations...

Rumours—as yet, no more than rumours—prevail of the open- ing-up

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of another portion of the Eastern Question. It is stated that the Porte have assured the Greeks that no important con- cession will be made to them, and that the Greeks have...

Mr. Goschen has intimated to the electors of the City

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of London his intention not to stand again at the next vacancy. Obviously he does not like, either for himself or for the Liberal party, repre- senting, in such a place as the...

Lord Northbrook made a grave and well-considered speech on the

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two Treaties, from the point of view of an Indian Viceroy. He maintained that the only route by which Russia can attack India is that of Persia, and that therefore the Asiatic...

The Calcutta correspondent of the Times gives extracts from twelve

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Native papers strongly approving the despatch of Native troops to Europe, usually on the ground that the summons IS a proof of the Queen's confidence in the loyalty of her Sepoy...

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Mr. Alfred Austin, who delivered a great oration at Notting-

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ham on Wednesday, at the annual gathering of the Conservative and Constitutional Associations, proclaimed his belief that if the British Empire is not " in its dotage," and if...

The sudden death of Miss Catherine Winkworth, the accom- plished

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compiler and translator of the " Lyra Germanica," on July 1st, in Savoy, deprives us of a woman of rare refinement and ability, who had had the wisdom to cut out for herself a...

A whole family has been murdered in Wales in a

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way which recalls De Quincey's account of the murders in Ratcliffe High- way,—years ago. On Monday last an assassin appears to have entered the premises of a labouring man,...

Mr. Cross should be at once asked to explain the

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Vivisection Returns. It appears from them that during the year four new ficences have been issued for " experiments without anaesthetics," seven licences dispensing with the...

Consols were on Friday 951 to 95: - .

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The members of the Established Church of Scotland have sustained

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a great blow this week. They were under the impression, when the Patronage Abolition Act passed in 1874, that their Church had been set free from lay control, or that, in their...

The Irish Intermediate Education Bill was read a second time

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in the House of Commons on Monday, without a division, Mr. C. Lewis (M.P. for Londonderry), who had moved its rejection, withdrawing his amendment at the close of the...

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LORD BEACONSFIELD ON THE PROTECTORATE. T HE splendid audience which assembled in the Lords to hear Lord Beaconsfield on Thursday must have gone away after listening to his...

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TT will not be without pain, and not, we hope, without warn- ing, that Englishmen will read in Thursday's night's debate the story of the encounter between Lord Derby and Lord...

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L ORD SALISBURY has apparently felt the charge that the Treaty of Berlin is inconsistent with his famous Circular, and has replied to it in an elaborate despatch, addressed in...

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I the expedition along the Via Sacra to the Capitol which 1 constituted a Roman " triumph," the victor was drawn by four horses, his captives marching before and his troops fol-...

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CYPRUS UNDER REPAIRS. T HE public should watch, and watch appreciatively

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if they can, the process of founding a British Government in Cyprus. We know of nothing more remarkable in its way than the ease with which an operation of this kind, an opera-...

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T HE Irish Intermediate Education Bill does not provide a perfect scheme for giving boys a chance of getting something better than elementary instruction, upon conditions which...

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M R. ARNOLD has just put forth a most fascinating little volume of selections* from his own poems,—with an ex- quisitely embellished title-page—and printed in the clearest...

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T HERE was one defect observable in the recent debate on Primogeniture in the house of Commons, which somewhat marred the effect of the arguments on the Liberal side. None of...

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T HE Australian Cricketers have now played a sufficient num- ber of matches with representative English teams to enable us to gauge the extent of their prowess pretty...

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR "] Sin,—In a series of letters to the Times, a well-known writer, under the signature of " A Traveller," had propounded a solution of the...


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MALTA AND CYPRUS. [To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. "] Sin,—England has a traditional connection with St. Paul. To him is dedicated the Cathedral Church of her capital, and...

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR.") Sin,—It would be a scandal to the public who love true art, arid' still more a scandal to the brotherhood of artists, if Mr. Herbert were...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR:1 SIE,—Having many friends amongst teachers, may I be allowed, in reference to your article on " Girl Graduates," to say how gladly a female...

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[SECOND NOTICE.] NexT to the drawing of the Hotel de Ville, Brussels, with the mention of which we closed our last notice, come several more pencil drawings, chiefly of Scotch...


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go THE EDITOR OF THE SPROTATOR.1 But,—It is said we are to have a general election. I venture to propose, as the issue to which the Liberal party ought to postpone all others,...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPEOTLTOR.1 SIR,—In your notice in the Spectator of July 6th of a " Revised English Bible," the reader's attention is directed to the following...

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MR. MORLEY'S " DIDEROT." Mu. MORLEY has given us the two best biographies of Voltaire and Rousseau in existence. He has continued his work in his favourite field by giving us...

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AN INLAND VOYAGE.• Two friends start in two canoes, the

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' Cigarette' and the Arethusa,' for a voyage on some Belgian and French rivers• Their adventures are not remarkable, the sights seen and described are neither new nor strange,...

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BOOKS of folk-lore and antiquarian gossip are often very enter- taining reading. They require no effort of mind, they put the imagination to no great strain, and seldom or never...

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THERE is no country in Europe which has such reason to be proud of its novelists as England. France alone might compete with us in this respect, were it not that French fiction,...

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IN his preface to this work, the author tells us that having in early life turned his attention to historical and topographical matters connected with Belfast, and having...

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ments for lighting and watching, &c. It sounds somewhat HERR FRIEDRICII SPIELHAGEN has now for some time been strange to find that flugh Eccles, merchant, is to have liberty to...

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Julia higrand : a Novel. From the Spanish of Don

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Martin Palma. By J. W. Duffy, M.D. (Elliot Stock.)—We have so few translations from the Spanish, and we know so little of 'the Spanish literature of fiction, that it was with...

Sir Aubyn's Household. "A Plain Unvarnished Tale." By Sigma. (Samuel

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Tinsley.)—This is the love-story of two sisters, one of whom is a beauty, the other, at least by comparison, plain. The writer has had the courage to contravene the common...


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Blanche of Bourbon, and Other Poems. By H. Alcmar. (Thomas Hookham.)—The author has written a volume of verse, in the manner of Sir Walter Scott, describing the fate of "...

The Survival, with an Apology for Scepticism. (Remington.) — This is a

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curious book, which we cannot pretend to estimate. The author tells us that he bad, as we understand, a strong spirit of what may be called ascetic Christianity, and then makes...

Our Lord's Three Raisings from the Dead. By the Rev.

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Hugh Macmillan. (Maclehose, Glasgow.)—Mr. Macmillan gives in this volume a very full exposition of the three miracles of the raising from the dead of Jairus's daughter, of the...

Cassell's Dictionary of Cookery. (Cassell and Co.)—We are inclined to

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think that this should stand, if not at the head of English cookery- books, anyhow in a very high place among them. We cannot, indeed, pretend to estimate the value, in point of...

The Child of the Desert. By Colonel the Hon. C.

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S. Vereker. 3 vols. (Chapman and Hall.)—Colonel Vereker is doubtless familiar with the scenes—in Algeria and the Desert—in which he places bis story. But neither this familiari...

the "Hems Paulime." The author traces out what he takes

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to be the undersigned coincidences between the Davidic Psalms and the histories contained in the Books of Kings and Chronicles. For example, he finds such a coincidence between...

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The Lectures of a Certain Professor. By the Rev. J.

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Farrell. (Macmillan.)—This is an agreeable little volume of essays, on a variety of subjects, and well deserves to be the companion of those who are fortunate enough to have the...

Margery Travers. By A. E. N. Bewicke. 3 vole. (Hurst

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and Blackett.)—There are three women represented in this novel with a force and distinctness which raise it considerably above the average fiction of the day. Margery Travers,...

Isis Unveiled. By H. P. Blavatsky. Vols. I. and II.

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(Bontor, New York ; Quaritch, London.)—Under this symbolic name, singularly appropriate to an author who is a corresponding secretary of the Theosophical Society, which, it...

Cruel London : a Novel. By Joseph Hatton. (Chapman and

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Hall.) —Mr. Hatton does not improve. He still mistakes vulgarity for realism, and coarseness for strength. Cruel London is a clover and suggestive title, and a subject...

A Search for a Fortune : the Autobiography of a

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Younger Son. By Hamilton Lindsay Bucknall. (Daldy and Isbiater.)—It does not appear that the author of this entertaining volume has yet actually found that for which he has been...

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Messiah's Kingdom. By the Rev. B. Martin, M.A. (Oliphant and

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Co.)—This volume is an answer in the negative to the question,—Is State-Churchism Scriptural ? Most readers will not find in the book much that is novel relating to this...

Handbook for Travellers in Northamptonshire and Rutland. (John Murray.)—This volume

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is an addition to the already numerous and excellent series of guide-books issued by Mr. Murray. The general arrangement is the same as that followed in the volumes of the...

Prayers. With a Discourse on Prayer. By George Dawson, M.A.

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Edited by his Wife. (Henry S. King and Co.)—These prayers, pre- pared, as it seems, for public worship, are beautiful, both in language and sentiment, but they have the fault of...

Sermons. By the late Rev. Henry Christopherson, Assistant-Minister at Trinity

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Church, Brighton, Second Series. (Henry S. King and Co.')-These sermons are distinguished by a tone of earnest, practical piety, as well as by occasional eloquence. Their chief...

The Englishman's Illustrated Guide to the United States and Canada.

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(Longmans.)—The author of this guide-book has himself travelled over all the routes described, and has given within the limits of a portable volume all the information necessary...

_Influence of Climate on Pulmonary Consumption. By C. T. Williams,

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M.D. (Smith and Elder.)—This volume contains the " Lettsomian " Lectures for 1876, and constitutes a valuable contribution to medical science. It is founded on carefully...