21 OCTOBER 1905

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T HE war between Russia and Japan was officially ended on

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Saturday last, when the Emperors of Russia and Japan "ratified" the Treaty of Peace arranged at Portsmouth, U.S.A., by affixing their signatures. The text of the Articles...

Bills providing for the separation of Sweden and Norway have

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now been passed by the Legislatures of both countries*, and King Oscar in his speech proroguing the Swedish Parliament treats the "dissolution of the Union" as final. The terms...

The Emperor Francis Joseph has reappointed Baron Fejervary Premier of

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Hungary, with instructions "to bring about as quickly as possible a constitutional solution of the present critical situation on the basis of the programme sub- mitted by you...

in Macedonia. They have insisted that the Sultan shall allow

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them to take the financial control of the province, and so terminate at least one of the many causes of disorder there, and have even appointed Agents to early out reforms. The...

The Berlin correspondent of the Times telegraphs on Friday a

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very significant article with regard to the future foreign policy of Germany which appears in the Frankfurter Zeitung. Germany, it declares, has the right to address to France...

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and for themselves on the Fiscal question." There was, he

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declared, a remarkable resemblance between the agitation for the repeal of the Union and the agitation for the repeal of Free-trade. If Mr. Gladstone had not taken up Home-rule,...

Mr. Chamberlain has written a letter to the Norwood Branch

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of the Tariff Reform League in regard to a resolu- tion which they propose to pass. This resolution in effect defines the policy of Mr. Balfour as a Tariff Reform policy, and...

Sir Edward Grey was the principal speaker at a Liberal

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meeting held in Manchester on Friday week. The speech was strong and sensible throughout, but we particularly welcome the tone of his references to foreign policy and the...

It is through indulging delusions such as these that the

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Unionist Free-traders run so imminent a risk of suffering extinction. If, instead, they will face the facts, and fight whole-heartedly for Free-trade and against all its...

Sir Edward Grey's reference to Chinese labour was equally explicit

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and satisfactory. "It was said that a Liberal Government would be a danger to the Empire because it would stop the importation of Chinese labour into the Transvaal, and would...

Lord Hugh Cecil delivered a most interesting and sugges- tive

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address at the opening meeting of the Glasgow Parlia- mentary Debating Association on Friday week. Beginning with an analysis of Conservatism as a school of thought, Lord Hugh...

Kingsway, the new thoroughfare from the Strand to Holborn, was

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formally opened on Wednesday by King Edward. In replying to the Address presented by the Chairman of the London County Council, the King spoke of the practical advantage to the...

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The War Office have resolved to adopt for a time

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Special measures to meet the shortage of officers in the cavalry. In an official circular'issued on Monday it is announced that the Army Council are prepared to receive...

We have great pleasure in announcing that the subscrip- tions

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promised and received for carrying out Colonel Pollock's proposed experiment in Militia training have already reached a little over 2800. Though that is not quite a fourth of...

We regret to have to record the death of Sir

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Henry Irving, which took place with tragical suddenness on October 13th at Blackburn after the close of the performance of Becket. Sir Henry Irving had done admirable work in...

Tribunal into a periodic Congress, to which the conscience of

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the world would compel all disputants to appeal, and the formation of a League of Peace among nations. He was glad to see that the spread of education caused a falling-off in...

In regard to the question of the total abolition of

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war, we should like to ask Mr. Carnegie one question. When the South determined to break up the Union, did he or did he not side with those who said, "Erring sister, go in...

The result of the poll in the Barkston Ash division

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of Yorkshire was announced on Saturday last, Mr. Andrews, the Liberal candidate, being returned by a majority of 228 over Mr. Lane-Fox. In 1886, 1895, and 1900 the late Sir...

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a faint echo in Paris. What is feared is that

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the Liberal party when they come into power, as they must do in a few months' time, will not maintain in its full vigour the entente with France, but instead will allow their...

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• are celebrating to-day, marks an epoch in the history

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of our Empire. One hundred years ago the greatest of English sea-captains, in one of the decisive battles of the world, laid the foundations, not only of modern Britain, but of...

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the world as that of any of the four or

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five States which are at once formidable for their resources, and inclined to use them in a militant, we do not say an aggressive, way. For the true meaning of the change we...

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T HE Protectionist Press acknowledges with frankness that the defeat at

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Barkston Ash is a great blow to the Government. The advocates of that policy all state that, judging from electoral history, they regarded the seat, with its partially...

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• Election were the only important one, and as if

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it mattered comparatively little who was the actual Member sent to 'Parliament, —provided that he was sound on the main issue. Since, however, Parliament administers as well as...

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T HE finest action is the better for a piece of

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purple," says Robert Louis Stevenson in one of his essays ; and he goes on to commend the fact that the old Admirals were not ashamed to do their great things in a great way....

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T O be asked for an honour, and to refuse it,

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is a delicate matter for any person in authority. To be asked eagerly, almost confidently, for the highest honour that the nation can bestow, and to have to refuse that, must...

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T HE Danes, who spare no trouble to protect their im- portant butter industry, have lately undertaken a national campaign against rats. This has been done partly as a precaution...

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LORD CURZON'S OPPORTUNITY. SIR,—Perhaps you will permit me to reply to the letter of "M. B." in last week's issue. One marvels at the peculiar condition of mind which obtains...

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pre Tell EDITOR OF THII " SP IMATOR:1 Sin, —Commenting in

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the Spectator of the 14th inst. on Mr. Asquith's recent speech at Earlsferry, you quote his reply to a "heckler," that "if by Home-rule is meant the introduction of a Bill for...

[To THE EDITOR OF THY "EPECTATOR." . 1 Srn, — In your comments on

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my letter in your last issue you do not explain how, if all Unionist Free-traders vote for Liberal Free-traders at the next Election, there is likely to remain any body of...

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see in the last Spectator that "A Military Corre- spondent" and " Taxpayer " both attack my recent letters to you under the above heading. I am not anxious to enter into a...


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unfortunately missed reading in the Spectator of October 7th your reference to the article by the author of "A Retrograde Admiralty," but I gather from his remarks in your...

[To THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR."] SnEt,—I am sending you

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by this mail two issues of New India, a paper published by the Bengalese, and from which you will see the progress of the " Swadeshi " (home-made) boycott movement. This...

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[To THE EDITOR Or THE "SpEcTirort."] SIE,—Your review of Professor

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Nicholson's book in last week's Spectator omits (as possibly the Professor does) to notice the incidence of agricultural rates on the third partner in the concern,—viz., the...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Si,—You have generously asked me to give an account of the founding in America of the Free Tickets Bureaux for the Blind. Some years ago...


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[TO THE Emma OP THE "SPECTATOR."] am glad to see that you have printed a letter on this subject in your issue of October 14th, and I wish some one would write you another every...

ITO THE EDITOR OP THE .sprorszott.~] Sra,—In your interesting article

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of October 14th on "Small Holdings" you rightly deprecate the expenditure of too much money upon farm buildings, and ask why a small bolder should not be allowed to provide...

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pro TEE EDITOR OF THE SPECTATOR:1 SIR,—I have been surprised

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in reading various memorial notices of the late George Macdonald not to see any mention of his "Book of Strife ; or, Diary of an Old Soul." To not a few this little book of...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR, — In your issue of September 23rd (p. 415) you speak with approval of Miss E. Mary Young's "vigorous and timely plea for the...


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SIR,—Your able advocacy of Colonel Pollock's test scheme of six months' military training, as outlined in the Spectator of the 7th inst., bids fair to make it a success....


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Sra,—May I be kindly permitted a word of explanation in regard to a reference to a passage in my book, "Howard, Letters and Memories," contained in your otherwise fair review of...

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A. H. WE congratulate Lord Edmond Fitztnaurice on the com-

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pletion of a book which will interest the general reader and instruct the historian of modern England. Lord Granville played so great a part in our history from 1851 to 1885...

THE FALL OF GALAHAD. HER hair was brown, but dusted

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gold Shone on it, by a young wind blown; It lived in light and seemed to hold The sun or star shine for its own. Her eyes were like Our Lady's, grey; They ransomed light for...


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Mr. E. James ... £200 The Proprietor of the Spectator ... 100 *The Earl of Dysart ... ... 200 C. Davies Gilbert ... 5 *F. H. Gossage, Esq. ... ... 100 Peter Jack, Esq. ... 1...

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"In heaven there is laid up a pattern of such

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a city, and he who desires may behold this, and beholding, govern himself accordingly. But whether there really is, or ever will be, such an one is of no importance to him ; for...

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entitled to the gratitude of all lovers of good reading for having rescued from an old cupboard this collection of the first Lord Dudley's letters to Mrs. Dugald. Stewart, which...

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ALTHOUGH English archaeologists were amongst the first to draw attention to the subject, and the Trustees of the British Museum have made it their business for more than a...

THE appearance of a new collection of stories from the

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pen of Mr. W. W. Jacobs enables us to accept with equanimity the announcement—whether authorised or not we cannot. say—that he had resolved to abandon all further attempts to...

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Admiral Togo. By Arthur Lloyd, MA. (Kinkodo Publishing Company, Tokio.)—Mr. Lloyd gives, by way of introduction to his special subject, a useful summary of Japanese history....

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The Jewish Year Book. Edited by the Rev. Isidore Harris,

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- M.A. (Greenberg and Co. 2s. 6d. net.)—This is the tenth'issue of this year-book. It continues to become more complete. Among various items of interest, we see a statement of...

[Under this heading see notice such Books of the week

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as have not been reserved for review in other forms.] Suffolk Records and MSS. Collected and Edited by W. A. Copinger. (H. Sotheran and Co. 218. net per vol.)—This is a very...

/74 British Trade Year - Book, 1905. By John Holt Schooling. (John

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Murray. 10s. 6d. net.)—Year-books and the like are commonly understood to be non-party productions. One does not, for instance, inquire whether the London Post Office Directory...

The Cambridge University Calendar, 1905 - 6 (Deighton, Bell, and Co., 7s.

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68.. net), still contrives to include in a single volume present and past. The convenience of this is obvious ; but how long it will be practicable with the increasing bulk of...

How to Collect Books. By J. Herbert Slater. (G. Bell

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and Sons. es. net.)—Mr. Slater naturally begins his treatise with "Hints to Beginners." One of these, and possibly the most valuable, suggests the variety of taste and fashion....

The Hibbert Journal. Edited by L. P. Jacks, 11.A., and

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G. Dawes Hicks, Litt.D. Vol. III. (Williams and Norgate.) —The critic, however familiar he may be with the present-day developments of religious thought, can hardly escape a...

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NEW EDITIONG.—WO have received a new edition of Oxford, by

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Andrew Lang (Seeley and Co., 6s.) It is needless to say any- thing at this time of day of Mr. Lang's sympathetic reflections and description. Oxford and St. Andrews share the...

Abbott (T. K.), Catalogue of 15th Century Books in the

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Library of Trinity College, Dublin, &c., Svo (Iongmans) net 1016 Aldis (J.), Madame GeofErin: her Salon and her Times, 1750-1777, 8vo (Methuen) net 10/6 Alexander (J. H.),...