25 OCTOBER 1935

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The Government's main plank will undoubtedly be its foreign policy,

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and on that its claim to support is strong the future is to be judged in the light of the last four months ral her than the last four years. This week's deb(it e i.s sal...


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T IKE date of the General Election is now definitely fixed for November 14th, and though for ourselves We regret an election at this moment nothing is gained now by cavilling at...

A Stagnant Week There has been little military movement in

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Abyssinia in the past week. On the Eritrean front the Italians dislike to be hurried. They have. fortified their positions near Adowa and Adigrat, while : the Abyssinians are...

• Omens : 99 Gower St., London, w:C. 1. Tel.

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: MuSErm 1721. Entered as second-class Mail Matter at the New York, N.Y. Post Office, 'the. 23rd; 1896. Postal subaiwiption 399. per annum, to any part of the world. Postage on...

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Our Congested Roads The road traffic census carried out by

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the Automobile Association last month raises serious problems which, unless they are firmly grasped in time, will become much more serious,. • The total number of vehicles...

M. Laval's Middle Course

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. . Stimulated by . the . fact that the . Radical-Socialist Congress was about . to meet, and encouraged by • the results of the . Senatorial elections, which demonstrated no...

Mr. Lloyd George's Programme Mr. Lloyd George's " Council of

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Action for Peace and 'Reconstruction " has .issued two. booklets this week. The first, dealing with the peace problem, is strongly pro- League of Nations in its policy, and...

Germany and the League

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Germany's exit from the League of Nations is since Monday an accomplished fact, for on that day the two-years' notice of resignation which she gave in 1933 expired. Her...

Mr. Henderson

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On another page of this issue Lord Snowden has given some indication of the unique part played 'by Mr. Arthur - Henderson in building up the political Labour movement in this...

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The • case of the London typist who admitted that

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she bad given medinal to her mother, suffering agony from a disease believed to be incurable, 'in the • hope that she 'Would put her out of her pain, and was found Not 'Guilty...

The debate •oh the next afternoon afforded a first-class Parliamentary

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field-day. Mr. Baldwin was in great fighting form, though he' seemed a little disturbed by the laughter that greeted his 'extremely ingenious defence of November • as :being Ihd...

The Week In 'Parliament Our Pailiainentaiy Correspondent writes : The

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great' . debate on foreign affairs, which' is the prelude to an eledtion which is - likely to be fought with much heat and bitterness, began with an exchange of courtesies...

A Political Coincidence At the time when the Unemployment Insurance

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'Rill Was -under consideration there was much criticism of the smallness of children's -allowances to those in' receipt of unemployment insurance benefit. It may seem an ....

4.4i1Waymen's Wages Though the machinery for settling wages claims for

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the railwaymen broke down last year, and there has keen dissatisfaction among the men, none the less the relations between the companies and their employees Might well be held...

For the debate itself the House was crowded from floor

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to gallery as. if for a Budget day. Yet, as so often happens in the House .of Commons when a debate is heralded beforehand as, ",momentous. and historic," it was , in reality...

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O N Saturday fifty nations at Geneva agreed on the imposition on Italy of a sanction which, if conscientiously carried out, is calculated to involve the offending country in...

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IT is a tragic fact in the nation's dealings with the mining industry that the experiences of the past have been again and again forgotten, and the problem shelved, till the...

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To every Ulsterman Lord Carson will always be ' as

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great a politician as he was an advocate, which is 'saying a very great deal.. On that the dispassionate verdict 'of history must one day be rendered. It is too soon yet. Where...


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" In some quarters an absurd attempt is being made to saddle • Mr. Eden, both by praise and by blame, with the reputation of being a young man in a hurry, rushing along in...

There is 'a naive 'honesty about Lord Beaverbrook which makes

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his personality ten times more interesting :than, say, Lord Rothermere's. In his Politicians and the War he made no concealment of his chagrin at not being offered the Board of...

Mr. Henderson was always, I think, rather underValued by the

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average observer of political life in this country. Mr. Lloyd George—and on this point there •coulct 'be no shrewder judge—has described the former 'Secretary of the Labour...

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By VISCOUNT SNOWDEN TILE death of Arthur Henderson has brought to a close a life full of achievement in public service. For. thirty, years he has been an outstanding figure...

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By SIR EVELYN WRENCH A TOUR of a dozen countries during the last few weeks, originally undertaken to study . Balkan problems after a prolonged absence, afforded excellent...

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By DR. NATHANIEL MICKLEM (Principal of Mansfield College, Oxford) IT is becoming a commonplace that one of the most ' distinctive marks of the present age, one of whose •...

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By MICHAEL LANGLEY N OW that the petrol fields around Kirkuk are paying annual royalties of one million pounds sterling, to be . spent, by the Iraq Government on capital works,...

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By A. G. DICKSON EVERAL factors distinguish the present disturbance S hi South Wales from recent demonstrations in that district. Until the present the most frequent cause of...

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By CHARLES MAURON I N the small Provencal town of S— there are 1,900 electors, of whom I have the honour to be one. With a few quite remarkable exceptions—the clergy, visiting...

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By G. C. 13: COTTERELL W the. dimness of enormous trees, whose high out- HEN .you have been walking for a dozen miles in cropping roots have interrupted .every •second.- stride...

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By JAMES HANLEY I HAD climbed the hill and was sitting looking down into the valley below me, conscious of two things, the death-like stillness around me, and my complete...

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"Romeo and 'Juliet." By William Shakespeare. Produced by John Gielgud. At the New Theatre Not - can't make an omelette without breaking eggs, but you can make,a shambles...

" Joan of Arc." The Curzon : --" Turn of the Tide."

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The Capitol- 7 ." Top Hat." The Carlton--" She." The Plaza TIIE German film, Joan - of Are, is of greater interest to students of Nazi psychology than to - film-goers. One would...

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Survivors IT would in many ways be natural to class Utrillo with that saran group of painters, known as the Intimists, of whom 'Bonnard and Vuillard are the most distinguished....


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[D'un correspondant parisieni L.. France, dimanche, a vote clans trente-deux departements pour renouveler un tiers de sa Haute-Assemblee. Les elections senator iales ne...

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• * The Snuggest Sanctuary

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• All the world knows the name of some of the Norfolk sanc- tuaries—of Scolt Head that almost island," where Miss Turner made more fame than . she , desired as " the lonely...

A Partridge Maraicher It has always been laid down that

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the partridge is a bird belonging to high cultivation. The better the farming, the more numerous . the , partridges, is a very old maxim. A new and unexpected addition to this...

A Christmas Woodpecker

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A very beautiful little picture has been especially painted by Mr. Harrison, that most perfect portrait painter of birds, as a Christmas card for the Norfolk .Naturalists'...


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Farm Substitutes The expert committee collected and presided over by Lord Astor, in association with Mr. Rowntree, has come down like a ton of bricks on the theory that you may...

• * Winds in the Orchard

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. The heavy ' gales have done much less damage to trees than might have been expected ; but where older and larger trees have . ridden the tempest out with little' loss, some of...

An old industrialist of my acquaintance retired to a country

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h ouse, well tee'd up oit a hill. During a long illness he amused h imself by getting his doctor to put a flag into an Ordnance 'Ll'inp at every point where he had a patient....

Benighted Birds

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Birds have suffered, as well as trees ; and some rare sea birds have been seen for the first time far inland ; but light- house keepers (who see more of migrant birds than other...

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[To th,c , Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sm,—,In reply to Captain Cadogan can only claim that my summary of the cases of Dr. Fiirtwangler and Professor. Oncken (to whom I was...

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR [Correspondents are requested to keep their

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letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our " News of the Week " paragraphs. Signed letters are given a preference over those...


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To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin,—May I, as the Clifton College master who was dismissed for standing as a candidate at the 'municipal elections in Bristol, offer a few...

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THE GROUP MOVEMENT [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin, — People

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like myself who wish to know something about the real essence of the Group movement, find little enlighten- ment in the article by Mr. Cunningham. Like other writers on this...


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TIIE SPECTATOR.] Stri.,-:–Professor Temperley's article in your issue of October 11th raises several points in' the problem of Irish partition. It is plain to 'anyone that...


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SIR,--Will you permit me to say that Ministers are stampeding this country into support of " sanctions " in the most reckless and in the most unjustifiable way? Reckless and...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—" The airy birds of promise come home to roost." This is a phrase under which T. E. Lawrence, in Seven Pillars of Wisdom, describes how...


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[To the Editor of Tim SPECTATOR.] Loat has criticised your report of the Spahlinger cattle vaccine tests, but she has omitted to mention which of the groups had treatments which...


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[To the Editor of Tan SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The account given by your correspondent of otter hunting in Herefordshire reminds me of a conversation I had with Lord Hobhouse nearly 40...


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[To the Editor of Tan SPECTATOR.] Sin,—In a review of a book .by me ,entitled Six Architects, the writer says " there are plenty of small misprints, partimilarly in Italian and...

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A Root of American Isolationism

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By D. W. BROGAN 1i each great international crisis, the more hopeful Europeans, and especially the more hopeful Britons, turn to the United States, scanning the horizon for...

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The British-German Naval Competition Great Britain and the German Navy.

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By E. L. Woodward. (Oxford University Press. 21s.) MR. Woonwian's careful and comprehensive study of the British-German Naval competition is one of those specialised...

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Scotland Today

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Scottish Journey. By Edwin Muir. (Heinemann & 7s. ed.) ON the dust cover of Scottish Journey the _publishers warn the readers of Mr. Muir's book that here is something that will...

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A Versatile Diplomat

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Theatre of Life, 1863-1905. By Lord Howard of Penrith. (Hodder and Stoughton. 21s.) To anyone familiar with Lord Howard of Penrith's dis- tinguished services as a diplomatist...

A Conservative Manifesto

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Tao Forward View. By the Right Hon. L. S. Amery, M.P. (Bios. 16s.) Tao Forward View. By the Right Hon. L. S. Amery, M.P. (Bios. 16s.) Tins is the Manifesto of 1935 addressed to...

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The Book Trade

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The Book World. Edited by John Hampden. (Nelson. Os.) IN a genial spirit of co-operation, which might well provide an example to the League of Nations, the various Estates of...

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An Argument for a Censor

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Indiscreet Confessions of a Nice Girl. Anonymous. (Werner Laurie. 7s. 6d.) OPINIONS are violently divided on the question whether the absence of a censorship of books in this...

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By WILLIAM PLOMER Moitke the Thief. By Sholem Asch. Translated by Edwin and Willa Muir. (Gollanez. is. 6d.) I M. A. and E. V. Barker. (Putnam. as. 6d.) Tii6 English middlebrow...

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Fon the first time for many years I have had

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a letter from a reader, dated days after the opening of the Show; asking me for advice on the choice of a car. He says, in effect if not in so many words, " How can any man or...

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The Banking Outlook and the Election

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TETE figures of Bankers' Averages recently published for the month of October showed that the deposits of the ten Clearing. Banks had reached the record high total of...

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Recent Trends in American Banking • •

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Ti I n fundamental change which has taken place under the present administration in the United States in regard to the attitude Of Gevernthent towards its • reSponsibilities to...

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Banking in China and Japan

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LikE many another particularly apt quotation, " East is East and West is West . . . is in serious danger of becoming hackneyed ; yet it applies equally in finance as in every...

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House Purchase Through Insurance

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SHELTER, food and clothing are the three essentials of life. Shelter has either to be rented or acquired. Undoubtedly it is cheaper to buy a house than to rent it. A rent of...

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Death Duties Provision RECENT events have demonstrated afresh the value

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of life assurance to meet death duties. Quotations of Stock Exchange securities, owing to develop- ments in Abyssinia and Geneva, have fluctuated con- siderably. War Loan 8i per...

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.Motor Insurance Solvency

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TIIE Assurance Companies (Winding-Up) Act, 1985, 'added little to the powers of the Board of Trade and' did nothin g to solve the' problem of maintaining the solVencY of...

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The Future of Fixed Trusts

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FIXED Trusts in this country have now been going praq• tically five years, and reliable authorities estimate that there has been invested through this medium something more or...

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The Business Outlook WAIL' it is fully recognised that economic rather than political factors may be said to exert an enduring influence. upon the course of financial and...

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Financial Notes

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. . ARGENTINE RAILWAYS. NOT the least important feature in markets has been the recent fall in Argentine Railway securities, a movement scarcely surprising in view of the...


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And yet again as regards road competition Mr. Howard- Williams referred to the fact that the Co-ordination Bill had been side-tracked after being introduced by the Govern-,...


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To the now fairly long list of Fixed Trusts has to be added yet another, It is a Trust which has been formed under the management of the National Group of Fixed Trusts and, as...


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- The address- delivered by Mr.-. J. Dyer Simpson, of the - Royal and Liverpool and London and Globe Insurance Companies, before the Insurance Institute of Liverpool last week,...