7 APRIL 1933

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The Russian Embargo Bill • In the course of the

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Russian debate in the House of Commons on Wednesday Sir John Simon answered one question raised in an article on a later page of this issue, by explaining that the White Paper...

OFFICES : 99 Gower St., London, W .C. I. Tel.:

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MUSEUM 1721. Entered as second-class Mail Matter at the New York N.P. Post Offire, Dec. 23rd, 1896. Postal subscription 30s. per annum, to any part of the world. Postage on this...

What kind of regime Germany is settling down to is

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still obscure. The first ebullition is passing, and the arrests of a couple of Englishmen, one of whom was arrested after half a day's detention, are not to be stressed...

News of the Week T HE relation between the boycott of

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the Jews in Ger- many and foreign comment on events in Germany is a matter of conjecture. Since the Nazi Party has been violently anti-Semite for years the allegation that last...

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The Four Power Negotiations Only unofficial versions of the conclusions

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reached by the French Cabinet regarding the Four Power Pact are so far available, but it is clear that France, as was to be expected, is prepared to accept the Pact only on...

The Reign of Law• - - The " award giVen

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by the Permanent Court of International Justice on Wednesday in the dispute between Denmark and Norway over the occupation by the latter of part of the coast of Greenland...

Airship and Aeroplane The disaster to the American airship '

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Akron,' involving a loss of life far greater than resulted from the destruction of the ' It 101 ' in 1930, leaves Dr. Eckener's ' Graf Zeppelin ' as the only large dirigible...

Flying Over Everest Lord Clydesdale and his comrades, in the

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expedition financed by Lady Houston, on Monday achieved their purpose by flying over Mount Everest, with 100 feet to spare. It is not the highest ascent ; Captain Uwins last...

The Prime Minister and Mr. Roosevelt Opinions have differed as

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to the desirability of the Prime Minister's visiting America, and they will no doubt still differ now that the visit has been definitely decided on. Altogether there is much...

Strikes and Reinstatement The breakdown of the Irish railway strike

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negotiations on the reinstatement issue may have serious consequences, for though the stoppage has so far been largely confined to Northern Ireland the Free State will be deeply...

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A Drink-With-Meals Bill A mild little Bill, the main purpose

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of which was to allow bona fide hotels and restaurants (i.e.; establishments where receipts from food bear a reasonable relation to receipts from liquor) to serve intoxicants...

An Emigration Scandal It is interesting to see that a

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Royal Commission sitting in MellsOurne has found the Victorian Government of ten years ago guilty of breaking its agreement with hundreds of British ex-Service men. These men...

The Indian debates have concluded in the Commons with some

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loss of influence to the Churchill group. Mr. Churchill sat on his speech too long and the egg was addled, though the fact would not have been so apparent if he had not made an...

More Men at Work The fine weather probably had something

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to do with the improved March figures for employment. For the building trade, which depends more than other industries on the weather, accounted for 52,000 out of the decrease...

Armaments and War Speaking at the annual meeting of Vickers

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on Monday Sir Herbert Lawrence referred to what he described as the imaginative picture drawn by various pacifist societies of private armament firms deliberately stirring up...

Parliament Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes :—The an- nouncement by the

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Prime Minister on Monday of an Enabling Bill, conferring special powers for the regulation of Russian imports, took the House by surprise. The Opposition, invariably touchy...

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The Trial at Moscow

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T HE trial of the British employees of the Metropolitan- Vickers company in Russia is due to open on Monday. The affair remains profoundly disturbing and the facts published in...

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Children and the Law

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By A LEGAL CORRESPONDENT. R ECENTLY a little boy, showing . considerable ingenuity in evading railway ticket collectors and o fficials, contrived to reach the escalator of a...

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Of the crop of anecdotes that gathered round the Jam

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Sahib's personality none can, by the nature of things, be very new. Two are perhaps worth recalling. One of them—the second—was in fact new to me. The other, which bears on its...

There is not much to be said for the letter

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signed by German correspondents in' London, expressing the conviction that " the British public is receiving a dis- torted view of the great events in Germany." The first and...

I note a rather marked tendency among the boat-race commentators

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to write almost as if the honours this year belonged to Oxford. That seems a perverse view, except on the assumption that to finish anything less than three lengths behind...

A few weeks ago I mentioned the perplexity expressed by

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certain American subscribers to The Spectator at finding references to the paper's extravagant award of a . guinea prize for the .first correct solution of the weekly crossword...

A Spectator's Notebook M R. H. G. WELLS, I understand, is

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hard at work on a history of the next two hundred years or so. To be accurate he has, I believe, gal° about 2100 A.D., so far, and it must be a, little difficult to know just...

Last week The Spectator reviewed a novel by Mr. Alan

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Porter. It was a short review and I can quote it in full. Thus : "'Have you over heard of the noble young parvenu who feels himself' unworthy of an even nobler girl, and who...

There were three links at any rate between Lord Chelmsford

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and the Jam Sahib of Nawanagar—India, cricket and the League of Nations. Curiously enough the same applies to Lord Willingdon too. Each of the three men was a University and...

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What We Have Gained From Ottawa

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BY THE RT. HON. L. S. AMERY, M.P. ,Sir Andrew McFadyean will write next week an "Ottawa: the Other Side." T HE SPECTATOR asks me to say what we have gained ,from the Ottawa...

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ads "t o11e 5 S I solation

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HAMMOND. BY J. L. " j FORSOOK all things for faith ; he has forsaken I his whole political past for Ireland. He is as isolated now as I was then. And this makes me turn to him....

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The Case for Orthodoxy

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By IAN HOROBIN, M.P. [in arliele . by Capt. Harold Macmillan, ALP., on " The Case for Etpansion," appeared in last week's " Spectator. "] I DISTRUST all " expansionists." As...

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Concerning Carp

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BY HERBERT PALMER. T O the people of England the carp as a fish for the table is unknown or despised. In this, as in so many other matters, edible and unedible, we are aloof...

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La France Et La Dictature

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[D'un Correspondent Franfais.] B ANS le champ de la politique interieure, l'attention du public francais gravite en ce moment autour de l'idee d'une reforme destinee a doter le...

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The Theatre

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" The School for Scandal." By Richard Brinslcy Sheridan. At the Old Vic Theatre. GoLosauTu in The Good-Natued Man found a title which, applied to the author's attitude in place...


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Can Hitlerism Last ? 6-- . [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.1 Sin,—The Hitler Cabinet, by the Enabling Act of March 23rd, 1933, has acquired absolute dictatorial powers until...

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On Approval." By Frederick Lonsdale. At the Strand Theatre.

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Mn. LoNsnALE puts four impossible people in an improbable situation and hopes for the best. And the best, or something very like it, is forthcoming. There is no action ; the...

A Hundred Years Ago

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" THE SPECTATOR," APRIL 0TH, 1833. THAMES TUNNEL.—Sir E. Codrington, on Monday, presented a petition from the proprietors of the Thames Tunnel, praying for aid to enable them...

Two Deaths

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What spirit's agony lies bent Between the interval of birth And the cool fathomless descent To the cool oracle of earth ? The lucid emptiness of dawn Lies frozen on the first...

Two Poems

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Aegean Idyll TILE thunder sweeps through northern plain; And westward from the Asian hill, From Canis and from Samothrace It wanders resolute and still And grows less still...


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We never read the account of a " milling-match " without feelings of extreme disgust. From the titled blackleg who drives four-in. hand to the ring, down to the perjured ruffian...

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A farmer as ingenious as his namesake who shared with

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Stephenson the glory of the first steam engines, invented a new way of piling corn, half way between the stook and the stack. The bases on which these weather-proof mounds of...


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To pass from a big bird to the very smallest, a golden- crested wren flew recently against the window of a neighbour's greenhouse and was picked up, it seemed, in extremis. The...

Every rookery is compact of problems. The one that I

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should like some authority to solve definitely is whether a number of rooks go through the season unmated or at any rate without a nest. So far as I have been able to count the...


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One advantage of the British Empire is that our friends can watch one end of the birds' migration route while we are watch- ing the other. Some of the swifts, for example,...

Not so long since a group of these more eminent

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pioneers collected together at Chelmsford (where flourishes a.very wise and enterprising farming institution) in order to pool their ex- periences. If we were not a community...


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It is an old belief that those wise birds the rooks desert treacherous trees. If a tree is weak no nest is built on it. Here is a modern instance that may illustrate the causes...


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Another rook problem is put by a correspondent from the Place de la Concorde, a name that could not be used with fitness of any rookery that ever I watched! He writes : " There...


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A book was once written called A Pilgrimage of British Farming. If any pilgrim—a Young, a Cobbett, a Daniel Hall or who not were to set forth to-day, journeying by car rather...

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Letters to the Editor

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[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our " News of the Week paragraphs.—Ed. THE...

[To the Editor of Tim SPECTATOR.] Joad contributed an interesting

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article to your last number on the subject of a new theory that the dual nature of most " spirit communications," as on the one hand persistently, yet unsatisfactorily,...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—With swift and sure insight characteristic of him, His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales has asked that the problem of unemployment be...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Mr. Joad endorses Dr. Broad's ingenious but hypo- thetical theory, that The attractiveness of this theory consists in its ability to...

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Laud so constantly denied the fact of the Apostolic Succession as invented by the Council of Trent for the first time since Cyprian's theory was destroyed by the Fathers and now...

PRAYER AND GENIUS [To the Editor of THE SrEcTA•roa.] –

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If your correspondent, Capt. Blacker, has meant to clarify a subject only too likely to be obscure, he certainly has not done so. To begin with; the unnecessary introduction of...


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it is true, as stated in The Spectator of March 24th, that the majority of shop workers do an average week of fifty-four working hours, it seems to me that that is all the more...


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THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—In The Spectator of February 10th, you published a remarkable article by Sir Evelyn Wrench. In one paragraph he writes : " Our present system of...


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Snt,—The quotation from the late John Galsworthy which the Rt. Hon. J. R. Clynes cites in your issue of the 24th ult., in connexion with the above subject, is really a...

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[To the Editor of Tun Seam-Arm.] SIR,—The method of estimating the annual cost of the roads which is employed by Mr. W. Ir. Woods in his letter last week is open to objection,...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—As a student of history I must protest against the letters you have been publishing on this subject. The very phrase strikes anyone living...


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. [To the Editor of THE. SPECTATOR.] , Sin,—If books. on India were written with the intention of satisfying Mr. Edward Thompson (difficult though that may seem) they would...

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The Romantic Exiles

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LAVER. * The Rothantic Exiles. A Nineteenth-Century Portrait Gallery. By Edward Hallett Carr. (Gollancz. 8s. 6d.) BY JAMES MEREDITH, in The Tragic Comedians, made a novel out...

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• Eastward Ho !

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England's Quest of Eastern Trade. By Sir William Foster, C.I.E. (A. and C. Black. 15s.) NATIONAL memory runs in grooves. British interest in Indian history rests on Clive and...

Puzzles of Economics

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ECOROMICS of a Changing World. By H. V. Hodson. (Faber and Faber. 7s. 6d) Mu. HODSON is that rare and impressive phenomenon—a soceessfid economic journalist of high theoretical...

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The Oxford Movement Leaders

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Newman. By F. L. Cross. (Philip Allan. Os.) . Cardinal Newman and Oxford. By J: M. Flood, -(Nicholson . and Watson. 10s. 6d.) THE first three of these books belong' to a series...

Smashing Serapis

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Napoleon Passes. By Cona1 O'Riordan. (Arrowsmith. 8s. 6d.) Ix the . Age of Faith, the worshipper is-unsuspicious : for him the legend is the fact, which whosoever doubts or...

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_ Shakesperian. Tempests

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The Shakesperlan Tempests. By G. Wilson Knight. (Oxford University Preis. 12s. 6d.) • IN the house of criticism there are many rooms, and Mr. Wilson Knight has chosen for his...

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Dinner subscribers who are changing their addresses are asked to

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notify THE SPECTATOR office BEFORE MIDDAY OR MOND. 1.1' or EACH WEEK. The previous address to which the paper has been sent and receipt reference number should be quoted.

• The Team Spirit

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New Country. Prose and Poetry by the Authors of New Signatures. Edited by Michael Roberts. (Hogarth Press. 78. 6d.) Tans is a genuine affair of young writers, not one of those...

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Highly Combustible

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The Tinder-Box of Asia. By George E. Sokolsky. (Allen and Unwin. 10s. 6d.) Tins is a valuable book. Its author, described by the publishers as " the New York Times expert on...

Spain and Holland

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Letters from Holland. By Karel Capek. (Faber and Faber. 3s. 6d.) Towards the New Spain. By Joseph A. -Brandt. (University of Chicago Press. 22s.) ONE naturally distrusts people...

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BY GRAILLII GREEN - E. Company K. By Wiliam Marsh. (Gollancz. 7s. 6d.) • I WAS reminded of Buster Keaton while reading Company the pale long face, the melancholy eyes, the...

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Current Literature

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WAYS OF ESCAPE By Sir Philip Gibbs Mr. J. M. Keynes once compared economists to dentists. Sir Philip Gibbs' new book (Ways of Escape, Heinemann, 8s. 6d.) suggests a similar...


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The Nineteenth Century opens with an article by Mr. L. S. Amery, who asks What is wrong with the National Government ? " and answers that it is not national enough and does not...

THE MACEDONIAN By Mary Butts This brief and compressed study

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of Alexander the Great (The Macedonian, Heinemann, 6s.) is _more satisfying than many more comprehensive and detailed portraits of its subject, The legend of Alexander (if -it...

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The Owner-Driver's Problems BY JOHN PRIOLEALT. . , IF it is a truism to say that the motor-car has today taken-its unnoticed place in the day-to-day life of every- body who...

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Finance—Public & Private

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The City and the Budget AT a moment when so many fanciful and even, perhaps, picturesque views are promulgated concerning the forth- coming Budget, I am afraid that the...

Financial Notes

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QUIET MARKETS. WITH the exception of Gold Mining shares, which have been active and strong on the satisfactory character of the returns for March, the Stock_ Markets have been...

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Such important financial interests are represented by the Imperial Chemical Industries that special interest always attaches to the annual report. On this occasion the state-...


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If only by reason of the importance of the undertakin g and the wide ramifications of its operations, great inter always attaches to the annual meeting of- Vickers, Limit e d ,...


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I referred last week to the very satisfactory report recoltic published by the Associated Portland Cement Manufacturer , . Ltd., and the good impression created by the figures...


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* * * Not only so, but it must be pointed out that before arriving at the profit mentioned no less a sum than £2,256,900 is charged by constituent companies in respect of...


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The latest report of the Union Corporation, Ltd., is an interesting one in several respects. In the first place, it was a profitable year, the realized profit of £290,907...

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Long after the recollection of the changes in the various members of the personnel of the Stock Exchange Committee. resulting from the election at the end of March has faded, -...

AN INDISPENSABLE WORK. - Although commanding the somewhat high price

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of £3, I should imagine that the circulation of the Stock .Exchange Official Intelligence—the new edition of- which has just appeared—can only vary in the upward direction, for...

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"The Spectator" Crossword No. 28

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BY XANTHIPPE, [A prize of one guinea will be given to the sender of the fiest correct solution of this week's crossword puzzle to be open e d. Envelopes should be marked "...

The Modern Home

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The Ideal Home Exhibition Tim dominant feature of the " Ideal Home " Exhibition at Olympia (which is open until April 29th) is the astonishing general improvement in the design...