11 MAY 1901

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The recent Census of Australia shows that while the Free-

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trade Colony of New South Wales has largely increased its population, the Colony of Victoria, which is Protectionist, has lost fifty thousand souls. This is a great blow to...


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T HE war news for the past week is exactly like that which we chronicled last Saturday. There have been con- siderable captures of men, horses, oxen, rifles, and stores, but no...

The Paris correspondent of the Times sends a valuable letter

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about Vatican politics, upon which we have commented at length elsewhere. We may, however, mention here that he represents Cardinal Rampolla as anxious to retire, in order that...

The representatives of the Powers at Pekin have finally agreed

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to forward to the Empress-Regent a demand for 05,000,000 as indemnity, leaving her to suggest the way in which it should be raised. She will, it is believed, suggest the raising...

There has been a change of Ministry in Prussia of

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some importance. On May 3rd the Chambers were suddenly called together and informed that the Session was at an end. Count von Billow explained the reason, which was that owing...

The international armies are silently withdrawing from Pekin. The Americans

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have gone, the French are under orders, the Anglo-Indians depart regiment by regiment, and the Germans only await a despatch accepting the indemnity "in principle." The Russians...

V The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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On the whole, the Government are to be congratulated on

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the results of the opposition to the tax. Their firmness in resisting all attempts to " bluff " them out of proposals which they had deliberately adopted has been most...

In Committee of Supply on Friday week Mr. T. P.

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O'Connor raised the question of "jury-packing" with refer- ence to the case of Mr. McHugh, M.P. Sir Robert Reid, who gave him a qualified support, said that he was not prepared...

Messrs. Rothschild and other great bankers have, it is announced,

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signed a contract to lend the Russian Government £16,000,000 sterling. This loan, which was arranged with M. Deleasse during his visit to St. Petersburg, is required, it is...

On Thursday the Chancellor of the Exchequer introduced the King's

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Civil List. After dwelling on the popularity of the Crown and the virtual unanimity with which the Report of the Committee had been accepted, he noted the objection that the...

The Bill is not a heroic one, but it is

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capable of being used to create a sound and efficient machinery which can be set to work up to its full capacity—which is certainly not pro- vided by the Bill—by subsequent...

On Tuesday Sir John Geist introduced the new Education Bill.

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We have dealt with . the Bill as a whole elsewhere, and will only say here that its main feature is to constitute the County Councils and County-Borough Councils, or, rather,...

The vote on the Coal-tax was taken on Monday night,

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and resulted in a victory for the Government, their majority being 106 (333 to 227). The debate which preceded the division was not specially noteworthy, though Sir Edward...

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We trust that the appeal made by the National Trust

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for funds to purchase a portion of the shore of Derwentwater which appears in another column will meet with a prompt response. We congratulate the National Trust most heartily...

We regret to record the death in the Herzegovina of

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Mr. William Clarke, a journalist of whose skill as a meta- physician and as a literary critic of a high order our readers have had many proofs during the last few years. Though...

A great sensation has been caused throughout America by a

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panic on the New York Stock Exchange. During the past fortnight the mania for speculation has reached heights previously unknown, even across the Atlantic. Prices have been...

Anti-Cbamberlainism as the basis of a political creed leads inevitably

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to inconsistency and bad logic. "The first duty of every Englishman who loves his country," says the Daily News, " should be to get rid of Mr. Chamberlain." But at a great...

The unrevised summary returns of the Census published daring the

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week give 32,525,716 for the population of England and Wales, as against 29,002,525 in 1891, or an increase over estimate of 168,985. The returns for the 62 administrative...

Mr. Balfour made an excellent speech at the meeting of

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the Primrose League on Wednesday. After very pertinently reminding his hearers that, because at the moment we do not hear much of Home-rule, we must not suppose that Home. rule...

The Monmouth Election affords strong proof of the soundness of

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popular opinion in regard to the war on which we have again and again insisted. Though the constituency is in South Wales, that is, in a district necessarily affected by the...

Bank Rate, 4 per cent.

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New Consols (2f) were on Friday 94.

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SIR ALFRED MILNER AND SOUTH AFRICA. S IR ALFRED MILNER struck exactly the right note in the speech which he delivered at Cape Town on the eve of his departure for England. He...

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-9 NGLISHMEN have been liable all through their 1 history to panics about their trade, and. have to defend it fought many wars, mostly foolish, but the present panic is surely...

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I T is evident from the tenor of the telegrams from Washington that the Nicaragua Canal is once again becoming the subject of discussion between the Governments of England and...

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I T seems almost foolish for any journal to argue against a decision accepted by the combined statesmen of all Europe, yet we cannot help doubting whether in this matter of the...

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IHE suddenness with which the Education Bill made its 1 appearance in the House was explained when its proviiiioris came to be made known. An impression had somehow got abroad...

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THE ROMAN THEOCRACY. E CCLESIASTICAL society in Italy is evidently much

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agitated, especially in its highest strata. There must before long, in the natural course of events, be a vacancy in the Papal Chair; and the refilling of that Chair concerns...

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"T " prime principle in man's constitution is social," said Marcus Aurelius, and "the art of life is more like the wrestler's art than the dancer's" Many men do not consciously...

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Nv HAT Sir Harry Johnston thought to be probably a new zebra living in the Congo forests has proved to be a new mammal indeed, but neither the EquIts Johnstoni, which it was...

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A PROBLEM OF INTIMACY. [To THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTAT3R.1 SIR,—" In the country of Diyarbakr," says Sadi in his Gulistan, "I was the guest of an old man who possessed great...

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(To THE EDITOR OF THE 'SPECTATOR."] Sia,—When I heard to my sorrow of the death of the Bishop of Oxford, the question arose in my mind, Who dares to state the position which...


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PROPOSED PRESERVATION OF THE WESTERN SHORE OF DERWENTWATER. [To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTAT0R:1 Sin,—I desire to draw the attention of your readers to the appeal issued by the...

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Srit,—Readers of the Spectator who have followed with interest the plans put forward in recent months in its columns for improving our national shooting as the back- bone of...


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Sin,—I beg to submit the following letter for your columns, which is a copy of one addressed by me to a private corre. spondent.—I am, Sir, &c., Wagenaars Kraal, Cape Colony,...

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Sin,—Sublime mountain scenery appears to have produced on the mind of Sir Joseph Hooker an impression akin to those described in your deeply interesting article and correspon-...


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(To TELE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sin, — In the Spectator of May 4th you say of the Coal-tax, that it" will have in practice none of the terrible results foretold by Sir...


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Srn,—Like so many of your numerous readers, I have been struck with the able and interesting article on the above subject in the Spectator of April 20th. I am glad that "J. M....


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" SPECTATOR."' SIR,—While gratefully acknowledging the insight and care- fulness of your reviewer's treatment of "Poems of the Malay Peninsula," might I point out that though in...


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SIE,—Your correspondence on this subject reminded me of a passage in a remarkable book which had sufficient recognition fifty years ago to pass into its fourth edition : "A...

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THE ACADEMY.—II. THERE is a great and essential difference between the art of the present day and that of preceding ages. In the past at any given period, although the...


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THE SALUTE. WITH clarion call of warning it roused the laggard morning : Its stormy greeting rent the mists in twain, As down the glimmering river, with its silver stream...

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TIARRIET, COUNTESS GRANVILLE.* Am, who remember the entertaining letters of Lady Granville (from 1810 to 1845), published in 1894, will not fail to be struck, when they open the...

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A THEORY OF KNOWLEDGE.* THIS, in our judgment, is one

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of the most important contribu- tions which America has made to philosophic thought, and our, sole regret is that space does not admit of more than a summary of its contents. We...

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COLONEL DENISON wore uniform for the first time in 1856, and was retired from the command of the Governor-General's Bodyguard in 1898, on reaching the age limit, and his forty...

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IT is the peculiar merit of these Benenelen Letters that they were exchanged among unimportant persons. Cox, Ward, de Caulier, and the other actors in this domestic drama lived...

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THE volume of short stories gathered together under the title of Tales that are Told is the result of co-operation not col- laboration, two being from the pen of Miss Jane...

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Felix Reville Brunot. By Charles Lewis Slattery. (Longmans and Co.

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6s. 6d. net.)—Mr. Brunot was of French descent; his grandfather was a foster-brother of Lafayette and a comrade in the War of Independence. He began life as an engineer, but,...


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filnder this heading us notice such Books of the week as have not been reserved for revioto in other forma.] Napoleon: /a Derni&e Phase. Tradnit de l'Anglais par Augustin...


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BIBLIOTHRQUE UNIVERSELLE. In the May number of the RibUotheque Universelle (Place de la Louve, Lausanne ; Hachette et Cie., London ; 2 fr. 50 c.) M. Talliehet, the editor,...

Without making any pretence to an exhaustive treatment of the

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subject, Mr. C. F. Abdy Williams's Handel (" Master Musicians Series," J. M. Dent, 3s. 6d.) gives a pleasant and unaffected account of the life and works of the great Saxon...

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We have to record the fourth annual issue of Burdeti's

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Official Nursing Directory, compiled and edited by Sir Henry Burdett (scientific Press, 32. net). An important change has been made in this publication. It has been divided, so...

The Songs of Alcants : Memoir, Text, and Translations. By

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James S. Easby-Smith. (W. H. Lowdermilk and Co., Washington.)— Mr. Easby-Smith has given us a neat and convenient edition of the fragments of Alcreus, prefixing to it a Life...

The We of John Warne, Bishop of Rochester, 1637 - 1666. By

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Edward Lee-Warner. (Mitchell and Hughes.)—Bishop Warner seems to have been one of the prelates who, under the leadership of Archbishop Laud, made the Church of England more...

NEW EDITIONS. — The Life and Poetical Works of George Crabbs. By

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his Son. (j. Murray. 65. net.)—This edition seems to be identical with the octavo volume that has been familiar to us for fifty years and more. There has been some good...

Landscapes ef the Bible and their. Story. (Eyre and Spottis-

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v code. 2s. 6d.)—This little volume gives us fifty landscapes (photo- graphs coloired) of famous Bible localities, each accompanied by a page of description. It is commended by...

There is so strong a reaction towards mysticism, not of

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the thaumaturgic but of the contemplative kind, that many readers will, we doubt not, be glad to be notified of Dialogues on the Supersensual Life, by Jacob Behmen, edited by...

The British Gardener. By William Williamson. (Methuen and Co. 102.

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6d.)—If the owner of a garden, whether he be pro- fessional or amateur, does nog attain good results, it is not from want of advice. Mr. Williamson gives eminently practical...

The Stage in America, 1897 - 1900. By Norman Hapgood. (Macmillan and

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Co. 7s. 6d.)—What is a reviewer to do when the subject of a book lies wholly outside his knowledge ? He can say whether it is readable or not, and the less familiar the topic,...