14 OCTOBER 1899

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The Lord Mayor, in response to an appeal made by

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Sir Alfred Milner and strongly endorsed by Mr. Chamberlain, has opened a Mansion House'fund on behalf of the refugees from the Transvaal and the Free State. Though much has been...

Thursday's papers publish a letter from Lord Rosebery dealing with

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the crisis. He had been silent because he was loth to re-enter the field of politics. The Boer ultimatum, _ however, creates a situation beyond party polemics. There may be much...


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T HE war has begun. On Tuesday Sir Alfred Milner tele- graphed to the Colonial Secretary the terms of the ultimatum handed to the British Agent at Pretoria on the previous day,...

Though on Friday morning no news of actual hostilities had

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been received, the military situation is sufficiently clear To begin with, the two Boer States are encircled by a number of British commands. There is the main body in Natal, of...

But though the first attack may be on Captain Baden.

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Powell, the most serious movement is, of course, that directed against Natal. It is obvious that on this side there is to be an invasion in force. Even on Friday morning news...

The substance of the Boer ultimatum can be set forth

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shortly. It begins by referring the Government to the London Con- vention, and declares, in effect, that if that Convention is nat. violated, the Boers have a right to regulate...

„,* The Editors cannot wndertake to return Manuscript, in any

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Mr. Balfour, presiding at a meeting of the East Lothian

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Unionist Association at Haddington on Wednesday, spoke with equal good sense and feeling on the subject of the war. If the Government had erred, they had erred at all events on...

There is little room for doubt now that the Fourean-Lamy

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expedition has perished utterly in the Soudan. Its com- mandant, who was greatly trusted, made an effort to cross the Touareg region, and in so doing roused the jealous sus-...

The Comtease de Martel, who writes novels under the name

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of " Gyp," and is interesting to historians because she is of full Mirabeau blood, has recently received an interviewer on the subject of the Royalist trial. She hardly cares to...

The great strike at the Crenzot ironworks has been terminated

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by arbitration, the arbitrator being the Premier himself, M. Waldeck-Roneseau, who, we fancy, intervened to prevent the workmen from carrying out their project of marching to...

Berlin is greatly excited over a trial for gambling. It

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appears that three young men of good family who had been officers attracted attention by an expenditure out of all pro- portion to their means. It was found on inquiry that they...

We noticed last week that the French Budget of the

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year was expected to reach 2160,000,000, an amount which begins to alarm French financiers. M. Paul Leroy-Beaulieu, a sound economist, calls attention to the gradual increase of...

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Speaking on Friday, October 6th, at Carnarvon, Mr. Morley admitted

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the unwisdom of the Boers in not making a frank and generous offer in regard to the fran- chise, and he also declared that if there was real oppression we ought not to grudge...

The Church Congress has been in session in London during

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the week. On Tuesday the Archbishop of Canterbury preached the sermon at the opening service in St. Paul's, and delivered a forcible plea for unity. That binding power, the lack...

We note with great regret, nay indignation, that Mr. Courtney,

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whose services to his country and to his constitu- ency have been many and great, was not allowed to speak at Liskeard on Thursday without continued interrup- tions. It was...

On Wednesday Sir Paget Bowman read a paper before the

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Church Congress on the Queen Victoria Clergy Fund, which was founded in 1895 to relieve the increasing poverty of th six thousand beneficed clergymen who have less than e20 o a...

It is with the deepest regret that we record the

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death of Lord Farrer on Wednesday night at Abinger Hall, Surrey, at the age of eighty. Lord Farrer was before all things a great public servant, and though he worked behind the...

A letter to the Times of Tuesday by Mr. C.

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R. Conder. besides a quantity of new information about the Hittites discovered by a French mission to Cappadocia, contains a translation of a Babylonian tablet, which is most...

The Ven. Archdeacon J. W. Diggle on Wednesday read a

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paper before the Church Congress on gambling, which was remarkable for both eloquence and moderation. He refused except as a counsel of perfection to condemn modest games of...

Bank hate, 5 per cent.

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New Consols (2i) were on Friday 103i.

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THE BEGINNING OF THE WAR. T HE war has been begun by the Boers, and in a manner which places the issue before the nation very clearly. We need not dwell upon the apparent...

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W E said last week when discussing the future of the Slav in Europe that his real character was still unrevealed ; and that is essentially true, for of the Russian as he would...

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London's address to the Church Congress struck exactly the right note. It was an appeal to Englishmen to think of the future of their Church, and not to jeopardise that future...

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• T HE trial of young officers for gambling which for some days past has been amusing or shocking Berlin is of some, it may be of great, political importance. It shows that the...

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M R. HERMANN VEZIN, the well-known actor, publishes a letter in this week's Era which revives two rather worn but still interesting subjects of speculation. One is whether there...


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/THE public-spirited action of Mrs. Rylands in present- ing the city of Manchester with a Public Library of exceptional interest and value is an event of national interest....

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D ISSATISFACTION with the results of teaching in the village is appearing in a double-headed form, in view of the new Education Bill. Neither side quite does justice to the...

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W HO is there among us that has ever seen a lake, a pond, or a river-bed laid dry that has not felt an almost childish interest and curiosity in the aspect of a portion of...

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THE TRANSVAAL. [To THE EDITOR OF TUE "SPECTATOR. "] SIR,—Without entering into a fall discussion of Mr. Hodgson Pratt's letter in the Spectator of October 7th, may I inquire...


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[TO THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR. ") SIR,—The publication in the Spectator of October 7th, through means of your correspondent who signs himself "M.," of the official report of...


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"SPECTATOR. "] SIR,—The interesting letter of " A. R. F. H. " which you published in the Spectator of October 7th has driven me to have another look at the history from which he...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR."] SIR, —Those who talk about the disastrous results of a success- ful war, and of the necessity of keeping large garrisons in the country,...

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—A striking coincidence took place in my house to-day. A white owl came in at a window during the night and com- posed herself to sleep...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. "] Sin,—Perhaps you may permit one who had closely followed Pilcher's experiments for some years and was present on the occasion of his fatal...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTA.TOR."] SIR,—As it is some thirty - eight years since I con- tributed my first article to the Spectator, and since then you have not unfrequently...

" HOME."

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE ''SPECTATOR. "] SIR, —I have had, and have, many relations and friends in various of our Colonies, and from a general consensus of their opinions I can...

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A R T.

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ARTS AND CRAFTS AT THE NEW GALLERY. TICE exhibition of the Society of Arts and Crafts at the New Gallery is certainly an interesting collection of work. Moreover, it suggests...


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WE do not want your Fatherland, Your starry veldt, your golden Rand ; We have an Empire stretching far Beyond the evening, morning star; And all within it like the sea,...

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THE CASE AGAINST THE BOERS.' This is a book written by one of the leading Outlanders, and sets forth in great detail the case against the Boers and the facts upon which the...

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Theokeray, to whom we already owe two delightful volumes of selections from the classical poets, has in conjunction with the Rev. E. D. Stone made a valuable and attractive...


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Tun critic who called the entertaining Memoirs of Madame d'Epinay "the rough material of a romance" did them less than justice. For the pages in which this most vivacious of...

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THE BARBONE PARLIAMENT.* THU reader may omit without much fear

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of loss the first fifty pages or so of Mr. Glass's book. If he wants to know the true story of what is popularly called the " Barebones " Parliament, he will probably be able to...

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MR. NEIL Mules°, who achieved a remarkable success in his John Splendid—that brilliant and engaging Scots_ Cyrano de Bergerac—has shown himself no less skilled an interpreter of...

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The Dictionary of National Biography. Edited by Sidney Lee. Vol.

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LX. (Smith, Elder, and Co. 15s. net.)—The latest volume of The Dictionary of National Biography contains a good many great names, among them Strafford and Wellington (Wentworth...

The Life of Prince Bismarck. By William Jacks. (J. Maclehose

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and Sons, Glasgow. 10s. 6d.)—No one can see more clearly than Mr. Jacks that the time for a definite judgment on Prince Bismarck's character and policy has not yet come. In one...

Life and Letters of Sir Joseph Prestwich. Written and edited

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by his Wife. (William Blackwood and Sons. 21s.)—Sir Joseph Prestwich was known long before his death as one of the most successful and accomplished of geologists ; this volume...


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Egyptian Irrigation. By W. Willcocks, C.M. G. (E. and F. N. Spon, 125 Strand.)—Though the work before ns is called a second edition, it is almost a new book, for the first...


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[Under this heading we 710UOL such Books of the week as have not been reserved for mine in other forms.] William P. Moulton. By W. Fiddian Moulton. (Isbister and Co. 7s....

The History of the Castle, Town, and Port of Dover.

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By the Rev P. S. H. Statham. (Longmans and Co. 108. 6d.)—Mr. Statham's hook is excellent reading, even for those who do not know Dover The Cinque ports appear to have had from...

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The Oxford English Dictionary. " I—In," Vol. V. Edited by

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Dr. J. A. H. Murray. (The Clarendon Press. 6s.)—Dr. Murray here begins a new letter of the portion on which he is now at work, " H—K," his collaborator, Dr. Bradley, carrying on...

A Memoir of Acton Wincleyer Silletoe. By the Rev. Herbert

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H. Gowen. (Longmans and Co. 5s.)—A. S. Silletoe was a native of Sydney, New South Wales. He graduated at Cambridge, and taking orders a little later than usual (seven years...

Dancing in AU Ages. By Edward Scott. (Swan Sonnenschein and

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Co. Gs.)—Mr. Scott gives in this volume an historical account of dancing, a topic on which he possesses much of the knowledge of an expert. It is not, however, in his review of...

The Lady Victoria Long Wellesley. By her Eldest God-daughter. (Skeffington

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and Son. 5s.)—We are inclined to regret that this Look has been published. Not a little family history that would have been better forgotten has been included, for, indeed,...

Life and Books. By E. F. Leighton. (T. Fisher Unwin.

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6s.) —There is much that is interesting in Mr. Leighton's specula- tions, somewhat crude and hasty as they sometimes are. "In my Mind's Eye " is the title of the first paper,...

Sir Isaac Pitman and Sons send us under the title

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of Business Bookkeeping Transactions (la.) a collection of documents which are intended to give what we may call a concrete lesson in book- keeping. There are invoices, credit...

The Treatment of Nature in the Poetry of the Roman

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Republic. By Katharine Allen. (Madison, Wisconsin. 50c.)—This mono- graph is one of the results of the excellent system which makes creative power rather than the faculty of...

The Origin and Growth of Village Communities in India. By

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B. H. Baden-Powell. (Swan Sonnenschein. and Co. 2s. 6d.)—Mr. Baden-Powell gives in this volume (which belongs to the " Social Science Series "), some of the substance of his...

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Glyr - Booss. — The Brownies Abroad. By Palmer Cox. (T. Fisher Unwin. 6s.)—Mr.

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Palmer Cox, who has already pictured the Brownies for us by pen and pencil in various circumstances, now takes them on their travels. He first brings them to England, where they...

Cicero de (*dia. Translated by George B. Gardiner. (Methuen and

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Co. 2s. 6d.)—Dr. Gardiner adopts, for the most part, Dr. H. A. Holden's somewhat depreciatory estimate of the merits of the Oficiis. He is, indeed, scarcely consistent. On the...

A Beautiful World (John Bale, Sons, and Danielsson), the October

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issue of the journal of the Society for Checking the Abuses of Public Advertising, reports most encouragingly on the pro- gress of the movement. The most notable event in the...

THIOLOGY AND CHURCH HISTOH7.-2'ha Epistle of St. Paul to the

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Galatians. Explained by A. W. Robinson, B.D. (Methuen and Co. ls. 6d. net.)—This is the first volume of a proposed series, entitled "The Churchman's Bible," to appear under the...

Ten Shillings a Head per Week for House - Books : an

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Indispensable Manual for Housekeepers. By Mrs. C. S. Peel. (Constable and Co. 3s. 6d.)—When a book announces itself as indispensable, the public is apt to reflect how extremely...

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ScrrooL-Boorts.—d Brief Survey of British History. By George Townsend Warner,

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M.A. (Blackie and Son. Is. 6d.)—Mr. Warner tells " our island story " in vigorous and attractive fashion. His plan has been to choose the characteristic events of each period as...

NEW EnrrIoNs.—Buddhism. By T. W. Rhys Davids, Ph.D. (S.P.C.K.)—A manual

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first published in 1877, and revised some six years ago. It is an acknowledged authority of the first rank on its subject. —History of India from the Earliest Times to the...

TOVEIST-BOOKS.—The Royal Mail Steam Packet Company send us itineraries of

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six tours in the West Indies, handsomely illustrated with photographs ; not an inappropriate publication when winter is almost at our doors. Sixty-five days out of fog and frost...