18 JUNE 1932

Page 1

Herr von Papen's Problems

The Spectator

The von Papen Cabinet is not finding its tusk a sinecure. As was pointed out here when Dr. Bruning fell, his successors were much more likely to be endangered by the perils of...

Hesitations at Geneva

The Spectator

Once more Mr. Ramsay MacDonald has visited the Disarmament Conference, engaged in private conver- sations, and departed. The Prime itlinister's time was no doubt fully occupied...


The Spectator

Subscription to the SPECTATOR costs Thirty Shillings per annum, including postage, to any part of the world. The SPECTATOR IS registered as is .Newspaper. The Postage an this...

News of the Week

The Spectator

M R. MAYNARD KEYNES' proposal that the Lausanne Conference should draw up a plan for the settlement both of reparations and War debts and then solicit an invitation to move...

Page 2

The Irish Deadlock The journey of the British Ministers to

The Spectator

Ireland and Mr. de Valera's flying visit to London leave the Irish situation completely unchanged. The Irish Cabinet has not moved an inch from the attitude it has maintained"...

Economy at Westminster

The Spectator

The economy movement in the House of Commons is broad-based, and under wise direction it should have good results. The new Government in Germany has early made the discovery...

Australian Extremists Defeated The New South Wales electors on Saturday

The Spectator

fully approved of the Governor's recent dismissal of Mr. Lang, the extreme Socialist Premier. Mr. Lang had led a party of fifty-five in the last House ; he is left with only...

The May trade returns, showing a reduction of £18,893,140 in

The Spectator

imports, of £3,698,445 in exports, and of £1,848,315 in re-exports, as compared with May of 1931, bear depressing testimony to the progressive contraction of international...

The Manchurian Enquiry

The Spectator

The statement by Lord Lytton that his Commission is about to begin the drafting of its report on relations between Japan and China generally and the Manchurian situation in...

Varied Views on Gold The final report of the League

The Spectator

of Nations Gold Dele- gation consists of majority and minority findings, Sir Henry Strakosch and Professor Gustav Cassel being among the dissentients. The main difference lies...

Page 3

The Ties of Oxford

The Spectator

Lord Grey's appeal for the foundation of an Oxford Society makes one wonder why an Oxford Society, and a Cambridge Society, too, was not founded genera- tions ago. Every public...

A Stationary Population

The Spectator

There can be no doubt that our population. like that of France, is becoming stationary at about 40.000,000. Last quarter the birth-rate in England and Wales declined to 15.3 per...

A Playground for London

The Spectator

The acquisition of all of the Foundling Hospital site that it was hoped to secure by private subscription is a notable achievement, in regard to which acknowledge- ment is due...

The Chilean Revolution

The Spectator

The group of soldiers and politicians who carried out a revolution in Chile on June 4, and announced that they would establish a Socialist State, began somewhat ominously by...

Bank Rate 21 per cent., changed from 3 per cent,

The Spectator

on May 12th, 1982. War Loan (5 per cent.) was on Wednesday 102/ ; on Wednesday week, 102 h ; a year ago, 103A. Funding Loan (4 per cent.) was on Wednesday 1011; on Wednesday...

The Propagation of the Unfit The appointment of a Departmental

The Spectator

CoMmittee on the sterilization of the unfit is to be welcomed. In itself it involves nothing in the way of definite action. That will be a matter for deliberate and considered...

Sir Donald Maclean

The Spectator

To all who knew Sir Donald Maclean personally the news of his sudden death on Wednesday brought a deep sense of loss. While never in the front rank of politicians, Sir Donald...

Page 4

End Reparations

The Spectator

settle the question of Reparations finally here and now, for on that settlement hangs every other movement necessary to the world's recovery. Without a reparation settlement...

Page 5

The American . Presidential Campaign

The Spectator

BY S. K. RATCLIFFE r[ IHE national conventions of the two great American parties are meeting in Chicago this month in circumstances altogether unprecedented. The United States...

Page 6

Safe for Democracy ?

The Spectator

IAN ANGELL. By Sin NOR) " rtEMOCRACY," said someone the other day, speaking I , of post-War Europe, " has been driven in retreat to the sea coast." And very little of that sea...

Page 7

Ten Years of Broadcasting

The Spectator

BY CAPTAIN IAN FRASER, M.P. O RGANIZED broadcasting began in Great Britain in 1922. By the end of 1923 there were in round figures 160,000 payers of the 10s. annual licence...

Page 8

The Week at Westminster

The Spectator

T HE event of the week has been Mr. Chamberlain's review of the financial prospects of the year in closing the debate on the Third Reading of the Finance Bill. His main...

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The Spectator

By J. H. DRIBERG. ITTLE is known of Aesop till after he had won his - 1 - 4 freedom. Some say that he was a Phrygian slave —but that, perhaps, is because his master was Iadmon...

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Letters on Sunday

The Spectator

BY MOTH. T SEE—or rather I hear . -I- But stop. Let us start, for a change, with one of those outbursts of bluff and ungovernable honesty which give the essayist the air of...

The Theatre

The Spectator

" The Vinegar Tree." By Paul Osborn. At the St. James's Theatre IT is a pleasant convention of comedy (as Mr. Bernard Shaw, among others, has established) that the minds of its...

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The Spectator

A Letter from India [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR, —Tire Committees that came out from England have returned to England, and presumably their reports are in the hands...

Page 12

A Letter from Paris

The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Spa,--There must be something radically wrong with the world when at the height of the Paris season one may cross the Avenue de l'Opera with...

Page 13

Forest and Field

The Spectator

THE grass within the grove Knows neither hate nor love. Only the sterner fear Does show its shadow here. Only a tortuous dream Disturbs the blackened stream. Peace fiercer...

A Hundred Years Ago

The Spectator

THE " SPECTATOR," JUNE 16ra, 1832. Sir Walter Scott has arrived in London, and is now at the house of his eon-in-law, Mr. Lockhart. Wo regret to learn that this eminent writer...

The Pear Tree

The Spectator

THE crooked tree, more worn than old, Unfailingly each autumn bears Her comic crop of scrubby pears For men to scorn and boys to scold. Yet every May she has her hour, Is clad...


The Spectator

The Trespasser WHEN winter springs were flowing, And the lane was full of water, I climbed the bank by Rixon's farm And there met Rixon's girl : "Now who be you and what's...

Page 14

SHACKS on &locus ?

The Spectator

If anyone hag any lingering doubts about the wisdom or the necessity of town and regional planning, they will be wholly dissipated by turning over the picture pages of a...

In Cornwall, a county of family farms, prosperity has never

The Spectator

left the land. The land was full of pleasant surprises, which may be indicated though there is no space' to discuss them. A single farmer near Newquay is reclaiming from very...

A very pitiful example of the wickedness of the steel

The Spectator

trap came to my notice the other day in an island off the West coast of Scotland. A golden eagle lay dead with a rabbit-trap on its claw. It had flown over from a neighbouring...


The Spectator

And how beautiful England is ; and how unspoiled in many regards ! I have spent some days in Suffolk, Gloucester and Cornwall and passed through intermediate counties during the...

Most of the country is as lovely as ever ;

The Spectator

and I had almost said as prosperous. In a very important particular even the motor revolution, with its trail of slime—if one may compare the quickest with the slowest—lends...

The closely associated counties of Gloucester, Hereford and Worcester have

The Spectator

been called " the three Graces." In the fruit and vegetable districts the chief difference that the motorist has made to the producer is his purchase of fruit and vegetables...

"BREAST FORWARD" He knows too much of life to be

The Spectator

afraid; He loves the world too well to miss its. tune; So dares the giant, perches on his spade, And sang December in, as he sings June.

Country Life

The Spectator

FARM HOUSES. A difficult problem, illustrating some curious points in English rural life, is troubling some rating authorities- Farms, as we all know, have been derated and...

The preference of some birds, with less catholic taste than

The Spectator

our thrushes and chaffinches, for singing at particular hours is not easy to explain, and sometimes seems beyond marvelling at. Some young bird lovers of my acquaintance have...

Page 15

Letters to the Editor

The Spectator

[In view of the length of many of the letters which we receive, we would remind correspondents that we often cannot give space for long letters and that short ones are generally...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Six,—You have written very sensibly on the " Task in India " (Spectator, May 7th). You say truly : " No advance towards self-government . . ....


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sra,—Mr. Wilkinson tells us that prior to the Russo-Japanese War, Japan's export trade to Manchuria did not exceed 1,000,000 yen. He might...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR, —Slum conditions are bad for everyone, but for small children they are ruinous. Their mothers, however good they may be, cannot create...

Page 16


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—Whoever goes out to represent this country at Ottawa will almost certainly be struck by a curious development anfongst all classes of...


The Spectator

ITo the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Alongside the failure of the Disarmament Conference up to now we ]nave encouraging signs of a general desire on the part of intellectuals...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Spilt,-- -I disagree absolutely with " Moth's " criticism on the futility of keeping a diary. A more one-sided view of a subject would be hard...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Permit me to congratulate you on publication of the article, " Writers at Bay," by E. M. Forster, which appeared in your May 21st issue....


The Spectator

To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Si a,- - May I correct your statement in the Spectator of June 11th, 1932, about the U.S. War Veterans ? You point out that " they are called...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sia,—It will interest all who helped with the Homecroft Cottages in 1926, or who contributed recently to their im- provement in memory of the...

Page 17


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—As it is probable that I took my degree before your Oxford Correspondent was born, I trust that you and he will not take offence if I...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Siu,—I hope your medical correspondent will one day consider the relationship of dirt to disease. After sixty years of national " education "...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sta,The letter in your issue of 4th inst., from Mr. W. J. Rowland, is of great general interest and raises questions which lie beyond the...


The Spectator

AN INQUIRY Can a society supported by public subscription suddenly alter its constitution and object, without consultation with those who have contributed to its funds ? If so,...

THE DUKHOBORS _ [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.1.

The Spectator

SIR,—The Dukhobors of Canada are in trouble again : in British Columbia some four hundred of them have been arrested for parading nude. And again, to their misfortune, it1s on....


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—In these days, when economy everywhere is desirable, there is a large field for savings if the many Societies, and charities which work...

Page 18

"Spectator" Competitions

The Spectator

RULES AND CONDITIONS • Entries must be typed or very clearly written on one side of the paper only. The name and address, or pseudonym, of the competitor must be on each entry...

Page 19

The Modern Theatre

The Spectator

The New Movement in the Theatre. By Leon Moussinue. (B. T. Batsford. 10 guineas.) 'rim huge volume, from the standpoint of book-production, is a miracle of magnificence. It is...

" The Samson of Northamptonshire "

The Spectator

IN coming to the theme of John Clare, Mr. and Mrs. Tibble have been fortunate from the first ; not only have they had before them a personality, a literary figure and a life...

Page 20

The Lion Tamed

The Spectator

Lenin. By James Maxton. (Peter Davies. 5s.) THE mass-production of literature in the form of " series " is full of unexpected embarrassments. Messrs. Peter Davies have recently...

Mr. James Joyce

The Spectator

Tins booklet has a fault : Mr. Duff, in his effort to make things plain to the plain reader, often makes passages of Ulysses ordinary._ For instance, his relation on page 16 of...

Page 21

The Cold North

The Spectator

Thirty Years in the Golden North. By Jan Welzl. (Allen and Unwin. 10s. 6d.) Thirty Years in the Golden North. By Jan Welzl. (Allen and Unwin. 10s. 6d.) THOSE for whom the...

DIRECT subscribers who are changing their addresses are asked to

The Spectator

notify the SPECTATOR Office BEFORE SHEIDAY on MOND.4 Y OF EACII WEEK. The precious address to which the paper has been sent and receipt reference number should be quoted.

Page 22

Some Buddhist Books

The Spectator

The Religion of Tibet. By Sir Charles" Boll, K.C.I.E., C.M.C., I.C.S.(retd.). (Clarendon Press, Oxford. 18s.) In the Footsteps of the Buddha. By Bond Crowfeet. Translated By Har...

Lady Caroline Lamb

The Spectator

Lady Caroline Lamb. By Elizabeth Jenkins. (Gollancz. lOs. 6t1.) " I HAVE always thought you the cleverest, most agreeable, absurd, amiable, perplexing, dangerous, fascinating...

Page 23

India. To–day

The Spectator

Danger in India. By Geoffrey Tyson. (John Murray. 38. 6d.) ADMIRERS of Mr. Thompson must have been eagerly awaiting the result of the impressions formed by his visit to India...

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The Spectator

BY L. A. G. STRONG WREN, in the course of the next few years, a systematic attempt is made to estimate the significance of Arnold Bennett, I prophesy that one of its first...

Page 25

From This Year's Fiction

The Spectator

Holiday Reading I HAVE never been able to subscribe to the idea that holiday reading should be of such a kind as to make no appeal to the intelligence. A reviewer might possibly...

Page 26

Criminal Fiction

The Spectator

Bullets Bite Deep. By David Hume. (Putnam. 7s. 6d.) HOWEVER exciting a story of crime and detection may be, it still requires more than just the thrill of an unwonted excite-...

Page 28

The American Short Story

The Spectator

Modern American Short Stories. Edited by E. J. O'Brien. (Cape. 7s. 6d.) THIS volume covers the field of the American short story since 1914, the year in which Mr. O'Brien began...

Current Literature

The Spectator

JUDICIAL WISDOM OF MR. JUSTICE McCARDIE By Albert Crew How very odd that the publishers should find so auspicious a moment for the appearance of their book Judicial Wisdom of...

Page 30


The Spectator

(L. V. Hodgkin) Mrs. Holdsworth's new volume, - The Romance of the Inweiiti Light (Dent, 7s. 6d.) may be regarded as a sequel to tier well-known and well-loved Book of Quaker...

The Modern Home

The Spectator

The Studio Year Book, ONE always opens a new Studio Year Books with keen anticipation. It forms an excellent survey of the yea:r1; i Work in almost every form of decorative art...

Page 32

Gramophone Notes

The Spectator

BEETHOVEN'S Eroica Symphony (Symphony No. 3, in E Flat Major), composed in 1804 and published in 1806, was originally intended as homage to Napoleon Bonaparte. Disgusted with...

Page 34

IN the two preceding articles I affirmed a strong belief

The Spectator

that the main causes responsible for world depression are political in character. I suggest that during the past fortnight some of the developments which have been taking place...

Page 36

, Financial Notes

The Spectator

BErrEa MARE:Ers. LESS pessimism regarding the outcome of Lausanne, following upon the informal conversations between M. Herriot and Mr. Hatnsay MacDonald, has promoted a more...