23 JULY 1904

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The Russian Armenians, like the Finlanders, have resorted to assassination.

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The Vice-Governor of Elizabetpol had made himself notorious by the severity of his dealings with the Armenian Church, and on Sunday last, in broad day- light and in a crowded...


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A VERY grave situation has suddenly arisen in regard to our relations with Russia. Two Russian cruisers, the ' Peterburg ' and the Smolensk,' passed out of the Dardanelles as...

The Times correspondent at Tangier evidently anticipates grave troubles in

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Morocco. He describes fanaticism as in- creasing, while the tribes are becoming more anarchical, and are ravaging closer to Tangier. That important port is practically...

The Japanese "enveloping movement" is still incomplete— unless we accept

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the news given by a Moscow paper and pub- lished in London on Friday to the effect that; the Japanese have driven in the Russian left flank, and got between it and Mukden —but...

Meanwhile Sir Charles Hardinge has protested to the Russian Government,

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and demanded the immediate release of the vessel. The two points in our contention are the irregular position of the Peterburg,' and the unjustifiable nature of the seizure. The...

The German people are said to be greatly excited against

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Russia, but the German Government, through its usual POSTAGE ADRO lD 1n. organ, the Post, treats the affair very lightly. It is disposed to consider the stoppage of the ' Prinz...

*„* The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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The Parliamentary event of the week has been the all-night

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sitting of the House of Commons, or rather its continuous sitting-of nearly twenty-six hours' duration, which began at the usual hour on Tuesday—i.$., 2 o'clock—and lasted till...

In the Commons on Thursday Mr. Lyttelton made the im-

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portant announcement that the Government had decided to grant representative institutions to the Transvaal, though not at present full self-government. That is a wise step ; but...

Lord Curzon, lately Viceroy of India, received on Wednes- day

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at the Guildhall the freedom of the City, and made in acknowledgment a singularly eloquent and stirring speech, which it is almost as impossible to condense as to condense a...

On Tuesday Mr. Lloyd-George moved, and Mr. Churchill seconded, the

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adjournment of the House to call attention to his conduct. In very temperate and reasonable speeches they called upon the Government to use their influence to prevent further...

If the question of Army reform were not so absolutely

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vital to the safety and welfare of the nation, the action of the Government thereon would be extremely funny. Nine dayi ago Mr. Arnold-Forster introduced his scheme with...

The advance in Tibet has begun in earnest, and Friday's

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news is to the effect that our troops were last Monday only ninety-two miles from Lhasa. On that day we carried the Karo-la Pass with little or no difficulty. This is the...

On Friday week Lord Dundonald attended a farewell meeting in

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Toronto, which before its close developed into a political demonstration. In the piesence of over six thousand people he repeated his attacks upon the Canadian Govern- ment, and...

On Thursday was published a letter addressed to Lord Lich-

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field by the Duke of Devonshire, in which he points out that Mr. Chamberlain has become President of the new Liberal Unionist Council, that the Vice-Presidents and Executive...

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Some doubt appears still to exist as to the fate

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of Mr. F. Kent Loomis, Envoy from America to Abyssinia, who dis- appeared as the steamer arrived at Plymouth on June 20th. His body has been recovered at Kingsbridge, Devon ;...

The body of gentlemen appointed by Mr. Chamberlain to inquire

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into the condition of our trade and industries, and to suggest a tariff to remedy our alleged commercial evils—a body, it may be remembered, which, though with no official...

Mr. Rider Haggard publishes in tha Row of Thursday a

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very remarkable story. He says that on the night of July 10th he suffered from a painful nightmare, and while still half conscious, dreamed that a favourite retriever was dying,...

The speech made by Mr. Chamberlain at Stafford House on

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Thursday to a gathering of Tariff Reformers was only note- worthy for the references to Mr. Balfour. These references are a complete endorsement of what we have repeatedly said...

The remedy proposed for the relative decline and for "

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dumping " is, of course, a tariff, or, rather, three tariffs :— (1) A general tariff, which is to be a low scale of duties on im- ports from foreign countries which admit...

On Tuesday the King laid the foundation-stone of the new

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Cathedral at Liverpool. After twenty years of waitiug, the second city in England is about to have a religious edifice worthy of its size and importance. The building is to...

Bank Rate, 3 per cent.

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Consols (21 per cent.) were on Friday 881.

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THE CASE OF THE MALACCA.' T HE seizure of the P. and 0. steamer ' Malacca' by a Russian cruiser of doubtful status on the ground that she contained contraband of war, the...

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scheme is examined, the clearer does it become that in

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all that concerns the Militia and the Volunteers it is founded altogether on wrong principles, and if carried out must result in the destruction of those forces. Mr. Arnold-...

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11 small, of human beings, be they large or small, passing or permanent, tend to assume a character of their own. The character of a Committee, of a town, of a party, is...

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enjoy the spectacle of a combat a outrance between the

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Papacy and a Roman Catholic Power. The civil authority even in France, where it is spoken of as if it were semi- divine, is too well aware of the inconveniences which such a...

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W E must confess, unpopular as such a confession will be

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with a portion of the British public, that we retain for the Czar a strong feeling of compassion. He is paying an awful price for an involuntary fault,—inadequacy to fill a...

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T HE letter from Miss Octavia Hill printed elsewhere in this

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issue of the Spectator will appeal directly to a very large number of readers who have never seen Ullswater. The opportunity of purchasing and saving to the country for ever a...

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A CORRESPONDENT of the Times has raised the question whether or

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not our courage as a nation is decreasing, and finds himself compelled to give a pessimistic answer. We want, he thinks, to get all the advantages of power and honour without...

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A villager known to the writer, whose recollections extend over

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two decades beyond our allotted term of life, is . a fund of curious information touching manners and morals at the beginning of last century. He is a handsome old man crowned...

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR:1 Sin,—There are a. few points in the new Army scheme re- lating to Volunteers which seem to call for comment beyond that which they have...

(TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. ") Sin,—You allowed me in

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1901 to bring before your readers the scheme for securing for the people of England permanent possession of a tract of land on Derwentwater giving them access to lake shore, to...

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to be offered for sale by auction.

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The Report contains a destructive concrete reply to the criticism which Sir Wilfrid Lawson's letter in the Spectator of July 16th " The trade is very large, I should say Lx per...

Sin,—It is to be hoped that your remarks as to

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the " nicking " of the Militia Garrison Artillery with the word " redundant" In your article last week you state that Mr. Arnold-Forster condemns the Garrison Artillery branch...


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Sin,,—I venture the following suggestions for insertion in your paper, having the experience of six years-1872-1878- in the ranks of a Volunteer regiment. During that period one...

Sin,—The Spectator is widely read and its leading articles carry

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weight. Mr. Arnold-Forster's speech was made on Thursday night, and your paper came out on Saturday morning. I venture to hope, therefore, that your criticism of the 16th inst....

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Sin,—You published in the Spectator of June 25th, under the

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heading of " Our Inadequate Defences," a letter from a correspondent which expressed the view that we might before long expect an attack by Germany, in view of the rapid...

SIR,—Your article in the Spectator of May 21st on Mr.

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Horsfall's Report on housing conditions in Manchester leads me to describe one aspect of the conditions in Birmingham. A member of the Birmingham City Council Housing...

see that in his last speech Mr. Chamberlain spoke strongly

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about the opposition which some of us offered to the Aliens Bill in the Grand Committee on Law. I do not write to discuss the matter, but merely to point out that Mr....

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" Besides this sort of education there needs another and

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more rigorous kind, which must be impressed upon them from without. The terrible difficulty of early life—the use of pastors and masters—really is, that they compel boys to a...

Sin,—Surely Professor Metchnikoff's predictions are worthy of something more than

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criticism by acetic acid and scepticism. It is now quite a considerable time since science has settled that the nature of life is, for every vital function, a ferment. That is...

think most of us must agree—however reluctantly— with your opinion

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(see Spectator, July 16th) that, regarded at any rate as a statement of fact, Sir Oliver Lodge is right in saying that a sense of sin oppresses the ordinary man far less than it...

Sin,—In Admiral Sir N. Bowden-Smith's view (Spectator, July 16th), outlying

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parts of the Empire cannot be expected to make sacrifices to maintain British naval supremacy, which, whether they are regarded as separate entities or as component parts of a...

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Scarce taketh note of the once dreaded name Of him

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who died to-day. Yet this was he whose little realm so late Our utmost power defied : The country clown who matched his peasant State Against an Empire's pride. Ah ! let the...

THEODORE ROOSEVELT.* AT this moment President Roosevelt is probably the

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most interesting political figure in the world. He is one of the protagonists in what is certainly the foremost of constitutional combats; but he is also the inaugurator of a...

SIR,—Is Sir 0. Lodge's " re-interpretation" after all so very

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new ? Practically to ignore sin as a fact, and consequently to deaden the sense of it in the individual, and thereby to make repentance a superfluity,—this surely is a doctrine...

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Mn. DE MONTMORENCY begins very much at the beginning. He

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takes us back to prehistoric man, not to the earliest times, indeed, though it might be argued that technical education began when a Neolithic father showed his son how to...

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THERE have been many ententes cordiales between England and France,

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but none so strange as that which was made after the Peace of Amiens, and is described in Mr. Alger's interesting and industrious work. For well-nigh ten years France and a...

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describe the Canada of ,to-day, and his volume deserves the

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highest praise for the thoroughness and ability with which it has been written and for its unflagging interest. The stay-at- home Briton is so justly accused of a lamentable...

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• The Crossing. By Winston Churchill. London: Macmillan and Co.

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1 - 6s.1 was the fourth, and the present volume is, in point of time, the second. Its theme is the pressing westward of the settlers during and after the Revolutionary wars,...

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The most notable article in the Edinburgh Review is that

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entitled " The Return to Protection," in which the present position of the Fiscal controversy is admirably described. The writer shows that Mr. Chamberlain's methods are not...

A Weaver of Webs. By John Oxenham. (Methuen and Co.

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6s.)—This novel is frankly melodrama, and as such is not unreadable. The hero is a young Second Secretary at the British Embassy in Vienna, and he is, as heroes should be, a...

War and Neutrality in the Far East. By T. J.

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Lawrence, LL.D. (Macmillan and Co. 3s. 6d. net.)—Professor Lawrence briefly relates the causes of the Russo-Japanese War, causes which may be shortly summarised by saying that...

A November Cry. By Frances Burmester. (Smith, Elder, and Co.

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6s.)—The author of this book very truly remarks that it is really two stories in one, and it must be owned that one of these stories is vastly more agreeable than the other....

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NEW EDITIONS.—Life and Times of Niccolo Machiavelli. By Professor Pasquale

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Villari. Translated by Linda Villari. (T. Fisher Unwin. 2s. 6d. net.)—This is the first complete edition of Professor Villari's great book to appear in an English form. The...

A History of the Gunpowder Plot. By Philip Sidney. (R.T.S.

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52.)—It is generally allowed that the attempt to relegate the Gunpowder Plot story to the realm of myth has failed. But there are many unsolved problems in this same story—as...

Seagulls, and other Poems. By Enid Welsford. (G. P:Putnam's Sons.

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4s. net.)—This volume, with its thousand or so lines, i3 the work of a child. Children sometimes echo the voices they have heard with extraordinary accuracy. Such verse we have...

Russia of To - Day. From the German of Baron E. von

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der Briiggen by M. Sandwith. (Digby, Long, and Co. 6s.)—" Every year," says our author, "there is an extension of the Empire amounting to 86,000 German square miles." As a...

Printers' Pie. (Offices of the Sphere. ls. net.)—We are glad

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to see this second specimen of Printers' Pie, " a Festival Souvenir of the Printers' Pension Corporation," a "picnic," we may say, to which various popular authors contribute...

Earth's Enigmas. By Charles G. D. Roberts. (Duckworth and Co.

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5s. net.)—Mr. Roberts tells us that he seeks in most .of his stories " to present one or another of the problems of life or nature to which, as it appears to many of us, there...