10 JUNE 1899

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I T is with deep regret that we record the breakdown of the Bloemfontein Conference. Sir Alfred Milner made certain proposals in regard to the franchise which would have given...

To take up such a position appears to us to

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be not only a right, but a duty. When we say this we are not unmindful of the conduct of Mr. Rhodes and his associates towards the Transvaal, conduct which deserves the...

The Court of Cessation gave its decision in the Dreyfus

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case last Saturday afternoon. The judgment, which is short, is strictly legal in form, and was signed by every one of the forty-six members of the Court. They decide, first,...

On Thursday Mr. Chamberlain made a statement in the House

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of Commons,as to the nature of the negotiations and the reasons for their breakdown. He added that the despatch in answer to the petition of the Outlanders to the Queen, which...

Many trials will, it is believed, spring from the ashes

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of the great one. The Marquis du Paty de Clam has been arrested, and will be tried on a charge arising from the evidence accepted by the Court of Cessation ; and it is reported...

`,* The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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Spain has sold the remains of her Empire in the

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Far East —consisting of the Caroline, Pelew, and Marianne Islands, except Guam, which already belongs to America—to Germany for 25,000,000 pesetas,—a sum equal to about...

The Royalists in the Chamber endeavoured to defend the scene

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at Auteuil as " an explosion of popular disgust," but a Resolution proposed by M. Baucel, and accepted by M. Dupuy, denouncing the affair as a scandal, was carried by 513 to 32,...

In the House of Commons on Monday, Mr. Balfour moved

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the vote of £30,000 to Lord Kitchener. He was followed by Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, who told the old story out of Punch of the little girl whose mother said of swearing :...

Mr. Balfour's defence of Lord Kitchener was excellent both in

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matter and manner. He dwelt upon the necessity of making the overthrow of Mandism final, and on the danger to which our officers and troops would have been exposed by a...

The hatred of the upper classes for the Republic has

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been exasperated by these occurrences into a sort of frenzy. Pre- sident Loubet, who on Sunday visited the racecourse at Auteuil, was not only hooted and insulted with cries of...

Mr. Morley's speech was strong, but less highly coloured than

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his address in the Forest of Dean. He asked the Govern- ment whether they held that there was no kind of military action for which the plea of political necessity was not a good...

The Honours List for the Queen's eightieth birthday is in

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no sense sensational. There are no new Peers, and only six Baronets. Of these the most distinguished are Sir Samuel Way, the Chief Justice of South Australia, and Professor...

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On Tuesday, during the report stage of the London Bill,

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Mr. Courtney moved an amendment declaring that no person should be disqualified by sex or marriage from being elected an Alderman or Councillor. The amendment, which was...

We note with intense regret that Mr. McKinley has recently

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issued an order releasing four thousand offices from the Civil Service and its rules, and placing them at the disposal of the politicians. This is said to be done with a view to...

Wednesday's sitting was fertile in Parliamentary surprises. On the House

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going into Committee on Sir J. Blundell Maple's Service Franchise Bill, which re-enfranchises police- men and shop-assistants living in cubicles, Mr. McKenna's amendment...

The Times of Monday quotes from a striking article on

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Roman Catholicism in England, which Mr. Bagot, a Roman Catholic of great knowledge and experience, has lately con- tributed to the •Vuova Antologia, an Italian journal. His...

Mr. Robert Wallace, who died a few hours after a

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sudden seizure while speaking in the debate on the grant to Lord Kitchener early on Tuesday morning, was one of the ablest and wittiest men of his generation. After a brilliant...

On Wednesday Mr. Balfour, speaking at the annual banquet of

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the National Union of Conservative Associations, held in London, dealt with a fact which cannot be too often or too strongly insisted on,—namely, that Liberalism, i.e., Liberal...

Bank Rate, 3 per cent.

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New Consols (21) were on Friday 104.

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T HE judgment of the Court of Cassation in the Dreyfus case has been discounted, but it has still an interest of its own. In the first place, it was unanimous, which was not...


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THE CRISIS IN SOUTH AFRICA. T HE news from South Africa is undoubtedly most serious. It is not only that the Bloemfontein Conference has proved a failure. What is worse than...

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W E cannot profess to -feel deeply excited about the question of the Mandi's remains. Had Mr. Morley been able to bring before the House of Commons any instances of cruelty and...

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I T is useless, as we have always said, to prophesy about France, for surprises happen there as consequences do everywhere else, but it is difficult to refrain from speculating...

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M R. BRYCE is a man of courage. Short of action involving immediate danger to life, we know of nothing that makes a greater demand on this virtue than the duty of telling...

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M R. BERNARD HOLLAND, in the interesting and thoughtful paper on " The Popularity of Omar Khayyam" which he has contributed to the June number of the National Review, mistakes,...

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T HE- farewell eulogy of Vienna uttered by Mark Twain before leaving that city is not undeserved. Indeed, one might go much further and say that it is well deserved. If we take...

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T UST before hay-time, the crowning glory of the country is e..1 given by the flowers growing in the grass. Their setting, among the uncounted millions of green grass stems,...

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SEA BIRDS AND CLIFF-CLIMBING IN YORKSHIRE. (To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. "] Sin, — The great feature of the bird-life of Yorkshire—a county which can show a list of birds,...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.") Sin,—May I thank you for the article in the Spectator of June 3rd on the remarkable success of Charles Sheldon's books both in England and...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sta,—The conditions of capitulation at Colchester which' I quoted from Dr. Gardiner are stated by him to be taken from "the form printed in...


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ROYAL NAVAL ENGINEERS. [TO THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR. " ] Six, We have heard a great deal of late about naval efficiency and its " pros "and " cons," but I have never seen a...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sir,—A curious instance of the above has lately appeared in an Indian paper. A week or so ago some eight hundred signallers of one of the...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."' SIR, — In the Spectator of June 3rd " Olim Harroviensis" suggests to an old friend of mine that he should try his hand at rendering into...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."' Sur,—With reference to your review of my book, " The Two Protectors," in the Spectator of May 27th, I am somewhat sur- prised at your taking...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.'] SIR, I have been much interested in the correspondence under the heading, "The Wreck of the Stella' and the Lapidary Style," contributed to...

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SIR,—How would this do for the inimitable epitaph on Burton ? Of course it is considerably longer than the original through the need of particles in English :- Known but to...

[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] have this morning seen

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the Spectator of June 3rd, and beg to send you a translation of the epitaph on p. 787, if you think it worth printing :— " Panels not= In life known but to few, paucloribus...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. "] SIR, — Your article in the Spectator of May 6th drawing atten- tion to the absurdity of allowing any artist to send in eight works to the...

[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. "] venture to send you

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an attempt to render the epitaph given in your - last number by "Olim Harroviensis ":— Rnown but to few, to fewer still unknown, Democritus the Younger 'neath this stone Doth...

[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. "] Sra,—I hope I may

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be pardoned for my temerity in advancing to lift the gage flung down to the Master of Trinity by your correspondent, "Olim Harroviensis," in the Spectator of June 31d. May I...


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Haines and " Olim Harroviensis" somewhat underestimate the capacities for terse and pregnant expression of their mother-tongue, and are too easily con- vinced of its inferiority...


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Srn,—I venture to send three attempts at translating the epitaph on Burton, which I give below, not in order of any supposed merit, but of magnitude :— Here knowne to fewe to...

[To THE EDITOR OF TUB "SPECTATOR. "] SIR, — Your correspondent " Olim

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Harroviensis," in maintain- ing the advantages of Latin over English for memorial inscriptions, gives an honest challenge to our language, which I hope the Master of Trinity,...

[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR"] SIR,—Your correspondent " H.

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B." justly eulogises the "concise pathos" of Sir Richard Colt Hoare's monumental lines of 1838. But whence did Sir Richard obtain them His words— Si non Ossibus ossa tuis, at...

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[TO THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR."] Ste, —In your able article in the Si ectator . of May 20th on Lord Charles Beresford's recent book, " The Break-up of China," you say :—" It...


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send the following observations on the chance of your thinking them worthy of publication. Every one will sympathise with the sentiment embodied in Mr. Morley's censure of the...

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[To THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—A curious case of the beneficence of what we call the lower creatures has been told me by a lady of Bournemouth in whose garden it...


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TWELVE SOLDIERS.* THE twelve chapters of this book, contributed by various hands, various also in method and merit, are yet informed by a certain homogeneity : they all...


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THE "SrEcreTon."] observe in the Spectator of May 20th that your correspondent, Mr. D. N. Reid, seems to think that the custom of the country allowed the Highlander to shoot and...


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PEACE, WITH HONOUR. WREN we in riches have reposed our trust, And said to Peace, " 'Tis, that we love thee well," Peace hath replied, "Your honour lies in dust ; How can ye...


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[TO THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR. "] SER,—Sometimes you have been good enough to allow me to 'say a word in your columns on this subject, and I hope to be sufficiently brief and...

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THE SOUTH AFRICAN REPUBLIC.* SOUTH African history does not offer

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very pleasant reading to an English public, even when the historian is strictly im- partial. When, as in the present case, he hardly cares to conceal his prejudice against...

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Da. LYMAN ABBOTT applies to St. Paul a theory which has been accepted by all modern theologians of repute,—the theory of.. Progressive Revelation. When we use the word "...

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OUR GARDENS.* IT may be very truly said of works

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on the garden that "of making many books there is no end." But the great number of books about gardening given to the world just now is really an excellent sign of the interest...

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NOVELS OF THE WEEK.* TEE authoress of I, Thou, and

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the Other One ought really to have taken for her motto the famous couplet Let agriculture, arts, and learning die, But leave us still our old nobility." For although the novel...

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THE MINOR MAGAZINES. The most notable evidence of the almost imperceptible change that has been effected in the character of Temple .Bar since it became the property of Messrs....

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[Under this heading we notice such Books of the week as have not Dee* reserved for review in other forms.] A Russian Province of the North. By Alexander Platonovich Engelhardt....

Sir John Cope and the _Rebellion of 1745. By the

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late General Sir Robert Cadell, K.C.B. (William Blackwood and Sons. 16s.)—Sir John Cope, who died in 1760, was, in a sense, tried for his conduct at the famous battle of...

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Stories from Shakespeare. Written and Illustrated by M. * Surteee Townesend. (F.

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Warne and Co. 6s.)—Here we have ten. of the dramas made into tales. Two of the tenure tragedies, two historical plays, the rest comedies. We cannot say that the attempt is...

The King's Mother. By Lady Margaret Domvile. (Burns and Oates.)—The

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lady meant by this ambiguous title is Margaret Beaufort, the mother of Henry VII. The author has availed her- self of the existing materials, which indeed have been already...

A History of Bohemian Literature. By Francis, Count Liltzow. (W.

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Heinemann. 6s.)—Count Liitzow has certainly the advan- tage, if advantage it can be considered, of having a subject that will be almost entirely new to his readers (though,...

Robespierre and the Red Terror. From the Dutch of Dr:

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Jan Ten Brink, by J. Hedeman. (Hutchinson and Co. 12s.)—The writer of this notice remembers well how energetically the late Professor Cassel (of University College, London) used...

C. H Spurgeon's Autobiography. Compiled by his Wife „and his

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Private Secretary. Vol. III., 1856.1878.. (Pasisixtere and - Alabaster. 10s. 6d.)—An " autobiography " " compiled" is somewhat of a mis- nomer. Much of the bcek, however, came...

The Beolution of the Dwelling House. By Sidney Oxdall Addy,

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M.A. (Swan Sonnenschein and Co. 6s.)—Some years ago Professor Baldwin Brown showed in an ingenious treatise (" From Schola to Cathedral") how the great ecclesiastical buildings...

The Romance of a Pro-Consul. By James Mllne. (Chatto and

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Windua. 6s.)—George Grey was gazetted to the 83rd Foot in 1829, served in Ireland, where he did not like the process of tithe-colleoting —if you invoke the Sermon on the Mount...

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THEOLOGY.—Holy Baptism. By Darwell Stone, M.A. (Longmans and Co. 5s.)—Mr.

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Stone gives an account, theological and ecclesi- - • astical, of the Sacrament of Baptism. He goes into its doctrinal history, and he reviews its practical aspects. The...

..-Chttna and the Chinese. By EdmUnd Plauchut. Translated by Mrs.

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Arthur Bell (N. D'Anvers). (Hurst and Blackett. 2s. 6d.)— This is a lively account of China, past and present, characteristic of the author's nationality. M. Plauchut has been...

The Steam Engine and Gas and Oil Engines. By John

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Perry, D.Sc. (Macmillan and Co. 7e. 6d. net.)—This is a book by an expert which it must suffice to mention. " I aim throughout," says the author in his preface,' " at showing a...

Giants of the Game. By the Hon. R. H. Lyttelton

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and Others. (Ward, Lock, and Co. ls.)—Mr. Lyttelton, who is responsible for more than half of the book, writes about some great cricketers of ale past. and of the present,...