14 MARCH 1931

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What is one to say of a statement which not

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only could be but was generally interpreted as signifying a break-down of political unity in regard to India ? It is always difficult to disentangle motives when a mess has been...

But when we write Mr. Baldwin has yet to be

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heard. We believe in his good faith implicitly. There will, of course, be explanations, as indeed there have been already. Let us see what can be said in extenuation of the...

We shall summarize the facts briefly to show what Mr.

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Baldwin's pledges are. Speaking at Newton Abbot on Friday, March 6th, he said :- " At present we have only sketched the framework of the problem. The details are not SRA in, and...

News of the Week Mr. Baldwin and India T HE India

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Committee of the Unionist Party has made a sad-mess of Indian policy. A deliberate intention to work mischief in India could scarcely have had a more deplorable effect than the...


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.0:1.—A Subscription to the SPECTATOR costs Thirty Shillings per annum, including postage, to any part of the world. The SPECTATOR is registered as a Newspaper. The Postage on...

Now we come to the India Committee meeting of Monday

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night, to the - outcome of which some clue was provided by Mr. Churchill's intervention at a Unionist Party meeting a few days before. Mr. Churchill then made a passionate...

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The Coal Trouble, * • On Monday it was announced that

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owing to the reduced quota for March, many pits in the Midlands area, partici'. larly in Yorkshire, would not be. able to_ supply their customers, and that prices - would in...

There is considerably more weight, we think, in the opinion

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expressed by Sir John Fischer Williams in a letter to the Times of Monday. The proposed Board of Arbitrators would have in nearly every case to decide the matter at issue on...

This stupendous total—four times our pre-War expendi- ture—and the heavy

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increase over last year, rightly cause much uneasiness. The cost of the Defence Services has been but slightly reduced, but the Civil expenditure has again risen, largely on...

The Estimates • The Estimates for 1931-32 published during the

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week. end have done nothing to dissipate the gloomy forebod- ings with which Mr. Snowden's Budget is awaited. It looks as though the Chancellor of the Exchequer—who, we trust,...

If these are the facts, Mr. Baldwin will have little

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difficulty in reconciling the botched resolution of the India Committee with his pledges. He may be right or he may be wrong about an early continuation of the Round Table...

On Wednesday the Special Correspondent of the News - Chronicle stated that

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opinion in India had swung in favour of London, instead of Simla, as the next meeting place for the Round Table Conference and that Mr. Gandhi has expressed his willingness to...

The General Act The House of Commons on Monday agreed

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by a sub- stantial majority to accede to the General Act of Inter- national Arbitration. Mr. Henderson laid great stress on the moral value of Great Britain's signature in rein-...

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County Elections Various County elections, including the London County- Council

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elections, took place on Thursday, March 5th. • In London the Municipal Reformers gained six seats, increasing their number from 77 to 83. Labour dropped from 42 to 85 seats ;...

Bank Rate, 3 per cent., changed from 31. per cent.

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on May 1st, 1930. War Loan (5 per cent.) was on Wednesday 103 1$- ; on Wednesday week, 103/ ; a year ago, 102*. Funding Loan 44 per cent.) was on Wednesday 931 ; on Wednesday...

Mr. Churchill at Edinburgh As Lord Rector of Edinburgh University,

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Mr. Churchill last week drew for the students a doleful picture of Parliament in decay, with an electorate that would not even vote. There were no clear-cut issues. " A sort of...

The St. George's By-Election On Wednesday Mr. A. Duff Cooper

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was nominated as the official Conservative candidate for St. George's, and Sir Ernest Petter as the Independent Conservative candidate. There is no Labour or Liberal candidate....

Sir Ernest's economic arguments in favour of a Free Trade-

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Empire •are unaffected by the ridicule which Dominion Prime Ministers cast upon Lord Beaverbrook's scheme for a Free Trade Empire. He persistently repeats the old assertions...

Railway Wages The National Wages Board in the railway industry

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decided last week after full inquiry that wages must be cut down. All earnings are to suffer a reduction of per cent., with a further reduction of 2ik per cent. on the amount by...

A Great Athlete The Oxford and Cambridge sports last Saturday

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were made memorable- by the unprecedented performance of Mr. R. M. N. Tisdall, the Cambridge President. He won all four events for which he was entered—the high hurdles, putting...

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The Irwin-Gandhi Agreement

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W HEN Lord Irwin and Mr. Gandhi put their names to the truce at Delhi last week, a great day's work was done. The agreement is worthy to be ranked alongside the grant of...

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Unionists and Liberals rI1HE attack on Mr. Baldwin's leadership, the

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1 shrinkage of the Liberal Party and the revolts inside the Labour Party—revolts by the professional Trade Unionists, the Mosleyites and the Independent Labour Party—combine to...

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Psychology and Religion

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[The sixth and concluding article in this series will be " Psychology and the Religious Training of Children," by Miss Geraldine Coster, author of Psycho-Analysia for Normal...

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The Week in Parliament T HERE is no use disguising the

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fact that a majority of members of the Conservative Party are deeply concerned about the present trend of events in India. Whether you agree with them or whether you do not,...

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Are We Over-Populated ?

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EY ELDON MOORE. [Our readers will remember a series of articles on problems of population by Mr. Moore, editor of the Eurnies Quarterly, which we published three years ago.—En....

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Captain Coram and His Children

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BY F. YEATS-BROWN. IF the Foundling Hospital Site is to be preserved -I- as an open space for children, quick action and generous giving will be necessary. If its gates were...

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The Street Artist

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BY, CAPTAIN OWEN TWEEDY H E hailed my car between Newhaven and Lewes, and at once I was interested. His strong flaxen beard was neatly trimmed : his eyes were blue ; and there...

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Dean Inge

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BY AMICUS. D EAN INGE is seventy. Nobody, from his writings, - would guess it. Twenty years ago he was ap- pointed Dean of St. Paul's, and they at once began writing about him...


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fENGRAVINGS AND PROCESS PRINTS.] I SUPPOSE there are few branches of graphic art which are so little understood by the general public as that of " engraving." People of average...

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Report of the Competition

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THE Editor offered a prize for the best description on a post- card of the thoughts of Sir Oswald Mosley as caricatured by Mr. Max Beerbohm. The competition has provoked a great...


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Stillness Before Snow THERE is an eager and expectant air About the woods and fields this afternoon. They wait to bear, on furrow and flung branch, The burden of the snow that...

A Hundred Years Ago

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THE " SrEeTAToR," Mallen ltnr, 1831. POLAND. We fear that the present gallant struggle in Poland is to ter. minate, as all former struggles of that brave and ill-fated country...

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A form of forestry, calculated to breed envy in any

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Brit ish afforester, begins to flourish. IVIten an altitude is at last reached, which forbids the growing of beans, sweet potatoes, sugar, vines, bananas or even bamboo, the...

If this island could be planted, say, alongside the Isle

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cf 1Vight and left in enjoyment of its present climate, the land would, I am convinced, be regarded as agriculturally worthless except in the few places where it falls into...

It is an abrupt enough contrast to return from the

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flaming flowers and active harvests of Madeira to a late spring in England, when the gardener scarcely - dare plant or sow, even if his frozen fingers permit. Yet in some points...

It is curious to note the changes in crops brought

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about partly by world conditions, partly by local accident or fiscal experiments. AS the almond—to the enhancement of the scenery- begins to oust the olive in Majorca, so the...

It suggests that somehow or other the world has been

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switched on to a wrong rail when one finds, as often, intense poverty associated with a rich soil. The ship by which I returned carried some 8,000 baskets of beans designed fur...

Dissimilar though they are in almost every aspect, England and

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Madeira may be fruitfully compared : one may learn by contrast. Supposing—as children say—that we had spent in England on draining and reclaiming one half of the labour spent in...


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I have just come from an island, about the size of the Isle of 1Vight, where land, purely agricultural land, is sometimes considered to be worth £1,000 an acre or according to...

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Letters to the Editor

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GREAT BRITAIN AND INDIA [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The daily papers tell us that several political leaders are attacking Lord Irwin and his advisers and are...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—What a summary disposal Sir Charles Spencer makes of this most vexatious problem by exclaiming " Oh ! it is all instinct" 1 His theory is...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—For over a century scores of missionary societies from Europe and America have invaded the spiritual life of India, with very mixed...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.]

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SIR,—Although I am entirely ignorant of the state of affairs in Russia, I do think it is possible to use common sense in dealing with some of the broad, indisputable facts about...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR:I SIR, —I take great exception to the statement in your corres- pondent's letter which appears in your issue of March 7th, where he says that the...

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have read your note on this subject as also the letter from a General Practitioner of Medicine and your footnote thereto. Surely the answer to the " G. P." is that a duly...

LIBERIA [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I am glad

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to see that Dr. Christy confirms my view about the Vai and Gola tribes. Conditions, no doubt, are very different in the South-East, and I may have under- rated the extent of...


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SIR,—It seems regrettable that Mr. Currie, in his desire to get the London County Council and the Westminster City Council to do more in the way of housing, should throw cold...

THE HAIG STATUE [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR, ---This

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controversy is alleged to lie between a Represen- tational figure and an Expressionist work of art. But is it accurate to say so ? Certain existing statues in the ordinary...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sra,-- - ---Eveiy Scotsman should feel

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grateful to you for thh article written by Mr. G. M. Thomson which appeared in last week's issue. The case against the site proposed by the Trustees is put clearly and...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sm,—Once only, and that ten years ago, I shot a pewit. To my surprise it had but one leg. That or the following day I mentioned the matter at...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The article in your issue of last week gave, as you said, one side of this controversy. May I say something on the other ? The Trustees...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR, In your number for March 7th you very truly remark, that " even now " many patients are not getting the advantages of a treatment (i.e.,...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—As an interested reader of this correspondence may I ask the question it leaves upon the minds of some of us : What is the main duty of...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—You will no doubt remember that, rather more thai) a year ago, you kindly permitted me, through your valuable columns, to make an appeal...

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THE BRITISH " WIRELESS FOR THE BLIND " FUND. After distributing over 7,500 sets the fund still requires the sum of £15,000. Sympathisers are requested to communi- cate with the...


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[To the Editor• of the SvEc-rATon.] Sin, The interesting letter by G. B. C. in your issue of March 7th, may possibly convey to readers an unintended impression that the...

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the spttutor 4 ] No. 5,359.] WEEK ENDING SATURDAY, MARCH 14, 1931. [GRATIS

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A Second Elizabethan Journal

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A Second Elizabethan Journal. By G. B. Harrison. - (Constable. 248.) Du. HARRISON, duly encouraged to continue his labours, has produced a Journal for the years 1595-1598 much...

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Memoirs of Marshal Foch

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The Memoirs of Marshal Foch. Translated by Colonel T.' Bentley Mott. (Heinemann. 25s.) THE bare title of this book is sufficient to whet the appetite of all who are interested...

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The Essence of Creativity

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THE subject of this book is the power which our minds possess of bringing something out of nothing. It is this 'creative power which has produced poetry and the fine arts, the...

A Word for William Morris

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William Morris. Prose Selections. Edited by A. H. R. Ball. • (Cambridge University Press. 3s. 6d.) WE arc an age founded on statistics rather than faith. Modern Socialism,...

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" The Amazing Period " The First Gentleman : The

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Story of the Regent, afterwa'rds George IV. By Graco E. Thompson. (Jonathan Cape. 1.2s. 6d.) Ix her introduction the author of this book announces that she has taken the...

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Letter Craft

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THESE two excellently produced and serviceable books are devoted to the craft and history of letter making—Mr. Stanley Morison's to printing types, Mr. Graily Hewitt's to formal...

The American Negro Slave Trading in the Old South. By

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Frederick Bancroft. (Baltimore : J. H. Furst Co. $4.) WHEN the humane Spaniard Las Cams, to save American Indians, suggested the importation of slaves from Africa to the swamps...

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The Mystery of El Greco

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The Birth of Western Painting. By Robert Byron and David Talbot Rice. (Routledge. £2 2s.) MY immediate reaction -towards -this brilliantly written and completely fascinating...

Working Women's Lives

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Life as We have Known It. By Co-operative Working Women. Edited by Margaret Llewellyn Davies. With an Introduction No better title could have been chosen for this book of...

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Short Stories

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The Last Voyage. By James Hanley.—The Big Man. By L. A. G. Strong.—Little Peter the Great. By H. A. = Manhood.—A Moral Ending, and Other Stories.. By Sylvia Townshend Warner....

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London; Printed by W, StEnicur AND Soxs, LTD., 98 and

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99 Fetter Lane, E.C. 4, and Published Im Tns SzErrwron, Urn. at their Offices,, No. 99 Gower Street, Londdn, W.C.1.---Saturdak,'March 14;101.

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Joseph Pilsudski

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JOSEPH PILSUDSHI, Marshal and Dictator of Poland, is one of those picaresque figures who are much stranger than fiction. Others have passed through vicissitudes as violent as...

Christian Ethics

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CANON PETER GREEN has produced a short and simple book on a large and complex subject, which will be of immense use to clergy, teachers, social workers, and, in fact, all men...

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FORTUNATE among men are Messrs. Gilbert and Brook, for their wanderings after birds took them to the coast of Pem- brokeshire (still an " absolutely unspoilt country "), to mid-...


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The Whole Works of Homer ; Prince of Poetts, in his Iliads and Odysseys. Translated according -to the Greeke by George Chapman. Vol. I. (Basil Blackwell. Limited Ed. 5' Vols. £3...

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Russian Social History

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Russia : A Social History. By D. S. Mirsky. (Cresset Preis. 25s.) IVniLE admiring the skill with which Prince Mirsky has gathered into so small a compass a vast amount of...

The First Yorkshiremen

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Early Man in North-East Yorkshire. By Frank Elgee. (Pub. fished by the Author at Shirley House, Cominondale, York. 25s. 9d. post free.) Is all local students of archaeology were...

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The Place-Names of Scotland Scottish Place-Names. By W. C. Mackenzie.

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(Keg-an Paul. 15s.) IT is difficult justly to appraise this book. Mr. Mackenzie has got together a vast mass of material towards the elucidation of Scots place-names, and he...

A New Competition

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The Editor offers a prize of two guineas for the best new verse for " God Save the King," advocating world co-operation. This. Competition will close, on FridaY, - March 20th.

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The Security Myth

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WHEN Mr. Hyde arraigns Great Britain as being largely responsible for the present disturbed atmosphere of inter- national relations, we are prepared to go some way with him....

The Horrors of the Countryside

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The Horrors of the Countryside. By C. E. M. Joad. (Hogarth Press. ls. Cid.) MR. JOAD has written a bitter pamphlet, but if any bitterness is justified then it is the bitterness...

The Rising Literary Generation

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WHEN the poetical history of the last twenty years comes td be written, the role of Mr. T. S. Eliot—it is difficult to believe it began so long ago—will be seen to be no mean...

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F' •

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action Conquerors and Dreamers The Farm on the River Po. By Mario Boma. (Berm. 78. ed,) THOUGH three of them deal with strong and dominating personalities, none of these five...

A Change of Heart

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As a survey of the ideas which are struggling for the mastery of the world this little book could not be bettered. Nor is there any topic better worth the attention of open and...

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SUNSET PASS. 'BST lane Grey. (Hodder and Stoughton. 78. 6(1.)--i"

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Reckon the old burg's not changed any,' soliloquised - Rock." And it • hasn't The hombres and the icanlawcd.he-men have-seen to that. Excellent of ifs kibt • •_


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(Duckworth. 7s. 6d.)—With studied naiveté describes how a handful of eccentrics are swiftly and frequently involved in a series of ridiculous, inconsequent, and improper...

FRANCIS. By Daphne Lambart. (Blackwood. 5s.)—A study of three groups

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of frustrated people linked together by an elusive character. A remarkable novel written with great delicacy and perception, handled with freshness and skill and without morbidity.

CAT'S MEAT AND KINGS. By George Baker. (Eric Part- ridge.

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8s. 6d.)—These slender and promising studies of poor people halt too frequently before moral, social and symbolical perplexities, and the author's attempts to escape by violence...

ROCK AND SAND. By John Oliver. (Allen and Unwin. 7s.

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6d.)--LA would-be epic of life in a small village on the St. Lawrence into which comes a disturbing American family. Diligent but unimaginative.

THE MAN FROM LIMBO. By Guy Endore. (Gollancz. 75. Ad.)—An

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imaginary narrator's life-story and the account of -a Search for treasure in the novel he is writing are adroitly woven together. A successful and absorbing experiment.

PRAIRIE WOMEN. By Ivan Beede. (Harper's. 6s.)— Deals sympathetically with

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the life story of a woman, her family and their circle in the Middle West since the World Fair. Disappointingly slight and too scattered to be really interesting.

Mr. Percy A. Harris, M.P., who has been re-elected once

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again to the London County Council, is one of the oldest and most popular members of that wonderful body, and no one is better qualified than he to write on London and its...

Some Books of the Week

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ADMIRALS in the seventeenth century had a much more varied and strenuous experience than their modern successors. The shrewd seaman whom Miss Florence E. Dyer com- memorates in...

Mr. W. H. Boulton's The Romance of The British Museum

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(Sampson Low, 12s. 6d.) ought to send some of its readers to Bloomsbury to see for themselves some of the many things that the author describes. He gives an outline of the main...

SEED ON THE WIND. By Rex Stout. (Morley and Mitchell

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Kennerley, Jun. 7s. 6d.)—Lora, a product of the American boom years, had an astonishing capacity for acquiring lovers, jobs, babies and money, all treated with slick and...

New Novels

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SOLDIERS AND WOMEN. By Otto Wendler. (Allen and Unwin. 7s. 6d.)—Another War book of the florid Teutonic type. The amours of soldiers separated from their wives and vice versa...

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* * * * " And thrice he slew the

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slain," crambe repetita or toujoun • perdrix are tags which enter the mind when the eye lights upon a book entitled The Truth about Dreyfus (Putnam, 7s. 6d.), which Herr Bernard...

" History is bunk," said (or is reputed to have

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said) Mr. Henry Ford, and when an American at Kenilworth remarked to Mr. Frank Binder " I see no sense in studying the charaeters of men, nor in reading descriptions of things...

Since War Letters of Fallen Englishmen there has been no

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book published with so vivid and intimate a sense of the actuality of war as Letters from Armageddon (Williams and Norgate, 15s.)—a series of letters collected by Mrs. Grant,...

Captain Roger Pocock is a curious mixture of qualitie human

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and superhuman, and a varied series of adventurous events has followed him through life. Thus, this second instalment of his autobiography, Chorus to Adventurers (Lam 12s. is of...

A new volume of the Broadway Mediaeval Library, edited by

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G. G. Coulton and Eileen Power, Little John of Saintre, by Antoine de la Sale (Routledge, 15s.) suggests some hours of enjoyment, a suggestion which this time is only partly...

* * * *

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It has now become so customary to " cross " Africa (and, of course, to write a fat book about it) by aeroplane, motor, river-steamer and railway-train, that the world seems to...

* - * *

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The Indian Slate Railways Magazine for February (from 57 Haymarket,-Is. 8d. post free) 'contains a - prefatory note by the Viceroy in which he expresses the opinion (in which...

A review which shall deal faithfully and also competently with

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the practical application of Christian principles to the problems of contemporary society is sure to find many interested readers. In Christendom: a Journal of Christian...

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Motoring Notes

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The Sports Invicta MOST readers of these articles will know that the new 41-litre Sports Invicta won the recent Monte Carlo Rally, gaining the first prize irrespective of class...

Everyone knows that Europe has more and higher tariffs since

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the War, and it is pretty well agreed that these tariffs are hindering trade recovery. Dr. Wilhelm Grotkopp, the German financial journalist, maintains in Breaking Down the...

One of the rarer masters on whom the Italian Exhibition

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of last year threw more light was Piero della Francesca, the Tuscan painter (1416-1492), who is well represented in the National Gallery, but nowhere else outside Italy. The one...

It is a pity that The Huskisson Papers, edited by

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Mr. Lewis Melville (Constable, 21s.) have not been more fully annotated, for these hitherto unpublished letters to and from William Huskisson might have been made to throw a...

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The Modern Home

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March Garden Notes By ELEANOUR SINCLAIR ROHDE " It is now March . . . the dayos begin to lengthen apace ; the forward Gardens give many a fine Sallet, and a nose-gay of Violets...

General Knowledge Questions

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Oun weekly prize of one guinea for the best thirteen Question 3 submitted is awarded this 4week to 3000 Austin, 34 Coleherne Road, Earl's Court, S.W. 10, for the following :—...

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Finance Public & Private

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The Comm' g Budget WE arc now rapidly approaching the close of the present national financial year, which terminates on March 31st. It is usually followed within two or three...

Financial Notes

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Goon TONE MAINTAINED. ALTHOUGH it is true that in some departments there has been a slight reactionary tendency in prices during the last few days owing to the absence of...

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Answers to Questions on Artists and Poets from Browning

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1. Claus of Innsbruck (" My Last Duchess "). 2. Robbie (" The Statue and the Bust ").-3. Guido Reni (" One Word More Byron (" La Saisiaz ").-5. Raphael (" The Urbinate ")...

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In view of the general conditions of depression share- holders of the British Portland Cement Manufacturers may be congratulated upon the results for the past year, the profit...


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This company seems to be still enjoying a very prosperous career and for, the past twelve months the profit was no less than 1259,791 on a capital of £750,000, of which £625,000...


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Partly, no doubt, by reason of the prolonged industrial depression, a good many unfavourable reports had been circulated in the market with regard to the results likely to be...


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At the recent annual meeting of this Society, Mr. E. W. Board. Chairman of the Directors, congratulated the members upon the most successful year in- the history of the Society;...


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Accompanying the annual report for 1930 of the National Provident Institution is a statement showing the results of the triennial valuation. The valuation, which was made on a 3...


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At the meeting held recently of the Britannic Assurance Company, the chairman was able to present a report showing very satisfactory progress during the year. Substantial...


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Before going abroad or away from home readers are advised 1 ,1 place an order for the SPECTATOR. The journal. wilt be fowl to any address at the following rates One Month Two...


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The report and accounts of the Halifax Building Society for the year ended January 31st shows further considerable progress as regards assets, advances upon mortgage and the...