20 OCTOBER 1900

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It is possible that the Manchu dynasty may be threatened

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from another quarter. It is reported that a leader, whom we bad better call Sun, has raised the standard of revolt' in Kwangtting and has taken several towns. He is supported, '...

The Times of Friday publishes a telegram from its Pekin

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correspondent, dated October 17th, stating that on Tuesday Prince Ching and Li Hung Chang made the following proposals to the Powers as a basis for peace negotiations :— (1)...

Dr. Morrison praisethighly the cool courage of the British,

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the Americans (one of whom, the Rev. Mr. Gamewell, a mis- sionary, was the Vauban of the defence), the Germans, and the Japanese, and rather specially the French, with the...


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W ITH the returns declared on Tuesday the results of the General Election are complete but for Orkney and Shetland, where polling does not take place till next week. Taking it...

The Times has at last.received and published a full narra-

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tive frem its correspondent, Dr. Morrison, of all that preceded and accompanied the siege of the Legations. Gibbon could not -have told the .story better. , It is obviously...

In any case, the Chinese are clearly playing for delay.

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Their dreadful mistress is safe in Segan, and, in their judgment, China is suffering nothing. There are, it is true, little whirl- pools in its vast sea, but what do they matter...

'.* The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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There is nothing special to chronicle from South Africa except

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a certain number of small actions in which we in- variably got the better of the enemy, and captured in all a very considerable number of prisoners. Otherwise things have been...

The Court-Martial held upon Lieutenant a Beckett at Dover ended

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last Saturday, as was generally expected, in his honourable acquittal,—a result which has given universal satisfaction. Mr. a Beckett, a young Lieutenant in the Royal Garrison...

The Transvaal Concessions Commission, which is now sitting at Pretoria,

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has elicited some very striking facts as to the part played by the Netherlands Railway Company during the war. The diary of Mr. Van Kretschmar, the managing director, which...

An outbreak of " Hooliganism "—that is, ruffianism by boys

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between fourteen and eighteen—is alarming the lower quarters of London. The boys, it seems, form gangs, arm themselves with loaded belts, or even revolvers, and attack innocent...

The marriage of the young Queen Wilhelmina of Holland, Queen

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Prettyface as the French call her, which has been a preoccupation with many Courts, is at length settled, her Majesty having announced on Tuesday her betrothal to Duke Henry,...

One of the most important events of the week has

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been the resignation by Prince Hohenlohe of the office of Chancellor of the German Empire, and the appointment of Count von Billow to the vacant post. It is said that Prince...

Demos is always silent till the clock strikes, but the

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most recent accounts from America are highly favourable to Mr. McKinley's chances. It is said that the freeholders every- where, though divided upon "Imperialism," which means...

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We note with pleasure that it is intended to erect

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a monument in memory of Sir Ralph Abercrombie and the victory of the British army at Alexandria. Subscrip- tions may be sent to the manager of the Bank of Egypt, either at the...

All who are interested in the problem of national defence,

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aed in the part which might be taken in its solution by cyclist riflemen, should read General Manrice's most inter- ebting and valuable "Report on the Cycling Mancenvres in the...

It was announced on Wednesday that Lord Alverstone (Sir Richard

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Webster), the Master of the Rolls, had been ap- pointed Lord Chief Justice of England, and that the office of Master of the Rolls would be filled by Lord Justice A. L. Smith....

In Tuesday's issue of the Pall Mall Gazette the Rome

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corre- spondent of that journal records the experiments of the British mission sent out three months ago by the London School of Tropical Medicine to study malaria in the Cam-...

General Maurice's principle is, we are convinced, an abso- lutely

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sound one, and we congratulate him most heartily on his vigour and initiative in the matter. The cyclist rifleman must be an experienced cyclist who can also shoot, but must not...

The result of the elections in Scotland has been that

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of the 72 seats 36 are now held by Unionists. From an interesting mass of election figures published in Tuesday's Glasgow Herald, it appears that while between the dates 1832...

Bank Rate, 4 per cent.

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New Consols (2i) were on Friday 99.

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THE SITUATION IN SOUTH AFRICA, MILITARY AND POLITICAL. W E see no sound reason for despondence in regard to the situation in South Africa, either from the military or the...

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O PINION in this country is clearly hardening about Chinese affairs. Dr. Morrison's able narrative, supported as it is by all other authorities, American as well as English, and...

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W HAT is the future of the Opposition in the new Parliament ? That is the question which thinking men are asking everywhere,—a question which concerns not merely the Liberal...

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0 "people do not regard the speeches and acts of the German Emperor with the incurable and most incon- venient suspicion with which they regard everything said and done by...

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IRELAND AT WESTMINSTER. A LTHOUGH, in the relative strength of Unionist

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and Nationalist Members of Parliament, the elections in Ireland have produced no change, the losses, in the metropolitan city and county areas being balanced by gains at Derry...

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S OME correspondents of a contemporary raised last week a question which we hoped they would continue to argue, for it is really one of the most perplexing questions of...

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I T is announced that Les Charmettes, the home of Madame de Warennes, where Rousseau for a time found shelter, is to be sold. In these days of improvements, few more in-...

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A SURPRISE visit to the " Zoo " is like a draw in a lottery. The collection of animals is not like the shelves of a library, in which gaps can be filled up by ordering a new...

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THE IMPORTANCE OF SPEED TO COltriaRRCE. [To THZ EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR."] . Srn,—Referring to your article in the Spectator of October 13th upon "The Importance of Speed to...


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Sin,—Your article on railway speeds in the Spectator of October 13th hardly does justice to our own companies. Allowing that the figures are accurate, there remains the fact...


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[To THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—In his interesting article on Mr. Cockle's book in the Spectator of October 6th your reviewer endorses the opinion that the...

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTAT0R:] Sin,—May I inquire what is "the control of the Japanese over Chinese artillery" which, according to your leading article in the Spectator of...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.'] SIR,—I wonder whether the " Agamemnon " of lEschylus was one of the books which were read to the Atneer Of Afghanistan as he lay in bed...


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rro THE EDITOR OF THE SPECTATOR."] Srn,—A case of animal intelligence, hearing on the question of the instinct of locality, connected with the squirrel, seems to me worth...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sra,—In the Spectator of October 6th you observe, quoting from the National Review, that "eight millions of Germans depend on sea-borne...

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"SPECTATOR."] Sin,—May I ask you kindly to publish the enclosed cutting from the Cape Argus of September 21st last, which refers to the letter which began the campaign against...


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(TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.") 3in,—The friendly notice of my wife's "Cranford Souvenirs, and other Sketches" in the Spectator of October 13th tempts me to quote a passage...


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(TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.") Sza,—May I be allowed to make an appeal through your columns to owners of autograph letters of Horace Walpole Having undertaken to prepare...


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Siu,—May I venture to point out that in the notice of the Royal Holloway College Calendar for 1900-1 which appeared in the Spectator of October 13th there is a serious...


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[To Tris EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.") Six,—We are glad to be able to inform you that the second edition of these volumes will be ready in a few days, and that an index has been...

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THE ENGLISH CAPTAIN. (FREELY RENDERED FRO7d THE NORWEGIAN.) OVER the Kattegat flood, from the rock-bound precipice straining, Straining with heart and eye, the Swedes looked...


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LORD ROSEBERY.* AMONG Lord Midletoun's friends, described by Burnet in the History of His Own Times, is one most memorable at the present time. He was, says Burnet, "a man of...

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WHEN we read Mr. Churchill's book we are reminded of the old Greek story of the Trumpeter. He was taken prisoner in days when a very short method of dealing with prisoners pre-...

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As an alternative or a complement to the contemplation of solid excellence, it is instructive at times to trace the meteoric course of coruscating futility. To approach this...

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NOVELS OF THE WEEK.* STUDENTS of recent fiction cannot have

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failed to notice how, as a set-off to the efforts of those who labour to diffuse more • (1.) The Brass Bottle. By F. Anstey. London : Smith, Elder, and Co. [Ss.] —(2.) The...

JOSEPH GLANVILL.* Or Joseph Glanvill Mr. Lecky has said in

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his History of Rationalism that he was "a divine, who in his own day was very famous, and who, I venture to think, has been surpassed in genius by few of his successors." The...

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The Owens College, Manchester. By P. J. Hartog. (Cornish. 12s. 6d. net.)—The history of English education during the past • century has been marked by nothing more striking than...


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THE NATIVE QUESTION IN SOUTH AFRICA. South Africa: Past and Present. By Violet R. Markham. (Smith, Elder, and Co. 75. 6d.)—" The new-comer, without personal ties or interests...

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The Communion in Dunfermline. By Robert Stevenson, M.A. (Romanes, Dunfermline.

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2s. 6d. net.)—Mr. Stevenson has examined the Kirk Sessions] Registers of his parish, and put together from. their contents a volume of no small interest. One curious thing is...

The first volume of the " Chetham Society's Publications" for

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the year 1899-1900 is The Chartulary of Cockersand Abbey, trans- cribed and edited by William Ferrer, VoL II., containing more than a hundred documents and covering a period of...

Right Living as a Fine Art. By Newell Dwight Hillis.

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(Oliphant,. Anderson, and Ferrier. ls.)—Mr. Hillis prefixes as a text to his discourse on life a sentence from W. H. Channing which is cer- tainly worth noting : "To live...

A Brief History of Mathematics. Translated from the German of

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Dr. Karl Fink by Wooster Woodruff Beman and David Eugene Smith. (Kegan Paul, Trench, and Co. 6s. net.)—Probably few students of mathematics know anything of the history of the...

The "1900" Supplement to the Dictionary of Gardening, Vol. I.,

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A—F. By Geo. Nicholson. (L. Upeott Gill. 7s. 6d.)—It is a remarkable proof of the wonderful activity with which the art of gardening is pursued that this supplement, mainly...

The quarterly instalment of The Oxford English Dictionary, edited by

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Dr. James A. H. Murray (The Clarendon Press, 5s.), contains a portion of" I," being the fifth volume of the work, and reaching from "Input—Invalid." We are still in a mainly...

Elocution and Stage Training. By Maxwell Ryder. (T. Burleigh. 58.

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net.)—On What is, perhaps, the most important question as to the actor's art—Should he be controlled by, or should he himlf control; his - emcitione?—Mr. Ryder has a very...

Twenty-five Agrapha. Annotated by the Rev. Blomfield Jackson. (S.P.C.K. ls.)—The

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most familiar of the " A,grapha " is that given in Acts xx. 35: "It is more blessed to give than to receive," though, strictly speaking, it does not belong to the class as Mr....


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(Under this heading we notice such Books of the week as have not been reserved for review in other forms.] William Llandels, D.D. : a Memoir. By his son, Thomas D. Llandels,...

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THEOLOGY.—Different Conceptions of Priesthood and Sacrifice. Edited by W. Sanday.

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(Longmane and Co. 7s. 6d.)— In this volume we have the report of a Conference held at Oxford in December, 1899, between the representatives of various schools of thought in the...

A Japanese Maiden. By Annie M. Piercy. (Horace Marshall and

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Son. 6d. net.)—This is a little Japanese love story, perfectly simple and natural, full of little touches of Japanese life and manners, and not without a gently suggested moral....