25 MAY 1907

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Continuing, Mr. Redmond said that, as a practical politician, he

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had consented that any instalment of Home-rule should be calmly considered on its merits, but with regard to the present Bill the Convention were masters. It was, however, his...

The second ballots in the Austrian General Election were held

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on Thursday, and the Times correspondent in Vienna says that the interest was keener than at the first ballots ten days ago. Then the contest was broad and impersonal, being...

M. Stolypin explained the Government scheme of agrarian reform to

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the Dame on Thursday afternoon. All estates coming into the market will be purchased, and with the Crown and State lands will form a State Land Fund, whence the peasants will be...

0 : The Editors cannot undertake to return. Manuscript, in any

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T HE Irish Nationalist Convention, attended by upwards of three thousand delegates from all parts of the country, met in Dublin on Tuesday, and unanimously rejected the Govern-...

On Monday M. Stolypin read an official communigtoi to the

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Dame describing a plot which was discovered in February to kill the Emperor, the Grand Duke Nicholas, and M. Stolypin himself. Twenty-eight conspirators were arrested on April...

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Parliament reassembled after the Whitsuntide Recess on Thursday. During question

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time Mr. Winston Churchill stated that the verbatim Report of the Imperial Conference would be issued about the end of the month, and Sir H. Campbell-Bannerman asked Sir F....

At the annual meeting of the Manchester Unity of Odd-

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fellows, opened at Folkestone on Whit-Monday, the Grand Master, Mr. J. Harford Hawkins, referred to the question of old-age pensions. That, he declared, " was a matter which...

The trial of the West Ham Guardians and officials was

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concluded on Friday week. Of the ten defendants, only one, Richard Tarrant, was acquitted. Two—Crump, a Guardian, and Lewis Hill, the steward of the West Ham infirmary— received...

The troubles of the wine-growers in the South of France

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have reached a serious stage, and the Government are threatened with a most difficult situation. The wine-growers are reduced to poverty in the midst of plenty, and something...

On Sunday last the miners on the Rand who had

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struck work in the previous week decided on proclaiming a general strike. Their chief grievance is that in some mines a man is required to supervise three drills instead of two...

Representatives of London University have been in Paris during the

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week as the guests of the University of Paris and the Paris Municipal Council. They went to return the visit paid to London a few months ago by French Professors. The fetes...

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In the Times of Wednesday the facts of the present

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railway dispute are explained by a correspondent. As is already well known, the chief demand on behalf of the men is that the Amalgamated Society of Railway Servants be "...

The Report of the Departmental Committee appointed to inquire into

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the effect of a legal eight-hours working day in coal-mines was published on Wednesday as a Blue-book. We can mention only a few of the principal conclusions. The present...

Bank Rate, 4 per cent., changed from 4i per cent.

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Apr. 25th Consols (2j) were on Friday 841—on Friday week 85.

The writer declares that the employes, many of whom are

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trained speakers, are so well able to present their own case lucidly and eloquently that they would lose rather than gain by being represented by a general secretary who is not...

The Home Secretary in accepting the Report adopts a position

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which we feel bound to describe as astonishing. He declares that, though Mr. Edalji is not entitled to a free pardon according to the principles which have for many years...

On Saturday last Sir Benjamin Baker, the famous engineer, died

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suddenly in his sixty-seventh year. Sir Benjamin Baker, whose name is inseparably associated with some of the greatest engineering feats of the age—the Forth Bridge, and the...

It is the first rule of British criminal law to

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convict a man for the offence of which he is accused and not for some other. The notion of saying that a man wrongly convicted of forgery has little to complain of because there...

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THE NATIONALIST VETO ON THE IRISH COUNCIL BILL. O N Tuesday the Nationalist Convention, on the motion of Mr. Redmond, unanimously condemned the Government's Irish Bill, not a...

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O PINION in this country is always in favour of Austria. Those who understand the position of European affairs are well aware how important are the existence and the strength of...

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S 0 far the occupation of Oujda by the French has produced no appreciable result, and it is very bard to say what France ought to do next to exact the reparation which is...


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N ONE felt a stronger sense of indignation than we did at the violent, sensational, and irresponsible language used by several popular newspapers in regard to the alleged...

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T HERE is a tendency just now among both believers and doubters to emphasise the mystical side of Christianity, and to forget how very much secular wisdom is to be found in the...


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- VCR some centuries England has got along very com- 1 fortably with a judicial system which, in its primary stage, is not patient of logical defence. In theory, the first...

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OME thirty-five years ago Mr. Samuel Clemens—or Mark Twain as it is pleasanter to call him—was deputed by his fellow-passengers to ask for recognition from the Royal Humane...

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A weeks ago we published a notice of a pamphlet by Surgeon-General Evatt called " Our Songless Army," in which he insisted on the moral, social, and hygienic results of...

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MR. REDMOND'S SURPRISE PARTY. ITO THE EDITOR OF TEM . SPEOTATOR.1 SIR,— Opinion in Ireland was a good deal divided about the fate of Mr. Birrell's Bill when it was submitted to...

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[To TO11 Eorroa or TH. " SPZOTAT011." J SIR, — In reference

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to the verb "butcher," mentioned in an editorial note to a letter on " Swashbuckling " in the Spectator of May 18th, it may be of some interest to note that the verb " hutch "...


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[To ran Eorroa or roe "SrearAros."J SntrYour "impression that under Indian legal practice any question not settled by the Codes, or by special statute, is decided by Mohammedan...


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[To TIM EDITOR or TH. "SPFCTWFOR....1 Sllt,—Important as it is that we should have a reserve of all munitions of war, it is of even greater moment that we should have the means...


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your article " Word-Coining and Slang" in last week's Spectator you speakpf the expression " to fire otft " as if it were American. But I do not think it is. You will find...


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[To Tort Eynon or Tor .SrscraTos..] SIR,—I thank you for so courteously accepting my criticism in your last issue of this false formation, and for the inter- esting analogies...


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UNREST IN INDIA. [To SIVE Forms or Tax "Sem-urns:1 Sia,—In your article of the 11th inst. on the subject of "Unrest in India" you state that It was always supposed that those...

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[To THE EDITOR OP ERR "Srscraros."1 SrE,—I should be greatly obliged if you could find it possible to publish these few lines. For the information of the increasing number of...


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A MEMORY. Tars is just the weather, a wet May and blowing, All the shining, shimmering leaves tossing low and high, When my father used to say : "'Twill be the great mowing !...


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(TO THE EDITOR Or THE "SPECTATOR:I Sin,—A number of the friends and colleagues of the late Miss Mary Elizabeth Christie are joining together to commemorate ber work in...


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ITo THE EDITOR or TEE ..SPECTATOR.1 SIR, — Our late sergeant-instructor of gymnastics is still unemployed. My letter which you kindly published on the 4th inst. has failed to...


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CHARLES SANTLEY. Trtz late Lord Bowen, in an address delivered before the Working Men's College in 1893, illustrated the uncritical spirit of the age in an often - quoted...


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rro Tn. EDITOR OP THE "SwOTATOILi Suk—Will you allow me in your correspondence columns to thank the unknown benefactor who sends me every week a copy of the Spectator P I can...

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IMPERIAL OUTPOSTS.* This book has made us feel two things first, that we should like to see every officer in the British Army with the wide vision and interest in the...

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AIIBTRIA - 11IINGARY and its future is undoubtedly the most complicated problem of modern Europe, and moreover a problem which, by reason of the issues involved, threaten more...

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IN this remarkable book Mr. Romaine Paterson has torn away the veil which formed the background of the ancient world, and he shows us, naked and undisguised, the appalling mass...

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WE are not at all clear in our mind as to what purpose the series to which this portly and weighty volume belongs is designed to fulfil. Each volume contains some dozen essays...

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THROUGH THE EYE • OF THE NEEDLE.* Ma. HOWELLS is always welcome in whatever guise his message comes, and a special interest attaches to his new romance, since it exhibits his...

ItEADABLE NOTBLS.—The Secret. By E. Phillips Oppinheim. (Ward, Lock, and

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Co. 8e.)—A' sensational political novel describing in a series of thrilling adventures the frustrating of a German plot for the invasion of England.—In Pastures New. By George...

The Soul of Milly Green. By Mrs. Harold Gorst (Cassell

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and Co. 65.)—Mrs. Harold Gorst always writes with a purpose, and in this book she shows with relentless detail the decline and fall of her heroine, a woman of very weak...

A Human Trinity. By Ronald Macdonald. (Methuen and Co. Os.)—A

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Human Trinity is an interesting novel of modern social life, though the heroine is hard to believe in. The woman of forty, properly managed, may be an attractive figure as a...

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THE SWISS MILITIA SYSTEM. The Journal of the Royal United Service Institution. (Royal United Service Institution, Whitehall. 2s.)—Those of our readers who are interested in the...

Jur5i Zayddn's Uesayyads and dbassasids. Translated by D. S. Margoliouth,

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D.Litt. (Lurie and Co. 6s.)—This, the fourth volume of the "E. J. W. Gibb Memorial Series," gives us the fourth part of the "History of Islamic Civilization." (The series is the...

Richard Hooker. By Vernon Staley. (Masters and Co. 3s. 6d.)

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—This is the first volume of a series which Mr. Staley is to edit under the title of "The Great Churchmen Series." Lives of Andrewes, Laud, eosin, and others are to follow. The...

In Defence of the Faith. By Sir Robert 'Anderson. (Hodder

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and Stoughton. 6s.)—The Roman Index sometimes oontained the works of injudicious champions and exponents of truth. If we had the system in force, Sir R. Anderson's " defenoes "...


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tusder au beading see notice such Books of the week as hiss sot been reserved for review in other forms.] The Chinese Empire: a General and Missionary Survey. Edited by...


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Prisoners of Hope an Exposition of Dante's Purgatorio. By the Rev. John S. Carroll, M.A. (Hodder and Stoughton. 10s. ed. net.)—This interesting book is of course on the same...

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Printers' Pie. (Sphere and Tatter Offices. Is. net.)—This is the

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fifth "Serving up of the Pie." Various literary men and artists have provided the materials. Messrs. W. Hugh Spottiswoode and Arthur Croxton have put them into form ; other help...

Bristol and its Famous Associations. By Stanley Hutton. (J. W.

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Arrowsmith, Bristol. 5s.)—Bristol is rich in historical and literary associations, and certainly happy in possessing citizens who can do justice to them. Literature and the...

Sons of Valour. By Kate Stanway. (Henry J. Drone. ls.

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net.)--This is a "complete record of the Victoria Cross heroes from its institution to the present date." More than five hundred Crosses have been given, and perhaps a third of...

Philip's "Finger-Post" Guides to Road-Junctions. By Gerald Pothergill. (G. Philip

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and Son. 2s. 6d. net)—Twelve routes are here given between London and various places. The first of these is London to Dover. There is a "key map," which com- prises all the...

Josephus: Selections. Edited, with Introduction, by S. E. Winbolt, M.A.

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(Blackio and Son. ls.)—Mr. Winbolt has found that Josephtur can be profitably used for school teaching, and gives a selection of passages from the " Autobiography " and the...

Raw Enrnows.—The Imperial Gazetteer of India. Vols. I., II., IV.

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(The Clarendon Press. 6s. and 'Is. 6d. net per vol.)—The first edition of this work appeared in 1881. The second was published in 1885-87, the nine volumes of the first issue...