30 MARCH 1934

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The Spectator

B Y the series of speeches he is making in different centres in the country the Lord Privy Seal is putting—and keeping—the fundamental issues in inter- national. affairs ....

The Honour of Motorists The statement that in January of

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this year 50 per cent. more motor vehicles were licensed than in January, 1933, is a satisfactory index of returning prosperity. From another point of view it provokes very...

In spite of the unreasoning hostility with which the . French

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reply to the British memorandum on disarmament has been received in Germany, the door on further dis- cussion is by no means shut. But serious complications will be created if...

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Austria as a Corporate State The Reichspost, which is the

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Government organ in Austria, states whereas that under the old constitution of the country the authority of the State derived from the people, under the new one it derives...

Germany's Recovery Programme The programme of national recovery to which

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the German Government is bending its energies is in some ways even more difficult than that undertaken by President Roosevelt. It is harassed by formidable external as well as...

Mr. De Valera and the Senate Mr. De Valera has

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precipitated a new issue in Irish politics by his measure to abolish the Senate. It follows :.lose upon the Senate's action in throwing out the Bill to prohibit the wearing of...

Italy at the Polls The Italian elections, which took place

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on Sunday, must be assumed to have had some mystical significance for Italians, though to the average citizen of a democratic country they savour of farce. A list of 400...

Mr. Roosevelt and the Unions It would have been a

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deadly set-back to the hopes of National Recovery in America if the threatened strike in the motor industry had materialized, with all its in- evitable repercussions on other...

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The State and Betting The Betting and Lotteries Bill, introduced

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in the House - of Lords on Tuesday, will be examined in greater detail in these columns at an early date. While it is a comprehensive measure so far as track betting and...

Oil in Britain It is unnecessary to discuss at the

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moment the prospects of discovering natural oil obtainable on a large scale in this country, or the vast consequences which would follow for British industry. It is enough that...

The unfavourable tone of the debate was really only another

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reflection of the dislike of the Unemployment Bill, which has grown with the limitation of debate upon it. This disgruntlement will be relieved if the Govern- ment, as they have...

Industry's Devastated Areas There was no very positive outcome of

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the House of Commons debate on the derelict areas, but it is something that the debate should have taken place at all. The spread of unemployment over the whole field of...

Women in the Civil Service The long-standing controversy as to

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the rights of women in the Civil Service is brought a stage nearer settlement in the report of the joint committee of oflicial and staff representatives set up to consider the...

The Week in Parliament Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes :—The main

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debate of the week dealt with the problem of derelict areas, where, owing to the permanent closing down of the only or the major industry, unemployment was heavy and chronic....

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The Spectator

E VERY reader of The Spectator, it may safely be asserted, is a reader of at least one daily paper. Often he reads more than one, and forms his own views on public questions...

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F ROM time to time the imagination is stirred by some valiant effort of a few enlightened persons to promote some amenity or prevent mischievous encroach- ments on the finer...

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Mr. Baldwin's reference, in the Ministry of Defence debate, to

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" Epstein statues in the Parks," reminded me forcibly of the story of how Lord Balfour took him to see Rima in Kensington Gardens for the first time. There are good reasons why...

The alarms expressed in some sections of the French Press

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about the dangers of armed outbreaks in Paris need not perhaps be taken too seriously, but they accord very closely with news that reaches me from Paris through private...

It is not out of place, I hope, to put

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in here a plea for the humble pilchard—though there is really no reason fo r using any such derogatory adjective about so succulent a pelagic denizen (I borrow the term from the...

To appoint the Vicar of Plymouth (Archdeacon Dawkes) as Suffragan

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Bishop of Plymouth in place of the late Dr. Masterman may seem on the face of it unimagin- ative, though on personal grounds the choice is good. Actually the reasons are...


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S OME House of Commons arrangements and practices concern the House of Commons alone, some concern the electors who send members to the House. Among the latter is the consistent...

Since public opinion in this country (not without ample reason)

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is uniformly adverse to General Goering, whose book, addressed to the English-speaking peoples, has appeared this week, I am glad in fairness to reproduce a verdict on the...

An interesting light will be thrown on the extent to

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which religious tolerance exists in Germany when the Baptist World Alliance holds its quinquennial congress in Berlin in August, for the main business of the congress will be to...

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The Spectator

By PRINCE HUBERTUS LOEWENSTEIN T HE Austrian crisis is not yet over. It may not even have reached its climax. Ever since the end of the War, Austria has been the sick child of...

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By D. F. KARAKA [Mr. Karaka, President of the Oxford Union last term, was the first Indian to hold that office.] T HERE arc some things about which you cannot argue. The Colour...

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popularly under the 'general name of rheumatism are the chief cause of adult invalidity in this country, being responsible for one- sixth of the total certified illness among...

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By E. L. WOODWARD K IMBERLEY, Mafeking and Bulawayo were behind us. After watching Kimberley unfold its architec- tural shame to the sunrise, we had breakfasted in a hotel where...

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By ONE WHO IS DOING IT W HEN a family of normal habits and desires has lived for three years on a steady income-level, whether it be five pounds, two pounds or the twenty-five...

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By EDWIN MUIR T HE Orkney Islands have none of the abrupt and spectacular beauty of the Western Highlands. The hills do not rise to any great height and they are rounded, not...


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By ANTHONY BLUNT I N the nineteenth century improVed methods of locomotion changed travel from a lukury mainly indulged in by mad English • gentlemen of wealth and taste into...

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[VON EINEM DEUTSCHEN KORRESPONDENTENI D IE Deutsche Hitlerjugend umfasst gegenwiirtig etwa anderthalb Millioncn Mitglieder ; Deutsche Jungrolk, die 8 - 14 jahrigcn....

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"Colonel Wotherspoon." By James Bridie. At the Lyric Theatre, Glasgow TuE Scottish National Players, who for the past twelve years have done excellent work in producing plays...

" The World Changes." At the Regal

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Tins is a pioneering picture in the Cimarron vein, but with one significant difference. The note of Cimarron was one of swelling pride in the expansion of America from shack...

The Cinema

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" O'er Hill and Dale." At the Tatler NOT long before the closing of the Empire Marketing Board, its Film Unit, under John Grierson, made for the Gaumont Company several short...

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A Broadcasting Calendar

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GOOD FRIDAY, MARCH 3oth 12.15 " The Pace Egg "-Sr. George's Annual Mummers' Play, relayed from the village street, Midgley, Yorkshire. (Pace-egg ----Paso= egg) .. .. N., &G...


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Responses to Painting Is it true to say that beauty is the only communicable q uality in art ; that this, in fact, is what makes it art, and not litera- ture, philosophy,...

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Why Apples Redden Activity in another branch of country life

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is reported also from Norfolk. The horticulturists of the County Council have been proceeding with a number of experiments, one of them at any rate of extreme ingenuity. It was...

F.2tcat and Rabbit

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A naturalist of wide fame (certainly of wider knowledge than mine) writes to ask whether stoats kill rabbits. He acknowledges that the textbooks all say so, but remains rather...

The Uses of an Owl It is surprising how large

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a part of the report of the Norfolk Naturalists' Society is occupied with mammals, though its theme is the bird. The raciest passages, even of Major Anthony Buxton's delightful...

A Swallow's Larder A completely persuasive account has been sent

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me (by W. N.) of the so-described " wingless horse flies " found under the wing of a swallow. The description was roughly accurate, for though the creatures are parasites they...

A Rat's Enemies Whether stoats attack rats is less certain.

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It is commonly believed in country places that even the little weasel will attack the rat. There is no evidence of so unlikely a combat, but it is quite possible that the rat...

The C.P.R.E. has issued (from 17 Great Marlborough Street) a

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very well-informed and suggestive pamphlet on our wild flowers that are now coming into bloom. It is *estimated that nearly 300 species have vanished from certain...

Country Life

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To Kill or Preserve ? A controversy, not without heat, rages round a particular point of natural history and the ethics of a sanctuary. As an illustration to the latest report...

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{Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our " News of the Week" paragraphs. Signed...

[To the Editor of TILE SPECTATOR.] Sin,—There is a school

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of thought in the Church, of which I believe the Archbishop of Canterbury is the chief exemplar, which holds that birth-control may be practised on medical, but not on any other...


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[To the Editor of TIIE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—" Expert° Crede " upbraids the anti-B.C. people for not grappling with problems like the one he describes. One reason is that the...


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[To the Editor of TILE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—In connexion with the note in your issue of March 16th concerning the price of bacon and the reduction of profits of certain chain-store...

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claim to have won Mr. Chance's first wager, which appeared in The Spectator of February 16th, that " cuckoos always lay their egg in the nest and do not place it there by the...


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very interesting reply to Mr. Joad, Colonel Elliot writes in regard to poltergeist phenomena : " A possible explanation . . . is that Mr. Soad like ' other dis- tinguished...

THE ROPE TRICK [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Snt,—Your

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correspondent, Mr. H. G. Rawlinson, will find the information he is seeking in Mr. Sydney W. Clarke's paper published six years ago in a number of The Magic Wand, a journal...

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The Spectator

THE raw materials of love are yours— Fond hearts, and lusty blood, and minds in tune : And so, dear innocents, you think yourselves Lovers full-blown. Am I, because I own...


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[To the Editor of Tan SPECTATOR.] Sni, — Some time ago I wrote to protest against Mr. Gerald Heard's review of my book A New Argument for God and Sur- vival, in which he...

TOWARDS EMPLOYMENT [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sin, — I should

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like to call the attention of your readers to the Work Finders' Fund. This is a charity run on a small but effective scale by three people who give their time and money for...

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Alternatives to the Public Schools

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By J. L. PATON Faom time to time the Public Schools have to render account of their stewardship. Any nation that cares for its youth must held its schools to account. The boys...

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Australian Economics

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Australia in the World Crisis, 1929-1933. By Douglas Copland. (Cambridge University Press. 9s.) The Economic Resources of Australia. By H. L. Harris. (Angus and Robertson. 35....

England Fair and Foul

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THE author describes his book as " a rambling but truthful account of what one man saw and heard and felt and thought during a journey through England during the autumn of the...

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Society m the South Seas

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Malekula : A Vanishing People in the New Hebrides. By A. Bernard Deacon. (Routledge. 42s.) THE tragic death of Mr. A. B. Deacon at the age of twenty- four robbed social...

Sound and Foam GENERAL GOERING has written, for the benefit

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of the English- speaking peoples in particular, a short book, or lengthy pamphlet, which his publishers describe as unique. In the sense in which General Goering's speeches may...

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The Soldier of Fortune

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Silk Hat and Spurs. By General Rafael do Nogales. (Wright and Brown. 18s.) GENERAL NOGALES is a general with a temperament and a prose style. They are, as the saying is, all his...

Art from Above Enjoying Pictures. By Clive Bell. (Chatto and

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Windus. 7s. 6d.) Mn. CLIVE BELL is a highbrow, and knows it, and is proud of it, and does not hesitate to say so. This fact is the key to his new volume of essays, and to it can...

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Lamb's Testimonials

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TILE decline of religious belief has had an irritating conse- quence in the sentimental canonizing of seductive personalities. Thackeray was the first to describe Lamb as " St....

The Hollow Man

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Christopher North. By Elsie Swann. (Oliver and Boyd. 12s. 6d. ) Miss SWANN - S admirable biography leaves Christopher North a sadder and stupider man than he appeared before....

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War in China

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MANY critics, on both sides of the Channel, have, in recent years, acquired an unpleasant habit of confusing significance with greatness. Thus most winners of the Goncourt, and...

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By H. E. BATES THERE used to be, and no doubt still is, a periodical, an illustrated comic, called Chips (Tchekov I believe con- tributed to a paper of the same name in...

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MEXICAN PAINTING By R. Montenegro Sefior Roberto Montenegro has filled

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up one more of the many gaps in the literature of art by the publication of his volume, Mexican Painting (Appleton, 15s.): The period dealt with is that from 1800 to 1860, when...

UNHARBOURED HEATHS By Katharine G6tsch - Trevelyan This is the record of

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a solitary trek across Canada, taken three years ago by a girl aged twenty-one. It is compiled from letters and a diary written at the time. Miss Trevelyan, Who has since been...

LIFE AND LETTERS Edited by Hamish Miles The change of

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Life and Letters from a half-crown quarterly to a florin monthly is also the metamorphosis of an organ of somewhat unfocussed aims and unsettled quality into a paper which has...

Current Literature

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A STEP-LADDER TO PAINTING By Jan Gordon The type of handbook designed to help the young artist through the early stages of his training tends to be dull and dreary as...

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THERE is a large number of curious expressions, names and

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descriptions in the jargon of motoring that have, so far as I can discover, no counterparts in the special language of any other industry, or hobby—if the pos- session of a...

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The Investment Outlook Will Cheap Money Continue? MORE than one correspondent has recently addressed to me the very pertinent question of whether the present cheapness of...

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Financial Notes

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SCOTTISH PROVIDENT. THE report presented to the recent annual general meeting of the Scottish Provident Institution last Wednesday was n excellent one, the net new business...

The bonuses arising out of the quinquennium are again on

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most generous scale, but it is not surprising that as regards the future the Chairman should have uttered a word of (Continued on page 524.) Financial Notes (Continued from...

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Particular interest attaches to the issue of the Stock Exchange Official Year Book for 1934, inasmuch as it marks the disappearance of two books long familiar to financial and...


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The latest annual report of the International Nickel Company of Canada, in which there are usually active dealings on international account, shows that the company experienced a...


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At the recent annual meeting of the Eastern Bank, the Chairman, Mr. J. S. Haskell, made some interesting references to conditions in the countries where the Bank's operations...


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In spite of low money rates and a general contraction of commercial activities, the latest report of the National Bank of India is a satisfact ory document. The gross profits...

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The Spectator

• a S Si NI OI PI AI N TI I I NI GIMI 1 I Al ± 1A1 SI Ul NI TI RI AIRIVIA7 Y1 PI I p n RI I I TI SI Al OIMI 1 . Ul R Ern 01 SI TI 1 1 _1 2 1MI Al T1! Fl Fil SI TI ElDrci...

" The Spectator" Crossword No. 79

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Br XANTHIPPE. [A prize of one guinea will be given to the sender of the first correct solution of this week's crossword puzzle to be opened. Envelopes should be marked "...