10 MAY 1935

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OFFICES: 99 Gower St., London, W.C. 1. Tel. : MUSEUM

The Spectator

1721. Entered as second-class Mail Matter at the New York, N.Y. Post Office, Dec. 23r1, 1806. Postal subscription 308. per annum, to any part of the world. Postage on this...

Germany's Terms With the exception of Lord Cecil the principal

The Spectator

speakers in the House of Lords debate on Tuesday seemed strangely regardless of the effect their almost effusive protestations of syinpathy with Germany as an injured nation may...


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THE spontaneity and depth of the enthusiasm pro- -L - yoked by the Silver. Jubilee celebrations have exceeded all . dxpeciations and tranSe'encle& all precedent. That the scenes...

,§Ignor Mussolini and Abyssinia .

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The Italo-Abyssinian situation becomes' increasingly disquieting. Each country, of course, claims to have the right on its side. The reflection that strikes the detached...

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Jugoslav Elections The Jugoslav General Election has been conducted in

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such a manner as to show that the Council of Regency has no respect whatever for democratic procedure. Before the election the Opposition, whose head is the Croat leader, Dr....

The United States and the League Only very tempered hopes

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should be based on the • introduction in the American Senate, on Tuesday; of a: resolution proposing the entry of the United States into membership of the League of Nations...

The Post Office has . recently deserved and received praise for

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the enterprise . which has earned profits and. made them available for the benefit of consumers. But it must, not be forgotten that it is a very . large employer of labour, and...

Venice and Rome Not much information is available regarding the

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results of the Venice . Conference between Italy, Austria and Hungary, but it seems at least to be certain that Hungary, whose intentions were in some doubt, is quite ready to...

The Supreme Court and Congress One more crisis inS, the

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progress of the New Deal in America—a serious one—has arisen from a ruling by five of the nine Justices of the Supreme Court last Monday, who pronounced that the law by which...

Ribbon Development Bill At last the Ribbon Development Bill has

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been pro:. duced, and read a first time in the House of Lords: It provides highway authorities with power to control building within 220 feet of the middle of the road, and to...

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Films for Children The films have become a constant influence

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in the lives of an ever-increasing number of, children in Britain, America and many other countries. This is the starting- point in a report which Mr. S. W. Harris, of the...

The Week in Parliament Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes : The

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measure of the success of the Prime Minister in the Foreign affairs debate was the fact that Mr. Lloyd George when he heard it abandoned his 'intention to speak. Mr. MacDonald's...

The West Edinburgh by-election staggered the House of Commons by

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the magnitude of the Government's success. Members could hardly believe their eyes when they read that the National Government candidate had actually polled 3,407 more otes than...

"The Spectator" and Covent Garden The importance of free and

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Unbiassed criticism—literary, artistic, musical and theatrical—in the Press of this, or indeed 'any other, 'country is such that any attempt to interfere' with it raises...

His comparison of the international . position as he had seen

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it on his 'recent tour with Mr. Eden, with the aspect it wore a year ago, was particularly effective. " I have been appalled," he said, "at the deterioration in the situation in...

What the .Public Wants Sir William Llewellyn, the President of

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the Royal Academy, speaking at the Academy banquet, committed himself to a doctrine which it might be very dangerous for Selection . Committees to apply. He said that no great...

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TI1E KING, 1910-1935

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King George has given thanks in St. Paul's for his reign, and the nation, there and in thousands of cathedrals and village churches and meeting-places of men of all branches of...

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The Spectator

M R. RUDYARD KIPLING, speaking at the annual dinner of the Royal Society of St. George last Monday, deplored the loss of ancestral virtues - which resulted, he supposed, from...

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BUt if Monday was before all things the King's day

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it deserves hardly less to be known as radio day. Never before, I imagine, has wireless more triumphantly fulfilled its function as the servant of the people. It was the servant...

As in private duty bound (though there is no need

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to go further into that) I" must salute the historic •city of Plymouth on its acquisition of a Lord Mayor. The" mayors of Plymouth go back to the thirteenth century or...

In meeting the Lords and Commons in Westminster Hall on

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Thursday, the King, it is stated, was making a departure from all precedent. Was Charles I the last sovereign - who figured in a State ceremonial—how tragically different...

Whether it becomes me to question a statement in a

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Spectator leading article is perhaps rather doubtful. All the same—did General Monk ever fight Charles I? Strictly speaking, I believe not. He fought for Cromwell; there is no...


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IF I could not be in St. Paul's Cathedral on Monday there is nowhere I would sooner have been than where I was—in a village church. I doubt -whether -the spirit of the...

Without Comment The enthusiasm of the English crowd is not,

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of course, to be compared with the ebullient rapture with which the appearance of the Leader is greeted at gather.; ings in Germany." Kreuz Zeitung. (" The third Nationalist...

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The Spectator

By LORD EUSTACE PERCY A DISPASSIONATE observer of European politics in 1835 would have estimated without hesitation that, at least on "personal form," monarchy in Great Britain...

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The Spectator

By SIR ARNOLD WILSON, M.P. L EADERSHIP is _life, and as the life of a nation in- creases in richness and variety so does the need for leadership, not of one man but of many,...

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The Spectator

By the DEAN OF ST. PAUL'S (The Very Rev. W. R. Matthews, D.D.) T HESE words of a time-honoured 'toast express a sentiment which is deep in the Anglican tradition. Speaking of...

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The Spectator

By the RT. HON. J. R. CLYNES (Home Secretary 1924 and 1929-31) I HAVE attended in the last forty odd years nearly all the Conferences of the Labour Party, and meetings of the...

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The Spectator

PEOPLE By E. F. BENSON B Ythe end of 1924 the first Labour Government : had sped its brief course and those who hail tragically warned us that the country would soon be in the...

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The Spectator

By SIR W. BEACH THOMAS B UCKINGHAM PALACE has become almost a new place within living memory, and all the world -recognized the fart of its ' renovation. Much more • essential...

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The Spectator

By R. H. GRETTON I T was an uneasy realm to which King George suc- ceeded in 1910. The air was full of threats and bad temper in public affairs, which had never recovered front...

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Queen Victoria's Jubilee

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"THE SPECTATOR," JUNE 25TH, 1887. Providence has been kind to the Queen. Her Jubilee Day, June 21st, has come and gone, and the most noteworthy fact about it is that it was not...

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The Spectator

By B. A. STEER T HE texts of the report of the Union of South Africa ,. Parliamentary Joint Committee on Native Repre : sentation and Acquisition of Land and of the two draft...

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The Spectator

By GEORGE GODWIN O N the success of negotiations now proceeding between representatives of the Norwegian Whaling Council and the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, hangs the...

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The Spectator

fly JAMES HANLEY J ACOB was a tall broad-shouldered man with hair the colour of bronze. His face, adorned with a short beard of the same colour, had about it that knowledgeable...

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The Spectator

By ROSE MACAULAY W HEN those of unjubilose temper arc moved to deplore the somewhat parlous plight of our land (as of other lands) at this Silver Jubilee, it may console them...

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Val d'Isere

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HERE is the world made real, not vision only : Here with the scented spruce and mountain-pink And the rough touch of rock The hills are one. From the far shining peak and...


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Japan's Cabinet Crises fTo the Editor of TIIE SPECTATOR.] Tokyo, April. SIR,—If the traditional discipline had not enforced a political truce during the recent visit of...

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The Cinema

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"The Old King and the Young King." At the Curzon . SOME unusually good historical films arc beginning to come from Germany. The Old King and the Young King, like So Ended a...

"The Devil is a Woman." At the Plaza Miss MARLENE

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Dirrasca's last film, Scarlet Empress, was a kind of Russian historical charade. Now, again directed by Josef von Sternberg, she appears in a Spanish charade derived from The...


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The Theatre "Glamorous Night." By Ivor Novello. At Drury Lane. "The Roundabout." By J. B. Priestley. At the A.D.C. Cambridge . • Glamorous Night, " devised, written and...

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The Spectator

The Royal Academy TILE founding of aciideniies of Fine Arts, whether in Italy, France or England, has always coincided with the final accept- ance' in the country in question...

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Le "Normandie "

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[D'un corresponciant francais] LE dimanche qui vient de s'ecouler aura ete marque par un evenement maritime de In plus haute importance. Le paquebot Normandie,' espoir de la...


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The Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra THE visits of foreign orchestras to London no longer excite .the interest nor arouse the shame in English musicians that they used to do less...

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Commemorative Trees

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Since my recent note on Jubilee commemorations I have had an opportunity of seeing the contribution to this subject by the Council for the Preiervation of Rural England.' This...


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The Perfect rune W. H. Hudson once said that the English countryside reached the height of its beauty on or about May 18th. It Was a remark based upon years of observation, and...


The Spectator

As I correct these notes for the printer I find that the wren has outnested both the robin and the thrush. In the same disused Ford where the thrush has built on the back tyre a...

The Eccentric Thrush

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The robin, with its passion for building in kettles, gate-posts, the pockets of ancient smocks, letter boxes, and such odd places, has generally been considered the most...

Wild Azaleas

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At the end of May, in certain south-country woods whose names and localities I have conveniently forgotten, it is possible to see trees of yellow azalea growing wild and with...

Flowering Crops

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In England there are no acres of autumn crocus or narcissus or salvia, but the colour and scent of cultivated crops is an altogether enchanting thing. The fields of mustard...

Flower Shows

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The local flower-show, that institution so much loved by villagers, working-men's clubs and sentimental novelists, is about to , begin its usual summer season. I wish it were...

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The Spectator

Sne,—Mr. Edwyn Bevan _misunderstands me, though no doubt I was at fault in putting the point too summarily. I did not attribute the cruelties of the early years of Bolshevist...


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[Correspondents are requested to keep their letters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our "News of the Week" paragraphs. Signed...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.]

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SIR,—" If the King is the Supreme Head of the Church of England 'why does He not Consecrate the Archbishop of CanterburY ? " is a question put to me by a 13-year-old boy this...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sia,—In your issue of May 3rd, Mr. Dudley Ss-mon says The King is the legal head of the Presbyterian Church of Scotland." Janus, in his note...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sia,—In your issue of April 20th, Mr. H. E. Bates comments on the excellent work which has been done by the Russian agriculturists in respect...


The Spectator

Stn,—Doubtless you have received many letters condemning your leading article entitled "The Sugar Beet Millions," in your issue of April 26th. I feel, however, that the...

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The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR, —May I add to the list of Tulip species mentioned by Mr. Bates in his article last week one which certainly deserves the attention of...


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[To the Editor of Tine SPECTATOR.] do not think it can have occurred to you that many persons in Scotland must feel resentful at the title of your article in the issue of The...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR, — Referring to the letter in your issue of April 26th from the Marquess of Tavistock is it to be understood that to remedy the five...


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[To the Editor of TIIE SPECTATOR.] Sin s —In view of the independent policy of The Spectator the following views of a working-class reader, although perhaps not meeting the...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Ein,—On Friday morning, May 5th, appeared reports pf speeches by three statesmen, containing passages holding .a promise of future...

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The Spectator

[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I write to thank you for the column in French, or alterna- tively in German, each week in your paper. In a busy life there is little time...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—The dumping of Continental flour into this country should.receive very earnest consideration. It is probably not generally realized that...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Mr. Nicol's letter leads logically to the conclusion that all international trade is a danger to the cause of peace. Mr. Nicol is hard on...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.' this twenty-fifth year of His Majesty's reign, whet" so many will be showing a practical interest in the well-being of Youth, I am appealing...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sia,--Last year you were kind enough to publish an article on thencheme which was being inaugurated by the Universities' Council for Unemployed...

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Twenty-Five Years of Publishing

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By STANLEY UNWIN " PATERNOSTER Row is no longer the centre of publishing" is . perhaps the first remark that anyone in the book world would make after an absence of...

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The Problem of British Security

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The .Army in My Time. By Major-General J. F. C. Fuller. .„ (Rich and Cowan. 6s.) WE are living again in the atmosphere of the years immediately preceding Armageddon. Hopes of...

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Winged Keepers of the Peace

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HERE is a plan whereby an international air police force would patrol all European frontiers, would prevent military invasion, and would run all air transport services. If such...

Jubilee Celebrations

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The King's Reign. A commentary in prose and picture. By God Save the King. By Lady Cynthia Asquith. (Chapman and. Hall. 2s. &I.) - The Reign of King George V. By Sir J. A. R....

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A Sanitarian—and More

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Fifty Years in Public Health. A personal narratiyo.with Com- ments. By Sir Arthur Newskolme, K.C.B., M.D., F.R.C.P. (Allen and Unwin. 15s.) Silt ARTHUR NEWSHOLISE is the doyen...

. The Faith of a Realist

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IN one of those disheartened letters which D. H. Lawrence, like other people, wrote in 1915, he says " things have not existed for me. I have spoken to no one. I have touched no...

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Translating Aeschylus

The Spectator

Aeschylus : The Seven Against Thebes. Translated by Gilbert - 4 Murray. (Allen and Unwin. 3s.) PROFESSOR MURRAY is our leading Hellenist and no one would impugn either his...

Early Proof-Reading

The Spectator

IT was a dream of my childhood to compile a catalogue of typo- graphical errors, collected from the Errata leaves of old books. Sometimes this.visionary catalogue covered a...

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The Destructive Element

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The Destructive Element : A Study of Modern Writers and Beliefs. By Stephen Spender. (Cape. 8s. 6d.) THE title of this book is taken from a saying of Conrad.: "In the...

Alexander the Unready

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Alexander II: Tsar of Russia. By Stephen Graham. (Ivor Nicholson and Watson. 21s.) THE reign of Alexander II. was important in at least three respeets. In foreign policy it...

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Travellers' Tales

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(Hopkinson. 15s.) Round Mystery Mountain. By Sir Norman Watson and E. j. BROADLY speaking, travel books are of three main kinds. There is the book written by someone of...

Two Architects with Genius

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John Nash, Architect to King George IV. By John Summorson. (Allen and Unwin. 10s. 6d.) THE vicissitudes of taste have reacted curiously upon the posthumous esteem in which Nash...

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The Daring Young Man . . .

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Farewell to Fifth Avenue. By Cornelius Vanderbilt, Jr. (Gollanez. 10s. 6d.) Tins is a book of gossip, of protestation, and occasionally of brisk ridicule. Mr. Vanderbilt spends...

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The Spectator

By WILLIAM PLOMER - Grandsons. By Louis Adamic. (Gollancz. 7s:6d1 - (Macmillan. 7s. 6d.) The Camberwell Beauty. By Louis Golding. .(G011ancz. 8s. 6d.) Ma. Louis ADAMIC, an...

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Current Literature

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THE MEDIEVAL CARVER By M. D. Anderson In the treatment of archaeological subjects there are three stages : the collection of facts, their arrangement and the deduction from...


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By Lilo Linke - Tale Without End was the title of the first book Fritulein Lilo Linke wrote about herself : this further instalment of her autobiography, Restless. Flags...


The Spectator

By H. W. Timperley This book (Dent, 6s.), which records the observations of the author on the North Wiltshire downland, has a quality of quiet charm which seems to transcend the...

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The Spectator

By Gerald Abraham To succeed in condensing the enormous domestic mass of Tolstoy's life down to one of these neat and brief little books (Duckworth; Great Lives : 20 ....


The Spectator

The Silver Jubilee, the European crisis intensified by the rearming of Germany, British domestic politics, currency ' chaos, the plight of the farmer—these are the main themes...

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Motoring Twenty-five Years

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- - - - on the Road Ix 1910 began.what might, with a slight stretch ofimaginatien, . be ailed modern_niotoring. __The ownership and use of a car were still in those days a...

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Current Travel News

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U.S.A. and Canada OUR public counsellors are once again voicing tho opinion that universal peace will never be assured until Atherica and Britain show a joint front to the rest...

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Cruising South

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May 15 ARANDORA STAR (16,000i: From Southamp - ton. Morocco„ Malta, ' Sicily, Italy, - Riviera, Spain, Portugal. 20 days. From 36 gns. , 18 MONTCLARE (16,400). From Liverpool....

Current Travel News

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IC may be begun at Southampton on June 8th or at hi-weekly intervals after that, the tour occupying twelve days and costing from £87 5s. First-class, 5:46 10s. Tourist, and £33...

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The Spectator

Twenty-five Years of British Banking • . iN spite of the great disturbance occasioned by the four years of war, it wordcF be titre to . say that nothing has been more...

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Financial Notes

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JUBILEE MARKETS. GENERAL business in public securities during the past week has been somewhat restrained by Jubilee celebrations,- but the tone of markets on the whole has kept...


The Spectator

The Company has now paid a full year's dividends on its Preference Shares for last year, but the dividends on the 6 per cent. " A " Cumulative Preference Shares are still...


The Spectator

• Mr. Gibb also referred to the necessity for further renewals of the fleet. Liabilities in respect of past shipbuilding now amount to only 1260,000, but, on the other hand,...


The Spectator

In these times of depression in the Shipping industry it is encouraging to note the results achieved by the Union- Castle Mail Steamship Company for the past year. At the recent...

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The Spectator

The Shares of Insurance Companies fall for the most part so fully into the rank of high-class investment stocks that at first sight they might seem perhaps to be less suitable...


The Spectator

The good report of Rolls-Royce Limited had prepared share- holders for a cheerful speech by Lord Wargrave at the recent Annual Meeting. The year had established a new high...


The Spectator

At the meeting of Spillers, Limited, the Chairman, the Right Hon. Sir Malcolm A. Robertson, after congratulating the shareholders on the strength of the Balance Sheet, said that...


The Spectator

The report of the Dunlop Rubber Company for 1934 is a distinctly good one, the net profit amounting to /1,687,687 as compared with £1,512,866 for the previous year. In spite of...

Financial - Notes (Continued from page 818.)

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ODHAMS PRESS. The Chairman of Odhams Press was able at the recent Annual Meeting to present a good report and Balance Sheet to the shareholders. The profit for last year...

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The Spectator

I regret to note that, as indicated in his address at the recent annual general meeting, Mr. J. M. Ryrie has felt compelled, for reasons of continued ill-health, to resign the...


The Spectator

One of the many interesting topics touched upon by Mr. P. , Ashley Cooper at the annual general court of the Hudson's Bay Company was the economic recovery of Canada from the...


The Spectator

At the Annual General Meeting of the Caledonian Insurance Company the Chairman, Mr. John Maxwell Erskine, presented a very satisfactory report for the past year, the net total...

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The Spectator

01110 . .1 Amor' . Yi R101-8 . STErI c al I ILI R ' 1 - 7k VIOIHIKI E HITIM LI I 0 , 1 - II RI El YI - W 01 L1151_0770 ' ffn NI . Et Lf SI 0 RAI EI - 7 1 GIIL;DI S I I TIHIK...

"The Spectator" Crossword No. 137

The Spectator

BY ZERO [A prize of one guinea will be given to the sender of The first, correct solution of this week'i crossword puzzle to be opened.' Envelopes should be marked " Crossword...