22 JULY 1905

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M WITTE, the Russian Peace Plenipotentiary, has . started for Washington, and before his departure circulated, through the Associated Press, a sketch of his opinions on the...

Several of Friday's papers publish a Lairs/es telegram from St.

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Petersburg which, if true, is of the utmost importance. It is to the effect that the Czar will leave Peterhof on that day on board the Imperial yacht Polar Star,' ostensibly for...

The moderate Liberals of Russia—that is, a body of repre-

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sentatives sent up by all the Zemstvos—are holding an informal Parliament in Moscow. It was supposed that the meeting would be prevented ; but the delegates, who met on...

The German Government is said not to be entirely con-

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tented with the result of its diplomacy in regard to the Moroccan affair. It achieved a victory, no doubt, and the other day Prince Billow was received on board the Emperor's...

The report of Admiral Rozhdestvensky to the Czar ot the

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battle of Tsushima, which has hitherto been suppressed, has at last leaked out, and is a very sad document for all friends of Russia. The Admiral attributes his defeat to the...

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We regret to record that on Tuesday the House of

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Lords threw out the Bill providing for tramways across Blackfriars and Westminster Bridges and along the Embankment by a majority of 31 (64 to 33). Considering the Report of the...

The Berlin correspondent of the Times, writing apparently upon official

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authority, sends a general statement of the losses incurred by Germany in her effort to subdue the Hereros and other revolted tribes in her South-West African colony. Since...

In the Commons on Monday the Speaker announced that the

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Redistribution Resolution could not be put to the House en bloc, but must be divided into at least eight, and probably nine, Resolutions, which would have to be separately...

In the House of Commons on Monday, in reply to

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a question, Mr. Brodrick declared that the difference of opinion between Lord Curzon and Lord Kitchener with regard to the relation- ship of the Commander-in-Chief to the...

The Brest festivities have come to an end, and the

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result, as is admitted on all sides, has been a great increase in the feeling of camaraderie not only between the two Fleets, but between the two peoples. An interesting article...

On Tuesday at the Foreign Office Mr. Balfour presided at

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a specially summoned meeting of Unionist Members. The Prime Minister's primary object was to justify to his party his conduct on the Redistribution proposals. He declared that...

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On Thursday night the Government were defeated in the Commons

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in a division on a Motion by Mr. Redmond to reduce the vote for the Irish Land Commission. There voted for the Government 196, and against 199, Ministers thus being placed in a...

On Monday was published the Report of the Royal Commission

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on London Traffic. The Commissioners hold that the essential problem is how to take people out of town rapidly and cheaply. They suggest the construction of two main avenues...

We publish in another column an account of the Cheap

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Cottages Exhibition, which will be opened by the Duke of Devonshire on Tuesday next. We trust that the Exhibition will prove of very great use in showing that good cottages may...

It should be noted that no Return is made for

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some twenty batteries and engineer companies, and also that fifteen battalions of infantry are not included. If infor- mation had been obtained from them, we do not doubt that...

The by-election at Carlisle, the result of which was announced

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last Saturday, resulted in the return of Mr. Chance, the Free-trade candidate, by a majority of 1,030. At the last General Election at which the Liberal party were...

If anything can move from their opinion those who think

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that Mr. Balfour is opposed to Mr. Chamberlain's Fiscal policy, and that Mr. Chamberlain has no right to claim Mr. Balfour as his faithful ally, it will surely be the presence...

The Royal Commission on War Stores held its first public

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sitting on Monday under the presidency of Mr. Justice Farwell. The Chairman—most properly, in our opinion— refused to permit counsel to cross-examine witnesses or to make...

We have before us a Return compiled from figures furnished

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by commanding officers which shows more fully than did the figures given by " Volunteer Field Officer " in the Spectator last April the number of Volunteers who offered to serve...

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T HE Times of Tuesday contains a remarkable letter signed " An Old Berliner " dealing with the anti- British campaign inspired by the German Press Bureau. According to " An Old...

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M R. BALFOUR has failed to do his duty to the

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Unionist cause, and when the next appeal to the people is • made Ireland will still retain thirty . more Members than she is untitled to, and England will have thirty less than...

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W E see no convincing reason for the impression, so general in Western Europe and America, that M. Witte will be able to make peace simply because he is M. Witte. No doubt he is...

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satisfactory to those who take a serious interest in the question of the un- employed than the manner in which it has been dealt with by the Government. They might, in the first...

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PARTY ORGANISATION. T HE friends of Mr. Chamberlain are very anxious

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to relieve him of the charge of having destroyed the Unionist party,—the greatest, and while it was controlled by Lord Salisbury the soberest, instrument of power that the...


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O N Tuesday next, July 25th, at 4 o'clock in the afternoon, the Duke of Devonshire will open the Cheap Cottages Exhibition at Letchworth, near Hitchin, on ground belonging to...

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Another can read Milton's prose without finding pleasure in his

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poetry. And the lover of both stately prose and majestic poetry is sometimes absolutely deaf to the mighty harmonies of Beethoven. Yet, in a way, both the greatest prose, the...

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which may be quite a big one, four inches long

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at least, but is often not more than an inch long. Besides the crayfish, they catch small wriggling eels, or stone loaches, or millers' thumbs, or gudgeon, or minnows. Whatever...

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Sin.,—The leader-writers of the German Press have been spending the scorching days of the last few weeks in an excited discussion of the question, " What is Germany's Mission in...

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SIR, —Your services to the Volunteer Force can never be forgotten. But I venture to point out that the objection of your leading article on the Volunteer debate of July 13th,...

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SIR,—The matter you discuss in your comments on the verdict

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in " Thomas v. Bradbury, Agnew, and Co." is so important to newspaper proprietors and pressmen that perhaps you will spare me space to suggest that you may have misread the...

SIR,—I have had twenty years of what is termed "control"

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in journalism, and I read Punch's statement as to my uncle's —bad I not better say?—" Recollections" by Mr. Moy Thomas, for not many who knew the late Sir John Robinson can...

"a candid expression of opinion" by a reviewer will entail

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on the proprietors of the paper in which such expression appears the risk of "heavy damages." The writer ignores entirely the fact that the Punch review stood markedly in...

Sin,—In the article " Editors and Reviews " in the

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Spectator of July 15th you raise the question as to whether the phrase " adding a new terror to death," as applied to the irresponsible or spiteful biographer, was not Lord...

SIR,—In the Standard of July 19th there appears a vigorous

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reply from a "Carlisle Conservative" to the article on the above subject in the Standard of July 17th. "Carlisle Conservative " repudiates with some force the accusation that...

last week's Spectator you attribute to Lord Westbury the description

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of biography as " a new terror to death." I believe I am correct in saying that the phrase was used at a dinner in the Inner Temple by Sir Charles Wetherell, who told Lord...

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• Sathanas, y binde the, her shalt thou lay "

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; and Mr. Bradley in the "Oxford English Dictionary" gives this and many other instances from old writers of the intran- sitive use of "lay," coinciding with or resembling that...

" to lay in ambush."—I am, Sir, &c., R. L.

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with your contributor's belief (in last week's Spectator). Twenty years

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ago the Apocrypha was never asked for at my shop. Perhaps ten years ago it began to be so, and has now a very steady sale separately, and a much smaller, but still a constant,...

Six,—You are abundantly justified in saying in last week's Spectator

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that confusion between the two verbs " to lie " and " to lay " must be due to either " carelessness or ignorance " ; but your correspondent, Mr. W. E. Scott- Moncrieff, is...

acquisition of this island is of considerably later date. Its

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acquisition by Russia is necessarily bound up with the story of Russian expansion in the regions of the Amur, and this does not begin till after the arrival of Muravieff as...

SIR,—While laying before the public the misuse of the verbs

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" to lie " and " to lay," can you do anything towards abating the use of such a phrase as "those sort of roads" or "these kind of fences " P This kind of blunder is by no means...

' decimo," consulum," integer miinsit," ingens,' populis ' It seems

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to us that all the marks here are on syllables which it is impossible to mispronounce." The principle of marking is : all vowels long by nature are marked, and the rest left...

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THE amount of subscriptions and fees received up to July

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20th for the Cheap Cottages Exhibition is .21,694 19s. 6d., in addition to £20 promised to the Prizes Fund, making a total of £1,714 19s. 6d. paid and promised. One hundred...

A POET'S PHILOSOPHY.* IT is our first duty to congratulate

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Mr. Santayana on a remarkable achievement. It is not given to every one to be a distinguished man of letters and a Harvard Professor, and at the same time to have the...

Now our own turn is coming, my chum's and mine;

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and we Have spent the Sunday walking in silent misery All round the dear old places, until he turned away. I know, like me, he wishes to be alone to-day. One more look at the...

Sin,—It is in contemplation to publish a short memoir of

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the life and work of my husband, Dr. Ridding, the forty- third Head-Master of Winchester and first Bishop of South- well. I shall be most grateful if his friends will lend me...

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THE editing of an editor is always a serious matter,

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and not one to be undertaken lightly. It is rarely that the copyright of reputation, so to speak, compels a new worker in an old field to patch old work instead of producing...

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THE Great Countess is a noble subject for an historical

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biography, but also a difficult one. Standing high among the heroines of the Middle Ages, there are plenty of sources from which to study her public life, her campaigns, her...

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ALTHOUGH " a large amount of matter of extreme importance has

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been purposely omitted" from these essays, they are good intellectual value. The author's statements and interpreta- tions of facts are clear, vigorous, original, and...

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* Hiss Bellard's Inspiration. By W. D. Howells. London: Harper

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and Brothers. [Us.) the American comedy of manners. In this sphere no one else has shown precisely the same talent. Mr. Henry James is subtler, and deals with more complicated...

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The Child and Religion. Edited by Thomas Stephens, M.A. (Williams

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and Norgate. 9s.)—This is a volume of the!" Crown Theological Library," and contains eleven essays by various prominent theologians. These are of a very varied interest. The...

Letters on the Simple Life. By Marie Corelli and others.

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(S. W. Partridge and Co. ls. net.)—We must expect to find not a few differences of opinion among the thirty-odd writers who have contributed to this volume, reprinted, we should...


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I. History of the English Church in the Reigns of Elizabeth and James I. By W. H. Frere, M.A. (Macmillan and Co. 7s. 6d.)— The plan of allotting periods to writers specially...

[Under this heading we notice such Books of Lisa weak

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as have not been reserved fur review in other forms.] £8,000,000 for the current year. This seems to be amazingly little. The population, including Formosa, is estimated at...

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National Finance. (Murby and Co. 61. net.)—It will be interesting

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to see, when his Majesty's Opposition become his Majesty's Ministers, how they will supply the " Demand for Retrenchment and Reform" which is formulated in this pam- phlet. It...

Lives of the English Martyrs Declared Blessed by Pope Leo

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XIII. By Dom Bede Camm, O.S.B., and others. Vol. II., "Martyrs under Queen Elizabeth." (Burns and Oates. 7s. 6d. net.)— The "Lives" of this volume begin with "John Felton, Lay-...

The Tyrol. By W. D. McCrackan. (Duckworth and Co. 5s.

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net.)—The Tyrol has abundance of the picturesque in the domains of Nature and of Art. Art has its chief exposition in Innsbruck ; Nature is magnificent everywhere ; and Mr....

Holy Week at Jerusalem in the Fourth Century. (S.P.C.K. 4d.)—This

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is a reprint from Duchesne's "Christian Worship" (second English edition). It contains the journal of a Spanish religious kept during a visit to Jerusalem in A.D. 385. It...

Twenty Years on Ben Nevis. By W. T. Kilgour. (A.

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Gardner, Paisley. 2s. 6d. net.)—Doctors appear to differ about the value of the weather and temperature observations made during the twenty years' maintenance of the Ben Nevis...

Memories of Madras. By Sir Charles Lawson. (Swan Sonnen- schein

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and Co. 10s. 6d. net.)— Sir Charles Lawson does not give us in this volume his own memories of Madras, but sundry passages from the history of that city. He begins with the...

A Short History of Venice. By W. R. Thayer. (Macmillan

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and Co. 6s. 6d. net.)—This is a book of considerable value, telling the story of Venice succinctly and lucidly. Mr. Thayer has not, it is true, wholly escaped the lues...

The Improvement of London Traffic. By C. S. Meik and

The Spectator

Walter Beer. (P. S. King and Son. 3s. 3d.) —This paper, read on June 5th before the Society of Engineers, takes away one's breath. Regu- lation of traffic cannot, in the...

The Calvert Scientific Exploring Expedition. Compiled by J. G. Hill.

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(G. Philip and Son. 2s.)—Australia is divided into two approximately equal portions by longitude 135 deg. Fehr. It is in the eastern half of this that the main part of the...

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Two books which seek, in different ways, a devotional object

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are Health and Holiness, by Francis Thompson (J. Masters and Co.), and How to Pray : a Little Book for Boys, by the Rev. Spencer J. GM (Mowbray and Co., 6d. )—With these may be...

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Agacy (H. A.), Correct Bridge, 12mo (Simpkin) net Banks (N.

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H.), The Little Hi cr 8vo (Macmillan) Bindloss (H.), Alton of Somasco, cr 8vo (Long) Brooke (Lord), An Eyewitness in Manchuria, 8vo (Nash) Brown (J.), Tidal Streams of the...