5 AUGUST 1905

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Ministers at St. Petersburg are occupied in polishing up the

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plan of reform which is to be decreed by the Czar on the 12th inst. The decree will create some kind of National Assembly, but it will not be as liberal as the reformers hoped....

There has been an immense quantity of discussion this week

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in all the newspapers of Europe upon an alleged project of the German Emperor. He wishes, it is said, to make an agreement with Russia, Sweden, and Denmark under which the Sound...

The Russian and Japanese Plenipotentiaries have reached America, and will

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hold their first meeting for business on Tuesday at Portsmouth, New Hampshire. An extraordinary variety of rumours are afloat, some of them, it is obvious, purely inventions ;...

The Daily Express of Wednesday published the translation of a

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letter received in Odessa from a soldier of the 71st Regiment now stationed at Lublin, ninety-six miles from Warsaw, which relates a most startling incident. The Brigadier...


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T HE lull in the news from the Far East, which has now lasted for eight weeks, still continues. Marshal Oyama to all appearance is either waiting or maturing some far-reaching...

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The Churches (Scotland) Bill, having passed safely through the House

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of Commons, was discussed on the second reading in the House of Lords on Monday. It was introduced by Lord Linlithgow in a clear and sensible speech, as the best compromise...

. On Wednesday, in reply to a question, Mr. Balfour

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informed the House of Commons that the Government proposed tO appoint at an early date a Royal Commission to inquire into the working of the Poor Law, and the extent to which...

• On Monday in the House of Commons Mr. Balfour

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moved the suspension of the Twelve o'Clock Rule for the remainder of the Session. He gave a list of the Resolutions necessary to wind up the routine business of administration....

On Tuesday the House of Lords discussed, the recent changes

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in Indian administration. Lord Ripon criticised Mr. Brodrick's attempt at compromise, and argued that things should be allowed to remain as they had been during the last...

On Tuesday the Education Vote of 212,652,548 was taken in

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the House of Commons, and in connection with it Sir William Anson made a statement of the lines on which the Act of 1902 had been administered. In order to keep the local...

The most interesting and the most novel feature in the

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visit of the French Fleet—which, it now appears, was settled between the two Admiralties several months ago—will be the reception of the French naval officers in Westminster...

Lord Balfour of Burleigh in reply showed that Lord Robertson's

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fears about the work of the Commission were groundless, and that on the merits of clause 5 Scotland was practicably united. He did not like legislation about property, but...

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We intend to publish in our next issue the first

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of a series of papers entitled "How it Strikes an Australian," by Mr. J. H. M. Abbott, the writer who in his book, "Tommy Cornstalk," made a most interesting contribution to the...

Last Saturday the Colonial Secretary addressed his con- stituents at

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Leamington. The bulk of his speech was occupied with a defence of Mr. Balfour against recent personal attacks, with which we have no fault to find. But we must protest strongly...

The Select Committee appointed to consider the agreement between the

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Post Office and the National Telephone Company has presented its Report. The license of the Company expires in 1911, and the Committee was appointed with a view to discover some...

• Liverpool, or from Mr. E. D. More), Hawarden, Chester)

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entitled "Evidence Laid before the Congo Commission of Inquiry." The preface to the pamphlet points out that though the Commission to inquire into the charges of 'atrocities...

of the missionaries as to the atrocities alleged to have

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been committed, we should be unable to print them, so abominable is therr character; and we can therefore only ask those of our readers who realise the momentous issues...

Lord Percy then went on to point out that there

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were several unsatisfactory features, the chief being the secrecy with which the inquiry was at first conducted. Unfortunately, when ultimately the Commission yielded to our...

In the House of Commons on Thursday a general debate

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took place on the Foreign Office Vote, the most practical question involved being that of the Congo State. Lord Percy, who spoke at great length, adopted in regard to "the...

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TOPICS OF THE DAY. • which is asked on every side. A great deal can be said in support of the view that the Government mean to hold on as long as possible,—that is, until they...

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T HE natiOn should be grateful to Lord Roberts for the note of warning which he sounded in his speech before the London Chamber of Commerce on Tuesday. Lord Roberts told the...

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C ERTAINLY the world does not grow more easy to govern. On the contrary, the causes of disturbance seem to increase with the increase of human intelligence. Moved partly by the...

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THE "WANDERING OF THE PEOPLES." moment a struggle between a

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nation of forty-five millions and one of at least three times that number, and though both obey a conscription, it is not the more numerous of the two which is winning in the...

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M ANKIND, and especially the Russian portion of mankind, would be the gainer if Count Tolstoy could be prevented from illustrating his own principles by concrete instances. So...

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M OST of us divide our world into three parts,—family, friends,

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and acquaintance. We think of these divisions as though they were universal, and that any one of them should be empty we look upon as a great misfortune. Of course these...

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T HE Dun Emer Press has an interest and an importance

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beyond that which must attach to any skilful venture in the craft of printing by hand ; for it is part of an organised attempt to restore in Ireland the tradition of fine...

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O VER the whole of the North of England and the

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greater part of the Midlands there has been no rain, except occasional showers, since the beginning of May. The cold rains just before and during Whitsuntide, which caused so...

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Sin.—While no Russian paper is permitted to speak of this THE MOSCOW CONGRESS OF JULY 19TR - 218T.* • This letter is based on notes taken by the writer at the Congress. great...

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SIR,—The Conference which took place between the Secretary of State for War and a certain number of officers com- manding Volunteer units at the House of Commons on July 28th,...


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SIR, — In your article under this heading in last week's Spectator considerable injustice is done to what you describe as the "Anglican Catholic" position. At least, my friends...

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Sin,—Studley is a manufacturing village of about three thousand inhabitants

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in the heart of the needle district. The boys and girls go into the factories direct from the elementary schools. Three years ago, when I came to reside in the district, I was...

" Science was Faith once : Faith were Science now,

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Would she but lay her bow and arrows by And arm her with the weapons of the time. Nothing that keeps thought out is safe from thought. For there's no virgin-fort but...

Sin,—Yon and your readers have supported the National Trust so

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generously in respect of the Gowbarrow (Ullswater) scheme (for which 24,000 is still needed) that one hesitates to make any further appeal to your kindness. Nevertheless. I...

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pro THE EDITOR OP THE " SPECTATOR") Siu, — Your readers may

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be glad to have a short account of the life of Mr. Theodore Llewelyn Davies. He was drowned on July 25th, at the age of thirty-four, in the prime of his strength. His career was...

[To THR EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.") SIR, —The correspondence about "

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lie " or " lay " and "sit" or "set" reminds me of a story which my father, who fifty years ago was a barrister, used to tell us of a case in Court when one of the counsel...

[To THE EDITOR 01P THE "SPECTATOR."] Sin,—Gratuitous criticism of kindly

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meant action is detestable. Secretaries of certain societies are paid to do it, and the work ought to be left to them. Yet I have a quarrel with con- tributors to funds for...

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ODES, in. 28. faciam ? • ROW shall we keep St Lubbock's Day ? Quick with the magnum ! Let it be Clicquot's Reserve or Mumm's : 'twill lay Sharp siege to staid sobriety. The...

LADY FANSHAWE.t • " Bibali consulie. •

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Meutoire of Lady .Fanshawe. Edited, with an Introduction, by Beatrice Marshall, and a Note on the Illustrations; by Allan yea. London John Lane. L5e. het.) kind of literature....

Tun amount of subscriptions and fees received up to August

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3rd for the Cheap Cottages Exhibition is £1,712 2s. 6d. One hundred cottages are now built or nearing completion. Though the result achieved up till now is encouraging, those...

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THR writer of the preface to How to Build or Buy a Country Cottage, Mr. Henry Norman, is justified in claiming that in one or two respects this book is unlike any other in...

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THE company of singers to-day, greater and lesser, are versatile

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in their accomplishments. In the twelve volumes before us there is a specimen of almost every poetic mode except the epic, and assuredly of every form of rhyme and rhythm....

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THE declared object of the Compatriots' Club is to "advance

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the ideal of a united British Empire." Apart from this object, the Club describes itself as a " non-partisan " body. Its members appear, however, to be without exception...

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THE Nineteenth Century opens with a short symposium on "The Nation and the Army," to which Lord Erroll and the Rev. H. Russell Wakefield contribute papers. Lord Erroll...

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NOVELS. MR. CROCKETT, to judge from his recent works, has appointed himself, like Hume of Godscroft, the sennachie, or family bard, of the Douglases. His pious researches have...

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Historic Martyrs of the Primitive Church. By Arthur James Mason, D.D. (Longmans and Co. 10s. 6d. net.)—Canon Mason has given us in this volume a most valuable contribution to...

Royal Commission on Coal Supplies: Digest of Evidence. Vol. I.

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(The Chichester Press. 21s. net.)—In 1861 Professor Hunt calcu- lated that there were 59,109 millions of tons of available coal, and that, reckoning the annual output at 60...


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Some of God's Englishmen. By the Rev. A. T. Bannister. (Jake- man and Carver, Hereford.)—Mr. Bannister puts forcibly some truths about the moral and spiritual aspects of human...

How to Manage a Baby. By Mrs. Frank Stephens. (Horace

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Marshall and Son. Id.)—It is important at this moment to have available some simple pamphlets published at a low price con- taining plain directions as to the management of...


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C URRENT LITERAT LIRE. The Geology of South Africa. By F. H. Hatch and G. S. Corstorphine. (Macmillan and Co. 215. net.)—Systematic surveys have been going on in South Africa...

The Church Plate of Pembrokeshire. By J. T. Evans. (W.

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EL Roberts.)—This interesting; list shows—what, indeed, was already well known—the complete spoliation of the English and Welsh churches in the period 1545-55. This robbery is...


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[Under this heading ice notice such Books of the week as have not teen reserved for soviets in other forms.] Truth, Unity, and Concord. By Elizabeth Boyd Bayly. (Jarrold and...

The Sayings of Muhammad. Edited by Abdullah Al-Suhrawardy. (A. Constable

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and Co. 2s. 6d.)—This is a col- lection of good things which we are glad to have, and about which it would be ungracious to say a single word of depreciation. Here are some of...

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We have received the first part of British Trees, Drawn

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and Described by Rex Vicat Cole, R.B.A.: "The Ash Tree" (Hutchin- son and Co., is. net). There are to be thirty parts, published fortnightly, each with a photogravure plate and...

We have received Vols. V. and VI. of Hakluytus Posthumus,

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or Purchas His Pilgrimes, by Samuel Purchas (J. MacLehose and Sons, Glasgow, 12s. 6d. net per vol., the whole to be completed in twenty volumes). The fifth volume is occupied...

The Poets and the Poetry of the Nineteenth Century :

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William Morris to Robert Buchanan. Edited by Alfred H. Miles. (Rout. ledgeand Sons.)—This is the third edition of a selection published some twelve years ago ; certain changes...

The Covenanters. By the Rev. John Beveridge, B.D. (T. and

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T. Clark. 6d. and 8d.)—This book belongs to the series of "Bible Class Primers" edited by Principal Salmond, and is, we venture to think, a little out of place. Mr. Beveridge...

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—4,--_ At the Sign of the Fox, by Barbara, Cr

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8vo ...,... (Macmillan) 6/0 Bagley (W.V.), The - Educative Process, cr 8vo (Foulks) net 5/0 Boothby (G.), A Brighton Tragedy, cr 8vo (F. V. White) 5/0 Bulbul in Search of...

MAGAZINES AND SERIAL PUBLICATIONS.—We have received the following for August

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:—The Century, the Pall Mall Maga, rise, St. Nicholas, the Review of Reviews, the Empire Review, Harper's Magazine, the Geographical Journal, the Windsor Maga- zine, the Open...