18 OCTOBER 1930

Page 1

Mr. Baldwin No wonder that Mr. Baldwin is in high

The Spectator

spirits. It had been suggested that he should make a speech before the opening of Parliament, but so wonderful an imme- diate opportunity for rehabilitating himself was not to...

Frankly, we do not believe that there is the least

The Spectator

chance of any agreement between the Government and the Dominions if Preferences are to be the principal cement of Imperial union. But there is no reason in the world why there...

News of the Week

The Spectator

Imperial Preferential Tariffs M R. BENNETT'S proposal - for reciprocal preferences has been the engrossing political topic of the week. We have discussed it in a leading...

EDITORIAL AND PuBLIsurNo OrPICEs : 99 Gower Street, London, W.C.1.—A

The Spectator

Subscription to the SPECTATOR costs Thirty Shillings per annum, including postage, to any part of the world. The SPECTATOR is registered as a Newspaper. The Postage on this...

The Government and the Dominions . If, as we hope,

The Spectator

the Government will patiently and with good temper discuss with the Dominion Representatives every detail of the Preference proposal, a great deal will be gained, even in the...

Page 2

Empire Free Trade As for the sadly shorn policy of

The Spectator

Empire Free Trade, little now remains to distinguish it from what is common to Mr. Baldwin and the Dominions except the emphasis upon the taxation of food and the proposal for...

India The Congress leaders in India have announced their intention

The Spectator

of setting up " Courts " which would operate side by side with the ordinary legal Courts. These voluntary Courts would be for trials both civil and criminal, and the proposal is...

Mr. Baldwin's second statement, published in the papers of Thursday,

The Spectator

is a whole Conservative programme. It avoids any phrase about the taxation of food, but it clearly implies the necessity of such taxation where other means of Imperial economic...

If this sort of pogrom is to be characteristic of

The Spectator

German Fascism, there could not possibly be a worse sign. Herr Hitler; however, has discreetly repudiated all respon- sibility. He says that his Party is highly disciplined, and...

The Quota System On Tuesday the Heads of the Delegations

The Spectator

to the Imperial Conference referred the wheat Quota to an informal Committee, and the same day this Committee agreed that it was feasible. This evidently is a hopeful line of...

Hostile demonstrations were expected both inside and outside the Reichstag

The Spectator

when the session opened on Monday, and the Nazis and the Communists behaved according to plan. Inside, those rivals glowered at one another and exchanged taunts. Although the...

Germany The German people continue their struggle to determine the

The Spectator

precise importance which is to be attached to the Nazi movement. President von Hindenburg as usual stands firm. An appeal was made to him to pardon the Reichswehr officers who...

Page 3

The Totalisator No one could have thought that gambling would

The Spectator

spread appreciably under a Labour Government, yet this seems to be happening. Probably the Government have no direct responsibility ; the fact seems rather to be that a loophole...

Bank Rate, 3 per cent., changed from 34 per cent.

The Spectator

on May 1st, 1980. War Loan (5 per cent.) was on Wednesday, 104 ; on Wednesday week, 10411 ; a year ago, 102 ; Funding Loan (4 per cent.) was on Wednesday 91i ; on Wednesday...

qt101' and Airship Policy

The Spectator

The memorial service at St. Paul's for the forty-eight victims of R101' was a ceremony of unsurpassed beauty, and nothing could have been more moving than the service when the...

The American Gangsters

The Spectator

The notorious gangster Jack Diamond, who is said to be dying from shots received by him from rival gangsters, deserves sympathy so far as it is legitimate to sympathize with an...

Mr. Morrison declared that the empty seat in a train

The Spectator

or omnibus had to be paid for by Capital either in the shape of bad services and bad vehicles or by the passengers in the shape of unnecessarily high fares. It may be true that...

It is not said that the authorities of the Totalisator

The Spectator

invited this development. Very likely some ingenious person detected the weak spot in the Act and sent his money through the post to the Totalisator to test the possibilities....

The Labour Party Conference

The Spectator

On Friday, October 10th, the Labour Party Conference listened to a very able address by the Minister of Transport. It marked the passage from the old form of Socialism to the...

Page 4

Imperial Economics

The Spectator

W HETHER Mr. Bennett's statement at the Imperial Conference last week be regarded from the point of view of the Protectionist or from that of the Free Trader, it was of...

Page 5

The Truth About The Cost of Living

The Spectator

(COMMUNICATED.] r lHERE are two mysteries which puzzle the patient Briton ; he broods over them in his less elastic moods, he sometimes curses them, but he never really tries...

Page 6

The Challenge To Religious Orthodoxy

The Spectator

We publish below the first of our new series of articles, in which men and women of the younger generation have been invited to express their criticisms of organized religion....

Page 8

Science : Yesterday and To-day

The Spectator

The following article is the first of a series not mainly intended to convey knowledge of particular conclusions that are being reached in various sciences—this will onlybe...

Page 9

The Holloway " Zoo "

The Spectator

By G. D. TURNER. A CCORDING to reports in the Press, the National Council of Women, in conference at Portsmouth last week, described Holloway Prison as an " obsolete zoo."...

Page 10

The Changing East

The Spectator

BY F. YEATS-BROWN. T O understand people with traditions other than our own is never easy : the best interpreters of such races seem to be men and women of action who have...

Page 11

A Dark Night's Work

The Spectator

By HAMISH MACLAREN. o N a dark starlit autumn night a large motor-van turns quietly out of a back-yard in Bermondsey and proceeds at high speed towards the river-side. The...

Page 12

On Taking Clothes Seriously

The Spectator

By J. B. MORTON. IT is often said by those mysterious people who are called social critics that we live in an age which takes nothing seriously. This is not true. The business...

Page 13

The Theatre

The Spectator


Page 14

Great Britain and India

The Spectator

The Round Table Conference We are glad to have the opportunity of publishing the views of Sir T. 13. Sapru, one of the delegates to the Round Table Con- ference and one of the...

Page 15


The Spectator

One cardinal difficulty has stood in the way ; and the pioneer counties have found a way round only by a rather weak compromise. Any area scheduled as agricultural, and there-...

Birds (always excepting, for some unknown reason, the partridge) learnt

The Spectator

to avoid the telegraph wires within a few years. I cannot find any evidence, though I have sought it in many counties, that the new electric wires have done any damage. We may...

YORKSHIRE Suurnam.s.

The Spectator

Information continues to grow on the rapid extension of the range of the grey squirrel. The latest comes from York- shire which is becoming populous. A very precise account of...

Country Life

The Spectator

THE LITTER LOUT. At the very lively and suggestive National Conference of the C,P.R.E., held at the Welwyn Garden City last week, few of the small speeches and suggestions were...

Such regional plans and surveys would consort suitably with such

The Spectator

a scheme for the rehabilitation of agriculture as is described—succinctly, persuasively, and perspicuously—by Air. C. S. Orwin in his latest little book, The Future of Farming...


The Spectator

I have long feared that the spread of electric power may do much damage (along with its incomparable good) to wild animals until they learn the dangers ; but it certainly never...


The Spectator

Every social reformer should inwardly digest the essential principle to be observed for the future in the conservation of Britain. It will in all probability be adopted by...


The Spectator

A query about bats (not Lewis Carroll's " Do Cats Eat Bats ? ") reached me from Weston-super-Mare just before is series of similar questions appeared in the daily press. The...

Page 16

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—A solution of the

The Spectator

Indian problem, which is attracting some attention and makes a certain appeal to the imagination, is the revival of the village community system recommended by Mr. Gandhi as the...

Letters to the Editor

The Spectator

GREAT BRITAIN AND INDIA [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sia,—As one who has co-operated with the Simon Commission and heard all the evidence given both in India and in...

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—The letter from various

The Spectator

members of the Indian Empire Society in your issue of October 11th seems to me to give a very misleading impression of the attitude of the depressed classes in India. The...

Page 17


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] S1R,—The gravity of the crisis in the relations between the black and the white races of South Africa, towards which the country is moving with...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Snr,—The " alluring idea " to which your correspondent, Mr. MacLellan Wilson, refers has been developed at cousiderable length, and for...

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.]

The Spectator

gut,—Sir Charles G. Spencer seems to have written his letter to last week's issue of the Spectator in a fit of anger. He mis- takes railing for reasoning. He starts with the...

Page 18


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—You express surprise that the proposal to increase the Prime Minister's salary by £2,000 per annum, and allow him a pension on retiring,...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the Srae-raron.] Sin,—In reply to Mr. O'Shea's letter which is somewhat in the nature of a challenge and must be my apology for trespassing further on your...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—My attention having been drawn to a letter written by Dr. Stella Churchill in regard to my recently published work on Asthma and its...

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—" An Architect's Daughter"

The Spectator

has stumbled unawares on the fallacy which underlies so much of this discussion. It is just that primitive obeisances to mere "landscape" (" a fine hoose, but she disna dee on...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sra,—I have to thank Mr. J. M. Godlee for his somewhat whimsical reply to my letter. He has never seen a first-class colour photograph...

Page 19


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sm,—Since writing in the Spectator of October 4th, on the subject of Performing Animals, I hear that the polar bear that killed Herr Adolf...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—In the Spectator I see a letter from Miss Cole in which she draws attention to the recent Italian enactment for compulsory humane...

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—With reference to the

The Spectator

article in your issue of October 4th, regarding the nationality and birthplace of Duns Scotus, perhaps the following items may be of interest. I write from Dims, not a village...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] am afraid that " H. M." is right, when, in his article, " The Touring Pigeons" (Spectator, October 4th), he says that our country hotels are...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—Readers of your article of October 4th may be interested to be reminded that Duns Scotus died in Cologne, where the inscription on his...

Page 20


The Spectator

WHEN I am dead and transported and under the ground, Wrapped by walls that are soundless, out of Earth's centre and round. One joy will be mine that none of the living shall...


The Spectator

INDIA AND THE IMPERIAL CONFERENCE. Owing to an unpardonable inadvertence I have wronged the present Viscount Inchcape in my reference to "Sir James Mackay," in my letter, "...


The Spectator

THE London Group exhibition which opened last Monday at the Burlington Galleries is profoundly disappointing. In fact the kind of gibes that are so cheerfully hurled each year...

A Hundred Years Ago

The Spectator

TI3E "SPECTATOR," OCTOBER 16rn, 1830. NATURAL AFFECTIONS. The thing least understood, as indeed it is least studied, is the heart of man ; we make laws, and shape moral rules,...

Page 21


The Spectator

the Spatator No. 5,338.] WEEK ENDING SATURDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1930. [GRATIS

Page 23

Congreve and Farquhar : A Contrast

The Spectator

The Works of Congreve. Edited by F. W. Bateson. (Peter Davies. 7 6d. ) The Complete Works of Farquhar. Edited by Charles Stonehill. (Nonesuch Press. 45s.) MANI - people,...

Page 25

These English !

The Spectator

Rough Islanders. By H. W. Nevinson. (Routledge. 7s. 6d.) AT the opening of this skilful and ingenious book on the English, Mr. Nevinson quotes a French acquaintance who hated...

Christina Rossetti

The Spectator

A POET whose outward existence was that of a High Church spinster of mid-Victorian outlook, living most of her life with FM ageing mother in a gloomy London house, " dressing...

Page 27

The Rural..Rides Cobbett's Rural Rides. _ Three volumes. Edited by

The Spectator

G. D.11., and EL Cole. (Peter Davies, £5 5 6) TuE author of the Rural Rides—the book by which his name will live, though he himself would not have believed it —was rooted in...

Page 29

Singers of Experience

The Spectator

The Armed Muse. By Herbert E. Palmer. (Hogarth Press. 3s. 6d.) Heaven. By Frank Townsend. (Knopf. 6s.) Palimpsest. By Horace Shipp. (Sampson Low. Is.) A Hundred Lyrics. By...

A Study of Facts

The Spectator

A GENERATION ago, as a preliminary to a little book on Shake- speare, Sir Edmund . Chambers wrote The _Medieval Stage ; twenty years later followed The Elizabethan Stage. Now...

Page 31

Bread and Circuses The Age of the Chartists 1832-1854. A

The Spectator

Study of Discontent. " THE Hammonds " have added yet another to their valuable series of historical studies. It is hardly too much to say that they have invented something in...

Page 33

A Latter-day Paracelsus

The Spectator

PEOPLE who in early life have been dominated • by sectarian doctrines never escape the bias. They may break away from the tyranny of the dogmas imposed upon them by their...

Page 35

The Youth of William of Orange

The Spectator

British Foreign Policy, 1660-1672. By Keith Feiling. (Macmillan. 18s.) William the Third and the Defence of Holland, 1672-4. By Mary C. Trevelyan. (Longman. 21s.) MODERN...

Page 36

London: Printed by W. SPHAIGIli AND SONS, Lin., 98 and

The Spectator

99 Fetter Lane, E C.4. and Published by tog SPICTATOSt, Lon.. at their Meat. No. 99 Gower Street. London, W.C. 1.—Saturday, October 18, 1930.

Page 37

The League's Autobiography

The Spectator

Ten Years of World Co-operation, with Foreword by Sir Erie THIS book meets a widely felt need. People want to know the facts about the League ; all the governments have under-...

An English Idealist

The Spectator

St. Loe Strachey : His Life and his Paper. By Amy Strachey. (Collancz. Ns.) Sr. Loe Strachey published in 1922 The Adventure of Living, which he called a " subjective...

Page 38

Lord Balfour

The Spectator

Chapters of Autobiography. By Arthur James, 1st Earl of Balfour. (Cassell. 10s. 6d.) THE task of writing a " full length " Life of Lord Balfour is in the hands of his niece,...

Page 39

Children and Parents

The Spectator

The Education of Children. By Alfred Adler. (Allen and Unwin. 12s. 6d.) As I turned the last pages of this book, I asked myself; marvelling, " What can it be that gives Adler...

Page 40

Billingsgate in High Places

The Spectator

" LET me," we can imagine Mr. Kingsmill saying with a fitting obeisance, " . let me make you acquainted with Miss Amanda Ros." If for nothing else, then for the privilege of...

The Civil War in Russia

The Spectator

The White Army. By General Denikine. Translated from tho Russian by Madame Zvegintstov. (Cape. 15s.) TIIERE is a remark in the final volume of Lord d'Abernon's Ambassador of...

Page 41


The Spectator

Five Established Novelists 7s. 6d.) LIKE the child in the legend of St. Nicholas, Mr. Bennett has dreamed he was in paradise, though all the time he VMS in pickle. By paradise...

Page 42

General Knowledge Questions

The Spectator

Ova weekly prize of one guinea for the best thirteen Questions submitted is awarded this week to Lieut. B. Stracey Clitheros, H.M.S. ' Vortigern,' c/o G.P.O., London, for the...

THE TICKER TAPE MURDER. By Milton Propper. (Faber and Faber.

The Spectator

7s. 6d.)—In this American mystery story the Americans do not behave in such a caricature of the American manner as usual. The millionaire who is murdered is quite believable,...

Page 45

The seventeenth ceriurYean never fail in itsappeal to En g lish •

The Spectator

students of their own history. It was the heroic a g e, the a g e of flamin g ideas, violent clashes and vi g orous utterance. So much so that it wore people out. The ei g...

Some Books of the Week How is one to praise

The Spectator

a book of verse nowadays without raisi n g the suspicion in the reader's mind that here is another mechanical swan ? Methucns have published a collection of lyrics entitled...

The hero of Pearls, Arms and Hashish (Gollanez, 18s.) is

The Spectator

very nearly but not q uite, another Trader Horn. His real name, apparently, is Henri de Monfried • lie is a Frenchman who broke away from conventional business pursuits (he was...

Mr. Lloyd Geor g e lon g a g o made Limehouse a synonym for

The Spectator

the kind of oratory that used to be associated with Billin g s g ate. More recently Mr. Thomas Burke's sensational tales have sent curious visitors to look for " London's under-...

A New Competition

The Spectator

THE Editor offers a prize of two g uineas for the best su gg estion, written clearly and le g ibly on a postcard, as to how the income from Mr. Harkness' g enerous g ift of...

The Competition

The Spectator

Youn cousin and his wife, who have lived all their lives in Australia, want to spend one month of next year in Great Britain. They ask your advice as to when they should come,...

Few politicians would be g rateful to their secretaries for reprintin g

The Spectator

their speeches after an interval of many years. Few lawyers of note would care to read (much less let others read) their by g one addresses to law associations. Sir John Simon...

Mr. H. St. J. B. Philby, well known for his

The Spectator

political service in the Arab lands, luis written a new and attractive book on Arabia (Bens, 18s.) from the Wahhabi standpoint. He be g ins in the ei g hteenth centurywith the...

A Fighting Parson, by Alexander Irvine, reviewed in the Spectator

The Spectator

of October 11th , was published by Williams and Nor g ate at 12s. 6d.

Messrs. Faber and Faber have put out seven more "

The Spectator

tup- penny coloured " pamphlets in their " Ariel Poems " Series. Unfortunately the price is Is. each. All the poets are well known : Chesterton, Eliot, De la Marc, D. H....

Page 46

The Motor Show

The Spectator

Wamisn as I do before Olympia opens, my observations must be forecasts only, based partly on the excellent publicity now sent out by the Society of Motor Manufacturers and...

Page 49

Tray el

The Spectator

[We publish on this page articles and notes which may help our readers in their plans for travel at home and abroad. They are written by correspondents who have visited the...

Page 50


The Spectator

In zontrast, however, to the depression in nearlyall Industrial and Speculative descriptions has been the firmness of gilt- edged securities and the great success attending new...

Financial Notes

The Spectator

STOCK EXCHANGE DEPRESSION. IT must be many years since the Stock Exchange experienced such pronounced and prolonged depression as that which is characterizing markets at the...

Page 52


The Spectator

The Buenos Aires Great Southern Railway in its Report issued this week also shows the effect of the lower exchange on net revenue, the exchange loss for the year being £188,888...

s • * * B.A. AND PACIFIC.

The Spectator

In view of present political conditions in Argentina, it is not surprising that Lord St. Davids, the Chairman of the Buenos Aires and Pacific Railway, at last week's meeting of...

Page 54

Financial Notes (Continued from page 564.1

The Spectator

AN EXPERT ON TEA AND RUBBER. Shareholders in Harrisons and Crosfield may be congratu- lated upon the conservative management of their own company and also upon the sound and...

Answers to Questions on Horses

The Spectator

1. Great Horse of Troy.-2. Pegasus.-3. (a) A handicap that was to break " Shackles " (Kipling's Broken Link Handicap). (b) The polo pony who really captained the side and won...