6 JANUARY 1912

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INDEX. FROM JANUARY 6th TO JUNE 29th, 1912, INCLUSIVE. TOPICS OF THE DAY. A DMINISTRATIVE Chaos 978 XI_ Ages of Faith, the_ .., 1036 Agricultural Revival in Ireland (" The...

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LONDON: Printed by L. Ureorr GILL & Sow, LTD., at

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the London and County Printing Works, Drury Lane, W.C.; and Published by Joins SAEEa for the "Sencrzarotz" (Limited), at their Office, No. 1 Wellington Street, in the Preemot of...

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The political estrangement between Mr. Roosevelt and Mr. Taft has

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been brought to a head by a strong attack made by the former upon the President's Arbitration policy. In last week's issue of the Outlook Mr. Roosevelt had an article entitled "...

The news from China is not so favourable to a

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settlement between the rebels and the Imperialists as it seemed to be last week. We recorded then that the Manchu dynasty had taken the astonishing course of placing its future...

The Peking correspondent of the Times, in a telegram in

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Friday's paper gives a very important piece of news. It is that the Peking newspaper which has hitherto been strongest in its support of the Manchus and in its opposition to the...

No doubt even if peace is made with Turkey the

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Italians will still have a difficult problem before them, owing to the fact that Tripoli is a land of deserts and inhabited by tribes so fierce, so difficult to rule, and so...

• ,* The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript in

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any cats.

The Turkish Cabinet resigned suddenly last Saturday. This was brought

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about by the inter-party intrigues over the pro- posed suspension of Article 35 of the Constitution in order to give the Sultan an absolute power of peace and war. The Grand...


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A GAIN there is little or no news to record in regard to the war. Friday's Times, however, contains a very significant telegram, despatched from Salonika on Thursday : "I have...

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The King and Queen reached Calcutta last Saturday, and all

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the accounts agree in stating that the natives have offered. them such an enthusiastic welcome as has been unknown before in India. In his answer to the Corporation's address...

The fighting between Russians and Persians at Tabriz, which we

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recorded last week, has ended and the Russians have taken over the control of the town. According to their accounts the Pedals attacked a comparatively small Russian force, and...

June 21st was the eve of the fall of the

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Monis Cabinet, and M. Cruppi was Foreign Minister. Both M. Monis and M. Cruppi disavow all knowledge of the proposal that territories should be ceded. And M. de Selves, the...

The New Year Honours List, published on Monday, con- fers

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three new peerages, ten baronetcies, and thirty-four knighthoods. The new peers are Sir Thomas Gilson Car- michael, now Governor of Madras and formerly M.P.. for Midlothian ;...

The proceedings of the Committee of the French Senate which

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is inquiring into the negotiations that preceded the new Franco-German Treaty have caused much political excite- ment in France. In his recent statement to the Chamber M....

It is sincerely to be hoped that in the domestic

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quarrel between 31r. Taft and Mr. Roosevelt the English Press and English opinion generally will remember to be circumspect and discreet, and to avoid concluding that everything...

The Times on Thursday printed an interesting article by its

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Berlin correspondent upon the prospects of the coming General Election in Germany. The first ballots take place next Friday (January 12th), but the final result will not be...

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A curious situation has arisen in connexion with the Thames

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Ironworks Company. The Admiralty, it appears, has been negotiating with a northern shipbuilding firm for the building of two cruisers at the Thames Ironworks on the basis of a...

At the beginning of the week there was no alteration

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in the position of affairs in the cotton trade, but prospects of a settlement of the dispute became much more hopeful when it was announced on Tuesday night that Sir George...

It is announced that more than 15,600 signatures have now

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been returned in response to the circular issued by the Practitioner on December 19th asking the 29,567 medical men to whom it was addressed to sign a pledge not to accept...

Archbishop Walsh has published a letter with the object of

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allaying anxiety caused by the promulgation of the Papal decree " Motu Proprio." After pointing out that the decree is not an enacting decree, but merely defines the meaning of...

Tuesday's papers contained an important announcement as to the campaign

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organized by the National League for Opposing Woman Suffrage. The advice given by the Prime Minister to the anti-Suffragists to take off their coats has, it appears, been...

Tuesday's Daily Chronicle contains the comment of Mr. Fisher, the

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Australian Federal Premier, on Professor Caldeeott's amaz- ing proposal to hand over part of Australia to Germany. Mr. Fisher regards it as " the joke of the season." It had...

Bank Rate, 4 per cent., changed from 3 per cent.

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Sept. 21st. Consols (29) were on Friday 774—Friday week 77r.

Wednesday's papers contained the reply sent by the Lords of

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the Admiralty to Mr. Smart's letter. They state that the price quoted on behalf of the Thames Ironworks for the two cruisers was £312,000 apiece, while the prices established by...

When Cardinal Cullen was asked in cross-examination whether such a

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breach of ecclesiastical immunity was not, after all, a breach of ecclesiastical law he answered: "It is a breach of the law as it was, not a breach of the law as it is now...

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ULSTER AND HOME RULE. W E are glad to have absolute warrant for stating that if the Government are mad enough to insist on passing as well as producing a Home Rule Bill the men...

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SUN YAT-SEN. L AST Monday Sun Yat-sen, the Leader of the

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Young China Movement, entered Nanking, the provisional Republican capital, and was received with a salute of twenty-one guns. He was then proclaimed President of the Provisional...

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A WONDER-YEAR. T HE year that ended last Sunday deserves to

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be remem- bered as one of escapes rather than of achievements. Again and again there seemed nothing but disaster in front of us, yet when the blow had fallen it turned out to...

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M R. LLOYD GEORGE in his speech at Cardiff on Friday week dealt at length with the problem of poverty. Though his intentions were good we should not i be sincere if we did not...

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THE AMERICAN DYNAMITERS. T HE recent revelations of the terrorism practised

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in the United States in support of trade unionism—really, of course, greatly to the detriment of trade unionism—will cer- tainly become a legend as horribly alluring in its way...

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T HE song of the thrush " is continued through a large portion of the year, beginning early in spring, and continuing it at intervals till autumn." So wrote Yarrell (a little...

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I S it strange or natural that a race so prolific as we British in results should have come to be so impatient and ignorant of means P It seems a fact, however, and, like most...

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THE DREAM OF PERPETUAL PEACE. [To Tun EDITOR Or THE " SPEOTATOR."] Sin,—Your long and interesting review in the Spectator of December 23rd, 1911, of the efforts which have...

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[TO THE EDITOR 01, THE "SPECTATOR."] imagine few if any of your readers will dispute the position you take up in repudiating the extraordinary sugges- tion that we should band...

[To THE EDITOR OE THE "SPECTATOR:] Sin, — I have read with

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astonishment a letter on the above subject from the pen of Professor Caldecott in your issue of December 29th, 1911. As an Australian it is not necessary for me to say I object...

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SIR, —Your article of December 23rd, 1911, on the Insurance Bill not only deserves the gratitude of all medical men, but will be welcome to many who, like myself, have been...


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[To TIM EDITOR Or TUE "SPECTATOR:1 a leading article in the British Medical Journal of December 23rd the dilemma created for the doctors is very clearly put. If they decline to...


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Siu,—Your article on the expansion of Germany should clear the minds of many, including, it is to be hoped, that of Professor Caldecott. His arguments would be cogent enough if...

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[To TER EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR:1 Sin., — Having read the article on " St. George's Hill," in your issue of December 16th, 1911, alluding to the threatened spolia- tion of the...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTLTOR.1 Sin,—I hope your correspondents, " W.R.," "Anglo-Saxon," &o., have seen Pierre Mile's charming sketch entitled " Une Experience" in the Temps...

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[To THE EDITOR Or THE " BruTATon."] Ent,—It, is curious that Miss Loane's collection of children's sayings seems to be completely untheological and unpoetical. Is this the...


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[To THE EDITOR Or THE BrEcTrron."1 SIR, — Your article of December 23rd on Burke, Reynolds, and Keppel quotes a reference by Burke in the "Letter to a Noble Lord" to a picture...

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To THE EDITOR OV THE " SPECTATOR."] Sir,—We describe the

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state of a ship as to her proper motions , when we say of her that she is " under weigh," " under sail,' " under steam," &o., meaning, in the first case, that she has just...


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[To TILE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.") SIR, —Admitting some force in Professor Skeat's suggested Dutch origin and phonetic corruption of " under " in the term "under way," I still...


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[To THE EDITOR OT THE " SPECTATOR."1 SIR,—In a recent issue (November 18th, 1911) of the Spectator there was published a review of my " Annals of Caesar." Your reviewer is...


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WILLIAM WATSON.* [To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. "] English hexameter-writers, some six, have been nam'd in your columns : Longfellow, Kingsley, and Clough, Neale, Dr....

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[TO THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR. "] :Silty—I can only plead guilty to a, perhaps, illegitimate use of poetic licence. Your correspondent, of course, is quite right. And in...


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THE WINTER EXHIBITION AT THE ACADEMY. Tnn first room of the present exhibition is devoted entirely to the works of Reynolds, and in it are to be seen a group of pictures, which...


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Shuttleworth, writing in your issue of last week, .Says : "It is a common thing to find Keats described as assistant to an ' apothecary' or chemist. I am not sure that Mr....

" S" OR " 2i „ ?

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[To THE EDITOR' OP TUE "SPECTATOR.” :SIR,—I venture, fully aware that I may be called a pedant for any pains, to protest against the spelling of words like " paralyse," "...

• NOTICE."—When "Correspondence" or Articles are signed with the writer's

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name or initials, or with a pseudonym, or• are marked '" Communicated," the Editor must not necessarily be held to be in . 1:weeniest/ with the views therein expressed or with...


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THE MOTHER. SRE bath such quiet eyes, That feed on all earth's wonders! She will sit Here in the orchard and the bewildering beauty Of blossoming boughs lulls her as day grows...


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[To THE EDITOR Or THE " .SPECTATOR.' "] SIR, Is there any hope or prospect of getting a reissue of Mrs. Craven's "Recit d'une Sosur " ? Although its exquisite literary quality...

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TENNYSON AND HIS FRIENDS.* THIS is, and must be hi the nature of things, an unusual book, making an appeal to our interest of a very special reunions and his Friends. Edited by...

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THE point of view of a foreign resident in any country is always interesting, and when we read the title of this book we looked forward to instruction as well as entertainment....

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MR. GOSLING, who has already written on the history of Labrador, has produced a most painstaking and competent life of the great Elizabethan who first took possession of....

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This is an able presentation of the arguments for Socialism,. and deserves careful consideration from those who would] understand the strength of an opponent's case and the...

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WEAK, bigoted, inept, spiteful, and petty, James II. as seen through the eyes of the authors of The English Court in Eiile is not an attractive figure. He seems almost too...


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"" A GREAT Queen," d'Aubigne wrote of Jeanne d'Albret, • " who had nothing of a woman but her sex, whose soul was riven to manly things, whose heart was invincible to adver-...

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Loan MacDoNzaELL's article on "The Finance of Irish. Government " in the new Nineteenth. Century has already been hailed with approval by unthinking English Home Rulers, , but...


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SOME such item as "Lady Victoria, b. 1854, d. 1910," may be• found in a peerage in the record of the children of George, sixth Duke of Argyll.. This volume fills up with a...

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The Story of Clarice. By Katharine Tynan. (James Clarke and

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Co. Gs.)—The experienced reader will discover very early in this book the probable parentage of the heroine, Clarice. He also will see that all is quietly making for the...

Maids' Honey. By Mrs. Henry Dudeney. (W. Heinemann. Cs.) —The

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reader will be left with a sordid and unpleasant impression on his mind when he turns the last page of Mrs. Dudeney's new novel. The writing of the book is as usual exceedingly...


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A WHISTLING WOMAN.* DICKENS found romance in the Essex marshes, and Mr. Morrison of late years has done admirable work in his studies of life on the Essex side of London. In...

The Little Green Gate. By Stella Callaghan. (Constable and Co.

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5s.)—This book has all the appearance of a first novel, and reads as though it were written by a very young lady. There is something frank and ingenuous about it, rind tho...

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Lodge's Peerage, Baronetage, and Knightage. Directories.

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21s. not.)—This work, now published for the eighty-first time, is sufficiently commended by its name. A massive volume of 2,458 pages, it contains every variety of information...

forcibly and clearly. His conclusion is that the proposed spoliation

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has " neither support nor sanction in history, law, reason, morality, or religion." Of course, if Congregationalists still assert, as their chief organ did within the memory of...


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[Under this heading we vatic., such Books of the week as have not been treeerred for review in other forms.] The Historical Record of the Coronation of King George V. and Queen...

Post Office London Directory. (Kelly's Directories, 40s. and 43s. Od.

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; 1 vol. and 2 vole.; 32s. without County Suburbs.)—Lon- don occupies 2,591 pages, and the County Suburbs 856 more. The pages are closely printed, with three columns, and the...

Some London Ch,nrches. By Rev. E. Hermitage Day, D.D (A.

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R. Mowbray and Co. is. Od.)—Dr. Day gives us here an account of twenty-five churches in Greater London. Some, as St. Bartholomew's, Smithfield, date from before the Fire ; some...

The Journal of Education, 1911. (William Rice. 7i. 8d.)—We extend

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our usual welcome to this volume, which has now completed its forty-third year. It would be difficult to name a parallel success in the world of journalism. It would be against...

Labour Strife in the South Wales Coalfield. By David Evans.

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(Educational Publishing Co. 3s. 6d. net.)—This story of the Welsh strike riots is a highly instructive and illuminating narrative. Among the facts which are demonstrated are...

Rem)Antic No - ma—The Forward in Love. By Richard Bird (Herbert and

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Daniel. Os.)—There is a certain naive charm about this picture of is don turned undergraduate for love, but the author is entirely right in calling it "an improbable...

Some Neighbours. By Charles Granville. (Stephen Swift. Os.) series of

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sketches and stories of which the reader will think the first examples almost too short to be interesting. Mr. Granville writes pleasantly of Bruges and Belgium, with which he...