Page 1

Lord Melchett and Mr. Baldwin

The Spectator

If as a result of the Party meeting or of the South Paddington by-election Mr. Baldwin's hold should be in any way weakened, Lord Beaverbrook and Lord Bother- mere would, of...

Sir Charles Addis on Free Trade On Monday Sir Charles

The Spectator

Addis, a Director of the Bank of England who is famous for his knowledge of inter- national and colonial finance, delivered an important address to the Edinburgh Chamber of...

* * * *

The Spectator

The split between Lord Beaverbrook and his powerful follower Lord Melchett is thus quite plain, for Lord Beaverbrook said bluntly of Mr. Baldwin's declaration " We reject this...


The Spectator

I.—A Subscription to the SrEcrAron costa Thirty Shillings per annum, including postage, to any part of the world. The SPECTATOR is registered as a Newspaper. The Postage on this...

We write just before that Party meeting takes

The Spectator

place, but Mr. Baldwin's friends seem to be con- fident that he is taking the only wise course and consider that if his position is weakened at the meeting an injury most...

News of the Week

The Spectator

The Attack on Mr. Baldwin THE question of Mr. Baldwin's leadership has provided the great political excitement of the week. The papers of Wednesday published a report from the...

Page 2

The conditions in India continually improve. Even in Gujarat, where

The Spectator

Mr. Gandhi started civil disobedience, life is more nearly normal than it has been for a long time, and arrears of taxation have been coming in. The Daily Herald, which...

We can only hope that the taxation of land values

The Spectator

will not reproduce the disastrous experience of Mr. Lloyd George's " People's Budget." It is an attractive argument that the owners of sites ripe for building have no right to...

The principal Bills promised in the Speech deal with increased

The Spectator

settlement and employment upon the land, large-scale farming, the reclamation of land, and the organization of producers for marketing purposes ; the taxation of land values ;...

Lord Irwin, the Daily Herald continues, admits that full responsible

The Spectator

government is not possible at once. Fortun- ately nearly all the Indian reformers agree with him about this. He therefore wants to see Dyarchy, which more or less served its...

The main work of the Conference may be to reconcile

The Spectator

the Indian proposals with Lord Irwin's. We are not among those who think that there is much risk in consent- ing to an introduction of the principle of autonomy at the Centre....

We have referred in a leading article to the decision

The Spectator

to set up a Commission to inquire into Unemployment Insurance. We suppose that this must be taken to mean that the All-Party Conference on the subject has failed to agree. There...

The New South Wales . Election

The Spectator

The General Election in New South Wales has unexpectedly given the Labour Party a majority of ten in a House of ninety members. Mr. Lang comes back as Premier in place of Mr....

The King's Speech On Tuesday the new session of Parliament

The Spectator

was opened by the King, whose presence and general appearance of health were a cause of much gratification. The King's Speech, after alluding to the Imperial Con- ference and to...

Page 3

War Memorials and Sincerity

The Spectator

The suggestion of the British Government to other nations that official envoys should no longer consider it an obligations to lay a wreath upon the tomb of the Unknown Warrior...

The Riddle of Fascism

The Spectator

The annual celebrations of the March on Rome have provided Signor Mussolini with another opportunity for telling the world about Fascism. The part of the speech dealing with...

A Tribute to Lord Cecil

The Spectator

It is very pleasant to hear of the movement to do honour to Lord Cecil, greatest of those of our nation who have spent themselves these twelve years in the cause of peace. The...

He exclaimed that if Great Britain. and America refused to

The Spectator

lend New South Wales more money, there would be enough money in the State itself to pay for his policy. If there was to be retrenchment by restricting or abolishing offices he...

Bank Rate, 3 per cent., changed from 31 per cent,

The Spectator

on May let, 1930. War Loan (5 per cent.) was on Wednesday, 1021lx.d. ; on Wednesday week, 10411 ; a year ago, 100; Funding Loan (4 per cent.) was on Wednesday 041 ; on Wednesday...

London University and the History of Art

The Spectator

It is good news that the University of London has decided to establish on its Bloomsbury site an Institute for the study of the History of Art_ and to found a Chair. The...

The Revolution in Brazil

The Spectator

Oh Friday, October 24th, the Brazilian Government was overthrown, not by the revolutionary forces which were advancing on Rio de Janeiro, both from north and south, but by the...

The characteristic rhodomontade of the speeches in Tuscany and Milan

The Spectator

earlier in the year was repeated in the references to Italian foreign policy, but there were three phrases which from the point of view of European peace mark a certain advance....

Page 4

The New Session

The Spectator

TILE Government must already have learned the dis- advantages of optimism in drawing up a Parliamentary programme, yet they have again made more proposals for legislation than...

Page 5

The Ziot list Crisis

The Spectator

TT would be a tragedy if the dispute over the While Paper on British policy in Palestine caused a per- manent rift. For nothing is more certain than that the responsible members...

Page 6

The Challenge To Religious Orthodoxy

The Spectator

[In this series men and women representing the outlook of the younger generation have been invited to express their criticisms of organized religion in order that their views...

Page 7

Einstein Explained

The Spectator

BY PROFESSOR JAMES RICE. [During the visit of Professor Einstein to London this week, we are here publishing an exposition of the Einstein theory of relativity (by Professor...

Page 9

Great Britain and Europe

The Spectator

Br PROFESSOR ALFRED ZtMMERN. I s the world moving steadily forward towards assured ..I- peace ? Or are we within measurable distance, perhaps on the eve, of a new war ? Is the...

Page 10

General Papers

The Spectator

[We asked a distinguished member of the teaching profession, renowned for the excellence of the General Papers which he sets, to write down his views on the task with which he...

Page 11

The Children of Chailey

The Spectator

BY F. YEATS-BROWN. T HE first thing that every one of Mrs. Kimmins' children do when they come for treatment to the Heritage Craft Schools at Chailey is to make a little toy...

Page 12

On Love and Lodgers BY J. B. moirrox.

The Spectator

M B. W. B. YEATS once wrote a poem in which occurred the lines—I quote from memory- " What do they know of love who do not know He builds his nest upon a windy ledge Above a...

Page 13

Sing No Sad Songs

The Spectator

Hallow-e'en 1930 By W. M. LET-rs, Of our ancestors, of relations who had died in the natural way of all flesh, the Victorians spoke in sepul- chral tones which inspired in many...

The Theatre

The Spectator

[" MR. ENO." BY C. K. MtNun. . 1"lif E AltTS THEATRE CLUB. " LUCKY DIP." By VOSPER. AT THE COMEDY. TUE CAMARGO SOCIETY.] WOULD it not be a good thing if our left-wing...

Page 14


The Spectator

[FROM DARKNESS INTO LIGHT VINCENT VAN Goon.] ON Sunday, November 2nd, after an all too brief period of barely two months, the great Van Gogh Exhibition, at the Stedelijk Museum,...

Page 15


The Spectator

[A LETTER FROM A GERM. \ NZ CORRESPONDENT.] [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sue, — The great Parliamentary battle has now been fought. The Government has emerged victorious...

A Hundred Years Ago

The Spectator

TUE " SPELTATGIS;' °GIGUE'S 30m, 18311. " GENTLEMEN, TIlE KING !" The Monarch of Great Britain can never be contemplated without respect and reverence ; to these the high...

Page 16

An Alternative to the Simon Report

The Spectator

[Now that the Indian Round Table Conference is about to meet it is desirable that we should have the differences between the conclu- sions of the Simon Commission and the Indian...

Great Britain and India

The Spectator

The purpose of this page is to ventilate that all the difficulties, yet believes in the contin within the loose framework of the moderate Indian opinion which, recognizing ued...

Page 17

From the Greek Anthology (vu. 472)

The Spectator

LEONIDAS OF TARENTUM (early 3rd century n.e.) MEASURELESS time or ever, thy years, 0 man, were reckon'd ; Measureless time shall run over thee, low in the ground ; And thy life...

Page 18

A Sot.-rim DEVON.

The Spectator

It is continually happening in Britain that breeds of stock which seemed to be on the point of vanishing are discovered to possess some essential merit, previously neglected or...

Such H.Q's exist. If anyone wants to buy the product

The Spectator

of any rural industry—a quilt, a fire " dog," an iron gate, a wicker wheelbarrow, a rustic chair, a self-coloured cloth, or what not he can apply to the Rural Industries Bureau...


The Spectator

The group of young biologists in Oxford who are studying the " periodicity " of certain animals are anxious for informa- tion about red and grey squirrels and field voles (or...


The Spectator

Not one but many householders have already begun to complain this year of the difficulty of buying good English eating apples. Now it is a good apple year, and professional...

On the subject of the factory farm—the most highly capital-

The Spectator

ized farm in England, and in many of its details the most efficient, belongs to an owner who also possesses a factory associated with the farm. Any lover of England must be...

Country Life

The Spectator

THE FACTORY FARM. A very suggestive letter reaches me from Mr. Carrington on the subject that has been set on foot by Mr. Orwin in his latest book on the economics of farming....

The organizer of a really magnificent farm, on which I

The Spectator

spent two days last week, was paying well over 40s. a week to many of his men ; and the bonus on profit due to one stockman amounted to £50 for the year. The farmer's trouble...

The answers are of national concern. First, as to facts.

The Spectator

There is, I think, no doubt that the new Minister of Agri- culture intends to make an experiment on behalf of the Ministry ; and though mechanized farms are in being, on which...

Page 19

Letters to the Editor

The Spectator

IRRELIGION [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—Dr. Williams has written a very edifying article on faith, but I feel that he has not quite understood the nature of unfaith...

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—I would contrast with

The Spectator

the conclusion of your reply to Father Bernard Moultrie the pagan philosopher who was converted to Christianity by a peasant. When asked by the learned theologians of his day...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Sir T. Sapru has reiterated once more, in his article on " Great Britain and India," what so many other Indians have said before ; and...

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—May I suggest that

The Spectator

the contents of Mr. Bemal's powerful article on Irreligion seem to contradict his main contention that the Scientific attitude to life and the Religious are irreconcilable ? The...

Page 20


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—When in 1922 Egypt was free to choose her own system of government, a Constitution was drawn up, based on modern European constitutions,...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sur,—There is no need to stress the importance of sending in this difficult hour the right man as Viceroy to India, when Lord Irwin's term...

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—A common misconception exists

The Spectator

in this country. that the population of India has increased very rapidly under the British rule. The following figures would show that the rate of increase in India has been...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—May I be allowed to express my entire concurrence in your Note of the Week on Palestine? I have spent twenty. eight years of my life in...

Page 21


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—It is more than interesting, it is really illuminating, to find that the scheme of " Your Contributor " for the division of Kenya into...

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.]

The Spectator

SIR,—Your article appearing in your issue on October 25th, "Can Voluntary Hospitals Survive?" has an oft-recurring question. It is generally known that the Commission which a...


The Spectator

Sin,—The article which you have published under this heading voices the cry of the pessimist which I have heard every year during the whole of the thirty-four years I have been...

Page 22


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—Colonel Turner's apologia for the prison system is a curious example of inverted logic reminiscent of the once familiar refrain, " Yes,...

OUR FIVE YEAR PLAN [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.]

The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] am sorry to disillusion Major Yeats-Brown, but his dream of the Electric Grid-God revitalizing old England is doomed to a sad awakening—and if...

Page 23


The Spectator

SI11,—All those who are interested in animal welfare must feel grateful to Dr. Baker for calling attention to the opera- tions so commonly performed on both male and female...


The Spectator

THE SALT LAWS. As I have been denouncing the Salt Laws for over sixty years, I cannot quite agree with my friend, Sir Charles Spencer, that they are " not oppressive " ; but...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sia,—Your review of Dr. Alfred Adler's Education of Children appears to have been written under the disadvantage of a lack of information. Your...


The Spectator

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—M. Megroz has asserted that in my book The Apes of Uod I " caricatured" the Sitwells : next (inviting us to transfer our attention to...

Page 24

God a

The Spectator

nd Man Psychology and God. A Study of the Implications of recent Psychology for Religious Belief and Practice : being the Hampton Lectures for 1930. By the Rev. L. W. Grensted,...

Among the Prophets

The Spectator

H. G. Wells. By Geoffrey West. (Gerald Howe. 10s. 6d.) Two contrasted scenes : (1) In 1896 I was publishing with Messrs. Dent a series of stories upon life in the mines and...

Page 25

The Tragedy of Verdun

The Spectator

Verdun. By Henri Philippe Petain, Marshal of France. Authorized Translation by Margaret MaeVeagh. (Elkin Mathews and • Marrot. 12s. 6d.) Tins is a clear, authoritative account...

Page 26

Maternal Mortality

The Spectator

Save the Mothers. By E. Sylvia Pankhurst. (Knopf. Os.) Tuns is a remarkable book for many reasons. It is written by a lay person ; it gives an excellent summary, of the facts...

England : Whimsical and Political

The Spectator

WDE.TFIER or not we benighted islanders are really being trans- formed little by little into twentieth-century men of the world, there is no question but that the world is...

Page 27

Beyond the Many and the One

The Spectator

Prophets of the New India. By Romain Rolland. (Cassell. 2 Is.) NEO - VEDANTISH, as here presented by the powerful pen of M. Rolland, appears to be (and we do not deny that it...

Page 28

Why the Pilot was Dropped

The Spectator

Kaiser and Chancellor : The Opening Years of the Reign o f Foam' years have passed since the young German Emperor " dropped the pilot " of the German ship of State, or in other...

Page 31

In Praise of Poetry

The Spectator

Ma. ALAN PORTER'S poetry is so good that it inevitably raises the whole question of the possibility of great poetry being written to-day. Mr. Porter, as readers of the...


The Spectator

Satire, Saga and Sophistication They Die Young. By John Sommerfieid. (Heinemann. 7s. 6d.) AFTER putting down his latest book of short stories one is inclined to look upon Mr....

Page 32

THE YOUNG AND SECRET. By Alice Grant Rosman. (Mills and

The Spectator

Boon).—Miss Rosman's latest novel has all the qualities of a magazine story. A nice young man and a nice young girl meet over a dog-fight in Kensington Gardens. He is a sculptor...

THE MAN WHO MADE GOLD. By Hilaire Bane. With drawings

The Spectator

by G. K. Chesterton. (Arrowsmith. 7s. 6d.) —Mr. Belloc's new story starts very well. Charles Lexington, professor of electro-chemistry, is shown how to make gold by a mysterious...

BROTHER TO BERT. By Charlotte Haldane. (('hatto and Windus. 7s.

The Spectator

6d.)—Publishers' summaries on book. jackets are not always happy, but the paragraph presumably intended to recommend Brother to Bert must be one of the unhappiest on record. In...

LACEBURY MANOR. By Robert Gathorne-Hardy. (Collins. 7s. 6d.)—Mr. Gathome-Hardy's book

The Spectator

begins well. One settles down to it with the feeling that one is about to enter into a good, old-fashioned family life, that one will recall such sentiments as were stirred by a...

THE LION TOOK FRIGHT. By Louis Marlow. (Mun- danus. 3s.)—Mr.

The Spectator

Marlow's latest book gives him good oppor- tunity for showing off his peculiar technique. He writes obliquely and in such a series of hints and whispers that, as we read, we...

ELFWIN. By S. Fowler Wright. (Herren. 7s. 6d4— All who

The Spectator

like tales of high romance and valour will enjoy Mr. Fowler Wright's latest book when once they have made the acquaintance of its innumerable characters. The first chapter is...

Page 35

Mr. A. F. Fremantle, continuing hisEngland in the Nineteenth Century,

The Spectator

covers the years 1806-1810 in a second volume (Allen and Unwin, 16s.). An opening chapter deals plea- santly with literature and art and less happily with science, and a second...

The frontispiece of Mr. C. E. Vulliamy's Voltaire (Geoffrey files,

The Spectator

10s. 6d.) is a reproduction of Houdon's famous bust with the thin mocking lips and enigmatic smile—the smile of a man who battled all his life for truth and who never hesitated...

It may seem feeble to wish that events may be

The Spectator

speedily. forgotten in the interests of peace rather than of historical truth. Such things, for example, were done seven years ago in the Ruhr Valley, parts of the Rhineland and...

A New Competition

The Spectator

Tim Editor offers a prize of two guineas for the most interesting instance of premonition, written in six hundred words or less. The _Competition will close on Friday, November...

The Press and the Public, by George Blake, being No.

The Spectator

21 of the admirable Criterion Miscellany (Faber and Faber, Is.), will be greatly appreciated by those—a growing number— who are conscious of the slow poison that is eating away...

SOrne Books of the Week

The Spectator

OCIUNG the past month the books most in demand at the Times Book Club have been :— NoN-Ficrion : Chapters of Autobiography, by the Earl of Balfour ; Labels, by Evelyn Waugh ; My...

We are not yet privileged to read the memoirs of

The Spectator

Herr Stresemann, which will no doubt throw a flood of light on the post-War mood and capacities of the German people. Meanwhile an appetiser is provided by Stresemann : Essays...

Ilaydon Coffin's Book (Alston Rivers, 10s. 6d.) is not very

The Spectator

amusing. On the other hand, it is not a little instructive, being as he says " packed with acts and facts." Lovers of light comedy will find their memories refreshed as they...

Mr. C. E. M. Joad continues to fulfil with distinction

The Spectator

his function of cat-fish in the tank of contemporary philosophy. With unfailing zest he applies.thc stimulus of his restless mind and unfashionable vitalistic' theories to - all...

Page 36

The Competition

The Spectator

Report of the Harkness Gift Competition. IN the Spectator of October 18th we offered a prize of two guineas for the best suggestion, written clearly and legibly on a postcard,...

General Knowledge Questions

The Spectator

OUR weekly prize of one guinea for the best thirteen Questions i submitted is awarded this week to "Rosemary" for the following :— Questions on Floral Calendar 1. Jan. —Who...

Finance—Public & Private

The Spectator

Should War Loan be Sold ? FOR many years now there has been no more popul ar Government security than the five per cent. War Loan, Owing to its huge size, extending to over two...

Page 38

A Bsracan's VIEW.

The Spectator

The fact that Sir Felix Schuster, the veteran hanker. during the course of his address to the Chamber of Commerce at Lincoln last week, declared himself in favour or measure of...

Financial Notes

The Spectator

BETTER MARKETS. GENERAL business on the Stock Exchange has tended to increase during the last week or ten days. The mere fact that the last Stock Exchange settlement with its...


The Spectator

Nor have high-class investment stocks lagged behind while British Funds under the influence of cheap money and eonvey sion rumours have risen further. The Chancellor of the...

Page 40


The Spectator

The statements made at the recent meeting of Austin Motors, Ltd., may be said to have strengthened the favourable impression created by the report recently issued, showing that...

Answers to Questions on Floral Calendar

The Spectator

1. D. G. Rosetti " Heaven's own screen Hides her soul's finest depths and loveliest glow ; Closely withheld, as all things most unseen— The wave-bovrered pearl—the...