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It seems to be quite clear already, however, that Dr.

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Bruning will have nothing to do with the Fascists, at all events so long as they insist upon getting the control of the Ministries of Defence and the Interior and the Berlin...

The Berlin correspondent of the News-Chronicle says that the Fascist'

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programme includes' the formation of a compact National State from which all non-Germans ' — especially Jews, of course—would " be'exPaled : the repeal of the Peace Treaties the...

News of the Week

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The German Elections THE 'German General Election was held last Sunday - 11 - and resulted in sweeping successes for the National- Socialists, or Fascists, which nobody had...

Herr Hitler, the leader of the Fascists, as we learn

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from the Times correspondent, is an Austrian citizen, and is forty-one years old. Earlier in life he earned his living as a builder's labourer in Vienna, and it is said that it...

It must be remehibered that the 1028 Reichstag had Only-

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490_ members_at..-its.. Japening. whereas, -the new Reichstag will probably have 576. About 90 per cent. of the electors voted as compared with the 75 per cent. in 1928. We...

EDITORIAL AND PUDLISIIINO OFFICES: 99 Cower Street, Loivlon, I.—A Subscription

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to the SPECTATOR costs Thirty Shilling* per minion, including postage, to any part of the world. The SPECTATOR is registered as a Newspaper. The Postage on this issue is Inland...

Page 2

Mr. Bennett admitted that the Lancashire spinners had been unable

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to satisfy the regulations which require British goods entering Canada under the Preferential tariff to have a 50 per cent. British content. Henceforth the content demanded will...

The League Assembly

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The main events in the League Assembly have been dealt with elsewhere in this issue. On Wednesday, September 10, M. Titulescu of Rumania was elected as the new President. On...

We have noted that the Manchester Guardian quotes Mr. Sastri

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as using the term "responsible Government." In this connexion we read with much interest some remarks by Mr. J. A. Spender in the News-Chronicle of Tuesday. He was writing about...

The speech has attracted too little notice in London. We

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read in the Manchester Guardian that Mr. Sastri and his friends demand "responsible Government" at the Centre and in the Provincial Legislatures, though the departments of...

* * * *

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India The names of those who were appointed at the end of last week to represent the manifold interests—except, of course, the all-India Congress—of British India and the...

The New Canadian Tariff On Tuesday Mr. Bennett, the Prime

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Minister, intro- duced the highest tariff ever known in Canada.- According to the Times he explained his measure as being not a general tariff revision bUt a series of changes...

Page 3

The 'America' Cup The races for the 'America' Cup so

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far have been a bitter disappointment to those who believed in Sham- rock V.' Although the winds off Rhode Island have been uncertain and there has been drifting fog on most...

Canon Newbolt We regret to record the death of Canon

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Newbolt, of St. Paul's Cathedral, at the age of eighty-six. He had been at St. Paul's for forty years, and his death breaks one of the last personal links with the Tractarians....

On Wednesday Shamrock' made an excellent start and led 'Enterprise'

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across the line, but after about three quarters of an hour her main halyard broke and her mainsail collapsed. Most of the reports say that she was ahead at the time, but Major...

The discussions on unemployment between repre- sentatives of the Government

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and the Liberal Party are continuing. The London correspondent of the Manchester Guardian says that certain plans presented by the Liberals have been passed on for the...

The Minister of Transport and the Minister of Agri- culture

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have yet to reply to the Liberal proposals for road-making and agriculture. If it is true that Mr. Lloyd George is pressing for a large increase of " small holdings,"...

'Enterprise ' is evidently a wonderful yacht, but it is

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equally evident that Mr. Harold Vanderbilt is a wonderful helmsman. Last Saturday, and again on Monday, he made a muds better start than his rival. Last Saturday he won by 2...

On Monday there was little of special interest, but on

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Tuesday when the results of the German Elections were known Dr. Curtius made a spe eels which by its reticence calmed some apprehensions. He merely restated the classical German...

Bank Rate, 8 per cent., changed from 81 per cent.

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on May 1st, 1930. War Loan (5 per cent) was on Wednesday 10811- ; (1 Wednesday week, 103* ; a year ago, 101,; Funding Loan (4 per cent.) was on Wednesday 02; on Wednesday week,...

The Unemployed The number of unemployed between September 1st and

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September 8th rose by more than 79,000. The week was not affected by holidays, and normally at this time of year unemployment is expected to increase. It ought to be added that...

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The German Elections

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1 N the great days of ancient Rome the cry that the -I- Republic was in danger would always rally the best physical and moral energies of the nation. A challenge has been thrown...

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Plain Speaki

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ng at Geneva THE most important day's work in the League Assembly was undoubtedly that of Thursday, September 11th, when M. Briand (in response to a clear warning by Mr....

Bungalophob ia—A Retort

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Ai R. STANLEY CASSON challenges me to justify - 1 - my alleged prejudice against bungalows with such engaging truculence that it were churlish to refuse him satisfaction. I will...

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The Aims of Sc ottish Nationalism

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rrHERE is one voice which, curiously enough, will not be heard at the approaching Imperial Con- ference. Scotland, though recognized as a unit of the Empire at the sports held...

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Carlisle To-day—II

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A FEW facts and figures concerning the Carlisle and District State Management Scheme (which I pro- pose to call the Board for convenience) will serve to refresh the reader's...

Page 9

William Hazlitt

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II AZLITT, the centenary of whose death occurred on I 1 - September 18th, is not the most lovable of English essayists, but he is the most virile. Though few writers were ever...

Page 10

Shipwreck off Donegal

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T HE quay was always deserted when I looked out of the window at morning. The headland, across the bay, might be stretching darkly between driven clouds, or, richly, with green...

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A LETTER FROM GENEVA—THE ECLIPSE OF TILE QUAT D'ORSAY. [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—The first week of the Eleventh Assembly of the League of Nations has been one of...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Never in my life shall I forget the moment when last Sunday night I sat before my loud-speaker listening to the election results of...

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Great Britain and India

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The purpose of this page is to ventilate that moderate Indian opinion which, recognizing all the difficulties, yet believes in the continued association of Great Britain and...

Page 14


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Asolando Tufnin was a Venetian lady (had she that Venetian hair of old red gold ?) who, at the end of the Middle Ages, became by marriage Queen of Cyprus. When her husband...

Page 15

One of the best things ever said of birds is

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that "they could be much cleverer if they wanted to." Their senses (which include some "sixth sense" at which we cannot so much as guess) are so acute, their vivacity so high...


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The wail about depressed prices has its full justification. Nevertheless, great progress has been made and is being made in the marketing of British produce. Every traveller by...


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One of the features of this September is the great profusion of roses flowering for the third or even fourth time. And the blooms are in many gardens suggestive of July at its...

This is a melancholy tale ; for the producer is

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punished and the consumer is given a less delectable fare. Fruit preparations, and skimmed milk in tins are both examples, More than this : it is within my knowledge that some...


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Among the plum trees that have borne the bumper crop, which, after all, is the chief cause of the collapse in price, is a variety of peculiar interest botanically. It originated...


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It was refreshing in the midst of the Worcestershire fruit. growing country to come upon a flourishing co-operative association of fruit-growers and cheek by jowl with it a...

A quality in which birds excel mammals is their ear

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for music. Though bird's song has little relation with human music some few birds can actually sing true intervals, and almost all are in some measure mimes. Much the quickest...

Country Life

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ENGLISH Faure I spent some time last week in visiting various farms in the fruit districts, especially of Evesham and Pershore, partly to investigate the truth of the cry : "We...

Page 16

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Knowing your interest in

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India, may I venture to place before your readers very briefly a few ideas in the hope that they may lead to a correct appreciation of the position in my country ? The situation...

Letters to the Editor

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GREAT BRITAIN AND INDIA [To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,—Very many readers must have felt—as I for one have— high appreciation of the breadth and impartiality with which...

[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] SIR,— For utter ignorance

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of India and the mentality and psychology of its varied peoples and religions your article of July 19th and its conclusions is hard to beat. Had this article appeared in the...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sim—Many who praise the Interim Report issued by the Maternal Mortality Departmental Committee, appointed by Mr. Neville Chamberlain, have,...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sta,—I do not know whether you will be willing to print a postscript to the excellent letter from Viator, but the subject is so important that...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Ssa,—The revolt of youth is one of the distinguishing marks of to-day. Never before did the middle-aged or the elderly meet such a challenging...


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[To the Editor of the SrEcraron.] Sra,—The British Press has recently been commenting on the gift of money which has been offered to Mr. George Russell (1E) by a number of his...

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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sm,—One is happy when one can answer a question with as fact and not only with an argument in the domain of sociology, where only facts count...


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[To the Editor of the SeEcrsTon.] Sin,—Mr. Stanley Casson's rrtiele in your issue of September lath probably expresses the opinion of many people who appreciate the joys of a...


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[To the Editor of the SrEcTATon.] Sin,—I cannot understand where Mr. Thomson, who con- tributed an article with the above heading to your issue dated 13th inst., obtained the...

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A Hundred Years Ago

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THE " SPECTATOR," SEPTEMBER 18TH, 1830. OPENING OF TEE LIVERPOOL AND MANCHESTER RAILWAY. The bustle in the town of Liverpool on the night of Tuesday and the morning of...


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THE FOUNDLING HOSPITAL SITE. I want so much to thank you and Major Yeats-Brown for the delighful article in the 'Spectator on the Foundling site. I know from personal...


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[To the Editor of the SPECTATOR.] Sin,—I have just had a letter from a correspondent in Canada which I think would interest your readers. She writes as follows I was very...

Morning Moon

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DAWN came and snatched away a million stars, And on a canvas pale as far-seen blue . *. . Framed in the branches of the deodars With leaves a-quiver newly washed in dew. . ....

Page 21

Mr. Lowell Thomas, whose thrilling stories of exploit and adventure,

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such as Raiders of the Deep and With Lawrence in Arabia, have secured him a large public, has now discovered another hero in Woodfill of the Regulars (Heinemann, les. (1(1.)....

Some capital geography, much enthusiastic and highly skilled botany, a

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little sprinkling of ethnology and a vast deal of adventurous thrill and human sparkle are some of the ingredients which have gone towards the making of a very good dish—Mr....

The vain and eccentric author of Vathek would doubtless have

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been delighted to know that he was remembered a century after his death, and that a zealous admirer had dug up two of his unprinted MSS. and edited them for the delectation of...

Some Books of the Week No harm will be done—indeed,

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a great deal of good should result—by a reminder that the new movements in the direc- tions of peace and international co-operation have not yet succeeded in changing the...

Mr. Morgan Powell, now a distinguished Canadian dramatic critic, has

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travelled widely and seen ninny things besides the theatre. In Memories that Live (Macmillans, 15s.) he tells us of Africa and Egypt and India, as well as of Yvette Guilliert,...

Correggio is one of the great Italian painters whose mastery

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can only be appreciated to the full in the land of their birth. But the few very fine • examples of his work in our national collections, supplemented by Signor Corrado Ricci's...

"Gleanings of many scores of evenings spent in a circle

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after dark "—that is how Captain R. S. Rattmy describes his collection of Akan-Ashanti Folk Tales (Clarendon Press, 21s.). They have been garnered from their original sources...

Dr. Harold Dearden discusses in a cynical and sometimes flippant

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vein in The Mind of the Murderer (Bles, lOs. 6d.), the behaviour of a number of criminals who took life under the dominating impulse of their natural egotism in one form or...

(" General Knowledge Competition" and "More Books of Ma Week"

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will be fou:ad on pages 300 and 3924

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Those Viv aci ous Victorians

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As We Were. By E. F. Benson. (Longmans. 18.s.) Wirttx the Queen and the Archbishop have left the scene, and one Duchess has deftly disposed of the portrait of her husband's...

The Christian Standard

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Christian Ethics and Modern Problems. By W. R. Inge, D.D. (Hodder and Stoughton. 15s.). TIIE Dean of St. Paul's tells us that he has gathered in this important volume "probably...

Page 23

Sir Robert Hudson

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THE friends of the late Sir Robert Hudson will be grateful to Mr. J. A. Spender for this excellent biography. Hudson was not an easy subject for he touched life at many points...

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Indian India

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DURING the next few months we are likely to hear a great deal about the Indian States and their relationship to British India. As with so many facets in the Indian problem, we...


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IF there is any one word which can sum up Mr. Powys , philosophy of culture, we must look for it in the language of the people who were pre-eminently gifted in the art of...

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Macaulay Continued

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England Under Queen Anne. Blenheim. By George Macaulay . Trevelyan. (Longmtuis. 21s.) MACAULAY has been fortunate in his kinsfolk. Over half a century ago his nephew, Sir George...


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Novels of Character The Street Paved With Water. By Abney St. John Adcoek. Roman Summer. By Ludwig Lewitilion. (Butterworth. is. 6d.). HERE, for readers who desire neither...

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THE SECOND OMNIBUS BOOK. (Heinemann. 8s. 6d.) —The Omnibus Book,

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though not attractive in appearance and rather heavy, is certainly a good way of getting 8s. 6d. worth for 8s. 6d. This one contains Mr. Priestley's Adam in Moon- shine, two...

THE GLEAM. By Mary Forrester. (Hutchinson. 7s. 6d.)—A quiet dignity

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and old-world charm prevade this story, which has for its setting a small town with its ancient public school. The town is so intimately and lovingly des- cribed that it casts...

General Knowledge Questions

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OUR weekly prize of one guinea for the best thirteen Questions submitted is awarded this week to Lieut.-Com. A. Townsend, "Novi-Sad," Larkstone Gardens, Ilfracombe, N. Devon,...

Page 28

A generation ago the late Robert Proctor, single-handed, compiled an

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index to the fifteenth-century books in the British Museum and Bodleian, classified under printers and founts of type. That work is now being partly superseded by the...

The Queen's Bays, the Second Dragoon Guards, started life as

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the Third Regiment of Horse during Monmouth's rebellion in 1085, when its privates received the surprising pay of Is. 6d. a day, and the chaplain £30 a year more than the...

Further light is thrown by Sir Richard Lodge on George

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Irs Minister, the Duke of Newcastle, in the Private Correspondence of Chesterfield and Newcastle, 1744-6 (Royal Historical Society). It confirms Sir Richard's view, as set forth...

Messrs. Jonathan's Cape's illustrated edition of Mary Webb's Precious Bane

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was a beautiful thing : that of Gone to Earth, at 7s. 0d., with a preface by Mr. John Buchan and woodcuts by Mr. Norman Ilepple, is no less distinguished. " Mary Webb need fear...

More Books of the Week

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(Continued from page 885.) Three Men in a Boat has much to answer for. Whenever any three people combine to do anything in anything, be it (as in this ease) a collapsible rubber...

Anyone who is still dubious about the causes which led

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to the fall of the Tsardom should read The Ochrana, Memoirs of the Last Tsarist Chief of Police (Herren, 15s). Nothing could illustrate more clearly the fatuity, the...

The University of London Press have issued, in a two-shilling

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edition, a collection of Talcs of The Sea which will make a welcome addition to many juvenile libraries. It includes such things as Poe's "Descent into the Maelstrom," and an...

The period 1548-1687, "The Age of the Great Renewal," as

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Bacon called those times, is the subject of the first volume of an evidently projected series of four, by Professor Preserved Smith, Hon. Litt. D. Amherst, Professor of History...

Answers to Questions on General Zoology 1. The sulphur-bottom whale,

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which may reach a length of ninety-flve feet, and a weight of one hundred and forty-seven tons. —2. Coral reefs.-3. The spiny ant.eater of Australia and Tasmania.-4. The...

II. M. L's Notebook (The Bodley Head, 75. 6d.) is

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a con- tinuation of Mr. E. M. Sneyd-Kynnersley's previous volume of reminiscences. The life of an inspector of schools is con- ducive to the collection of good stories, and...

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fire publish on this page articles and notes which may help our readers in making their plans for travel at home and abroad. They are written by correspondents who have visited...

Page 32

Financial Notes

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DELLER MARKETS. As I anticipated, markets after their vigorous spurt of some three weeks ago are relapsing into conditions of inaction with a rather dull tendency. Very curious...

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If only in view of the fact that France is now reckoned to be among the richest and most prosperous of all countries, enjoying, moreover, the maximum amount of employment, it...


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I have received from the Deputy Chairman of Lloyds Bank an illustrated souvenir of that institution which has been prepared by members of the staff of the Bank to celebrate the...

In view of the world-wide trade depression, the directors and

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shareholders of the Yokohama Specie Bank can be congratu- lated upon the results for the past half year. The statement presented to shareholders at the Meeting recently held in...

British Government securities have on the whole held their position

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moderately well, though at the moment of writing a slightly duller tendency is apparent owing to the adverse movements in the Foreign Exchanges and the continued foreign demands...