10 APRIL 1936

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I F forecasts of the Peace Plan prepared by the

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French NEWS OF THE WEEK Government are accurate the plan embodies several interesting and important features. In aiming at providing primarily for European security—on the basis...

Conscription in Austria The breach of the Versailles and Locarno

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treaties has been swiftly followed by a breach of that of St. Germains. Domestic discontent and Italian encourage- ment have driven Chancellor Schuschnigg to establish com-...

Marshal Badoglio's Conquests In northern Abyssinia the territorial gains of

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the Italian forces are easier to assess than is the stability of their military position. They now dominate, with vary- ing degrees of completeness, an area some 52,000 square...

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Mr. Chamberlain on Colonies . Mr. Neville Chamberlain made a

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statement of some importance on the future of colonies ,and . mandated territories in the House of Commons on Monday. That question may so soon become immediate that it is well...

Codifying Chaos "To expect from us," says the Report of

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the Income Tax Ccdification Committee, ". a codification of the law of Income Tax which the layman could easily read and understand was a vain hope which only the unin- structed...

New Zealand's Financial Experiments New Zealand's Labour Government has fulfilled

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one of the most important election pledges by introducing into the House of Representatives the Reserve Bank Amendment Bill, which transfers to the State ownership of the...

Unsettled Spain The vote of censure on the President of

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the Spanish Republic, carried in the Cortes on Tuesday in a session in which the Left polled very nearly its full vote and the Right abstained, will raise still higher the...

Mr. Hofmeyr and the Cape Franchise There is nothing to

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be said for the Native Representa- tion Bill, which received its third reading in the South African Parliament on Monday, except that it is a little better than the Bill in its...

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The Hackney Marshes Dispute . The dispute over the Hackney

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Marshes involves a clear conflict of goods, not a conflict of good with evil, and - it is not right that such a conflict should be decided merely by a legal decision, however...

But the Government made a partial recovery in the later

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stages of the debate. This was largely due to Mr. Churchill, who side-tracked the debate from the discussion of the issues of equal pay for equal work on to the general...

In the division that followed the Government mustered 861 of

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their followers. This did not satisfy the Govern- ment Whips, who noted with some concern that there were many abstentions. The Government is still in rough water, but any...

Mr. Chamberlain wound up the debate with one of his

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supremely competent debating speeches. His examination of the thorny colonial problem, upon which he had been asked some searching questions by Mr. Churchill, gave general...

Schoolboys and Local Government Problems of local government are tbday

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flinch too complicated to be understood without some preliminary knowledge ; yet the citizens of a democratic State, who are continuously 'called on to 'decide such problems,...

The Week in Parliament . Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes :

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The Govern- ment had a very bad half-hour on Monday, when Mr. Attlee led the attack on them on the motion that "this House will tomorrow resolve itself into a Committee of...

Propaganda Abroad Berlin messages speak of a sharp conflict between

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Dr. Schacht and Dr. Goebbels over the cuts the former has insisted on making in the estimates of the Propaganda Ministry, particularly in respect of its expenditure in foreign...

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THE POISON - GAS CAMPAIGN THAT Marshal Badoglio has been using

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poison- -I 'gas in his Abyssinian campaign must now be regarded as established beyond all possibility of repudiation. In these columns the ascription to Italy of an action...

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T HE recently-published report of the Unemploy- ment Insurance Statutory Committee (briefly noticed in last week's Spectator), recommending the raising of the remuneration limit...

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A SPECTATOR'S NOTEBOOK I T was only to be expected

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that Professor Broad's article in the current Hibbert Journal, suggesting that those who are convinced that they ought not to fight for their country in the next war can avoid...

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By B. G. WELLS O F all the unfinished material upon which Steele was working, the most noteworthy is a collection of notes and typed passages contained in a big envelope...

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By SIR BERNARD PARES M OSCOW is a cruel place for the old and the not wanted. With the introduction of the passport system, thousands of persons were expelled, including many...

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By GASTON Yet he prefers a neighbour , who will not sign to one who repudiates his signature. He recalls that after 1870 he took his beating and paid his debt, with enemy...

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By A. D. WILSON C RIME is the staple food of modern as of ancient drama. A strange reflection, perhaps. Any genera- tion is of course anxious to find in the theatre an escape...

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By GEORGE SOLOVEYTCHIK But since moral considerations, despite frequent lip- service to them, command but little interest these days, it should be realised that the four...

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By MICHAEL JOSEPH IN most arguments about animal intelligence eat-lovers are an eloquent minority. A comparison between cats and dogs is inevitably made, nearly always to the...

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By JAMES HANLEY 'B ROTHER TIMOTHY'S cassock made a peculiar swishing noise as he strode up and down the passage. He face was red, his mouth twitched, whilst his lingers pulled...

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By MONICA REDLICII ‘.‘ TT is . ineredible." It was thus, my morning paper assures me, that a certain famous golf champion the other day gave vent to his "obvious annoyance at...

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The Cinema

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"Liebesmelodie." At the Academy-"Pot Luck." At the New Gallery-"If You Could Only Cook" and "One Way Ticket." At the Regal Jr has been a dead week so far as new films are...

TIIE humour of this revue is not extreme ; your

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beliefs are flattered and your prejudices never pricked. Popular laughing-stocks, such as advanced schools, Italian barbers, young men with beards and children of Cabinet...


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CEctLy HARRINGTON, escaping from an engagement to a clean- limbed bore who bears the white man's burden somewhere in the tropics, throws herself into the arms of Bruce Lovell, a...

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Monet THE tragedy of Monet, as of so many inventors, WAS that he got entangled in the wheels of his own invention and could never escape from it. The discoveries which he made...

De l'or sur les Invalides

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[D'un correspondant parisien] MALGRE les heures inquietantes que la France vit en ce moment, In Ville de Paris poursuit intensement la preparation de l'Exposition de 1937. Les...

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The Sweet o' the Year We all pick different dates, according to our clime and perhaps our temperament, for "the sweet o' the year "—the moment when Pippa passes. It seemed at...

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LETTERS TO THE EDITOR [Correspondents are requested to keep their ktters as brief as is reasonably possible. The most suitable length is that of one of our " News of the Week"...

[To the Editor of Tax SPECTATOR.] Sin,—The discussion of the

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question of the activities of the Forestry Commission in the Lake District, which took place in the House of Lords on April 1st, bore witness to the strong feeling among all...


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• [To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Sra,—Far more important pens, and noble tongues in the House of Lords, have been discussing the afforestation of the Lake District and in...

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Principal of Hertford has undertaken a task wider and more difficult than mine. He writes of male Oxford as a whole. I confined myself to a relatively small section of...


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one who concurs wholeheartedly with the Arch- bishop's denunciation of the Italian High Command for their MC of poison-gas bombs against the civil population of Abyssinia,. and...


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,—Your very interesting article on ". Justice and Service 7. deals with the report of the Departmental Committee on • the Social Services in the Courts. of Summary...

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[To the Editor of TIIE SPECTATOR.] Sm,—Mr. Lloyd George1/4 warning in the House of Commons with regard to the dangers of military arrangements between this country and France...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] Stn,—May I be permitted to support the expression of your regret that the House of Commons should have been "talked out" on the date appointed...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR]. SIR,—It was with regret that one learnt from a delightful article in your issue of March 27th that marriage tanking has fallen under the Nazi...


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[To the Editor of THE SvEcTivron.] SIR,—Lord Olivier takes the tummtal course of using your review of my book, Warning from the West Indies, to pursue his own 'attack, and his...

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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] . Sin,—The recent publication in your columns of Mr. H. G. Wells' striking article "The Frustration of a World Pax" —which must inevitably have...


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[To the Editor of THE SPECTATOR.] SIR,—It is with astonishment that I read the bitter and narrow-minded review of Konrad Heiden's book on Hitler. May I be allowed; to suggest...

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Europe and the World

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BOOKS OF THE DAY By E. L. WOODWARD PROFESSOR LANCER'S work in the field of international relations has already given him a high reputation in the United States and in Europe....

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The Catholic Minority

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Fa. MATirEw has the happy knack of hitting upon fresh and original themes for his historical works. His first work, The Celtic Peoples and Renaissance Europe had a superb...

Federal India Tits spirit in which this book is written

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is shown in the quotation from Thucydides which Professor Gangulee plac e s on his title-page : "For the later kindness done in season, though small in comparison, may cancel a...

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Spanish America

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Historical Evolution of Hispanic America. By J. F. Rippy. (Blackwell. 16s.) IN a little more than 300 pages this book traces the history of Spanish and Portuguese-speaking...

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The Importance of Being Ernest

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Green Hills of Africa, an account of a hunting expedition in Tanganyika, is described as ""an absolutely true book," which is Mr. Hemingway's contribution to 'discovering...

The Fruits of Dilettantisme

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Wt.:yard at Pecuchet. By Gustave Flaubert. Translated by T. W. Burp and G. W. Stonier. (Jonathan Cape. is. 6d.) Tins book was Flaubert's last will and testament, and he did not...

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Artist v. Critic

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The Painter's Eye. By Edwin Claseow. (Faber. Os.) ALL painters hate all critics, and, savage though critics are by nature, the reverse is not true. The painter always assumes...

The Spirit of Science

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a book of idle speculation," says the dustcover, and indeed Mr. Price is a serious investigator, with keen powers of sifting evidence when at work on a case and long experience...

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Very Clever History

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Little Arthur's History of England. By Lady Calleott. Century Edition revised to the Accession of King Edward Viii. (John Murray. 3s. Oct.) TI1E late King's Silver Jubilee...

King Alfred

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Alfred The Great. By F. H. Hayward. (Duckworth. 2s.) Te cue. was room for a new life of Alfred ; it is a pity Mr. Hayward has not made better use of his opportunity. We do not...

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The Drones Club Book of the Month

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'Young Men In Spats. By P. G. Wodehouse. (Jenkins. 7s. 6d. ) Iv is perfectly obvious why The Drones Club has selected Mr. P. G. Wodehouse's new collection of short stories as...

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By WILLIAM PLOMER A Cloak of Monkey Fur. By Julian Duguid. (Cape. 7s. 6d.) Prelude to . Death. By Elinor Mordaunt. (Seeker. 7s. 6d.) They Shall Inherit the Earth. By. Morley...

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Motoring The Safety of a Fast Car there is anyone

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left who believes not so much that speed implies danger but that it cannot imply -safety I would recommend him to lose no time in making the personal acquaintance of two of the...

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The Chancellor's Task

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Finance Ix accordance with immemorial custom, the Easter vacation in the Commons will be followed immediately by the introduction of the Budget. Last week, I con- gratulated...

Canada's Railway Problems

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I NOTICED recently in the columns of a newspaper a recommendation to investors to prepare for a boom later on in Canadian securities. Having regard to the vast potential...

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Financial Notes

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FIRMER MARKETS. DEVELOPMENTS abroad have again been the mainspring of seettrity price fluctuations, and since the events of the past week have been interpreted favourably,...

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The winner of Crossword No. 184 is Captain E. W. Martindell. Oaklea, Hook, Hants.

"The Spectator" Crossword No. 185

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BY ZESO IA prize of one guinea will be gtven to the sender of the first oozed solution of this week's crossword puzzle to be opened. Envelopes should be ,narked "Crossword...